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From Charles Layton   17 March 1881

Summary

Encloses statement of U. S. sales of CD’s works to 1 Feb 1881 and sends cheque for balance due to CD.

Author:  Charles James (Charles) Layton; D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1881
Classmark:  DAR 159: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13088

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. Descent 2d US ed. : The descent of man, …
  • … Darwin. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. Insectivorous plants US ed. By Charles …
  • … revised. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. Origin 3d US ed. : On the origin of …

To S. H. Vines   4 November 1881

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Summary

Thanks SHV for his letter [13455] in answer to his questions about the action of ammonium carbonate on the root cells of Euphorbia peplus. Suggests further observations.

Has read J. Sachs [Textbook of botany, English translation (1875)] and H. A. De Bary [Vergleichende Anatomie (1877)] on milk-tubes. He believes that tubes he has observed in germinating roots of Euphorbia myrsinites are modified milk tubes. Will send a paper on the subject to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sydney Howard Vines
Date:  4 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 185: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13459A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Botany ) 19: 239–61. Bary, Anton de. 1877. Vergleichende Anatomie der Vegetationsorgane …
  • … H. A. De Bary [ Vergleichende Anatomie (1877)] on milk-tubes. He believes that tubes he …
  • … Press. Schmalhausen, Ivan Fedorovich. 1877. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Milchsaftbehälter …

To C. G. Semper   6 February 1881

Summary

Comments on CGS’s The natural conditions of existence [1881] and on views of Moritz Wagner on geographical distribution.

Discusses cause of variability.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Gottfried Semper
Date:  6 Feb 1881
Classmark:  Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Düsseldorf (slg 60/Dok/62)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13040

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Walther. Schmankewitsch, Wladimir. 1877. Zur Kenntniss des Einflusses der äusseren …

From Fritz Müller   7 February 1881

Summary

Describes variability in the stamens and pollen of Lagerstroemia, which CD spoke of in Forms of flowers.

Also reports on similar phenomena in Pontederiacea (Heteranthera reniformis).

Has received from Paul Mayer an interesting paper on metamorphosis in Palaemonetes varians, which is also being studied by J. E. V. Boas in Denmark. Shows differences between larval development in Danish forms and those found in southern Italy.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1881
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 406–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13041A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Mayer, Paul. 1880. Die Metamorphosen von …

From Hugo de Vries   15 October 1881

Summary

Thanks for Earthworms.

HdeV is studying the causes of variation in plants and is very interested in Pangenesis.

Author:  Hugo de Vries
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Oct 1881
Classmark:  DAR 180: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13402

Matches: 1 hit

  • … London: John Murray. 1881. Hensen, Victor. 1877. Die Thätigkeit des Regenwurms (Lumbricus …

From Fritz Müller   9 and 10 August 1881

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter of 21 June [13212].

Is sending seeds of Oxalis sepium, which came from a cross between a plant with long pistils and another with pistils intermediate in length. Perhaps some of the plants that come from them will have short pistils.

FM does not know who told Dr B [Wilhelm Breitenbach] that he had lost a whole library in the flood. In fact, he lost only a few books that he had left behind thinking they were safe where they were.

Has taken the opportunity of a recent cold spell to test CD’s views on nyctitropism [night movements] in plants. Describes Pandanus and Oxalis sepium.

Has just received CD’s letter of 4 July and he is glad that his observations on the effects of rain on plants interested CD.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 and 10 Aug 1881
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 416–17; Nature, 15 September 1881, p. 459
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13284A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Möller, Alfred, ed. 1915–21. Fritz Müller. …

To John Lubbock   2 August 1881

Summary

Comments on MS of JL’s [1881] BAAS Presidential Address. Suggests that more attention be given to parthenogenesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  2 Aug 1881
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 49645: 100–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13269

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Adler, Hermann. 1877. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Cynipiden: I. Ueber …

To Nature   13 July [1881]

