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From Hermann Müller   23 October 1875

Summary

Is glad CD is working on cross- and self-fertilisation; reports recent works of botanists, notably Thomas Meehan’s ["Are insects any material aid to plants in fertilisation?", Philadelphia Press 13 Aug 1875], in which the importance of cross-fertilisation is denied.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 305
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10219

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   23 October 1875
  • … 305 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 23 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in fertilisation?" , Philadelphia Press 13 Aug 1875], in which the importance of cross- …
  • … Bibliography Comes, Orazio. 1875. Continuazione degli studii sulla impollinazione. …
  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Meehan, Thomas. 1875. Are insects any material aid to plants in …
  • … Lippstadt Oct.  23. 1875. My dear Sir. Many thanks for your kind letter of Oct.  9. Today …
  • … letter to Thomas Meehan, 3 October 1875 ), but the sentences quoted by Müller are …
  • … for the Advancement of Science ( Meehan 1875 ). Meehan referred to George Howard Darwin’s …
  • … on marriages between first cousins (G. H. Darwin 1875a) in Meehan 1875 , p. 244. CD’s …
  • … are notes for his reply to Müller (see letter to Hermann Müller, 26 October 1875 ). …
  • … banking account (Down House MS) for 9 October 1875 recorded that he had received a cheque …
  • … Cross and self fertilisation on 1 September 1875, but this may be an error, since he also …
  • … 24: 243–51. Pedicino, Nicola Antonio. 1875. Della impollinazione nella Thalia dealbata , …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … American Naturalists in Detroit of Aug.  12. 1875 Thomas Meehan of German town has read a …
  • … to Variation 2d ed. until 3 October 1875 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II); see also …
  • … letter to Thomas Meehan, 3 October 1875 ). Nicola Antonio Pedicino and Comes had published …
  • … in Rendiconto dell’Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche ( Pedicino 1875 ; …
  • … Comes 1875 ). Meehan had …
  • … sent a copy of his paper ( Meehan 1875 ) as reprinted in the Philadelphia Press to …
  • … CD (see letter to Thomas Meehan, 3 October 1875 and n. 2). Meehan evidently told …
  • … Philadelphia-Press, Friday, August 13, 1875” abounds with perversities and is, I think, no …

From Francis Darwin   1 and 2 May [1875]

Summary

Proofs arrived and Francis is correcting them. Tells Emma Darwin that Amy is delighted about the azaleas. The Ruck family very much like Isabella Bird’s Six months in the Sandwich Islands.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 and 2 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9961F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   1 and 2 May [1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 31 Francis Darwin Pantludw 1 May [1875] 2  …
  • … May [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lucy Bird’s work on Hawaii ( Bird 1875 ) because he knew that Emma Darwin considered …
  • … from Emma Darwin to William Darwin, [5 March 1875] (DAR 219.1: 88)). See n.  3, above. …
  • … Bibliography Bird, Isabella Lucy. 1875. The Hawaiian archipelago: six months among the …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Post Office directory of the six home …
  • … CD began receiving proof-sheets of Insectivorous plants in April 1875 (see letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 19 April [1875] , and letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 21 April 1875 ). Francis had received the proofs of …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 30 April [1875] ). CD had asked Francis to correct an error …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 30 April [1875] ). This does not correlate with page 86 of …

From R. F. Cooke   27 August 1875

Summary

The two volumes of Variation [2d ed.] are unequal in size. Can CD reduce vol. 2 and increase vol. 1?

Does CD wish to publish Climbing plants [2d ed.] at once?

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 466
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10135

Matches: 9 hits

  • … publishers ( letter from D. Appleton & Co. , 16 August 1875 ). …
  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   27 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 27 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … plants 2d ed. was, as CD had expected, not published until November 1875 ( letter to J. …
  • … V. Carus, 19 August 1875 ; Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 November 1875, p. 932). See letter from …
  • … R. F. Cooke, 12 August 1875 . Stereotypes of Climbing plants had been requested by the US …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants : On the movements and …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From Quintino Sella   28 November 1875

Summary

Letter enclosing decree from the Accademia dei Lincei, with signatures dated 2 and 16 July 1875.

