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From J. D. Hooker   7 December 1856

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Summary

Has done New Zealand flora calculations. Results support CD’s theory of necessity of crossing. Trees tend to have separate sexes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Dec 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 113–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2014

Matches: 9 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   7 December 1856 …
  • … CUL, has been annotated in pencil by Hooker. See J.  D. …
  • … the introductory essay of J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 , and T.  Moore 1855  that was published in …
  • Hooker 1853–5 , 1: xxviii. See J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 , 1: xxviii. Hooker’s abbreviation ‘ …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 1 December [1856] . The list, in …
  • … of CD’s copy of the introductory essay of J.  D. Hooker 1853–5  in the Darwin Library– …
  • … selection , pp.  61–2). Hooker was working on his flora of Tasmania (J.  D. Hooker 1855[– …
  • … Hooker refers to the review of A.  de Candolle 1855 , J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855, …

To J. D. Hooker   5 July [1856]

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Summary

Troubled by JDH’s connection between Antarctic island flora and Fuegia, which CD sees as part of a general relation to southern circumpolar flora. Encloses list [not found] of plants from Tristan d’Acunha.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 July [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1919

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 July [1856] …
  • … was retained at Down) and forwarded it to Hooker, enclosed with his letter to J.  D. …
  • … This letter was the second written to J.  D. Hooker on 5 July 1856. CD states that his …
  • … and the Antarctic islands with New Zealand ( J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 , 1: xxi–xxiv). He …
  • Hooker, 30 July [1856] . Letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 June or 3  …
  • … See the first letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 [July 1856] . A.  de Candolle 1855 . Letter to …
  • … this intention in his letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] . It seems that Lyell did …
  • … July 1856] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 June [1856] , n.   …
  • … 2. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 June or 3 July 1856] . …
  • … See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 June or 3 July 1856] , n.  8. A.  P. de Candolle 1820 , …
  • … suggestion in his earlier volume on Antarctic botany ( J.  D. Hooker 1844–7 , 2: 210–11). …

To J. D. Hooker   8 [July 1856]

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Summary

CD writing species sketch; must cite cases favouring multiple creations.

Requests details on species JDH listed as common to Chile and New Zealand. Notes their genera are mundane.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 [July 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1921

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   8 [July 1856] …
  • … latter list has been annotated by J.  D. Hooker. J.  D. Hooker 1851 . CD’s copy is in the …
  • … by the relationship to the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 5 [July 1856] and 5 July [1856] . …
  • … See the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 [July 1856] and n.   …
  • … 6. CD refers to J.  D. Hooker 1844–7 , 2: 216–17. These pages are scored in pencil in CD’s …
  • … s copy of the introductory essay of J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 (Darwin Library–CUL). It has been …
  • … and South America but not Europœan’ in J.  D. Hooker’s hand is bound into the back of …

To J. D. Hooker   7 August [1856]

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Summary

Antarctic plants most difficult to account for on any theory. Lyell’s iceberg transportal of seeds.

Are there more representative species of American origin in Tristan da Cunha than in Kerguelen land?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Aug [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1940

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   7 August [1856] …
  • … selection , p.  561). Hooker’s review of A.  de Candolle 1855 ([J.  D. Hooker] 1856). …
  • … the relationship to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 10 July 1856 , in which Hooker’s list …
  • … plants was also referred to, and by the reference to [J.  D. Hooker] 1856 (see n.  6, …
  • … below). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 [July 1856] , n.  4. …
  • … d’Acunha, see also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1856] . See Natural selection , pp.   …

To J. D. Hooker   26 [July 1856]

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Summary

Tristan da Cunha flora.

Aquatic plants.

Density and diversity of plants in small plots in Kent, Keeling Islands, and Himalayas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [July 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 175
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1945

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   26 [July 1856] …
  • … September [1856] . Hooker stated in J.  D. Hooker 1854, 2: 67, that he gathered forty- …
  • … by the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] , in which CD stated …
  • … index 3: 625). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 10 July [1856] and n.  7. The reference is …
  • … had to ask Hooker again for seed-pods of these plants in his letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28  …
  • … in E.  Forbes and Godwin-Austen 1859. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 [July 1856] . …

To J. D. Hooker   [16 October 1856]

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Summary

Note accompanying MS of part of chapter 11 ["Geographical distribution"] of Natural selection [1975].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [16 Oct 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1965

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker    [16 October 1856] …
  • … at which CD intended to meet Hooker (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 September [1856] ). …
  • … II) and was read by Hooker by 9 November (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 9 November …
  • … for his book on species (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] and 28 September [ …

From J. D. Hooker   10 July 1856

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[T. Bell Salter’s?] "hybrid" Epilobium a false claim.

