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To Asa Gray   26 June [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for references about phyllotaxy

and information on marriage laws.

Has been looking for dimorphism in Phlox and Euonymus.

Has observed the irritability of tendrils of Echinocystis with great interest. Was also struck by the rotating movements of the leading shoots, which he proposes to investigate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26 June [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (82)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4222

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   26 June [1863] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (82) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 June [1863] Asa Gray
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863 . …
  • … Letters from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863  and [10–16] June [1863] . …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker. See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] and n.  2. CD refers …
  • … of correspondents and published sources. See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] and n.  13. CD refers to his letter to Gray …
  • … June 1863] and n.  3. See letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863 . From 1861, William Vernon …
  • … Bentham, 19 June [1863] . See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] and n.  4. There …
  • … repens for experimental purposes (see letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.   …
  • … 4). See also letter to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] . CD refers to A.  Gray 1858b. See letter …

From Asa Gray   13 April 1863

Summary

Hopes CD will finish and bring out his book on variation.

AG will publish extracts of H. W. Bates’s paper on mimetic analogy [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 279–94].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4089

Matches: 8 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   13 April 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 133 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 13 Apr 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of man (C.  Lyell 1863a; see letter to Asa Gray, 20 March [1863] ). Variation was …
  • … published in 1868. See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and n.   …
  • … 14. See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and nn.   …
  • … 8–11. See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] , and letter to J.  D.   Hooker, [9 May …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 20 March [1863] . Gray refers to his review of Henry Walter Bates’s …

To Asa Gray   11 May [1863]

Summary

CD despairs when men like AG and Lyell consider themselves incapable of judging on change of species by descent.

Is confused over phyllotaxy.

Has been looking at Plantago lanceolata.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4153

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   11 May [1863] …
  • … 59) Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place Down letterhead 11 May [1863] Asa Gray
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Gray, Asa. 1849. On the composition of the plant by …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 20 April 1863 . According to Emma …
  • … between 6 and 13 May 1863. Letters from Asa Gray, 11 April 1863 , 13 April 1863 , and 20  …
  • … views on transmutation in the letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , the letter to J.   …
  • … See also Appendix VII. See letter from Asa Gray, 20 April 1863  and n.  11. See also …
  • … Marginalia 1: 347). See also letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] . In DAR 51: A30 there is …
  • … 11 May 1863]). See also letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863 . Joseph Dalton Hooker could not …
  • … Peirce ( Peirce 1849 ). See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] . According to Emma …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] ). CD refers to …
  • … while still closed (see Correspondence vol.   10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [ …
  • … 1862] , and letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ), and made a series of observational …

From Asa Gray   [10–16] June [1863]

Summary

Possible dimorphism in Phlox.

Knows of no U. S. law prohibiting marriage of cousins.

Gives references to papers on phyllotaxy.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10–16] June [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 136
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4198

Matches: 12 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   [10–16] June [1863] …
  • … DAR 165: 136 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. [10–16] June [1863] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Belknap Press of Harvard University. Gray, Asa. 1849. On the composition of the plant by …
  • … and Arts (A.  Gray 1863d). See letters to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and 31 May [1863] . Gray …
  • … CD on or before 26 June (see letter to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] ); allowing ten to eleven …
  • … between 10 and 16 June 1863. See letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] . Theophilus Parsons …
  • … Harvard Law School ( WWWA ). See letter to Asa Gray, 20 March [1863] and n.  5. CD thought …
  • … s Sons. 1970–90. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : …
  • … Louis, Missouri ( DAB ). See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and nn.  8–11. Gray refers …
  • … around the stems of plants (see letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] ). Gray discussed the …
  • … See also Naumann 1845 . See letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] and n.  12; the reference is …

To Asa Gray   19 January [1863]

Summary

Comments on his own review of Bates’s butterfly paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thanks AG for information on Platanthera.

Has been wasting more time with Melastomataceae; can find no nectar in Monochaetum; is there any in Rhexia?