Author:  Quintino Sella; Accademia dei Lincei
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 229: 43, DAR 230: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10280F

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From Quintino Sella    28 November 1875
  • … 229: 43, DAR 230: 44 Quintino Sella Accademia dei Lincei 28 Nov 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … enclosing decree from the Accademia dei Lincei, with signatures dated 2 and 16 July 1875. …
  • … Rè d’Italia con Suo decreto del 4 Febbrajo 1875, si degnò rifermare l’Accademia dè Lincei. …
  • … dell’Accademia del 24.  e 25 Gennajo 1875, che ho l’onore di trasmetterle, Ella vedrà le …
  • … Court. Granted at Sant’Anna on 2 July 1875 Signed Vittorio Emanuele | signed Ruggiero …
  • … at the State Audit Court | on 16 July 1875 | Reg. 432D.  at the Court 152 | signed Ayres. …
  • … the King of Italy by His decree of 4 February 1875 has deigned to confirm the Accademia dè …
  • … sessions of the Academy of 24 and 25 January 1875, which I have the honour of passing on …
  • … the Atti dell’Accademia dei Lincei from 1875–80 are in the collection of unbound journals …
  • … di detta Accademia del 16  Giugno 1875; Sulla proposta del Nostro Ministro Segretario di …
  • … alla Corte dei Conti. Dato a Sant’Anna a di 2 Luglio 1875 f o . Vittorio Emanuele | f. …
  • … to alla Corte dei Conti | Li 16 Luglio 1875 | R o . 432 D. Lerf. a C te 152 | f o . Ayres. …
  • … Rè d’Italia, con Suo Decreto del 2 Luglio 1875. Mi faccio un dovere di mandarle copia del …
  • … di Roma approvato col Nostro Decreto del 14 Febbrajo 1875; Vista la lettera del Presidente …
  • … the King of Italy, in His Decree of 2 July 1875. It is my duty to send you the Decree of …
  • … Rome that was approved by Our Decree of 14 February 1875; We have seen the letter of the …
  • … President of the said Academy of 16 June 1875; At the suggestion of our Minister the …

From Lawson Tait   24 June [1875]

Summary

An article on RLT’s lecture on insectivorous plants has appeared; the author adopts an anti-Darwinian attitude [see "Flower traps", Spectator 19 June 1875, pp. 784–5; RLT’s reply in Spectator 26 June 1875, pp. 816–17.]

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10029

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   24 June [1875] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … DAR 178: 13 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 24 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … adopts an anti-Darwinian attitude [see "Flower traps", Spectator 19 June 1875, pp. 784– …
  • … 5; RLT’s reply in Spectator 26 June 1875, pp. 816–17. ] …
  • … plants to the Birmingham Natural History Society on 15 June 1875; it was reported in the …
  • … Birmingham Daily Post , 16 June 1875, p. 5. …
  • … Tait summarised his experiments in a letter published in Nature , 29 July 1875, pp. 251–2. …
  • … Flower–traps’, in the Spectator , 19 June 1875, pp. 784–5, reported on Tait’s lecture at …
  • … appeared in the Spectator , 26 June 1875, pp. 816–17. He argued that his observations …

From J. T. Knowles   9 February 1875

Summary

Assures CD that space will be reserved in the April Contemporary Review for W. D. Whitney’s article and solicits an introductory section from C.D.

Author:  James Thomas Knowles
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Feb 1875
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (William Dwight Whitney family papers (MS 555) Box 22, folder 584 1875 Feb. 8-11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9848F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J. T. Knowles   9 February 1875
  • … Archives (William Dwight Whitney family papers (MS 555) Box 22, folder 584 1875 Feb. 8-11) …
  • … James Thomas Knowles The Hollies, Clapham Common 9 Feb 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Contemporary Review , April 1875, and was twenty pages long. In 1874, Knowles had tried to …
  • … Knowles, 5 August 1874 ). In the event, CD did not write an introduction to Whitney 1875 . …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1875. My reply to Mr. Darwin. …
  • … 1874–5): 305–26. Whitney, William Dwight. 1875. Are languages institutions? Contemporary …
  • … by Friedrich Max Müller ( Max Müller 1875 ), has not been found (see letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 10 [February 1875] and n. 2). CD sent this letter to Whitney along with two …
  • … not been found (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 10 [February 1875] ). Whitney’s article, ‘ …
  • … Are languages institutions? ’ ( Whitney 1875 ), was published in …
  • … Hollies | Clapham Common | S.W Feby 9 th . 1875 My Dear Sir/ I lose no time in assuring …

