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To S. P. Woodward   15 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks for Supplement to SPW’s Manual of the Mollusca [1851–6]. Praises SPW’s work. "What an amount of labour is condensed in your little volume! … I fully believe & hope that you will reap the only reward worth having, the consciousness that you have done good service to the cause of Science."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  15 May [1856]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (21 March 1966)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1875

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1875

To John Fiske   21 October [1875]

Summary

Thanks for excellent notice of Chauncey Wright.

Would like a copy of Wright’s "Darwinism in Germany" [Nation 21 (1875): 168–70].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  21 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 8264)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10208

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To John Fiske   21 October [1875] …
  • … The Huntington Library (HM 8264) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Oct [1875] John Fiske …
  • … Wright. Would like a copy of Wright’s "Darwinism in Germany" [ Nation 21 (1875): 168–70]. …
  • … Bibliography [James, William. ] 1875. Chauncey Wright. …
  • … Nation , 23 September 1875, p. 194. …
  • … Wright, Chauncey. 1875. German Darwinism. …
  • … Nation , 9 September 1875, pp. 168–70. …
  • … Fiske probably sent the obituary that had appeared in Nation , 23 September 1875 ( [ …
  • … James] 1875 ). It mentioned Wright’s recent review article (see n. …
  • … 2, below). Wright’s article, ‘German Darwinism’ ( C. Wright 1875 ) appeared in …
  • … Nation , 9 September 1875. See also letter to C. …
  • … E. Norton, 7 October 1875 . …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   22 October 1875

Summary

Encloses manuscript [missing] by George King ["Sport in Paritium", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 15 (1877): 101–3].

Sends thanks to Hooker for correction of name. Mentions other errors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  22 Oct 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 35–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10210

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   22 October 1875
  • … Darwin 1873–81: 35–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Oct 1875 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 20 October 1875 . Thiselton-Dyer had commented on the tendency …
  • … Bibliography King, George. 1875. Note on a sport in Paritium tricuspe , G. …
  • … Don. [Read 16 December 1875. ] Journal of …
  • … the Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 15 (1875–7): 101–3. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct 22 1875 My dear Dyer As you seem interested about the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 5, and letter from W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 20 October 1875 and n. 3. …
  • … King’s manuscript was read in December 1875 and published in the Journal of the Linnean …
  • … of London ( Botany ) in May 1876 ( King 1875 ). Paritium was a subgenus of Hibiscus ; the …
  • … Talipariti hastatum . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 October 1875 , and letter to W. …
  • … T. Thiselton-Dyer, 3 October [1875] and n. 5. See also letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 October [1875] and n. 5. See letter from …
  • … W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [16–22 October 1875] and n. 2. Imantophyllum cyrtanthiflorum is now …

To J. D. Hooker   15 October [1875]

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Summary

Has decided to send R. L. Tait’s paper to the Royal Society.

Will try glycerine on Mimosa but doubts it will have an effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 394–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10200

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   15 October [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 394–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Oct [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 23: 225–70. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. King, …
  • … George. 1875. Note on a sport in Paritium tricuspe , G. …
  • … Don. [Read 16 December 1875. ] Journal of …
  • … Linnean Society of London ( Botany ) 15 (1875–7): 101–3. Movement in plants : The power of …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, [16–22 October 1875] and n. 2). Imantophyllum cyrtanthiflorum is a synonym …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 . CD had asked Hooker’s advice on whether …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] ). Hooker counselled CD to refuse on the …
  • … of poor health and too much work ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 ). Tait …
  • … had visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Lawson Tait’s address …
  • … s letter to CD with his letter of 14 October 1875 and telegraphed Tait’s address to CD in …
  • … to reply to Tait (see letter from J. D. Hooker, 19 October 1875 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 October 1875 and n. 6. Imantophyllum is a synonym of Clivia ; the family …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 October 1875 . CD referred to Cistus tricuspis in Variation …
  • … Dyer and published in the Journal of the Linnean Society ( King 1875 ; see letter W. T. …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875). Hibiscus tricuspis and Paritium tricuspis are synonyms …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14  October 1875 and n. 5. CD described the action of …
  • … of Imantophyllum cyrtanthiflorum was sent to CD on 14 October 1875 (see letter from W. T. …

