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From C. G. Semper   6 December 1878

Summary

Asks whether he may use CD’s letters in his work [Die natürlichen Existenzbedingungen der Thiere (1880)] in order to show that Moritz Wagner has misrepresented CD’s views.

Discusses the influence of isolation and external conditions on animals, and the relative importance of the direct effect of external conditions and of selection in bringing about change.

Author:  Carl Gottfried Semper
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1878
Classmark:  DAR 202: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11776

Matches: 9 hits

  • … life . London: C. Kegan Paul & Co. Wagner, Moritz. 1875. Der Naturproceß der Artbildung. …
  • … Das Ausland , 31 May 1875, pp. …
  • … 425–8; 7 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 449–52; 14 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 473–5; 21 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 490–3; 28 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 513–16; 19 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 570–5; 26 July 1875, pp. 589–93. Weismann, August. 1872. Ueber den Einfluss der Isolirung …
  • … process of species formation; Wagner 1875 ), Wagner had frequently referred to examples …

To Joseph Lister   7 October 1878

Summary

Suggests that benzoic acid would be a deadly poison to bacteria and their allies.

Is puzzled about the use of borax as a disinfectant because in his experiments Drosera were not in the least injured by boracic acid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Lister
Date:  7 Oct 1878
Classmark:  Godlee 1917, p. 387
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11719A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of boracic acid in the treatment of infection and wounds in the Lancet , 1 May 1875, pp. …
  • … 603–5, and 22 May 1875, pp. 717–19. …
  • … 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Salkowski, …
  • … Ernst. 1875. Ueber die antiseptische Wirkung der Salicylsäure und Benzoësäure. Berliner …
  • … letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 16 July 1875 and n. 3). In Insectivorous plants , p.   …
  • … of benzoic acid in experiments performed in 1875; he found bacteria became immobile after …
  • … their growth was inhibited ( Salkowski 1875 , p. 298). CD had found that although a weak …

To R. D. Fitzgerald   7 October 1878

Summary

Thanks for pt 4 of Australian orchids [1874–].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert David Fitzgerald
Date:  7 Oct 1878
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (A 2546)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11719

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Fitzgerald, Robert David. 1875–94. Australian orchids. 2 vols. Sydney: …
  • … Fitzgerald’s Australian orchids ( R. D. Fitzgerald 1875–94 ) was published in …
  • … parts, beginning in July 1875. CD had …
  • … the first three parts from Fitzgerald between 1875 and 1877 (see Correspondence vol. 23, …
  • … letter to R. D. Fitzgerald, 16 July 1875 , Correspondence vol. 24, letter to R. D. …

From Arthur Nicols   18 January 1878

Summary

He has obtained further evidence that rats gnaw through lead pipes for water. CD’s opinion that they hear trickling confirms his view that they possess reason.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan 1878
Classmark:  DAR 172: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11324

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from Arthur Nicols, [before 10 November 1875] . CD’s letter has not been found, but see …
  • … also Correspondence vol. 23, letters from Arthur Nicols, 10 November 1875 and …
  • … 8 December 1875 . …

To W. H. Flower   25 February 1878

Summary

Encloses letter from R. A. Blair concerning goose with abnormal wing. Hopes WHF will look at bones.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  25 Feb 1878
Classmark:  John Innes Foundation Historical Collections
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11375

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … 297–8. Brown-Séquard, Charles Édouard. 1875. On the hereditary transmission of the effects …
  • … the nervous system. Lancet , 2 January 1875, pp. 6–7. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … summary of his results ( Brown-Séquard 1875 ) in Variation 2d ed. 1: 468–70. For Flower’s …

From Francis Darwin   [before 3 August 1878]

thumbnail

Summary

Sachs jumps to the conclusion twiners and tendrils are similar from the Menispermum that twined without a stick. Akebia grows down a stick; not only the free end is involved.