From J. H. Gilbert   31 December 1875

Summary

Discusses fairy rings.

Author:  Joseph Henry Gilbert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Dec 1875
Classmark:  Rothamsted Research (GIL13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10331F

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  H.  Gilbert   31 December 1875
  • … Research (GIL13) Joseph Henry Gilbert Harpenden 31 Dec 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and n. 4). See letter to J. H. Gilbert, 11 August 1875 and n. 3. Josiah Gilbert had edited …
  • … vols. London: C. Kegan Paul & Co. Gilbert, Joseph Henry. 1875. Note on the occurrence of ‘ …
  • … Harpenden S t . Albans Dec r 31, 1875 Dear Sir, I am truly sorry to have allowed your two …
  • … land (see letter from J. H. Gilbert, 24 July 1875 and n. 4). CD returned the tables with …
  • … his letter to J. H. Gilbert, 11 August 1875 ; his second letter has not been found. …
  • … Gilbert had presented a paper on 3 June 1875 on fairy-rings (fungi that grow in circles) …
  • … fairy-rings’. [Read 3 June 1875. ] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 15 (1877): 17– …
  • … 24. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … plants had been published on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The Scientific …
  • … Note on the occurrence of “fairy-rings”’; J. H. Gilbert 1875 ). For CD’s interest in …
  • … fairy-rings, see the letter from James Paget, 7 July 1875 , the letter from M. …
  • … J. Berkeley, 13 July 1875 , and the letter to J. …
  • … S. Burdon-Sanderson, 16 July 1875. Gilbert collaborated with John Bennet Lawes at the …
  • … of branching filaments. See J. H. Gilbert 1875 , p. 20. ‘a. nudus’: Agaricus nudus , a …
  • … to the surrounding grass ( J. H. Gilbert 1875 , p. 22). Agaricus arvensis , the horse …

From John Murray   22 November [1875]

Summary

Sends cheques in payment on three of CD’s books.

Proposes to print 500 copies of Insectivorous plants before distributing the type.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 478
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10270

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   22 November [1875] …
  • … DAR 171: 478 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 22 Nov [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … John Murray, 29 July [1874] . See letter from John Murray, 19 November [1875] and n. 2. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …
  • … and the letter to John Murray, 20 November 1875 . The cheques were for CD’s share of the …
  • … ed. (see letter to John Murray, 20 November 1875 ). CD recorded deposits for these amounts …
  • … in his Account books–banking account (Down House MS) on 23 November 1875. See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 20 November 1875 and n. 2. On the payment for Origin 6th ed. , see …
  • … The present Ed n .  of 1500 was printed March 1875— Of Insectivorous Plants”, I propose to …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 February 1875]

thumbnail

Summary

Has met Capt. George Strong Nares of the Challenger expedition at Huxley’s.

Huxley much at a loss to explain red clay at deep sea-bottom.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Feb 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9843

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 February 1875] …
  • … DAR 104: 11–13 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Feb 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1875. On some of the results of the expedition of …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national biography: …
  • … by the reference to the death of Henry Lyell, who died on 5 February 1875 ( The Times , …
  • … 10 February 1875, p. 1). …
  • … The Sunday following 5 February 1875 was 7 February. Harriet Anne Hooker was Hooker’s …
  • … H.  Huxley 1875 , pp.  642–4). Diatoms are mostly pelagic unicellular or colonial algae, …
  • … ODNB ). The Royal Society annual soirée took place on 7 April 1875 ( The Times , …
  • … 8 April 1875, p.  5). Hyacinth Jardine. George Bentham and Hooker were co-authors of …
  • … in Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 July 1875, p.  498). Hooker had asked for an assistant to help with his work at the …
  • … recalled to lead the Arctic expedition of 1875–6 ( ODNB ). The Challenger expedition was …
  • … not the Royal Society) on 29 January 1875, entitled ‘Some results of the Challenger …
  • … of Antarctic Diatomaceae , appeared in the Contemporary Review in March 1875 ( T.   …

