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From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   5 January 1860

Summary

Opinions on the Origin: AG thinks it masterly; Agassiz considers it very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2638

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Gray, Asa Hooker, J. D. …
  • … From Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker    5 January 1860 …
  • … January 1860] ). Maria Hooker was J.  D.  Hooker’s mother. She was suffering from ‘ …
  • … Jackson Hooker, the director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and J.  D.  Hooker’s …
  • Hooker sent the first sheet of this letter to CD (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [22  …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [12 December 1859] and n.  4). Jeffries …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   [after 6 July 1867]

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Summary

Sends W. M. Canby’s observations on the carnivorous powers of Dionaea. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 301, 310, 313.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 6 July 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 16–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5580

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Gray, Asa Hooker, J. D. …
  • … From Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker   [after 6 July 1867] …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   6 July 1863

Summary

Includes comments about George Bentham’s anniversary address to the Linnean Society with particular notice of the favourable attention to Darwin, except for Natural Selection, and to AG’s essay in the Atlantic Monthly.

He defends [W. B.] Carpenter and [Jeffries] Wyman against [Richard] Owen.

Gossip about scientific honours and other matters.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 July 1863
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray correspondence: 328–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4232F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Gray, Asa Hooker, J. D. …
  • … From Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker    6 July 1863 …
  • Hooker, [21 July 1863] , and letters to J.  D. Hooker, 22 July [1863] and 26 [July  …
  • Hooker enclosed this letter in a letter to CD of late July, which has not been found (see letter from J.  D.   …

To Asa Gray   28 July [1862]

Summary

AG’s "capital" review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–44].

Thinks there are three forms of Lythrum salicaria.

Discusses transport of seeds by sea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (75)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3667

Matches: 7 hits

  • Hooker, 3 March 1862 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] ). In his review (A.   …
  • Hooker, 25 February [1862] ; see also letter from J.  D. …
  • … s review of Hooker’s paper on the distribution of Arctic plants (J.  D.  Hooker 1861a), …
  • … of Arctic species surviving in the south of the peninsula (J.  D.  Hooker 1862a, p.   …
  • … the eastern continent. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Starting in …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 April [1855] ). Gray sent CD a …
  • Hooker’s paper, CD concluded that ‘during the coldest part of Glacial period, Greenland must have been quite depopulated’, suggesting that it must then have been repopulated by ‘accidental means of transport by ice & currents’ (see letter to J.  D. …

From Asa Gray   4 and 13 October 1862

Summary

Thinks Max Müller’s Lectures on the science of language [1861–4] will do a real service to CD and natural selection.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 and 13 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3752

Matches: 4 hits

  • Hooker, 3 November [1862] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker, 7 November 1862 ). …
  • … that Joseph Dalton Hooker was the author of this anonymous review (see letter to J.  D.   …
  • … 3). See letter from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862  and nn.  4 and 5. [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c. …
  • … Asa Gray, 20 April 1863 , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 May 1863] , and letter to Asa Gray, …

To Asa Gray   22 July [1860]

Summary

Greatly praises AG’s discussion of Origin in Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. [4 (1860): 411–15; 424–6].

Mentions other reviews of Origin; believes the BAAS meeting at Oxford greatly advanced the subject. Has heard his views are gaining ground in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 July [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2876

Matches: 8 hits

  • … 410–15, 424–31. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [17 July 1860] . Joseph Dalton Hooker’s …
  • … 20 July [1860]). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July 1860 , and Appendix VI. Ferdinand …
  • … pp.  495–520. Hopkins 1860 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [20? July 1860] and n.  5. …
  • … 1860b. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 [July 1860] . CD’s annotated copies of all three …
  • … write the review (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, [20? July 1860] , and to T.  H.   …
  • … between receiving the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, [17 July 1860] and 19 [July 1860] . [ …
  • … 1860, p.  161. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1860] . The ‘missing’ pages …
  • … discussions relating to Darwin. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [17 July 1860] . [Gray] …

To Asa Gray   26[–7] November [1862]

Summary

Discusses AG’s article ["Dimorphism", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 419–20]. Does not like the terms "dioecio-dimorphism" or "precocious fertilisation". Discusses the separation of sexes in plants; cannot doubt that hermaphroditism is the aboriginal state.