Admires Huxley’s response to Falconer [see 1904].

Tristan da Cunha plant list, requested by CD, supports JDH’s position [on continental extension?].

Chilean plants not exceptional.

JDH considers parallels between Australian Alps and European plants strong evidence for multiple creations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 96–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1923

Matches: 9 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   10 July 1856 …
  • Hooker, [26 June or 3 July 1856] , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1856] . CD had …
  • … of the same point in the insect kingdom (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1856] ). …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 [July 1856] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 [July 1856] , …
  • Hooker, 5 July [1856] . See letter from J.  D. …
  • … to Falconer 1856 . See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 21 [May 1856] and 17–18 [June 1856]. T.   …
  • … Babington 1851 . W.  J. Hooker and Arnott 1855. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 June or …
  • Hooker’s information in Natural selection , pp.  553–4. Ferdinand Jakob Heinrich von Mueller was the government botanist in Melbourne, Australia. From 1853, he issued annual reports on the vegetation of the colony. See letter to J.  D. …

To J. D. Hooker   5 [July 1856]

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CD cannot swallow continental extensions. Has written to Lyell giving a lengthy criticism of the concept [see 1910] and has asked Lyell to forward the letter to JDH.

Perhaps Aristolochia and Viscum are protandrous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 [July 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1918

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 [July 1856] …
  • … referred to in the second letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1856] , as having been written …
  • … longer letter in the evening. Letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 June or 3 July 1856] . CD was …
  • … that arose from Hooker’s work on the flora of the Antarctic islands ( J.  D. Hooker 1844– …
  • Hooker, 8 [July 1856] ). In J.  D. Hooker 1844–7 , Hooker stated: ‘ Though only 1000 miles …
  • … is discussed in J.  D. Hooker 1844–7  but CD forgot to look there (see letter to J.  D. …

To J. D. Hooker   28 September [1856]

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Will send MS on one point of geographical distribution. It is "of infinite importance" that JDH see it, for CD has never felt such difficulty in deciding what to do.

Wants capsules of aquatic plants, to float in sea-water.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 Sept [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1963

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   28 September [1856] …
  • … Natural selection , chapter 11) that CD wanted Hooker to read (see letter to J.  D. …
  • Hooker, 13 July [1856] ). Letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 September [1856] . Both Hooker and CD …
  • … probably those mentioned in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 26 [July 1856] . The forty pages of …

To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1856]

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CD is unsure about JDH’s recommendation that he publish a separate "Preliminary Essay". It is unphilosophical to publish without full details.

CD will work for Huxley’s admission to Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1874

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 May [1856] …
  • … the relationship to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 7 May 1856 , and the letter to J.  D. …
  • Hooker, 9 May [1856] . Letter from J.  D. …
  • Hooker, 9 May [1856] . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 7 May 1856 . Burlington House, …
  • Hooker, 7 May 1856 . The other one, now missing, was a response to the letter to J.  D. …
  • … E.  Forbes 1856 . See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 7 May 1856, n.  13, and 9 May [1856]. …

To J. D. Hooker   9 October [1856]

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CD coming to London.

Read JDH’s review [Hooker’s Kew J. Bot. 8 (1856): 54–64 et seq.] of Alphonse de Candolle’s Géographie botanique raisonnée [1855] long ago.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1971

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   9 October [1856] …
  • … when in London. [J.  D. Hooker] 1856. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 5 August [1856] and 7  …

To J. D. Hooker   1 December [1856]

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Questions JDH on separation of sexes in trees in New Zealand flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Dec [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2008

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 December [1856] …
  • … apparently lost the seed (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 24 December [1856] ). Hooker had …
  • … other seeds from birds’ dung for CD (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 22 November 1856 ). …
  • … CD’s copy of the introductory essay of J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 , in the Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 7 December 1856 . CD’s results are given in Natural …

From J. D. Hooker   [16 November 1856]

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JDH not happy with CD’s explanation of the absence of north temperate forms in the Southern Hemisphere, given his explanation for the spread of sub-arctic forms to the south. [CD’s note is in response to JDH’s criticism.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 162–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1622

Matches: 4 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [16 November 1856] …
  • … and animals. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 18 November [ 1856] , and J.  Browne 1983 . …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1856] . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [ …

To J. D. Hooker   22 June [1856]

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CD sends reference for "Laburnum case", with comment on his own credulity.