From D. F. Nevill   13 [July 1875]

Summary

Thanks CD again for his book [Insectivorous plants];

would like an autograph to put in it.

Would be delighted if ever she could visit Down again.

Author:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 [July 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10063

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From D.  F.  Nevill   13 [July 1875] …
  • … Bibliography Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … 172: 29 Dorothy Fanny Nevill London, Charles St, 45 13 [July 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter from D.  F.  Nevill, 2 July [1875] . Insectivorous plants (see letter from D.   …
  • … F.  Nevill, 2 July [1875] and n.  2). …
  • … Francis, duke of Teck, had planned to visit the Darwins on 11 May 1875 (see letter to …
  • … John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] and n. 3). …
  • … Nevill had visited the Darwins for lunch on 4 May 1875 (see letter from …
  • … Francis Darwin, [4 May 1875] and n. 4). …

From Lawson Tait   16 November [1875]

Summary

Has CD ever come across Dischidia rafflesiana?

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10261

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 17 April 1875 ). …
  • … From Lawson Tait   16 November [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 22 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 16 Nov [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … tropical pitcher-plant, Nepenthes , in 1875. Dischidia rafflesiana , now Dischidia major , …
  • … Hooker about the pitchers of Dischidia (see letters from J. D. Hooker, 16 April 1875 and …

From G. H. Darwin   20 August 1875

Summary

CD’s suspicions that Legrain falsified experiments on interbred rabbits are like second sight. Has sent a copy of the letter to A. H. Huth.

Henry Sidgwick and A. J. Balfour are "spiritualising" again.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10129

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   20 August 1875
  • … 47 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 20 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … letter to G. H. Darwin, 10 [February 1875] . Francis Maitland Balfour and Henry Sidgwick …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Huth, Alfred Henry. 1875. The marriage of near kin considered …
  • … braggart, humbug (French). See letter from Edouard van Beneden, 18 August 1875. See …
  • … letter from Edouard van Beneden, 18 August 1875, and letter to G. …
  • … H. Darwin, [19 August 1875] . In …
  • … his book on consanguineous marriage ( Huth 1875 ), Alfred Henry Huth had reported Jean …
  • … for many generations without ill effects. George’s review of Huth 1875 appeared in the …
  • … Academy , 28 August 1875, pp. 226–7, with a note that since the article went to print CD …
  • … both the data and Boudin’s statistical analysis ( Huth 1875 , pp. 206–12, 231–4); George …
  • … length in his review ( Academy , 28 August 1875, p. 226). Legrain’s supposed experiments …
  • … 3d ser. 1 (1867): 26–49). See also Huth 1875 , pp. 297–302. CD was preparing the second …

From Lawson Tait   5 June [1875]

Summary

May publish a lecture on insectivorous plants and would like to dedicate it to CD.

Wishes to become an F.R.S.

Author:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10011

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Lawson Tait   5 June [1875] …
  • … DAR 178: 8 Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait Birmingham 5 June [1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Society of London. CD’s annotations are notes for his reply to Tait of 11 June [1875]). …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to Lawson Tait, 4 June [1875] . …
  • … In his letter of 4 June [1875] , CD had described how he made slits in leaves of Dionaea …
  • … of the motor impulse. Tait’s paper was delivered on 15 June 1875 (see Birmingham Daily …
  • … Post , 16 June 1875, p.  5). He did not …
  • … but discussed some of his observations in a letter to Nature , 29 July 1875, pp.  251– …
  • … 2 (see letter to Lawson Tait, 4  June [1875] and n.  6). …
  • … See letter to Lawson Tait, 4 June [1875] and n.  4. Francis Darwin was CD’s secretary. …
  • … of the umbilical cord was received on 28 April 1875 and presented at the meeting of the …
  • … Royal Society of London on 17 June 1875 (Tait 1875b); the paper was published in full in …

From J. V. Carus   28 June 1875

Summary

Thinks Insectivorous plants must be translated and published in Germany.

