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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Herbert Spencer   25 November [1858]

Summary

Thanks for HS’s Essays: [scientific, political, and speculative, vol. 1 (1858)]. Admires his general argument for the development theory.

CD is preparing an abstract on change of species. He treats subject as a naturalist, not from a general point of view. Otherwise he might have quoted HS’s argument to great advantage.

CD particularly liked articles on music and style. Expression is a favourite topic with CD. Agrees all expression is biological.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  25 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  University of London, Senate House Library (MS.791/41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2373

Matches: 2 hits

  • … sex. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1871. Expression : The expression of …
  • … and animals. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1872. Notebooks : Charles Darwin’s …

To W. E. Darwin   [26 May 1858]

Summary

Has come to heavy grief about bees’ cells, unless Huber is wrong [François Huber, New observations on the natural history of bees, new ed. (1841)].

Discusses cart-horses and stripes on a Belgiman [Belgian?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [26 May 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2266

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To T. C. Eyton   4 October [1858]

Summary

Comments on TCE’s skeletons.

Must get advice from Hugh Falconer on names of some bones.

Preparing his abstract [Origin].

Asks about colours of horses and stripes on asses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  4 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.158)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2333

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Smith, Charles Hamilton. 1841. …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To J. D. Hooker   [5 August 1858]

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Summary

Working on abstract, which now is to consist of a number of sections each to be read at Linnean Society and to be published as a unit. Has finished section on variation under domestication.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [5 Aug 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 246
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2313

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To a librarian   [1858 or later]

Summary

Will return Benjamin Jowett’s Epistles of St Paul (Jowett 1855) and requests several books, of which the latest is Hugh Miller’s Cruise of the Betsey (Miller 1858).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1858 or later]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (James Marshall and Marie-Louise Osborn Collection: Edward G. and Hortense R. Levy Autograph Collection, Part 2 (OSB MSS 137) Box 25, folder 1188)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2199F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Galatians, Romans. 2 vols. London: John Murray. Miller, Hugh. 1854. My schools and …

To Asa Gray   11 August [1858]

Summary

Species migration since the Pliocene. Effect of the glacial epoch. Present geographical distribution, especially similarities of mountain floras, explained by such migration; mountain summits as remnants of a once continuous flora and fauna.

Cross-fertilisation in Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (42 and 9a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2321

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To W. D. Fox   28 February [1858]

Summary

WDF’s nephew has forgotten to mention the most important element, whether the lizards’ eggs floated and stayed alive on sea-water.

Thanks for facts about turkeys and terrier [see Natural selection, p. 481 n.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  28 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2229

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Third and last series. London: John Murray. [vols. 5,7] Natural selection : Charles …

To John Lubbock   [August–September 1858]

Summary

Variations in the structure of Pelargonium flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [Aug–Sept 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 24 (EH 88206473)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2390

Matches: 1 hit

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Swammerdam, Jan. 1758. The book of …

From W. H. Miller   [14 May 1858]

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Summary

[Six fragments, mainly diagrams.] The geometry of bees’ cells.

Author:  William Hallowes Miller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 May 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 48: B1b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2272

Matches: 1 hit

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. [Waterhouse, George Robert. ] …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   16 November [1858]

Summary

Wants WBT’s advice on poultry breeding experiments. Are certain birds true to their kind, and what should he pay for them?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  16 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2362

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To J. D. Hooker   6 October [1858]

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Summary

Abstract growing to inordinate length.

Writing in support of S. Passell as assistant at Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 248
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2335

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

From T. M. Brewer to A. A. Gould   [March 1858]

Summary

Writes regarding CD’s query on yellow-billed cuckoo and the laying of eggs in other birds’ nests.

Author:  Thomas Mayo Brewer
Addressee:  Augustus Addison Gould
Date:  [Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 305
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2421

Matches: 1 hit

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Wilson, Alexander. 1808–14. …

From John Lubbock   10 June 1858

Summary

Thanks for queen-bee larva and pupa.

Nervous system of Coccus.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 June 1858
Classmark:  DAR 170: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2284

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   2 October [1858]

Summary

Ask some questions on pigeons.

Remarks on the discussion of bees’ cells at the Leeds BAAS meeting. CD fancies he has the true theory with regard to their construction.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  2 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2332

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

From Willem Hendrik de Vriese to J. D. Hooker    21 September 1858

Summary

Answers CD’s query about distribution of European perennials in the highlands of Java.

Author:  Willem Hendrik de Vriese
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Sept 1858
Classmark:  DAR 180: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2327

Matches: 1 hit

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Vriese, Willem Hendrik de, and …

To A. A. Gould   6 April [1858]

Summary

Thanks AAG for procuring an authoritative answer from T. M. Brewer on the habits of the [American] cuckoo. Surprised William Yarrell erred so much.

Wishes AAG had time to give an account of Japanese shells, which would be interesting from the geographical point of view.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Augustus Addison Gould
Date:  6 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  Lehigh University Libraries Special Collections (Honeyman Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2448

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …

From Edward Blyth   [8 January 1858]

Summary

Zebra-striped asses.