Hopes Lincoln’s "fiat against Slavery" will have some effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3927

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   19 January [1863] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (57) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Jan [1863] Asa Gray
  • … of this letter to the letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10). Letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, 6 November 1862 . Gray’s reference to glucose and starch has not …
  • … of the Natural History Review. See letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  17. In the …
  • … 1862a and 1862b. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 , …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Sprengel 1793 . …
  • … CD refers to the letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD …
  • … 6 June [1863] ). See also letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and nn.  9 and 10. CD was …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862  and n.  3. See letter …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862  and 22 September 1862 ). …

From Asa Gray   20 April 1863

Summary

AG’s opinion of Lyell’s Antiquity of man.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4112

Matches: 10 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   20 April 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 134 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 20 Apr 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … week, & no time to read what I have hurriedly penned. | Ever Yours cordially | Asa Gray
  • … founding editor, Benjamin Silliman. See letter to Asa Gray, 20 March [1863] and n.  21. …
  • … of man (C.  Lyell 1863a). See letter to Asa Gray, 20 March [1863] . In chapters 12–18 of …
  • … 1863a, pp.  385–506. See letters to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] and 20 March [1863] . See …
  • … Lyell, 11 March 1863 ). See CD’s annotations to the letter from Asa Gray, 13 April 1863 . …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [1863] . The references are to T.  H.  Huxley 1863a …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862  and n.  3). Gray’s …

To Asa Gray   23 February [1863]

Summary

Recommends Lyell’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Quotes praise of AG’s pamphlet [see 2938].

Comments on U. S. politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (55)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4006

Matches: 19 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   23 February [1863] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (55) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Feb [1863] Asa Gray
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 . …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 . The enclosures referred to have not been …
  • … 1927–96. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See enclosures to the letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 . …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] , …
  • … and letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 . See also n.   …
  • … 8, below. See letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 . CD enclosed Gray’s letter with his …
  • … of [16 February 1863]. See letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 . In his letter to Gray …
  • … 1863, on 18 April 1863 (see letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] ). C.   Lyell 1863a. …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 11 December [1860] , and Correspondence …
  • … vol.  9, letter to Asa Gray, 17 February [1861] , and Appendix III). …
  • … also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] . In a review of Lyell’s …
  • … 5, the author stated (p.  235): Dr.  Asa Gray, who has written what is probably the ablest …
  • … 454–70). See Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862  and …
  • … 24 November 1862 , and letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] . CD refers to the published …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] ). The journalist and …

From Asa Gray   27 January 1863

Summary

Discusses the ill-will between England and U. S.

Considers the bases for deciding which plant species are "high" and which "low".

Comments on Alphonse de Candolle’s paper on oaks ["Étude sur l’espèce", Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot.) 4th ser. 18 (1862): 59–110].

Encloses S. H. Scudder’s letter on Lepidoptera and fertilisation of orchids which identifies a butterfly with Platanthera pollinia adhering to it. Jokingly applies natural selection to butterflies acted on by orchid pollinia.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 129, 130
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3950

Matches: 13 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   27 January 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 129, 130 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 27 Jan 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] . Gray had sent CD a …
  • … plants for him to grow and examine (see letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and nn.   …
  • … 4–7). See letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.   …
  • … 9 . See letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.   …
  • … 18. See letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] . Gray refers in part to the Trent affair of …
  • … St, Boston Jan.  7 th . , 1863 Prof. Asa Gray. Dear Sir, The butterfly which I showed you …
  • … they would still be classified as ‘low’ (see letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] ). …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] and n.  7. A.  de Candolle 1862a; there is …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). Scudder published …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). CD discussed movements …

To Asa Gray   4 August [1863]

Summary

Anticipated AG’s attitude on design in orchids. Does he not think that the variations that gave rise to fancy pigeon varieties were accidental?

Has been working hard at Lythrum

and spontaneous movements of tendrils.

Defends Drosera as a "sagacious animal" but does not know whether he will ever publish on it.