Journal of researches nearly finished.

A new [German] edition of Origin is wanted.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10033

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   28 June 1875
  • … DAR 161: 101 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 28 June 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Insectivorous plants was published on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)); the …
  • … began work on Variation 2d ed. on 6 July 1875 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). It was …
  • … 1876 ( Publishers’ circular , 1 March 1876, p. 168), but had an 1875 publication date. …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Journal of researches : Journal of researches …
  • … the final corrected sheets for Insectivorous plants on 24 June 1875 (see letter to R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 24 June [1875] ). When CD sent Carus the first set of corrected sheets he asked …
  • … see letter to J. V. Carus, 17 June [1875] ). Eduard Koch, the head of E. Schweizerbart’ …
  • … Leipzig June 28 th . 1875. My dear Sir, I have got the Insectivorous Plants, both parts, …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Zoology : The zoology of the voyage of HMS …
  • … 8 (Carus trans. 1876a; see also Carus trans. 1875–87). Carus’s translation of Journal of …
  • … German edition of CD’s works (Carus trans. 1875–87). Carus’s translation of Origin 6th ed. …
  • … Bronn and Carus trans. 1876; Carus trans. 1875–87). Bronn and Carus trans. 1876 did not …

From Anton Dohrn   31 May 1875

Summary

AD is aware of revolutionary character of his pamphlet [Ursprung der Wirbelthiere]. Authorities will not agree with him. Carl Gegenbaur and Ernst Haeckel are opposed. Younger biologists are disposed to accept his views. All he can expect is to put a stop to "the Amphioxus–Ascidian affair, and to open a road for speculation and for investigation on the side of the Annelid-homology".

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 162: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10003

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Anton Dohrn   31 May 1875
  • … DAR 162: 216 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn Naples 31 May 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Dohrn, Anton. 1875. Der Ursprung der Wirbelthiere und das Princip des …
  • … in Biosciences 125 (2007): 181–241. ] Gegenbaur, Carl. 1875. Die Stellung und Bedeutung …
  • … der Morphologie. Morphologisches Jahrbuch 1 (1875–6): 1–19. Marcou, Jules. 1896. Life, …
  • … See letter to Anton Dohrn, 24 May 1875 . CD had commented on …
  • … on the origin of vertebrates ( Dohrn 1875 ) and had cautioned Dohrn not to try to extend …
  • … principle (see letter to Anton Dohrn, 24 May 1875 and n. 2). Dohrn was a proponent of the …
  • … ascidian theory (see letter to Anton Dohrn, 24 May 1875 and n. 2). In the opening essay …
  • … often linked with parasitism (see Dohrn 1875 , pp. 32–60). The John Anderson School of …
  • … the letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 February 1875 and nn. 2 and 3. The over-expansion of the …
  • … of the science of morphology ( Gegenbaur 1875 ). Although he did not refer to Dohrn by …
  • … see letter from Anton Dohrn, 7 February 1875 and n. 7). Dohrn had attempted to account for …

From R. F. Cooke   8 October 1875

Summary

Canestrini still owes £10 from 1869 for electros of 1st edition [of Variation].

