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Darwin Correspondence Project

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To Francis Darwin   [c. February 1875?]

Summary

Begs FD’s pardon: his notes on Utricularia amethystina are on same page with those on U. nelumbifolia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [c. Feb 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219B

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [ c. February 1875? ] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 271.4: 8 Charles Robert Darwin [ c. Feb 1875] Francis Darwin …
  • … on Utricularia (bladderwort) for Insectivorous plants in February 1875 ( letter to D. …
  • … F. Nevill, 15 February 1875 ). CD’s notes on Utricularia amethystina (Florida purple …

To Francis Darwin   30 April [1875]

Summary

Sends a chapter [of Insectivorous plants]. Never was there anything so dull, but later chapters will be better. Please correct an error on p. 86.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  30 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 271.4: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9958B

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   30 April [1875] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 271.4: 9 Charles Robert Darwin 30 Apr [1875] Francis Darwin …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] . Francis was correcting the proof-sheets …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). The correction has not been identified. …

To Francis Darwin   [31 August 1875 or later]

Summary

Sends proofs of Variation [2d ed.] for FD to look over.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [31 Aug 1875 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10178

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [31 August 1875 or later] …
  • … DAR 271.3: 13 Charles Robert Darwin Down [31 Aug 1875 or later] Francis Darwin …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … the letter from Francis Darwin, [1 September 1875 or later] . CD had sent the manuscript …
  • … Sons earlier in August ( letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 12 August 1875 , and letter to R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 29 August [1875] ). The first set of proof-sheets was sent to CD on 25 August …

To Francis Darwin   [September 1875 or later?]

Summary

Asks FD to make out [Hermann] Hoffmann’s conclusions about the fertilisation of Phaseolus multiflorus [in Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung des Werthes von Species und Varietät (1869)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [Sept 1875 or later?]
Classmark:  CUL, Darwin Pamphlet Collection R112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9219A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   [September 1875 or later? ] …
  • … Pamphlet Collection R112 Charles Robert Darwin [Sept 1875 or later? ] Francis Darwin …
  • … fertilisation , which CD began in September 1875 or soon after (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix …

To Francis Darwin   17 July [1878]

Summary

Discusses sleep movements of Porlieria.

Has read an abstract of Julius Wiesner on heliotropism and geotropism ["Die heliotropischen Erscheinungen im Pflanzenreiche", Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. Wien 15 (1878): 137–40] which seems important but is puzzling.

Gives details of his observations on climbing plants with reference to comments by Julius Sachs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  17 July [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11615

Matches: 5 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants : On the movements and …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Wiesner, Julius. 1878–80. Die heliotropischen …
  • … in the letter to F. J. Cohn, 2 September 1875 ( Correspondence vol. 23). Bernard Darwin …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 23, letter from Hugo de Vries, 7 November 1875 and n. 6. See …
  • … 23, letter from Hugo de Vries, 7 November 1875 . The first edition of Climbing plants was …

To Francis Darwin   28 June [1881]

Summary

Comments on FD’s notions about movement of multicellular and unicellular organisms.

Comments on an interesting letter received from J. B. Hannay [see 13222] which leads CD to speculate on the possibility of organisms inhabiting a red hot earth under great pressure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  28 June [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13225

Matches: 3 hits

  • … William Henry and Drysdale, John. 1875. Further researches into the life history …
  • … of the monads. [Read 7 April 1875. ] Monthly Microscopical Journal 3d ser. 13: 185–97. …
  • … Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873

Summary

Asks for details about microscope parts.

Wants FD to ask Hooker for species of Desmodium; CD believes he has found new movements.