Comments on political situation in U. S.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  4 Aug [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (83)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4262

Matches: 18 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   4 August [1863] …
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (83) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug [1863] Asa Gray
  • … between this letter and the letters from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863  and 21 July 1863 . …
  • … Letters from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863  and 21 July 1863 . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1863 . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863  and n.  8. …
  • … Gray, had inherited £2,000. Letters from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863  and 21 July 1863 . Gray …
  • … 1970–90. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … avid stamp collector. See letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863  and n.  13. The letter from …
  • … vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: 9). See letter to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] and n.   …
  • … 4, and letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863  and n.  7; CD refers to Oswald Heer and his …
  • … in Variation 2: 248–9 and 430. See letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863 ; the reference is to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [June 1863] and nn.  2 and 3, and letter to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] ). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1863 . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [2]9 June 1863 . …
  • … on 2 February 1865. See letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1863 . Gray reviewed Bates 1861  in …
  • … 18 December 1847 , n.  5). See letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1863 . Since 1860, CD had …
  • … by the Confederate army (see letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1863 ). CD also probably refers …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   20 March [1863] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (58) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Mar [1863] Asa Gray
  • … between this letter and the letter from Asa Gray, 13 April 1863 . Gray’s letter has not …
  • … 1966 , p.  41). See also letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] . Campanula perfoliata (also …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , and Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and 26[– …
  • … 7] November [1862] , and letters from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 and 29 December 1862 ). …
  • … 193). C.  Lyell 1863a; see letter from Asa Gray, 20 April 1863 . See letters to Charles …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 . The reference is to …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 9 November 1861 , and letter to J.  D.   …
  • … on the species (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , and …
  • … this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] ). He recorded his observations on these …
  • … experiments (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and …
  • … this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] ). CD deferred his experiments until …
  • … flower abundantly in 1863 (see letters to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] and 26 June [1863] , and …

From Asa Gray   7 July 1863

Summary

Has extracted CD’s Linum paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 279–84].

Elaborate co-adaptations of orchids and insects demonstrate against "chance blows", whether few, as Oswald Heer would have, or many and slight as CD proposes.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 127, 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4234

Matches: 12 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   7 July 1863 …
  • … See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  27. …
  • … DAR 165: 127, 137 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 7 July 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] . Gray had planned to reprint extracts from Bates 1861   …
  • … Bates, 4 March [1863] , and letter from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863 ). Gray also refers to …
  • … A.  Gray 1863d). See also letter from Asa Gray, 13 April 1863 . Gray prepared a review …
  • … 1928–95. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … A.  Gray 1863a; see also letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1863 ). Gray’s review abstract of ‘ …
  • … on this earth. Oswald Heer. See letter to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] and n.  4. Gray had …
  • … Dupree 1959 , p.  332; see letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 July 1863 ); she has …
  • … cleistogamous flowers. See letter to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] The reference is apparently …

From Asa Gray   21 July 1863

Summary

Gives some observations on Drosera.

Comments on Richard Owen’s "transmutation theory" in his aye-aye paper [Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 5 (1866): 33–101].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 128, 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4248

Matches: 15 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   21 July 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 128, 138 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 21 July 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] . In his letter to Gray of 26 June [1863], CD expressed …
  • … Patrick Tracy IV). See letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863 , nn.  2 and 3. The references …
  • … wishes of Agassiz ( Dupree 1959 , pp.  319–20). See also letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.   …
  • … Hooker, 6 July 1863 . See letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863  and n.  17. Gray refers to …
  • … Bentham 1863 ). See also letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 July 1863  and n.  10. …
  • … 1863 , pp.  xxv–xxvii). See letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 July 1863  and n.   …
  • … 17. Louis Pasteur. See letter from Asa Gray to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 July 1863  and nn.  17  …
  • … Publishing. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … founder Benjamin Silliman. See letter to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] and nn.  11 and 12. Gray …
  • … Correspondence vols.  8 and 9). See letter to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] and nn.  12 and 13. …
  • … 2]9 June 1863  and n.  3. See letter to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] and n.  13. Owen 1862c. …
  • … rejecting natural selection. See letter to Asa Gray, 31 May [1863] . For CD’s reaction to …

