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To the registrar of friendly societies   18 May [1869, 1870, 1875, 1880 or 1881]

Summary

CD has misplaced the annual audited balance sheet for the Down Friendly Society and wonders whether he has sent it to his correspondent in error.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Registrar of Friendly Societies
Date:  18 May [1869-70, 1875 or 1880-1]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9983

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To the registrar of friendly societies   18 May [1869, 1870, 1875, 1880 or 1881] …
  • … Darwin Down 18 May 1869 18 May 1870 18 May 1875 18 May 1880 18 May 1881 Registrar of …
  • … The friendly societies in England, 1815–1875 . Manchester: Manchester University Press. …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   20 July 1869

Summary

Sends C. M. Browne’s notes on transmission of colour in greyhounds [see Variation, 2d ed., 2: 40]

and a letter from Major Holland.

WBT to visit America.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 July 1869
Classmark:  DAR 178: 81
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6837

Matches: 5 hits

  • … above, n.  6; see also J.  H.   Walsh 1875 , p.  451). ‘Leonardo’ is described in pedigree …
  • … Sons. Walsh, John Henry (‘Stonehenge’). 1875. The greyhound: a treatise on the art of …
  • … grandsire ‘Bedlamite’ (see J.  H.   Walsh 1875 , p.  457). The references are to the …
  • … and dam ‘Black Fly’ (see J.  H.   Walsh 1875 , p.  475). Mr Randell has not been further …
  • … Viscount Uffington (see J.  H.   Walsh 1875 , p.  456; see also http://www.greyhound- …

From J. D. Hooker   5 August 1869

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Summary

Huxley has shown him the jaws of an Anoplotherium brought from the Gallegos by R. O. Cunningham.

Saw Hallett’s wheat crops at Brighton; results of his selection very striking.

Huxley is assembling his Darwiniana papers for republication.

Has written a crushing reply to Richard Congreve ["The scientific aspects of positivism", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 5 (1869): 653–70] and JDH feels "infantine" beside him.

Comments on Sabine’s being offered and accepting K.C.B.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 25–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6853

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … the crop’ ( Hallett 1861 ) until Hallett sent it to him in 1875 ( letter from F.   …
  • … F.  Hallett, 21 May 1875 ( Calendar no.  9988)). CD cited John Le Couteur’s experiments in …
  • … of the paper in the Darwin Library–CUL sent to CD by Hallett in 1875 ( letter from F.   …
  • … F.  Hallett, 18 May 1875 ( Calendar no.  9982)); it appears to have been privately …

From Charles Phipps Haussoullier   31 January 1869

Summary

Requests authorisation to translate Journal of researches into French.

Author:  Charles Phipps Haussoullier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 362
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6586

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1860). A translation of the full text was not published until 1875 (Barbier trans.   …
  • 1875). …

From Vladimir Onofrievich Kovalevsky   [January–March 1869]

Summary

Has written to Moscow about translations of Origin. Wishes to translate additions to the fifth English edition and print them as a supplement.

Pleased by CD’s high opinion of Alexander Kovalevsky.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Jan–Mar 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6541

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A.  O.  Kovalevsky published his observations on development of Pyrosoma in 1875 (A.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky 1875), he referred favourably to Huxley’s work. …

From George Maw   18 April 1869

Summary

He has found abundant Drosophyllum in Andalusia.

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Apr 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6704

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To William Bowman   16 May [1869–81]

Summary

"I shall not be in London on Monday, but I have written to my Brother to ask him to aid you"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bowman, 1st baronet
Date:  16 May [1869-81]
Classmark:  George Houle Autographs (dealer) (Catalogue 61 or 81, March 1992)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13781

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 16 May 1872 16 May 1873 16 May 1874 16 May 1875 16 May 1876 16 May 1877 16 May 1878 16 May …

To ?   2 May [1869 or later]

Summary

"When a man has laboured hard in science & has proved that he is capable of original research, he may [some]times indulge in speculation [&] the public will indulge him. But even in this case it is a common error to speculate too largely, for speculation is far easier than observation or experiments . . ."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  2 May [1869-82]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (28 March 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13866A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2 May 1872 2 May 1873 2 May 1874 2 May 1875 2 May 1876 2 May 1877 2 May 1878 2 May 1879 2 …

From John Murray   3 February [1869]

Summary

Gives consent, which is unnecessary because term of protection has expired, for French translation of Journal of researches.