Also ask whether Hooker has Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9095

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1875. The microscope and its revelations. 5th …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Movement in plants : The power of movement …
  • … greater penetration (see Carpenter 1875 , pp. 46–7). Hooker was evidently considering the …

To Francis Darwin   2 July [1879]

Summary

FD’s experiment shows that caustic does not interfere with the bending of radicles. Believes that the apex is a kind of brain for certain movements, being specialised to receive certain irritations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  2 July [1879]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12132

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Francis Darwin   [19 August 1878]

Summary

Asks FD to reply to a letter [11653a] requesting a list of CD’s books.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [19 Aug 1878]
Classmark:  DAR 271.2: 4v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11669

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published in 1876, Insectivorous plants in 1875, and Forms of flowers in 1877. The card ( …
  • … John Murray. 1877. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Francis Darwin   [before 22 July 1876]

Summary

Asks FD to write on his behalf and say that he is unwilling to join a deputation [on vivisection] and that he believes in the need to protect physiology as well as lower animals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [before 22 July 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10747

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on Vivisection, which met from June to December 1875, submitted a report in January 1876, …
  • … testimony to the commission on 3 November 1875 (see Correspondence vol. 23, Appendix VI). …

To Francis Darwin   [after 23 July 1874]

Summary

Asks for a specimen of Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [after 23 July 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13796

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Francis Darwin   [17 September 1874]

Summary

Asks FD to come early to write from dictation.

Thanks Amy for her drawing of Utricularia montana.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [17 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9218

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

To Francis Darwin   [4 February – 8 March 1879]

Summary

Requests some seeds.

Believes the leaves of Phyllanthus sleep like those of Cassia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [4 Feb – 8 Mar 1879]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 49
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11815

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . Leipzig: …

To Francis Darwin   30 [May 1876]

Summary

Discusses FD’s observations on the protrusion of protoplasmic masses by cells of the teasel. Suggests analogy with amoeba. "I would work at this subject if I were you, to the point of death."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  30 [May 1876]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10517

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Samuel Butler to Francis Darwin   24 September 1877

Summary

Offers to send MS of part of his new book [Life and habit] which gently pokes fun at CD. His book will offer an alternative to Pangenesis.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 199.5: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11152

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … An.  and.  dom n . Vol II.  p.  275 ed.  1875) and again six or seven pages later “No …

From J. H. Gilbert to Francis Darwin   10 June 1876

Summary

On burnt soils.

Author:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  10 June 1876
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10535G

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1887–8. Voelcker, August. [1875. ] Contributions to agricultural chemistry. 2 …
  • … the effects of burning soils, see Voelcker [1875] , ‘On paring and burning’. There is an …

To Francis Darwin   26 June [1878]

Summary

Asks questions related to movement in plants. The cotyledons of Oxalis offer a promising field for study.

Wonders why Julius von Sachs thinks bloom is a protection against insects.

Encloses notes on the cotyledons of Oxalis species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  26 June [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 29–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11570

Matches: 2 hits

  • … R. Nischkowsky. Pfeffer, Wilhelm. 1875. Die periodische Bewegungen der Blattorgane . …
  • … periodic movements of leaf organs; Pfeffer 1875 ). See letter to Francis Darwin, 18 June [ …

To Francis Darwin   2 July [1878]

Summary

Suggests FD call on Carl Semper.

Inquires about Porlieria: Do the leaves shut to check evaporation? Does it appear silver under water?

Explains how he thinks the pulvinus acts; wishes FD would investigate the point.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  2 July [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11586

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Duval-Jouve, Joseph. 1875. Histotaxie des feuilles de graminées. …
  • … prevent moisture loss ( Duval-Jouve 1875 , pp. 326–9). Julius Sachs’s ‘fool’s experiment’ …

To Francis Darwin   [4 September 1873]

Summary

Asks FD to bring any book that gives the affinities of the various earths, alkalis and metals.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [4 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 271.9: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9040F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. …

To Francis Darwin   18 June [1878]

Summary

Has been observing the movements of leaves and cotyledons; sleep movements are exaggerated circumnutation. Reports some odd observations on movement in Oxalis species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  18 June [1878]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11559

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Movement in plants : The power of movement …
Document type
letter (30)
Addressee
Darwin, Francis[X]
Date
1872 (1)
1873 (4)
1874 (2)
1875 (4)
1876 (3)
1877 (2)
1878 (10)
1879 (3)
1881 (1)
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

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  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

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  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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