From Asa Gray   11 April 1863

Summary

The war is nearly finished, "rebeldom is ""gone up"" ".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4081

Matches: 5 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   11 April 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 132 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 11 Apr 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 31 December 1861 , and Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, [late June 1862] . Gray and Joseph Dalton Hooker, for …

To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 18 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   2 January [1863] …
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Jan [1863] Asa Gray
  • … of this letter to the letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  and 9 December 1862 ( …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  and 9 December 1862 . …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and letter to James …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). Cooper referred to …
  • … in Orchids , pp.  274–5. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 17 November  …
  • … 1862 , letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , and CD’s experimental note dated 19  …
  • … 1863] in DAR 70: 112–13. See also letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] , ‘Fertilization of …
  • … species as L.  perenne (see letter from Asa Gray, 27 January 1863 ). See also Baker 1965 , …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 9 November 1861 , and letter to J.  D.   …
  • … and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] ). His results are given …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, [27 and 29 August] and 2 September [1861] . …
  • … s collection (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [ …
  • … 1862] , and letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). Gray’s letter of 24 November 1862 ( …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and 26[–7] November [ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). However, in his letter …

From Asa Gray   22–30 March 1863

Summary

Discusses the Duke of Argyll’s article on the supernatural [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97].

Has heard that the Incas married their sisters; this may be worth investigating as a case of inbreeding.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22–30 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 131
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4056

Matches: 9 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   22–30 March 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 131 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 22–30 Mar 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … think! Ever dear Darwin | Yours cordially | Asa Gray End of letter : ‘Ohio—cousins’ ink …
  • … issue of the journal (see letters from Asa Gray, 13 April 1863 , 7 July 1863 , and 21  …
  • … July 1863 ). See letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] and n.  16. The references are to …
  • … in nature (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b). See letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] and n.  12. …
  • … See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . CD did not …
  • … s observation in print, but see the letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] . In his letter to …

From Asa Gray   1 September 1863

Summary

Sees difficulties in adhering to the concept of design in nature.

Is surprised at Hooker’s and Daniel Oliver’s ignorance regarding spontaneous movements of tendrils.

CD should continue his work on climbing plants, "it will be fruitful in your hands".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 108; DAR 165: 139, 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4288

Matches: 14 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   1 September 1863 …
  • … DAR 157.2: 108; DAR 165: 139, 140 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 1 Sept 1863 Charles Robert …
  • … 15 September 1863  and n.  3). Letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] . The Grays had been in …
  • … had inadvertently killed the seeds on arrival (see letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [ 1863] ). …
  • … newspaper article has not been identified. See letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] . See …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 31 December 1861 . …
  • … 1928–95. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] and nn.   …
  • … 10 and 11. See letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] . CD’s paper entitled ‘Three forms of …
  • … and Arts (Gray 1863a and 1863c respectively). See letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1863 , …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] . Gray refers to Louis Agassiz, his colleague at …
  • … that both contain responses to the letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] . In addition, the …
  • … America ( Loring 1862 ; see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] ). The prefatory note …

To Asa Gray   31 May [1863]

Summary

AG’s review of Alphonse de Candolle’s paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 35 (1863): 430–44] is excellent.

Does not AG consider that orchids oppose Oswald Heer’s view that species arise suddenly by monstrosities?

Infers that AG cannot explain the angles of phyllotaxy; has been looking at Carl Nägeli on the subject.

Reports Gaston de Saporta’s belief that natural selection will ultimately triumph in France.

Is working slowly at Variation.

Reports his observations on the imperfect flowers of Viola and Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  31 May [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (84)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4196

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   31 May [1863] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (84) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 May [1863] Asa Gray
  • … research on cleistogamy (see letter to Asa Gray, 20 March [1863] and n.  5). CD’s notes on …
  • … a bimonthly publication. Letters to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] and 11 May [1863] . Gray …
  • … see Correspondence vol.11, Appendix IV. See letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863 , n.   …
  • … 4. See letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] and n.  24. Gray had sent CD specimens of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … including C. acaule , see the letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863  and nn.  17, 18, and 20. …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 , and Correspondence …
  • … vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and 6 November [1862] ). The reference is …
  • … 29 May [1863] and n.  12, and letter from Asa Gray, 26  May 1863  and nn.  24 and 25. The …
  • … on their function in the letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ( Correspondence …

To Asa Gray   20 April [1863]

Summary

Fears England and U. S. will drift into war; he and AG must "keep to Science".