To C. E. Norton   7 October 1875

Summary

Comments on the sudden death of Chauncey Wright.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Eliot Norton
Date:  7 Oct 1875
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Charles Eliot Norton Papers, MS Am 1088.14: 1595)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10185

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To C.  E.  Norton   7 October 1875
  • … Emma Darwin, 14 and 17 September [1875] (DAR 239.1: 3.2)). The article in the Boston Daily …
  • … Papers, MS Am 1088.14: 1595) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Oct 1875 Charles Eliot Norton …
  • … Press. 1985–. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Wright, …
  • … Chauncey. 1875. German Darwinism. …
  • … Nation , 9 September 1875, pp. 168–70. …
  • … See letter from C. E. Norton, 22 September 1875 . See …
  • … also letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 . …
  • … Wright had died on 12 September 1875. CD’s response to Woodward Emery has not been …
  • … had noted in his letter of 17 September 1875 that Wright was reading Insectivorous plants …
  • … Norton in his letter. Wright’s article, ‘German Darwinism’ ( C. Wright 1875 ), appeared in …
  • … Nation , 9 September 1875. George Rolleston, in his address to the department of …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct.  7. 1875 My dear Mr Norton I am very much obliged for your …
  • … several times during their stay. In May 1875, Leonard Darwin had visited the Norton family …
  • … from Leonard Darwin to Emma Darwin, 20 May [1875] (DAR 239.1: 2.13)). Leonard, who was an …
  • … arrived at his posting in Malta on 16 September 1875 (letter from Leonard Darwin to …
  • … the Advancement of Science (Rolleston 1875, p. 150), had referred to Wright’s ‘brilliant …
  • … letter from George Rolleston, 30 August 1875 ). Norton and his wife, Susan Ridley Sedgwick …

To Anton Dohrn   24 May 1875

Summary

Thanks AD for his Ursprung [der Wirbelthiere (1875)], which astonished CD. AD’s views, if accepted by competent authorities, will show how much we have to learn about the history of every animal. Suggests caution on "degradation principle". Comments on other views in the work. Has long seen importance of the principle of "Functionswechsel" [transfer [change!?] of function], but never enunciated it as a distinct principle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  24 May 1875
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba 1122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9991

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Anton Dohrn   24 May 1875
  • … Ana 525. Ba 1122) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 May 1875 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn …
  • … for his Ursprung [ der Wirbelthiere (1875)], which astonished CD. AD’s views, if accepted …
  • … Bibliography Claus, Carl Friedrich. 1875. Ueber die Entwickelung, Organisation und …
  • … Zoologie 25: 217–84. Dohrn, Anton. 1875. Der Ursprung der Wirbelthiere und das Princip des …
  • … Railway Station | Orpington. S.E.R. May 24 | 1875 My dear D r Dohrn I am very much obliged …
  • … systematic place of the Argulidae; Claus 1875 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … at Naples from 20 March until 14 April 1875 and had promised CD a copy of this paper (see …
  • … from F. M. Balfour, [20 March – 14 April 1875] ). Argulidae is the family of fish lice. …
  • … principle of change of function; Dohrn 1875 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … result of degeneration from a vertebrate form (see Dohrn 1875 , pp. 32–60). For more on …
  • … Dohrn’ s theory, see Maienschein 1994 and letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 February 1875 . …
  • … See Dohrn 1875 , pp. 7–9. Dohrn proposed that the original mouth (which in annelids is …
  • … two gill slits ( ibid . , p. 9). See Dohrn 1875 , pp. 13–15. Dohrn proposed, in accordance …
  • … functionless (Mivart 1871, p. 38; Dohrn 1875 , p. 61). CD’s copy of Carl Friedrich Claus’s …