Sleeping plants.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 3 Aug 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 209.8: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11638

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Bibliography Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . Leipzig: …
  • … Sachs’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1868a) had been translated into English in 1875 ( …
  • … Sachs 1875). Sachs described negative heliotropism in root-hairs (rhizoids) of …
  • … rape) and Sinapis alba (white mustard; Sachs 1875, p. 677). Menispermum is the genus of …
  • … Sachs 1874) was added to the notes (Sachs 1875, p. [vii]). For the additional material …
  • … by some authors as noonday sleep ( Pfeffer 1875 , pp. 62–3 and n. 2). Julius Wiesner had …

To Frederick Howlett   21 September [1878]

Summary

Cannot explain the peculiarities of the blood corpuscles of the Camelidae; maybe similarity between camels and ostriches arises from adaptation rather than common ancestry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Howlett
Date:  21 Sept [1878]
Classmark:  William Patrick Watson Rare Books (dealer) (catalogue 22 (2018), item 20)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11701F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … are oval; the shape is unusual for mammals, but not for birds (see Gulliver 1875 ). …
  • … Bibliography Gulliver, George. 1875. Observations on the sizes and shapes of the red …
  • … scale, and extended and revised tables of measurements. [Read 15 June 1875. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1875): 474–95. …

To William Bowman   22 February 1878

Summary

Thinks WB’s proposal a very good one. CD could suggest two or three subjects for essays with respect to the vegetable kingdom, but they would require a long course of experiments "& unfortunately there is hardly any one in this country who seems inclined to devote himself to experiments".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Feb 1878
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (13 December 1977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11371

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Institution ( Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 8 ( 1875–8): 390). …

To Eugène Dupuy   21 July 1878

Summary

Considers Brown-Séquard’s discovery of inheritance of injury to nerves most important hereditary observation ever. Extremely interested in correspondent’s confirmation. Impressed that in reported cases of inherited injury suppuration tends to follow the injury.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Pierre Louis Eugène (Eugène) Dupuy
Date:  21 July 1878
Classmark:  Ernst Mayr Library of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University (bMs 7.10.3 (4))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11622

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Brown-Séquard, Charles Édouard. 1875. On the hereditary transmission of the …
  • … to the nervous system. Lancet , 2 January 1875, pp. 6–7. Calendar : A calendar of the …
  • … findings in the Lancet ( Brown-Séquard 1875 ). Dupuy’s research on the inherited effects …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Francis Darwin   17 July [1878]

Summary

Discusses sleep movements of Porlieria.

Has read an abstract of Julius Wiesner on heliotropism and geotropism ["Die heliotropischen Erscheinungen im Pflanzenreiche", Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien 15 (1878): 137–40] which seems important but is puzzling.

Gives details of his observations on climbing plants with reference to comments by Julius Sachs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  17 July [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11615

Matches: 5 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants : On the movements and …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Wiesner, Julius. 1878–80. Die heliotropischen …
  • … in the letter to F. J. Cohn, 2 September 1875 ( Correspondence vol. 23). Bernard Darwin …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 23, letter from Hugo de Vries, 7 November 1875 and n. 6. See …
  • … 23, letter from Hugo de Vries, 7 November 1875 . The first edition of Climbing plants was …

From James Torbitt   26 June 1878

Summary

Progress of experiments. Wants CD’s advice on best way to cross-fertilise his plants.

Author:  James Torbitt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1878
Classmark:  DAR 178: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11568

Matches: 4 hits

  • … planted three acres of selected varieties of 1875—the varieties of 1876 were not very good …
  • … 15,000 crossed seedlings (seedlings of 1875 crossed with each other) and have been in this …
  • … we all know. I have also had varieties of 1875 distributed among 80 farmers on the west …
  • … pleasure of sending you by post yesterday—the 1875 seedling is submitted as in comparison …

From James Torbitt   24 February 1878

Summary

Wants CD to forward to Chancellor of Exchequer a letter which explains the progress he has made in his potato crossing. Wants to print a CD letter to arouse public interest in the work.

Author:  James Torbitt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Feb 1878
Classmark:  DAR 52: E2, DAR 178: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11373

Matches: 5 hits

  • … For details of Torbitt’s experiments up to 1875 to cultivate blight-resistant potatoes, …
  • … their results are as follow: In the season 1875, I grew 5,000 plants of the potato from …
  • … out of the original 5,000 seedlings of 1875, some thirty varieties so slightly diseased as …
  • … authority. ” Besides these I have three 1875 varieties which have been absolutely disease- …
  • … basket contains twenty-six tubers of 1875 seedlings, being of varieties almost absolutely …

From James Torbitt   17 March 1878

Summary

Life history of potato varieties. Changes in fruit, flower, and seed production with increasing age of a variety.