Is at a loss to know how many copies of F. Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin to print.

The printer is ready for copy for a new "edition" of Variation. [Presumably another issue. 2d edition did not appear until 1875.]

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 363
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6597

Matches: 1 hit

  • … edition" of Variation . [Presumably another issue. 2d edition did not appear until 1875. ] …

From W. E. Darwin   [1869–75]

Summary

Sends a letter from Capt Forrest, recommending a Mr Knight.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1869–75]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 54)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9224F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at Ashton Lodge from around 1869 until 1875. The enclosure from John Henry Forrest, chief …

From John Scott   21 December 1869

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Summary

Observations on expression and variation in Asian peoples: when colour of beard and hair differ, beard is always lighter. Differences in swimming strokes. Polydactylism.

Has just sent Hooker a paper on Sikkim tree-ferns [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 30 (1875): 1–44, read 1870].

Has had fever since the end of the rains.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 85: A106–6a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7030

Matches: 1 hit

  • … tree-ferns [ Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 30 (1875): 1–44, read 1870]. Has had fever since the …

To Adolf Reuter   27 September 1869

Summary

Thanks AR for specimens and notes. Will keep them for future edition [of Variation]. Particularly struck by difference in hardiness of varieties of Syringa persica.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Reuter
Date:  27 Sept 1869
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 224–225)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6912

Matches: 1 hit

  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From J. D. Hooker   13 August 1869

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Summary

Did not intend to imply that Hallett said variation stopped, but that it arrives at a point where further accumulation in direction sought is so slow as to result practically in fixity of type – but not absolute fixity.

Duke of Argyll has requested JDH to superintend publication of a flora of India. JDH thinks he [Argyll] is paying him off for his kick at natural theology.

Willy [Hooker] returning from New Zealand.

A unique character in Drosophyllum.

Sees no reason for CD to contribute to Ross and Faraday memorials.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 27–9, DAR 100: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6862

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the first of seven volumes of The flora of British India (J.  D.  Hooker 1875–97) …
  • … in 1875 under the authority of the secretary of state for India in council, and dedicated …

To Adolph Reuter   24 July [1869]

Summary

Thanks for facts on inheritance. May be used if CD corrects 3d ed. [2d ed.] of Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Reuter
Date:  24 July [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 297
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13837

Matches: 1 hit

  • … was in fact Variation 2d ed. , published in 1875. CD had added new material to the second …

To W. C. Tait   7 April [1869]

Summary

Drosophyllum plants recovering [from trip]. Describes experiments on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  7 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections DC AL 1/10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6693

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1869]

Summary

Envies JDH’s Russian trip.

Thanks for information on Aucuba. Urges him to experiment – case "has highest physiological importance, not to mention Pangenesis".

Has heard that Huxley has been attacking views of Sir W. Thomson.

Has received 12 plants of Drosophyllum lusitanicum from Oporto.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 118–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6666

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

To J. D. Hooker   18 [September 1869]

Summary

Asks JDH to consult colleagues learned in physiology for answer to query: when a large piece of bark is removed from a tree, does the bark ever regrow in isolated points [separate] from the growing margin of the surrounding bark? Query bears on Pangenesis and on power of repair in plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Sept 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 153–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6896

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From J. D. Caton   5 May 1869

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Summary

Females have no preference for particular males in deer and elk. Observations on sexual behaviour and characteristics of elk, deer, bison, and other animals.

Author:  John Dean Caton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 83: 170–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6729

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …

From W. C. Tait   2 March 1869

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Summary

Sends a single specimen of Drosophyllum lusitanicum with description from F. de Avellar Brotero’s Flora Lusitanica [1804].

Discusses Portuguese ferns,

inherited mutilation,

and the earth’s geological history.

Evolution of behaviour and beauty by natural selection.

Author:  William Chester Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 18a–f
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6639

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From Charles Boner   25 November [1869]

Summary

Gives account of inherited blindness in a family,

and observations contravening CD’s view in Variation that sheep and other domestic animals never run wild.

Author:  Charles Boner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 238
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7010

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
Document type
letter (26)
Date
1869
01 (4)
02 (2)
03 (2)
04 (2)
05 (4)
07 (2)
08 (2)
09 (2)
10 (3)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

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  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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