Discusses AG’s observations on orchids and his review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26[–7] Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3830

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Gray, by puzzling intermediate forms. ’ See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 . …
  • Hooker, 14 [October 1862] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [18 October 1862] ). See …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, 2 November 1862 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [ …
  • … to having received the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 ; since Joseph Dalton …
  • … are in DAR 111: 3–5. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 May [1862] , letter to W.  E.   …
  • … and 24 April [1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] ). There are notes on …
  • … DAR 109 (ser.  2): 6. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 , n.  17. CD’s notes …
  • … to Daniel Oliver, 15 April [1862] and n.  3. [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862d, p.  371. CD refers to …
  • Hooker in October 1862 (see letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] , letter to J.  D.   …

From Asa Gray   11 April 1863

Summary

The war is nearly finished, "rebeldom is ""gone up"" ".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4081

Matches: 2 hits

  • Hooker, [14 December 1862] , and this volume, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 March  …
  • … Gray’s letters on the topic to Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.   …

To Asa Gray   7 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on AG’s memoir on Japanese plants [see 2599]; relationship of Japanese flora to N. American.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  7 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2645

Matches: 3 hits

  • … H.  Huxley, 1 January [1860]. Hooker 1859. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1860]. …
  • … by Joseph Dalton Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  7, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 May [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  7, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] and 28 [December 1859] , …

To Asa Gray   15 August [1865]

Summary

Gratified by AG’s praise of "Climbing plants".

Thanks for Specularia seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  15 Aug [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (87)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4882

Matches: 5 hits

  • Hooker, [17 June 1865] , and letter from Charles and Emma Darwin to J.  D. Hooker, [10  …
  • … CD and Joseph Dalton Hooker had already discussed these books (see letters to J.  D. …
  • … recommended a strict diet (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [or 28 September 1865] ). Emma …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin. In a letter to J.  D.  Hooker of 1 June [1865] , CD had mentioned that …
  • Hooker, [10 July 1865] and n.  5, and [29 July 1865] and nn.  13 and 15). The reference is to Frances Wedgwood (see letter from Asa Gray, 24 July 1865  and n.  10). CD had evidently abandoned John Chapman’s ice treatment (see letter to J.  D.   …

To Asa Gray   24 August [1855]

Summary

"Close" species in large and small genera.

Alphonse de Candolle on geographical distribution [Géographie botanique raisonnée (1855)].

Species variability.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1749

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Candolle 1855  at length in Hooker’s Journal of Botany ( J.  D. Hooker 1856 ). George …
  • … in the plant kingdom ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, [April 1852] ). See Living Cirripedia ( …
  • … the missing letter (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 [August 1855] , n.  4). Fries 1850 , …

To Asa Gray   16 February [1862]

Summary

Floral structure of Melastoma. Asks AG to observe position of pistils in lately-opened flowers of different plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3448

Matches: 3 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1861] , and this volume, …
  • … Monochaetum ensiferum (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 February [1862] and n.  7). There …

To Asa Gray   24 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s Japan memoir [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6 (1857–9): 377–452]. Does not think AG’s arguments for a warm post-glacial period are sufficient, but will not be sorry to be proved wrong.

Believes natural selection explains many classes of facts which repeated creation does not.

Writes of some responses to the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2599

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1859 , p.  447). CD had discussed the point with Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J.  D. …
  • Hooker, 11 May [1859] , and letter from J.  D. Hooker,[20 December 1859]), and with Gray ( …
  • … Boston in January 1859 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] ). A.  Gray 1859 , pp.   …
  • … Palæontology. ’ See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 28 [December 1859] . In his letter to …

To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862]

Summary

Thanks AG for praise of Orchids and his notes on several American species of orchid. Comments on AG’s observations.

Is experimenting [on dimorphism] with Rhexia and Melastoma.

Asks AG’s opinion of a paper by Thomas Meehan ["On the uniformity of relative characters between allied species of European and American trees", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently direct action of the conditions of life CD has seen.

Requests postage stamp for his ill son [Leonard].

Thanks AG for observations on Cypripedium and gives recent observations of his own.

Arethusa is very pretty; structure seems like that of Vanilla.

Finds the little (so-called imperfect) flowers of Viola and Oxalis curious: the pollen-grains emit their tubes whilst within the anthers, and they travel in straight lines right to the stigmas.

Sympathises with events in the U. S.

Reports on French translation of Origin by Mlle C. Royer, "one of the cleverest & oddest women in Europe".