Author:  James Torbitt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Mar 1878
Classmark:  DAR 178: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11430

Matches: 5 hits

  • … greatest diffidence. In the summer of 1875 I planted 5,000 potato plants derived during …
  • … derived from seed sown in the spring of 1875 and which had produced seed in the succeeding …
  • … infancy and I believe that the tubers of 1875 were one year older than were the tubers of …
  • … a striking contrast to the seedlings of 1875 ’6 & ’7. Their stems are thick and strong, …
  • … Further, sometime during the winter of 1875 Mr Johnston M.P.  for Belfast told me he had …

From Edouard Bergson   12 November 1878

Summary

Describes the change in shape of a worm over a candle-flame.

Author:  Edouard Bergson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1878
Classmark:  DAR 201: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11743

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol. 23, letter from Edouard Bergson, 10 October 1875 , and letter to …
  • … Edouard Bergson, 13 October 1875 ). Cimex lectularius : bed bug. …

From J. B. Thayer   29 January 1878

Summary

Is using CD’s correspondence with Chauncey Wright in his book on CW [Letters of Chauncey Wright (1878)].

Author:  James Bradley Thayer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1878
Classmark:  DAR 178: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11338

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter from C. E. Norton, 22 September 1875 ). Thayer included extracts from nine letters …
  • … 1872, 3 September 1874, and 24 February 1875 ( Thayer 1878 , pp. 230, 231–3, 234–5, 260–4, …

From Naphtali Lewy   14 May 1878

Summary

Believes that weakness of hybrids explains Biblical injunctions against improper unions.

Author:  Naphtali Lewy (Halevi)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1878
Classmark:  DAR 201: 21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11509

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Lewy 1874 ), and in book form ( Lewy 1875 ). Lewy’s thesis is discussed in Colp and Kohn …
  • … Toldot adam. Ha-Shahar 6: 3–60. Lewy, Naphtali. 1875. Toldot adam . Vienna: n.p. ML : More …
  • … Toldot-Adam” (die Abs.  des. Mensch. ) Wien 1875. , habe bewiesen dass die biblische …
  • … Toldot-Adam” ( the desc.  of man) Vienna 1875. , I have demonstrated that the biblical …

To J. D. Hooker   1 July 1878

Summary

JDH may put CD’s name down for £200 for the proposed fund.

Does JDH have a plant of Porlieria hygrometrica he could lend to CD?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 July 1878
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Royal Society Letters, c. 1875 – c. 1905, JDH/2/18: f.36)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11581

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Gardens, Kew (Royal Society Letters, c . 1875 – c . 1905, JDH/2/18: f.36) Charles Robert …

From Raphael Meldola   30 October 1878

Summary

Plans to produce a translation of Weismann’s Studien zur Descendenz-Theorie [1875–6] and would welcome a preface from CD.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1878
Classmark:  DAR 171: 130
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11730

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Weismann’s Studien zur Descendenz-Theorie [1875–6] and would welcome a preface from CD. …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   30 October [1878]

Summary

Wants Impatiens seeds, in order to observe movements of cotyledons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  30 Oct [1878]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 189–90)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11731

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . Leipzig: …
  • … 24 October [1878] and n. 7. In Pfeffer 1875 , p. 29, Pfeffer had mentioned movements of a …
  • … movements of plant organs ( Pfeffer 1875 ). CD may be referring to Pfeffer’s discussion of …

To Francis Darwin   [19 August 1878]

Summary

Asks FD to reply to a letter [11653a] requesting a list of CD’s books.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [19 Aug 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 271.2: 4v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11669

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published in 1876, Insectivorous plants in 1875, and Forms of flowers in 1877. The card ( …
  • … John Murray. 1877. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
Document type
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Date
1878
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02 (10)
03 (11)
04 (1)
05 (7)
06 (14)
07 (12)
08 (9)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

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  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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