To G. H. Darwin   13 September [1875]

Summary

Sends comments and suggestions for Huth’s experiment on crossbreeding rabbits.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  13 Sept [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10156

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Alekseevich Severtsov. See letter to H. E. Dresser, [10 September 1875] . …
  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   13 September [1875] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 47 Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Sept [1875] George Howard Darwin …
  • … London: G. Routledge. Huth, Alfred Henry. 1875. The marriage of near kin considered with …
  • … the letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 August 1875 . No letter from George giving CD news about …
  • … book on consanguineous marriage ( Huth 1875 ), Huth had published extracts from Legrain …
  • … Legrain’s account to be fraudulent. George had published a review of Huth 1875 in the …
  • … Academy , 28 August 1875, pp. 226–7. …
  • … theory that inbreeding led to albinism ( Huth 1875 , pp. 297–8). The visitor was Nikolai …
  • … See letter from Eduard van Beneden, 18 August 1875, letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, [19 August 1875] , and letter from G. …
  • … H. Darwin, 20 August 1875 . There is an annotated copy of Delamer 1854 in the Darwin …

To Karl von Scherzer   22 September 1876

Summary

Thanks for sending Moritz Wagner’s letter and his essays [on "Der Naturprocess der Artbildung" in Das Ausland (1875)]. Will read them and write to Wagner when his health is better.

Declines to receive Scherzer at Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  22 Sept 1876
Classmark:  Smithsonian Libraries (Dibner Library of the History of Science and Technology MSS 405 A. Gift of the Burndy Library)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10613

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Naturprocess der Artbildung" in Das Ausland (1875)]. Will read them and write to Wagner …
  • … Bibliography Wagner, Moritz. 1875. Der Naturproceß der Artbildung. …
  • … Das Ausland , 31 May 1875, pp. …
  • … 425–8; 7 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 449–52; 14 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 473–5; 21 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 490–3; 28 June 1875, pp. …
  • … 513–16; 19 July 1875, pp. …
  • … 570–5; 26 July 1875, pp. 589–93. Wagner, Moritz. 1889. Die Entstehung der Arten durch …
  • … der Artbildung’ (The natural process of species formation; Wagner 1875 ) appeared between …
  • … May and July 1875 in Das Ausland . It was later reprinted in a posthumous collection of …

To Thomas Meehan   3 October 1875

Summary

Comments on review [of Insectivorous plants] in New York Independent.

Working on Cross and self-fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Meehan
Date:  3 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 146: 354
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10181

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Thomas Meehan   3 October 1875
  • … DAR 146: 354 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Oct 1875 Thomas Meehan …
  • … Cross and self fertilisation on 1 September 1875, but this may be an error, since he also …
  • … corrections to Variation 2d ed. until 3 October 1875 (see Appendix II). In Cross and self …
  • … Insectivorous plants US ed. By Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1875. Meehan, …
  • … Thomas. 1875. Are insects any material aid to plants in fertilization? Proceedings of the …
  • … Down. | Beckenham. Kent. Oct.  3. 1875. My dear Sir. I received several days ago either …
  • … that appeared in a New York newspaper, the Independent , 9 September 1875, p.  10, is in …
  • … DAR 139.18: 10. In August 1875, Meehan had presented a paper at the annual meeting of the …
  • … material aid to plants in fertilization? ’ ( Meehan 1875 ). CD’s copy of the version of …
  • … in the Philadelphia Press , 13 August 1875, has not been found. It is not known which …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … but the conclusion is as given in Meehan 1875 , p.  251. Meehan argued that insects played …
  • … flowers to ensure cross-fertilisation (see Lubbock 1875, and H.  Müller 1873  and 1873–7). …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [19 December 1875]

