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To James Caird   24 March 1880

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Summary

Encloses a statement regarding the progress of Torbitt’s potato experiments, and discusses the handling of the fund CD holds for Torbitt.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Caird
Date:  24 Mar 1880
Classmark:  DAR 52: E7a, E9–14, E16v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12546

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Torbitt, James. 1875. Potato cultivation. [ …
  • … Read 14 April 1875. ] Proceedings of the Belfast Natural History and Philosophical …

From T. M. Reade   10 December 1880

Summary

Argues against volcanic origin of coral islands and for the submergence of continents. Cites Judd’s argument on the volcanoes of the moon.

Author:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Dec 1880
Classmark:  DAR 176: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12903

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1861. Reade, Thomas Mellard. 1875. President’s address. [ …
  • … Read 12 October 1875. ] Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological Society 3 (1874–78): 59– …

To Patrick Geddes   20 December 1880

Summary

Gives permission to copy figures from Insectivorous plants for article in Encyclopaedia Britannica [by PG, 9th ed., vol. 13, pp. 134–40].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Patrick Geddes
Date:  20 Dec 1880
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (MS.10521)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12928

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Hermann Welcker   18 January 1880

Summary

Sends publications.

Discusses comparative anatomy and evolutionary implications of several ligaments.

Thinks effects of Chinese foot-binding are inherited.

Criticises article on Darwinism in Brockhaus’ Lexikon.

Mentions forthcoming book on mammalian vertebrae.

Author:  Hermann Welcker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan 1880
Classmark:  DAR 181: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12432

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Anatomie und Entwickelungsgeschichte 1 (1875–6): 41–79. Welcker, Hermann. 1875b. Beiträge …
  • … für Anatomie und Entwickelungsgeschichte 1 (1875–6): 173–204. Welcker, Hermann. 1876. Zur …

From C.-F. Reinwald   16 June 1880

Summary

Annual report on sale of Reinwald editions of CD’s works.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1880
Classmark:  DAR 176: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12636

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Cross and self fertilisation : The effects …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Moulinié, Jean-Jacques, trans. 1868. De la …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From Charles Layton   24 September 1880

Summary

Encloses statement of U. S. sales of CD’s works to 1 Aug 1880 and a cheque for the balance due to CD.

Author:  Charles James (Charles) Layton; D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1880
Classmark:  DAR 159: 106, 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12725

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1875. Orchids 2d US ed. : The various contrivances by …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. New York: D. Appleton. 1875. Expression US ed. : The expression of the …

To R. F. Cooke   23 April [1880]

Summary

His family shake heads in dismal manner at his proposed title for his MS: "The Circumnutating Movements of Plants". Makes several other suggestions [none of which was adopted].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  23 Apr [1880]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 366–7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12588

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …

To John Murray   9 June 1880

Summary

Asks JM to provide Quarterly Journal of Science with five woodcuts from Climbing plants to illustrate an article, based on that work, by Francis Darwin [see 12462].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 June 1880
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 368–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12625

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Darwin, Francis. 1880d. Climbing plants. …

From Hugo de Vries   8 December 1880

Summary

Many thanks for Movement in plants; is especially interested in sensitivity of young seedlings.

Author:  Hugo de Vries
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1880
Classmark:  DAR 180: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12897

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Movement in plants : The power of movement …

To B. J. Sulivan   17 November 1880

Summary

BJS’s case is one of the direct action of the pollen of one variety on the mother plant of another variety. Gives references to analogous cases.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Date:  17 Nov 1880
Classmark:  Sulivan family (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12825

Matches: 1 hit

  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To T. H. Huxley   11 May 1880

Summary

Comments on natural selection. Sometimes he can persuade himself that it is of quite subordinate importance, but so many structures have been explained by it that he can also persuade himself that every structure developed through it. Cites H. G. Bronn’s list [of structures not explicable by natural selection].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  11 May 1880
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 342); Janet Huxley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12604

Matches: 1 hit

  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Raphael Meldola   24 November 1880

Summary

Wants information on Fritz Müller’s papers bearing on Weismann’s work.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 171: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12850

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 41: 143–72. Weismann, August. 1875–6. Studien zur Descendenz-Theorie . 2 vols. I. Ueber …

To Ernst Krause   28 November 1880

Summary

Bad news about Kosmos [ceasing publication].

Fritz Müller’s losses [in a flood]; "I have long looked on him as the best observer in the world."

EK’s astonishing account of crustacean that repairs its legs in an ancestral form seems to support Pangenesis, which has hardly any friends.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  28 Nov 1880
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36209)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12871

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

To C. E. Ferguson   12 January 1880

Summary

Suggests CEF read Ernst Haeckel’s Evolution of man [1879] and Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Eugene Ferguson
Date:  12 Jan 1880
Classmark:  Indiana University, The Lilly Library (Ferguson MSS.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12630

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Darwin. 2d edition. New York: D. Appleton. 1875. Haeckel, Ernst. 1880. The history of …

From James Geikie   20 December 1880

Summary

Discusses Prehistoric Europe; establishing the existence of interglacial periods; iceberg vs glacier transport of erratic boulders.

Author:  James Murdoch (James) Geikie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Dec 1880
Classmark:  DAR 165: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12929

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Falsan, Albert and Chantre, Ernest. 1875–80. Monographie géologique des anciens glaciers …

From Édouard Heckel   23 September 1880

Summary

Supervising French translation of Movement in plants. Why does not CD consider spontaneous movements of flower parts, which EMH sees also as circumnutation?

Author:  Édouard Marie (Édouard) Heckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1880
Classmark:  DAR 166: 129
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12723

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Scribner’s Sons. 2008. Heckel, Edouard. 1875. Du mouvement végétal; nouvelles recherches …

To J. V. Carus   28 April 1880

Summary

MS of Movement in plants in final stage. Fears it will displease many German physiologists. It is an attempt to bring all the diversified movements of plants under one general law or system.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  28 Apr 1880
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 176–178)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12593

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Druckerei. Carus, Julius Victor, trans. 1875–87. Charles Darwin’s gesammelte Werke . 16 …

From R. F. Cooke   12 June 1880

Summary

Matters related to Climbing plants

and reprint [1880] of Forms of flowers.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1880
Classmark:  DAR 171: 505
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12631

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Darwin, Francis. 1880d. Climbing plants. …

From A. B. Buckley   7 November 1880

Summary

Has spoken to Wallace to see if reluctant to accept a Government pension. He would accept if CD and Huxley believe it justified. Encloses details of Wallace’s efforts to obtain a position as naturalist and his claims for a pension.

Author:  Arabella Burton Buckley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1880
Classmark:  DAR 160: 370
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12802

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Wallace collection at Bethnal Green, 1872–1875. Journal of the History of Collections 26: …

To T. M. Reade   9 December 1880

Summary

Comments on TMR’s "Oceanic islands" [Geol. Mag. 8 (1881): 75–7]. Fact that oceanic islands are all volcanic argues for view that no continent ever occupied the oceans. Chalk seemed best evidence of ocean having existed where continent now stands. CD leans to view that continents have occupied present positions since Cambrian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Date:  9 Dec 1880
Classmark:  University of Liverpool Library (TMR1.D.7.7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12901

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Royal Society of London 24 (1875–6): 471–532. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of …
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Date
1880
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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