RC has urged Clowes on with printing of Variation [2d ed.],

but with Climbing plants [2d ed.] ready, it need not be done before the annual sale.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 471
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10187

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   8 October 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 8 Oct 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in 1876. See letter to R. F. Cooke, 1 September [1875] and n. 5, and letter from D. …
  • … Appleton & Co. , 11 October 1875 . …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Expression : The expression of the emotions …
  • … London: John Murray. 1872. Lyell, Charles. 1875. Principles of geology: or, the modern …
  • … 1876); see letter from R. F. Cooke, 5 October 1875 and n. 4. The Italian translation of …
  • … 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. Variation 2d US ed. : The variation of …
  • … Charles Lyell’s Principles of geology ( Lyell 1875 ), but no Italian translation has been …
  • … Murray. Climbing plants 2d ed. was published in November 1875 ( Publishers’ circular , …
  • … 16 November 1875, p. 932). Variation 2d ed. …
  • … 1 March 1876, p. 168), although it had an 1875 imprint. Cooke planned to have a ‘made-up’ …

From R. F. Cooke   3 August 1875

Summary

Murray is willing to make same arrangement with D. Appleton for Climbing plants as for Insectivorous plants.

There will be no difficulty about corrections for reprint of Descent, providing new matter fills same space as old.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 461
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10107

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   3 August 1875
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 3 Aug 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Climbing plants US ed. : The movements and …
  • … by John Murray in London on 2 July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). D. Appleton & …
  • … US ed. ; letter from R. F. Cooke, 3 July 1875 ). Appleton published the US edition of …
  • … 1977 . See letter from R. F. Cooke, 31 July 1875 and n. 2; no intervening letter from CD …
  • … See letter from R. F. Cooke, 31 July 1875 . Variation 2d ed. was published in February …
  • … 50 A , Albemarle S t . | W. Aug t . 3. 1875 My dear Sir M r Murray will be very willing to …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. Insectivorous plants US ed. By Charles …
  • … Darwin. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1875. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of animals and …
  • … under domestication. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. 1875. …

From J. W. Clark   16 September 1875

Summary

Examples of pupillary dilation.

Author:  Joseph Warner Clark
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10158

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  W.  Clark   16 September 1875
  • … DAR 161: 155 Joseph Warner Clark Southampton 16 Sept 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 2d ed. , p. 321 n. 37). Clark published on Drosera (sundew) in September 1875 ( J. …
  • … W. Clark 1875 ). CD had published Insectivorous plants , …
  • … first part of which was devoted to Drosera , in July 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … Bibliography Clark, Joseph Warner. 1875. On the absorption of nutrient material by the …
  • … Clark’s letter to CD of 15 September 1875 has not been found, but see the letter from J. …
  • … W. Clark, 25 June 1875 . The quotation from Louis Pierre Gratiolet’s De la physionomie et …
  • … Paris: J. Hetzel. Insectivorous plants. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1875. …
  • … 18 High Street | Southampton Sept 16. 1875. Dear Sir, As promised by my letter of …

From G. J. Romanes   21 April 1875

Summary

Returns papers [unidentified].

One on inheritance destitute of meaning. How can "force" act without any material on which to act? Discussion must assume truth of some such theory as Pangenesis.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1875
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, pp. 20–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9945

Matches: 12 hits

  • … G.   J.  Romanes, 7 April [1875] . …
  • … From G.  J.  Romanes   21 April 1875
  • … D. Romanes 1896, pp. 20–2 George John Romanes unstated 21 Apr 1875 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Sturtevant, Edward Lewis. 1875. The law of inheritance; or, the philosophy of …
  • … the philosophy of breeding ( Sturtevant 1875 ; see nn. 4 and 6, below). A copy is in the …
  • … was in London from 31 March to 12 April 1875 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Romanes was …
  • … graft hybrids (see Variation 2: 357–404 and letter from G. J. Romanes, 14 January 1875 ). …
  • … Sturtevant 1875 , p.  15, states: The hypothesis of pangenesis demands the presence of …
  • … April 21, 1875. In returning you —’s papers, I should like to say that the one on ‘ …
  • … 452). Romanes visited Down on 17 April 1875 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); see letter to …
  • … Tait sent the essay to CD with his letter of 17 March [1875] . An annotated copy is in the …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. In Sturtevant 1875 , p. 29,  it is argued: The ideal cell repeats …

From Francis Darwin   [13 December 1875]