Alphonse de Candolle says he wants direct proof of natural selection; "he will have to wait a long time for that".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10–20 June [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3595

Matches: 6 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [17 May 1862] , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . …
  • … Dalton Hooker, on which he had begun to experiment (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29  …
  • … with H.  roseum (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and 30 May [1862] ). CD’s …
  • … of Orchids. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  10. Orchids , …
  • … at the end of May (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] and n.  2). See n.  16, …
  • … s observations on Viola , see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.  7. Royer …

From Asa Gray   4 November 1856

Summary

Outlines the ranges of northern U. S. species common to Europe. Hopes to investigate the resemblances between the floras of the north-eastern U. S. and western Europe. Discusses routes by which alpine plants appear to have reached U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 165: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1982

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter to Joseph Dalton Hooker with his own letter to J.  D. Hooker, 18 November [1856] . …
  • … October [1856] , n.  6. Gray refers to [J.  D. Hooker] 1856, a review of A.  de Candolle …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 6 hits

  • … read them (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). …
  • … and 17 March [1863] , and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 March 1863] . See letter from …
  • … by 15 February 1863 (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 February [1863] and n.  5); Joseph …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 February 1863] ). See also …
  • … 9 November 1861 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] ). CD subsequently grew …
  • … February (see, for example, letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 March [1863] ). Horace Darwin had …

To Asa Gray   21 August [1862]

Summary

Emma and Leonard have scarlet fever.

Houstonia seems "a grand case"; J. T. Rothrock should publish his observations on the two pollens and the reciprocal action of two hermaphrodites.

Rhexia glandulosa offers nothing odd, but Heterocentron will turn out something marvellous like Lythrum.

Would like to know what AG thinks of last chapter of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3692

Matches: 5 hits

  • … plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862– 83), see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1861] ). Suspecting that …
  • … resulting from the latter (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and nn.  7–9). On  …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] . Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 . T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley 1863a; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 . In his letter to CD of …

To Asa Gray   6 November [1862]

Summary

Agrees Max Müller’s book [see 3752] is interesting but cannot see how it will further his "cause".

A book by J. W. Colenso [The Pentateuch and book of Joshua critically examined, pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise".

Would like some observations made on Cypripedium.

Will not publish yet on Lythrum as he must make many more crosses; the mid-styled is fertile with half of its own stamens.

Would like to try a few experiments on tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  6 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3796

Matches: 5 hits

  • … J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] and n.  4. CD’s …
  • … Parthenon at this time (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). Cooper 1855 . …
  • … 4 and 13 October 1862 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] , n.  10. Gray had …
  • … 4 September [1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  11 and 12. [ …
  • … his copies of the numbers in which [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c appeared (see DAR 222 and DAR …

To Asa Gray   28 May [1864]

Summary

Is slowly writing Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Thanks for [Charles?] Wright’s observations on orchids

– could he note what attracts insects to Begonia and Melastoma? H. Crüger, who was going to observe Melastomataceae, has died.

Describes the climbing habits of Bignonia capreolata and Eccremocarpus scaber.

How does AG know the perfect flowers of Voandzeia are quite sterile?

He has a case of dimorphism in holly; asks AG to report on American hollies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 May [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4511

Matches: 7 hits

  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 April 1864 , and letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 April [1864] …
  • … vol.  11, enclosure to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [November 1863] , and this volume, …
  • … 12, Appendix III.  See also letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] and n.  7, and 22 [ …
  • … plants’ , pp.  56–9). See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 December [1864] and n.  13. CD …
  • … 1864  and n.  22, and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 April [1864] and n.  22. CD discussed …
  • … flowers ([Oliver] 1864a). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] and nn.  9–10, and …
  • … of its editorial board, see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26[–7] March [1864] and n.  17. CD …

To Asa Gray   22 January [1862]

Summary

Dimorphism: "new cases are tumbling in almost daily".

U. S. politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3404

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Boott and Joseph Dalton Hooker, and to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1861] and [30 and 31  …
  • … at its head’. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] and n.  10. This is a …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 December 1861] and 28 [December …
  • … trimorphism in Lythrum in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] , and asked if …
  • … Melastomataceae (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [1 January 1862] and n.  3). The reference …
Document type
letter (124)
Author
Addressee
Correspondent
Gray, Asa[X]
Darwin, C. R. (121)
Hooker, J. D. (3)
Date
1855 (4)
1856 (5)
1857 (9)
1858 (6)
1859 (3)
1860 (15)
1861 (7)
1862 (22)
1863 (17)
1864 (5)
1865 (3)
1866 (3)
1867 (6)
1868 (4)
1869 (1)
1870 (2)
1872 (3)
1873 (1)
1874 (1)
1876 (2)
1877 (3)
1879 (2)
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