Wants to quote JDH on plants endemic to NW. America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 June [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 165
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1908

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   22 June [1856] …
  • Hooker, 8 September [1856] . See letter to J.  D. …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 17–18 [June 1856] . CD refers to …
  • Hooker, 17–18 [June 1856] . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 June or 3 July 1856] . This …
  • Hooker probably thought Reissek was mistaken about the identity of the plant. See also letter to J.  D. …
  • … Correspondence vol.  4, letters to J.  D. Hooker, [2 June 1847] and [10 June 1847] ) with …

To J. D. Hooker   19 July [1856]

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Multiple creations.

Necessity for crossing in plants and animals: JDH to take up the subject; explains separate sexes in trees.

Continental extensions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 July [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 171
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1932

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   19 July [1856] …
  • Hooker, 10 July 1856 , and the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13  July [1856] . Alphonse de …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] . Hooker was an examiner …
  • … by the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] . CD had asked Hooker …
  • … distribution for his book on species ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] ). …
  • Hooker’s reply has not been found. This topic was discussed in the letter from J.  D. …

To J. D. Hooker   11–12 November [1856]

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CD relieved by JDH’s positive response to his MS.

CD continues observations on means of transport.

JDH’s Raoul Island paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 22 (1857): 133–41], showing continuity of vegetation with New Zealand, best evidence yet of continental extension.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11–12 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1986

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11–12 November [1856] …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 9 November 1856 . Letter from J.  D. …
  • Hooker, 9 November 1856 . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 9 November 1856 , in which Hooker …
  • … November 1856] ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, [19 October 1856] and n.  2. CD recorded …
  • … Nov. 13 th . Nothing came up. )’. J.  D. Hooker 1857. James Salter had reported that mud …

To J. D. Hooker   5 October [1856]

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Agrees with JDH that Cytisus report [presumably of a large change] not sound. CD pleased because, if true, species would change too quickly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Oct [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1969

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 October [1856] …
  • … by the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 September [1856] . It is not clear …
  • … CD had requested. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 22 June [1856] and 8 September [1856] . …

To J. D. Hooker   5 August [1856]

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Agrees that Lyell’s letters shed no new light on extensions issue. Continental extensions: opposes their being hypothesised all over world.

Commonality of alpine plants damns both extension and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Aug [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 173
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1938

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   5 August [1856] …
  • Hooker’s review ([J.  D. Hooker] 1856) of Alphonse de Candolle’s Géographie botanique …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 4 August 1856 . …
  • … at Dishley ( EB ). See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 4 August 1856 , and n.  9. CD agreed …
  • … 704–9. Hooker refers to Candolle’s conclusions about naturalised plants in [J.  D. Hooker] …

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1856]

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On the variety of species definitions prevalent among naturalists.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2022

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Hooker, J. D. …
  • … To J.  D. Hooker   24 December [1856] …
  • … 157a). Hooker had previously identified some of the seeds for him (see letter from J.  D. …
  • … of Aquilegia with Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [August …
  • … See letter from W.  H. Harvey, 3 January 1857. J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855, p.  44. …

From J. D. Hooker   4 August 1856

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JDH’s arguments against transmutation: 1. Plants do not show the confusion he would expect; 2. Under clearly similar physical conditions we do not find same species.

JDH’s argument against migration: commonality of alpine species. Believes migration opposes facts of botanical distribution in Van Diemen’s Land and New Zealand; prefers continental extension theory.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 100–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1937

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, J. D. Darwin, C. R. …
  • … explanation of Cleavage? Ever Y rs | J D Hooker 0.3 Dear … vengeance. 2.9] crossed pencil …
  • … From J.  D. Hooker   4 August 1856 …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 July [1856] . Godwin-Austen 1856  was read at a meeting of …
  • … 1913 ). The work was completed in 1860 (J.  D. Hooker 1855[–60]). See letter from Charles …
  • … Chambers] 1844 ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 July [1856] . In a lecture delivered at …
  • … and Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania). In J.  D. Hooker 1853–5 , 1: xix, Hooker noted: ‘The …
Document type
letter (74)
Date
1856
01 (1)
02 (3)
03 (1)
04 (4)
05 (8)
06 (8)
07 (11)
08 (6)
09 (3)
10 (7)
11 (13)
12 (9)
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