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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To Asa Gray   11 November [1859]

Summary

Sends copy of Origin for comments.

Does not feel AG’s views of migration after the last glaciation explain distribution in U. S. as well as CD’s view of migration prior to glaciation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Nov [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2520

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   11 November [1859] …
  • … under the name Elephas primigenius . See letter to Asa Gray, 18 November [1858] . …
  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American Journal of Science and …
  • … University (17) Charles Robert Darwin Ilkley Down letterhead 11 Nov [1859] Asa Gray
  • … 11 May [1859] ). CD refers to his letter to Asa Gray, 11 August [1858] . Gray cited James …

To Asa Gray   21 December [1859]

Summary

Would welcome American edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2592

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   21 December [1859] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (16) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Dec [1859] Asa Gray
  • … Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of …
  • … copy of Origin in November 1859 ( letter to Asa Gray, 11 November [1859] ). Given that the …

To Asa Gray   24 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks for AG’s Japan memoir [Mem. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 6 (1857–9): 377–452]. Does not think AG’s arguments for a warm post-glacial period are sufficient, but will not be sorry to be proved wrong.

Believes natural selection explains many classes of facts which repeated creation does not.

Writes of some responses to the Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (46)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2599

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Darwin, C. R. Gray, Asa
  • … To Asa Gray   24 December [1859] …
  • … Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (46) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Dec [1859] Asa Gray
  • … of Economic Geology in London 1: 336–432. Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. …
  • … 28 [December 1859] . In his letter to Asa Gray, 11 August [1858] , CD outlined his views …
  • … the relationship to the letters to Asa Gray, 21 December [1859] , and to John Murray,22  …
  • … 1859]), and with Gray (see letter to Asa Gray, 11 August [1858] ). Hooker had sent CD the …
  • … A.  Gray 1859 , pp.  447–8. In a letter to Asa Gray, 31 May 1859 (Gray Herbarium, Harvard …

To J. D. Hooker   28 [December 1859]

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Summary

CD has written to Asa Gray criticising J. D. Dana’s arguments for a warm period subsequent to glacial period.

Remembers it is Alphonse de Candolle who states that many species are not true species.

Did Huxley write the excellent review in the Times?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2610

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Victor Mason. Geneva: J. Kessmann. Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American …
  • … CD has written to Asa Gray criticising J. D. Dana’s arguments for a warm period subsequent …
  • … CD was worried that Asa Gray had been offended by his criticisms, privately expressed to …
  • … in A.  Gray 1859 . See letters to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] and n.  6, and to J.   …
  • … Hooker, 26 [December 1859]. Letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] . Hooker seems to have …
  • … th My dear Hooker Thanks for curious account of Asa Gray. One likes a man who bubbles up …

To John Murray   26 [December 1859]

Summary

Has sent off last proof of 2d ed. of Origin. Assumes JM has remembered the diagram. Asks that remaining clean sheets be sent to Asa Gray.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  26 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.48–48A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2607

Matches: 3 hits

  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] , and to John Murray, 22 December [1859] and …
  • … JM has remembered the diagram. Asks that remaining clean sheets be sent to Asa Gray. …
  • … remember the remaining clean sheets to “Prof. Asa Gray, Cambridge, Massachussetts U.S. —” …

To John Murray   22 December [1859]

Summary

Asa Gray offers to arrange for reprinting Origin in U. S. CD has told him JM would send sheets of 2d ed. by post.

CD thinks he has good scheme for his "larger work" in three volumes, with separate titles and a general title. Will be two years before first volume is ready because of his health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  22 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.68–69)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2594

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap Press of …
  • Asa Gray offers to arrange for reprinting Origin in U. S. CD has told him JM would send …
  • … I received yesterday a letter from Prof. Asa Gray of U.  States, offering to endeavour to …
  • … in mid-January 1860. See letter to Asa Gray, 21 December [1859] . Gray’s copy must have …
  • … should be reprinted. I have told “Prof. Asa Gray, Cambridge Massachussetts U.  States” …

To J. D. Hooker   14 December [1859]

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Summary

CD’s great satisfaction with JDH’s approval of Origin. The book has been extremely successful. Reactions of Asa Gray, Lyell, Bentham, and J. E. Gray.

Not one friend has noticed his pet bit in Origin: embryology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2583

Matches: 4 hits

  • … been extremely successful. Reactions of Asa Gray, Lyell, Bentham, and J. E. Gray. Not one …
  • … my surprise on this head in a letter to Asa Gray… . I had materials for a whole chapter on …
  • … 1985–. Dupree, Anderson Hunter. 1959. Asa Gray, 1810–1888. Cambridge, Mass. : Belknap …
  • … D. Hooker, [12 November 1859]. Hooker and Asa Gray had corresponded at length about the …

To J. D. Hooker   26 [December 1859]

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Summary

High, detailed praise for introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae [reprinted as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. CD expects it to convert botanists from doctrine of immutable creation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 33, 30a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2606

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American …
  • … 1859] . CD had criticised Asa Gray’s view that there had been a post-glacial warm period, …
  • … from each other. PS. | With respect to Asa Gray (to whom I have written long letter, but I …
  • … letter. A.  Gray 1859 . See letters to Asa Gray, 21 December [1859] and 24  December [ …

To J. D. Hooker   11 May [1859]

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Summary

JDH finds style of CD’s MS obscure.

CD wary of JDH’s starting point on variability: it is not inherent, it does not lead necessarily to divergence, and it must be distinguished from inheritance.

Asa Gray has misread CD’s views on pre-glacial migrations and botched the subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2461

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American Journal of Science and …
  • … it must be distinguished from inheritance. Asa Gray has misread CD’s views on pre-glacial …
  • … not arrive until later (see letter to Asa Gray, 24 December [1859] ). In the paper, Gray …
  • … 6). In his letter to Asa Gray,11 August [1858], CD had informed Gray that he had had the …

From J. D. Hooker   [20 December 1859]

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Summary

Forwards letter from Asa Gray.