Markings of a Bengal jungle cock.

Refers to some of his own articles on birds in India.

Reports the arrival of the "glorious garrison of Lucknow". The "wonderful superiority of the European to the Asiatic" made the success of the insurrection inconceivable.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Jan 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 98: A144–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2200

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Zambesi, to the Eastern Ocean. London: John Murray. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s …

To Skeffington Poole   13 October [1858]

Summary

Asks about Indian horses. Encloses questions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Skeffington Poole
Date:  13 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2152

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   8 September [1858]

Summary

Has finished with and is disposing of his pigeons.

Invites WBT to Down; would like to see his bees’ cells.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  8 Sept [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2325

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …

To George Henry Kendrick Thwaites   7 February [1858]

Summary

Thanks GHKT for letter on plant acclimatisation and variation among alpine and lowland forms in Ceylon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  7 Feb [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.150)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2211

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of …
  • … and plants under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1868. …
Document type
letter (51)
Date
1858
01 (6)
02 (4)
03 (3)
04 (4)
05 (3)
06 (6)
07 (2)
08 (4)
09 (3)
10 (4)
11 (7)
12 (5)
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Search:
John Murray in keywords
86 Items
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John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, …
  • … his name and in 1768 acquired a publishing house. The third John Murray, who followed his father as …
  • … house; the seventh sold the business in 2002. The  John Murray Archive  was acquired by the  …
  • … University Library  a similar number of letters from John Murray and Robert Cooke, his cousin and …
  • … had proved to be a scientific best-seller for the second John Murray, to open negotiations with his …
  • … began the business relationship between Charles Darwin and John Murray. Darwin’s next …
  • … . Again he asked Lyell to act as his intermediary with John Murray ( Letter 2437 ), who, without …
  • … had paid Darwin profits of nearly £3000. The third John Murray made a successful business …
  • … ). Darwin’s next publishing project with John Murray in 1869 was a translation into English …
  • … in the  Quarterly Review , a magazine published by John Murray.The pamphlets were not primarily …
  • … his orders ( Letter 8616 ). However, when Robert Cooke, John Murray’s cousin, went round to …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 1 hits

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Variation . In March Darwin wrote to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 …
  • … forward, except the last & concluding one’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 March [1865] ). In …
  • … will be ready for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early …
  • … ‘I am never idle when I can do anything’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 June [1865] ). It was not …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the size of the two-volume work from his publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 …
  • … is as good as praise for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A …
  • … to translate  Variation . Indeed, he told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April …
  • … time it took William Sweetland Dallas to prepare the index. John Murray had engaged Dallas and …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to spread my views’, he wrote to his publisher, John Murray, on 30 January , shortly after …
  • … photographic plates with his overseas publishers, and with John Murray’s assistant, the excitable …
  • … of the booksellers, encouraged an originally cautious John Murray to gamble on the book’s success: & …
  • … attractive dishes in his `Literary Banquet’ (letters from John Murray, 6 November [1872] and 9 …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … a larger target audience were also made.  Darwin persuaded John Murray to include a glossary of …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapters of Origin of Species to his publisher, John Murray. He hopes that his views are …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ‘a windbag full of metaphysics & classics’ ( letter to John Murray, 13 April [1871] ). …
  • … he suspected that very few would actually sell (letters to John Murray, 17 August [1871] and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In late March, Lyell had a word with his own publisher, John Murray, who had already published …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of John Murray, publishers of the second edition …
  • … letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 May [1859] ). The …
  • … (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September [1859] ), but …
  • … would change their minds without good cause.’ ( letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … buy it. When he submitted the manuscript to his publisher, John Murray, he boasted: ‘I can say with …
  • … in the least , whether the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … also wondering whether he should break off relations with John Murray, his own publisher and also …
  • … courteous response, agreeing to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). …
  • … having been used in a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … domestication . Having been advertised by the publisher John Murray as early as 1865, the two …
  • … in the British Museum, agreed about the authorship. John Murray thought it was by Gray himself, but …
  • … me in the face, but not behind my back’ ( letter to John Murray, 25 February [1868] ). Wallace …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … .’ Hooker also directed some of his anger toward John Murray, the publisher of the …
  • … to pay the costs for printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of On …
  • … On 21 February Darwin received notification from John Murray that stocks of the third edition of  …
  • … out, ‘business would be totally paralysed’. Similarly, John Murray gave as a reason for his decision …
  • … ‘gaieties travelling & War Bulletins’ ( letter from John Murray, 18 July 1866 ). I …

John Maurice Herbert

Summary

John Maurice Herbert was a close friend of Darwin’s at Cambridge University. He was affectionately called ‘Cherbury’ by Darwin, a reference to the seventeenth-century philosopher Edward Herbert, Baron Cherbury, who, like John Herbert, hailed from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … chapter. Edited by Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: John Murray. 1887–8. …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … “for Heaven knows when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping …
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