Summary

Communicates two cases of inheritance reported by J. P. Bishop [in 13137]. The work of E. Brown-Séquard has demonstrated that effects of injuries can be inherited ["Hereditary transmission of an epileptiform affection accidentally produced", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 10 (1860): 297–8]. E. Dupuy has sent CD a still more remarkable case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  13 July [1881]
Classmark:  Nature, 21 July 1881, p. 257
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13245

Matches: 1 hit

  • … London: John Murray. 1871. Dupuy, Eugene. 1877. Note on inherited effects of lesions of …

From Francis Darwin   16 July 1881

Summary

Reports de Bary’s opinion of Max Cornu. Accounts of various botanical experiments and observations.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 July 1881
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13245F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Clarendon Press. 1993–7. Pfeffer, Wilhelm 1877. Osmotische Untersuchungen. Studien zur …

To Fritz Müller   12 April 1881

Summary

Earthworm book with printer.

Has sent FM’s observations on paraheliotropism to Nature ["Movement of leaves", Collected papers 2: 228–9].

Plants with differently coloured anthers.

Intends gathering together his notes on "bloom".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  12 Apr 1881
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13113

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1877. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …

To S. H. Vines   15 November 1881

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Summary

More observations of the radicles of germinating seeds of Euphorbia peplus for appearance of milk-tubes.

Comments on J. v. Wiesner’s and W. F. P. Pfeffer’s views and criticism of his experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sydney Howard Vines
Date:  15 Nov 1881
Classmark:  DAR 185: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13486A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Bary, Anton de. 1877. Vergleichende Anatomie der Vegetationsorgane der …

From F. J. Myers   20 January 1881

Summary

Gives an account of the Syracuse Botanical Club and its activities.

Author:  Frances J. Myers
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 171: 526
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13020

Matches: 1 hit

  • … revised. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1877. Origin 3d US ed. : On the origin of …

From Ernst Krause   2 January 1881  

Summary

Encloses reply to Butler [Kosmos 8 (1881): 321–2]. Has also written a reply intended for English reader. Will have it translated for Popular Science Review if CD thinks suitable.

Report of Jäger accident was an error.

Kosmos has been purchased by Eduard Koch in Stuttgart and will continue as in the past.

Author:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 92: B61; DAR 221.2: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12969

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Kosmos 8 (1880–1): 321–2. Zöckler, Otto. 1877–9. Geschichte der Beziehungen zwischen …

From T. H. Huxley   28 June 1881

Summary

Has heard from Haeckel the story of refusal [by Humboldt fund] of Berlin Academy to support him because he was supporter of Darwin. R. Virchow has been so unfair to Haeckel that THH is inclined to think it is a true account. But obtaining the funds in England is extremely difficult.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1881
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 9: 211)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13223

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vols. London: Macmillan. Virchow, Rudolf. 1877. Die Freiheit der Wissenschaft im modernen …
  • … und Aerzte zu München am 22. September 1877. 2d edition. Berlin: Wiegandt, Hempel & Parey. …

To J. B. Innes   15 September 1881

Summary

CD interested in JBI’s observations of behaviour of bees. Finds his criticism about hexagonal cells made by queen wasps a good one. Cannot remember how he got out of the difficulty.

His book on worms to be published soon.

E. A. Darwin has died after short illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Brodie Innes
Date:  15 Sept 1881
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13339

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1874, 4 November 1875, and 1 February 1877. ] Journal of the Linnean Society of London ( …

To G. J. Romanes   16 April 1881

Summary

Discusses concept of intelligence in his Earthworms manuscript.

Remarks on GJR’s work on echinoderms.

Comments on Wilhelm Roux [Der Kampf der Theile im Organismus (1881)].

Discusses animal instincts, citing Fabre’s description of sand-wasps.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  16 Apr 1881
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.587)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13118

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Librairie Ch. Delagrave. Lewes, George Henry. 1877. The physical basis of mind: being the …

From Alphonse de Candolle   18 January [1881]

Summary

Thanks for Movement in plants. Praises the terms CD introduces, but criticises CD’s use of the teleological word "purpose".