Bentham is very agitated by Origin. CD over-emphasises natural selection. His theory accounts for too much and would be improved by unburdening it of natural selection.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 180–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2589

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Forwards letter from Asa Gray. Bentham is very agitated by Origin . CD over-emphasises …
  • … 1859] . The enclosure was a letter from Asa Gray that evidently dealt at some length with …
  • … theories of climatic change. See letters to Asa Gray, 21 December [1859] and 24 December [ …

To J. D. Hooker   3 May [1859]

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Summary

CD favours occurrence of reversions, although lack of experiments forces one to vague opinions. Reversions oppose only the inheritance not the occurrence of variation. Discusses relation of reversion, direct influence of conditions, and selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 May [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2457

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American …
  • … Sciences 4 (1857–60): 131–5, which reported Asa Gray’s remarks on the relationship of the …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, and also letter to Asa Gray, 11 August [1858] . Louis Agassiz was …

To J. D. Hooker   5 [March 1859]

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Summary

Will read JDH’s printers’ slips on variation.

CD has been so ill, he wonders whether he will get his book done, though so nearly completed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 [Mar 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2424

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American Journal of Science and …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] ). Asa Gray had read a paper on the plants of Japan …

To John Murray   14 May [1859]

Summary

Approves specimen sheet [of Origin]. Sorry book will be so long. Has now written half of last chapter; it is as long as his estimate of the entire chapter. Now thinks it will run to 6000 or 7000 words. Will do his utmost to improve his style. Anxious to publish soon; he knows of two men already writing on the subject, starting from his Linnean Society paper ["On the tendency of species to form varieties", Collected papers 2: 3–19]. Will send a diagram for the book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  14 May [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.40–40A)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2462

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American Journal of Science and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker (Hooker 1859) and Asa Gray ( A.  Gray 1859 ). He may also have had …

From J. D. Hooker   25 January 1859

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Summary

Relieved by Wallace’s letter.

At work on introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

European plants naturalised in Australia are almost all adapted to invading disturbed ground.

JDH supports Asa Gray against Alphonse de Candolle as foreign member of Royal Society.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1859
Classmark:  DAR 100: 131–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2404

Matches: 3 hits

  • … invading disturbed ground. JDH supports Asa Gray against Alphonse de Candolle as foreign …
  • … member of the Royal Society until 1869. Asa Gray was elected in 1873 (Royal Society of …
  • … Bentham & Lindley & we both agree that Asa Grays claims are out of sight superior, as also …

To J. D. Hooker   21 [December 1859]

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Summary

Delighted JDH coming to Down. They will discuss Origin. JDH’s remarks that theory explains too much are excellent, yet CD cannot see his error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 [Dec 1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2591

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Hooker, 23 [December 1859] . See letter to Asa Gray, 21 December [1859] , and letter from …
  • … most interesting letter from you with Asa Gray’s—but I am feeling so sick that I cannot …

To J. D. Hooker   1 September [1859]

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Summary

All but last two chapters of Origin proofs corrected.

Praise for JDH’s introductory essay [to Flora Tasmaniae].

Very ill and sick of work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Sept [1859]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2485

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Gray, Asa. 1859. On the coiling of tendrils. American Journal of Science and …

To Richard Hill   8 August [1859]

Summary

Compares Jamaican with British and European honey combs.

Requests one-half dozen dead bees and 2 or 3 drones from Mr Wilkie’s stock.

His admiration for RH’s varied accomplishments and service "in the sacred cause of humanity" [the abolition of slavery].

Asks whether it is believed that domestic animals long bred in Jamaica tend to assume a particular colour or character.

Are differences observed in the West Indies in the liability of pure Europeans of light complexion and hair to take the yellow fever or other tropical complaints?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Hill
Date:  8 Aug [1859]
Classmark:  Cundall 1915
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2479A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … owned a sugar plantation in Jamaica. CD had posed the same question to Asa Gray ( letter …
  • … to Asa Gray, 18 November [1858] ). There had been a major outbreak of yellow fever among …

To F. J. Pictet de la Rive   24 December [1859]

Summary

Sends Origin to FJP. "I rest my conviction solely on the fact, as it seems to me, that the theory explains large classes of facts otherwise inexplicable." Has made important converts: Lyell, Hooker, Huxley, and W. B. Carpenter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  François Jules Pictet de la Rive
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève (MS. fr. 1651, ff. 6–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2598

Matches: 1 hit

  • … one’ ( Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Asa Gray, 20 April 1860). An annotated copy of …

To John Murray   24 December [1859]

Summary

Thanks JM for present of McClintock’s work [Sir Francis Leopold McClintock, The voyage of the "Fox" in the Arctic seas (1859)], which he and his wife look forward to reading.

Asks to be told when reprint [of Origin] is ready.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  24 Dec [1859]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff.24–25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2597

Matches: 1 hit

  • … interest. I am much obliged about Prof Asa Gray. — I do not think I shall want 1 1 2 dozen …

To A. R. Wallace   13 November 1859

Summary

A copy of CD’s book [Origin] has been sent to ARW; invites his comments. "God knows what the public will think". Hooker believes Lyell is a convert, but CD does not think so, although he is "deeply interested". If he can convert Huxley, CD will be content.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  13 Nov 1859
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2529

Matches: 1 hit

  • … by the real judges as Hooker Lyell, Asa Gray &c. — I have heard from M r Sclater that your …
Document type
letter (20)
Date
1859
01 (1)
03 (1)
05 (3)
08 (1)
09 (1)
11 (2)
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