Summary

CD’s attempts to get support for Lankester among Fellows of the Linnean Society. He has encountered opposition to the Council.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  [19 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 52–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10308

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   [19 December 1875] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [19 Dec 1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … between this letter and the letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] . …
  • … The Sunday following 16 December 1875 was 19 December. CD wanted Henry Walter Bates to …
  • … after Lankester had been blackballed at the meeting of 2 December 1875 (see letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] ). Possibly Andrew Crombie Ramsay (see letter to …
  • … the University of Edinburgh on 17 December 1875. Lord Derby advocated science as a means …
  • … for men of science ( The Times , 18 December 1875, p. 9). St George Jackson Mivart was …
  • … Society; CD had cut off all communication with Mivart in January 1875 (see letter to St G. …
  • … J. Mivart, 12 January 1875 ). …
  • … W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] and n. 8). John Gould. Benjamin Thompson Lowne’ …
  • … See letter to J.  J.  Weir, 18 December [1875] . A reference to botanists associated with …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 16 December [1875] . James Murie. CD’s letter to Murie has not …
  • … fees (see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). Lankester had been elected …
  • … a fellow of the Royal Society of London in June 1875 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 December 1875 and n. 7). CD probably alludes to the refusal by the Council …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer had been employed as Hooker’s assistant since June 1875 ( letter from J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 20 June 1875 and n. 2). Edward Henry Stanley, the …

To Lawson Tait   27 November [1875]

Summary

Because CD has been unwell, he has not read RLT’s paper carefully, but it seems an important contribution to science. Hopes RLT’s chemical observations will be confirmed. It seems a great anomaly that two substances with an acid should be requisite for digestion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  27 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10280

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Lawson Tait   27 November [1875] …
  • … DAR 221.5: 30 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Nov [1875] Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait …
  • … two substances, see the letters from Lawson Tait, 6 November [ 1875] and …
  • … 16 November [1875] (second letter). …
  • … See letter from Lawson Tait, 25 November [1875] . …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … see letter from Lawson Tait, 25 November [1875] ). CD was correcting proofs for Variation …
  • … letter from H. E. Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 21 November [1875] (DAR 258: 1648)). On the …

To A. W. Bennett   17 July [1875]

Summary

Thanks AWB for review in Nature [probably review of Insectivorous plants, 12 (1875): 206–9, 228–31].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred William Bennett
Date:  17 July [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10074

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To A.  W.  Bennett   17 July [1875] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 143: 86 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 July [1875] Alfred William Bennett …
  • … for review in Nature [probably review of Insectivorous plants , 12 (1875): 206–9, 228–31]. …
  • … Darwin to William Clowes & Sons, 11 July 1875 ). For the reservations CD expressed about …
  • … to his publisher, John Murray, see the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, 4 July [1875] and n.  2. …
  • … of Bennett’s review of Insectivorous plants appeared in Nature , 15 July 1875, pp.  206–9. …
  • … part was published in Nature , 22 July 1875, pp.  228–31. Bennett’s card has not been …

To J. D. Hooker   [12 December 1875]

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Summary

CD is furious at the prospect of Lankester’s being black-balled by the Linnean Society. He plans to solicit support from various members and to come up with Frank for the voting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [12 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 401–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10295

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [12 December 1875] …
  • … 95: 401–2 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [12 Dec 1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [after 2 December 1875] and n. 2). George James Allman was president …
  • … had been elected a fellow of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii). He had to be formally admitted by the president …
  • … visited Thomas Henry Huxley on Sunday 12 December 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … see letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). The day is established by the reference …
  • … which took place on Sunday 12 December 1875 (see n. 6, below). CD dated the letter Sunday …
  • … the blackballing of Lankester at the 2 December 1875 meeting of the Linnean Society (see …
  • … letter from J. D. Hooker, 2 December 1875 ). CD decided to second a new proposal for …
  • … see letter to ? , [after 11 December 1875] ); Lankester was proposed at the next meeting …
  • … was duly elected ( Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London (1875–6): iii). Francis …
  • … Darwin, having been elected a fellow on 2 December 1875 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii), still had to be formally admitted to …