Outlines his efforts to study the inheritance of characters in his family. F. Galton overemphasises the inheritance of good qualities.

Author:  Alphonse de Candolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13017

Matches: 1 hit

  • … et d’histoire naturelle de Genève 26 (1877–9): 427–80. Darwin, Francis. 1886. On the …

From Wilhelm Breitenbach   [before 20 June 1881]

Summary

Arrived in Brazil three months ago. Studying insects and plants, but work suffers from lack of scientific literature.

Fritz Müller has written to him to observe relations between ants and plants.

Writing popular articles about evolution for German newspaper in Brazil.

Sends paper from Kosmos.

Expects to spend several years in Brazil.

Author:  Wilhelm Breitenbach
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 20 June 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12962

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Verlagsbuchhandlung. Ihering, Hermann von. 1877. Vergleichende Anatomie des Nervensystemes …

To Ernst Haeckel   25 June 1881

Summary

EH’s scheme to visit Ceylon an excellent one. Has written to Huxley about getting money from Royal Society. If funds are unavailable, would like to subscribe £100.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  25 June 1881
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13218

Matches: 1 hit

  • … President’s address. [Read 30 November 1877. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …

From Gottlieb Haberlandt   5 January 1881

Summary

Thanks CD for a second copy of Movement in plants. His letter acknowledging the first must have gone astray. Marvels at the number of interesting observations and is honoured by CD’s mention of his work.

In recent years GH has been applying CD’s principles to the histologico-anatomical structure of plant organs. He will send CD the papers.

Author:  Gottlieb Haberlandt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 166: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12980

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Haberlandt, Gottlieb. 1877. Die Schutzeinrichtungen in der Entwickelung der …
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …
  • … physical’ ( letter from W. M. Moorsom, 10 September 1877 ). Darwin was doubtful of the elephant …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

1877 letters now online

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony. The transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877 are now online. Read more about Darwin's life in 1877…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of  over 600 letters written to and from Darwin in 1877  are now online. Read more about  Darwin& …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

List of people appearing in the photograph album Darwin received from scientific admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Hester Loeff for providing this list and for permission to make her research available.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … admirers in the Netherlands for his birthday on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to …
  • … and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date …
  • … Leiden 13 June 1823 Rotterdam 2 June 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 October 1808 Wildenborch 4 June 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the …
  • … Title and forenames Occupation Age in 1877 Residence Date of birth …
  • … Leiden 13 june 1823 Rotterdam 2 june 1877 Zoeterwoude …
  • … 5 october 1808 Wildenborch 4 june 1877 Klein Dochteren …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … and proofreading Darwin’s second edition of  Orchids  (1877). By January of the following …
  • … ( Dipsacus sylvestris )’ at the Royal Society on 1 March 1877 (F. Darwin 1877a). His address was …
  • … and a plate of sixteen figures, was published in July 1877 in the  Quarterly Journal of …
  • … the journal by the end of the month ( Nature , 23 August 1877, p. 339). Although, as Darwin …
  • … to his father’s beloved  Drosera rotundifolia  in June 1877, finding sundews that had been ‘fed’ …
  • … Grant.   References Darwin, C. 1877. The Contractile Filaments of the …
  • … teasel ( Dipsacus sylvestris ). (Abstract.) [Read 1 March 1877.]  Proceedings of the Royal …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

People featured in the German and Austrian photograph album

Summary

Biographical details of people from the Habsburg Empire that appeared in the album of German and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes Mattes for providing these details and for permission to make his…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Austrian scientists sent to Darwin on 12 February 1877. We are grateful to Johannes …
  • …  in Linz (1871), Vienna (1873) and Prostějov (1877). M. Pichler: Notice of death. In: …
  • … of Vienna (Dr., 1873). Habilitation in palaeontology (1877) and geology (1880) at the Technical …
  • … (1859), geologist (1873) and finally chief geologist (1877) and  Bergrat  of the Imperial …
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