Summary

[The black-balling of Edwin Ray Lankester by the Linnean Society] is a most scandalous shame. Will arrange for his own admission to fellowship of the Society.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Dec 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10362F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [13 December 1875] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 30 Francis Darwin - [13 Dec 1875] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … pathology of inflammation in December 1875; the first, on the development of the doctrine …
  • … three on alternate days ( British Medical Journal 2 (1875): 741). Erasmus Alvey Darwin. …
  • … CD was in London from 10 to 20 December 1875 (see Correspondence vol. 23, Appendix II); he …
  • … Street (letter from Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 20 December [1875] (DAR 239.23: 1.39)). …
  • … the letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ( Correspondence vol. 23), and the dates of …
  • … related to the blackballing on 2 December 1875 of Edwin Ray Lankester’s proposed election …
  • … Correspondence vol. 23, letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ). Francis was elected …
  • … of the Linnean Society on 2 December 1875 ( List of the Linnean Society of London) , but …
  • … 23, letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ). Burdon Sanderson gave a series of Brown …
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Origin is 160; Darwin's 1875 letters now online

Summary

To mark the 160th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species, the full transcripts and footnotes of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1875…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … of nearly 650 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1875 are published online for the first …
  • … it behaved in similar ways to the Drosera secretion. In 1875, Klein was a very controversial …
  • … I liked the man .’   Other highlights from the 1875 letters include: I am very …
  • … of my books.  ( Letter to R. F. Cooke, 29 June [1875] ) Darwin wrote this to his …
  • … new Editions .  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 August [1875] ) Darwin also completed …
  • … this possible  ( Letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ) Agitation for a law …
  • … made false statements  ( Letter to John Lubbock, 8 April 1875 ) Relations between the …
  • … always succeeds  ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 13 October [1875] ) Darwin wrote …
  • … help his father and brothers with scientific instruments: in 1875, he designed a hygrometer. …
  • … his great works ( Letter to A. B. Buckley, 23 February 1875 ) The year was saddened …
  • … in my time  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, [12 December 1875] ) In December, Darwin was …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … during his periods of severe illness. Yet on 15 January 1875 , Darwin confessed to his close …
  • … mouthpiece of ‘Jesuitical Rome’ ( Academy , 2 January 1875, pp. 16–17). ‘How grandly you have …
  • … again & again’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 16 January 1875 ). Darwin had also considered …
  • … learned of Klein’s testimony from Huxley on 30 October 1875 : ‘I declare to you I did not believe …
  • … carried out on live animals in laboratories. In January 1875, he received details of experiments by …
  • … printing an additional 250 ( letter to John Murray, 3 May 1875 ). In the event, the book …
  • … in a review of the book in the Academy , 24 July 1875, by Ellen Frances Lubbock: ‘in Utricularia …
  • … born (letter from E. F. Lubbock, [after 2 July] 1875).   Back over old ground …
  • … which I had long wished to see,’ he wrote on 21 April 1875 , ‘and now that I have seen it, I am …
  • … do a good deal of “hammering”,’ he wrote on 14 July 1875 . ‘I shall not let Pangenesis alone …
  • … his own theory of heredity in a series of articles in 1875 and 1876, based partly on his studies of …
  • … & more’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, [ c . February 1875?] ). By May, having finished …
  • … proofmaniac’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, 1 and 2 May [1875] ). But Francis also found …
  • … on astronomy, or the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max …
  • … researches (Carus trans. 1875b; the series is Carus trans. 1875–87). More controversial was the …
  • … Darwin wrote: ‘An anonymous compliment | received Feb 16th 1875’.   The great and the good …
  • … Insectivorous plants ( letter to D. F. Nevill, 15 July [1875] ). Such visitors from the upper …
  • … I can talk to anyone’ ( letter to John Lubbock, 3 May [1875] ). Finally it was arranged for the …
  • … of twining plants (letters from Lawson Tait, 16 March [1875] and 27 March [1875] ). ‘As I am …
  • … Nepenthes & will soon publish’, Darwin warned on 17 July 1875 . But Tait was undaunted. He …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer who …
  • … was appropriate for so distinguished a nominee. Already in 1875, Lankester had been elected a fellow …
  • … of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was notified of …
  • … ‘high type’ ( letter from Woodward Emery, 17 September 1875 ).  …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any bill …
  • … their own petition (letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 January 1875 ). In the event, Darwin became …
  • … within Darwin’s family. In his letter of 14 January 1875 to Huxley, Darwin mentioned the effect …
  • … (letter from Emma Darwin to F. P. Cobbe, 14 January [1875] ). In the course of the public …
  • … to Huxley (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 12 February 1875 ). Darwin was in London from 31 …
  • … sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently passed back …
  • … on 7 April (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 7 April [1875] ), and circulating it to others in …
  • … were made (letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, 10 April 1875 ), and another version was prepared …
  • … of Lords (see letter to J. S. Burdon Sanderson, [11 April 1875] ). He was still unsure whether …
  • … Royal Society of London (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 April [1875] ). The next day he wrote to …
  • … else you think best’ (letter to E. H. Stanley, 15 April 1875 ). After further consultations, a …
  • … are evident in Darwin’s correspondence in April and May 1875. The initial petition (DAR …
  • … order of the clauses. In the revised sketch, dated 24 April 1875, the penalty for unlawful …
  • … at this alteration (letter from T. H. Huxley, 19 May 1875 , letter from J. S. Burdon Sanderson, …
  • … corrections had been made (letter to Lyon Playfair, 26 May 1875 , and letter from Lyon Playfair, …
  • … ( Hansard Parliamentary Debates , 3d ser., vol. 224 (1875), col. 794). A Royal Commission was a …
  • … the RSPCA. The commission met between 5 June and 15 December 1875, examining fifty-three witnesses, …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10194: Max Müller, Friedrich to Darwin, C. R., 13 Oct [1875] For Müller, human and animal …
  • … Letter 9887: Dawkins, W. B. to Darwin, C. R., 14 Mar 1875 The relationship between language …