To ?   [after 11 December 1875]

Summary

Strongly disapproves of the blackballing of Edwin Ray Lankester by the Linnean Society. States the reasons for his disapproval and hopes they will be considered.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [after 11 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10296

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To ?    [after 11 December 1875] …
  • … 97: C1–2 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [after 11 Dec 1875] Unidentified …
  • … meeting. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December 1875 . Francis Darwin and George John …
  • … were elected fellows of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (1875–6): ii); Lankester was blackballed at the same meeting. …
  • … example, letter to J. J. Weir, 18 December [1875] ). The month and year are established by …
  • … forward for election a second time (see letter to J. J. Weir, 18 December [1875] and n. …
  • … 5); he had met Huxley on 12 December 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Proposals of …
  • … December (see letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] and n. 2]). CD heard from Joseph …
  • … had been blackballed at a meeting of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 (letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 2 December 1875). Lankester had …
  • … visited CD at Down on 18 July 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … had published a large number of papers by 1875. CD had been impressed by his writing since …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   3 October [1875]

Summary

Suggests WTT-D read account of Bignonia capreolata in forthcoming Climbing plants.

Plans experiments [on Melastomataceae]. Describes similar experiment performed on Monochaetum. Interested in meaning of differently coloured stamens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  3 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 29–30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10180

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   3 October [1875] …
  • … 1873–81: 29–30) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Oct [1875] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Koch, Karl Heinrich Emil. 1875. Hybrid aroids. …
  • … Gardeners’ Chronicle , 25 September 1875, pp. 398–9. …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 30 September 1875 . The climbing plant specimen has not been …
  • … CD to Karl Heinrich Emil Koch’s article ‘Aroid hybrids’ ( Koch 1875 ) in Gardeners’ …
  • … Chronicle , 25 September 1875, in his letter …
  • … of 28 September 1875 . Koch had raised three hybrids of Philodendron species and one …
  • … from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 28 September 1875 ). CD’s son Francis Darwin was studying the …
  • … see letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] ). CD enclosed the form nominating George …
  • … the Linnean Society (see letter to G. J. Romanes, 24 September [1875] , and letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 13 October [1875] ). CD evidently wrote ‘Marantaceous’ and ‘eurifolium’ by …
  • … letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 22 October 1875 ). He had made observations on Monochaetum …

To R. F. Cooke   29 June [1875]

Summary

Mentioned to Appleton only that stereotypes [for Insectivorous plants] would be provided for "a little above cost price". Glad the price of the book will be 14s. He likes making money, but cares more for wider distribution of his books. Is uneasy about sale of Insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  29 June [1875]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 334–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10035

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   29 June [1875] …
  • … 334–5) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 29 June [1875] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … volume ( letter from John Murray, 9 April [1875] ). CD began work on Variation 2d ed. …
  • … on 6 July, finishing on 3 October 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … the letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 28 June 1875 . Cooke had earlier told CD that John Murray …
  • … cost (see letter from R. F. Cooke, 24 May 1875 ). The American naturalist has not been …
  • … CD around this time (see letter to C. V. Riley, 25 June [1875] and n. 2). See letter …
  • … from R.  F.  Cooke, 28 June 1875 and n. 1. …
  • … at Abinger Hall from 3 June to 6 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). He had …

To R. F. Cooke   17 November 1875

Summary

Reminds RC that he will lose £200 unless Variation [2d ed.] sells pretty well in the U. S. [and therefore Murray’s price for stereotypes should be kept low].