Thanks for facts on Incas; regrets he has always avoided the case of man.

Has sent his Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Is it true that Ohio has legislated against marriage of cousins?

Can AG explain the invariable angles in phyllotaxy; are they the consequence of packing in the early bud?

Owen’s comments on heterogeny in the Athenæum [28 Mar 1863] have vexed W. B. Carpenter; CD has replied [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Hopes AG will observe Gymnadenia; John Scott has been experimenting on its fertilisation.

Gives his observation on pollination of Cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4110

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   20 April [1863] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (51) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Apr [1863] Asa Gray
  • … between this letter and the letters from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863  and 11 April  …
  • … 1863 . Letters from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863  and 11 April 1863 . In his letter to CD of …
  • … examined Campbell’s review. See letter from Asa Gray, 11 April 1863 . CD’s fear of war may …
  • … crawling into flower’ (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] …
  • … and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  7. The reference is to …
  • … pp.  551–2; Sifakis 1988 ). See letter from Asa Gray, 22–30 March 1863  and nn.  5–7. CD …
  • … had been observing live specimens (see letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  11). …
  • … was ‘a mere fable’. See letter from Asa Gray, [10–16] June [1863] . A.  Gray 1857, pp.   …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 22  September 1862  and n.  13). He …

From Asa Gray   23 November 1863

Summary

CD’s poor health.

Agassiz’s attempt to do away with Darwinism.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4346

Matches: 10 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   23 November 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 141 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 23 Nov 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … extant letter from CD is the letter to Asa Gray, 4 August [1863] , but Gray responded to …
  • … in 1862  and 1863 (see letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863  and n.  12). In the preface to …
  • … for Leonard Darwin’s collection (see letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [1863] and n.  15). …
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … s neutrality policy (see letter to Asa Gray, 26 June [1863] and n.  14). In a series of …
  • … s articles to CD (see letter from Asa Gray, 1 September 1863  and n.  12, and Loring  …
  • … by the foreign secretary (see letter from Asa Gray, 26 May 1863  and n.  27, and Jenkins  …

From Asa Gray   26 May 1863

Summary

Discusses recent correspondence in the Athenæum: the disagreement between Lyell and Hugh Falconer and Owen’s remarks on heterogeny [see 4110].

Briefly discusses orchids and some problems in phyllotaxy.

Mentions the political situation and the quarrelsome behaviour of the English.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4186

Matches: 13 hits

  • Gray, Asa Darwin, C. R. …
  • … From Asa Gray   26 May 1863 …
  • … DAR 165: 135 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 26 May 1863 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] . The ‘neighbors’ have not been identified. Gray was …
  • … list for the paper (see letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] , and Appendix IV). Gray had …
  • … 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 ). There are …
  • … notes on C.  acaule ‘sent by Asa Gray’, dated 22 May 1863, in DAR 70: 121. See also n.   …
  • … See also Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.  16, and …
  • … 26[–7] November [1862] . In the letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] , CD informed Gray of …
  • … Athenæum , 18 April [1863]. See letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] and Appendix VII. In …
  • … Lyell, 18 April [1863] ). See letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] ; CD had asked whether …
  • … 2 5 , 3 8 , and so on; see letters to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] and 11 May [1863] . The …
  • … Gravity & never vary ’ (see letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] and n.  14, and Falconer  …
Document type
letter (118)
Correspondent
Date
1863
01 (20)
02 (11)
03 (11)
04 (15)
05 (18)
06 (10)
07 (9)
08 (9)
09 (4)
10 (2)
11 (7)
12 (2)
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