Is unwilling that Insectivorous plants be stereotyped until he has profited by criticisms and new facts. It would be better to wait a few years and correct the book thoroughly before stereotyping.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  17 Nov 1875
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 320–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10263

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To R. F. Cooke   17 November 1875
  • … 42152 ff. 320–1) Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Nov 1875 Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … were to be made for Variation 2d ed. (see letters from R. F. Cooke, 25 October 1875 and …
  • … 16 November 1875 ). Variation 2d ed. was to be published in the US by D. …
  • … letter from D. Appleton & Co, 11 October 1875). Cooke had proposed a price of 18 s. for …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Nov 17. 1875 My dear Sir Many thanks about the stereotypes. …
  • … see letter from R. F. Cooke, 25 October 1875 ). The two hundred dollars might have been a …
  • … letter from D. Appleton & Co. , 11 October 1875 , and Correspondence vol. 24, letter from …
  • … See letter from R. F. Cooke, 16 November 1875 and n. 2. A second edition of Insectivorous …

To J. V. Carus   1 July [1875]

Summary

Insectivorous plants to be published in two or three days.

Climbing plants and 2d ed. of Variation will be published early in November.

Has no strength for corrections for the new printing of Origin, though many are desired.

Pleased that JVC will translate Insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  1 July [1875]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 145–146)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10038

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   1 July [1875] …
  • … Charles, Bl. 145–146) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 1 July [1875] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … home of Thomas Henry Farrer, from 3 June to 6 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J. V. Carus, 28 June 1875 . Insectivorous plants …
  • … was published by John Murray on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The printers …
  • … plants 2d ed.  was published in the first half of November 1875 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 November 1875, p.  932). Variation 2d ed.  was published …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … March 1876, p.  168); however, it carried an 1875 publication date. Origin 6th ed. (1872) …
  • … Insectivorous plants in his letter of 28 June 1875 . The German translation was Carus …
  • … trans.  1876a. See letter from J. V. Carus, 28 June 1875 and n. 5. CD stayed …

To J. V. Carus   19 April [1875]

Summary

Pleased JVC likes Journal of researches. Responds to his queries and thanks him for conscientiousness as a translator.

Insectivorous plants is so large that Murray will publish Climbing plants as a separate little book. Hopes Insectivorous plants is worth translating.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  19 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 129–130)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9940

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   19 April [1875] …
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 129–130) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Apr [1875] Julius Victor Carus …
  • … and the letter from J.  V.  Carus, 17 April 1875 . Carus was translating CD’s Journal of …
  • … 1860) (Carus trans.  1875b; see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 17 April 1875 ). John …
  • … Murray published Insectivorous plants in July 1875 and Climbing plants 2d ed.   …
  • … in November 1875 ( Publishers’ …
  • … circular 1875). Carus made German translations of both works (Carus trans. …
  • … 2d edition. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants. By Charles …
  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Journal of researches (1860): Journal of researches …
  • … Thomas Henry Huxley visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). He had …
  • … of 1873 and 1874 (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 7 February 1875  and n.  8). See letter …
  • … from J.  V.  Carus, 17 April 1875 . …

To J. D. Hooker   10 February [1875]

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Summary

Is provoked by trouble he is having writing Insectivorous plants.

Curious case of an unknown form of Glaucium in earth covered with slag for 1400 years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Feb [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 374–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9850

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   10 February [1875] …
  • … DAR 95: 374–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Feb [1875] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … p.  70, G.  H.  Darwin 1873). See letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 January [1875] and n.   …
  • … 2, and 5 January 1875  and n.  1. …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] 1874b. Primitive …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] . Hooker was hoping to travel abroad with …
  • … Anne Hooker; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] and n.  5. Hooker hoped to have William Turner Thiselton- …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 February 1875] . Hooker had promised to give St George …
  • … Lloyd’s Weekly Newspaper , 7 February 1875, p. 11). The newspaper article that CD saw …
  • … his letter to Hooker of 8 January [1875], CD had reported that the plant of Drosophyllum …
  • … 540). Insectivorous plants was published on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … The Engineer , 5 February 1875, p.  93, contained a brief notice, which had originally …
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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