Thomas Burgess

Summary

As well as its complement of sailors, the Beagle also carried a Royal Marine sergeant and seven marines, one of whom was Thomas Burgess. When the Beagle set sail he was twenty one, having been born in October 1810 to Israel and Hannah Burgess of Lancashire…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … about him again until he opened a letter from him in March 1875 . It was written from Rainow, a …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … vol. 23, letter from Ernst von Hesse-Wartegg, 20 September 1875 ). He began to compile an account …
  • … end of the previous year. He had been incensed in December 1875 when the zoologist Edwin Ray …
  • … The controversial issue had occupied Darwin for much of 1875. In January 1876, a Royal Commission …
  • … to Insectivorous plants , which was published in July 1875, with a US edition published later …
  • … in February 1876 (despite bearing a publication date of 1875), Darwin must have been gratified by …
  • … Darwin, who had communicated the paper to the society in 1875 at Tait’s request, with the ‘awful job …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … not retract his criticism in his own second edition (Dana 1875, p. 274). Descent …
  • … (Correspondence vol. 23, from J. D. Hooker, 3 January [1875] ), preferring to attack Mivart in …
  • … Anthropogenie  in the  Academy   (2 January 1875; see Appendix V, pp. 644–5) . The affair …
  • … wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any future …
  • … and a second French edition was published in January 1875 ( letter from C.-F. Reinwald , 4 February …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Climbing Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A monograph by which to work After the publication of On the Origin of Species, Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication, The Descent of Man, and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … expressed. The paper was little noticed, but when in 1875 it was corrected and published as a …
  • … Letter 10214 - Darwin to T. H. Huxley, 23 October 1875 Darwin writes to his good …

Vivisection: Darwin's testimony to the Royal Commission

Summary

Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. 4661. (Chairman.) We are very sensible of your kindness in coming at some sacrifice to yourself to express your opinions to the Commission. We attribute it to the great…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wednesday, 3rd November 1875. Mr. Charles Darwin called in and examined. …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cited for all purposes as “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875.” SCHEDULE. …
  • … under the provisions of “The Experiments on Animals Act, 1875,” empowering me to make experiments on …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, that the above-named M.N. is enaged in …
  • … under the provisions of the Experiments on Animals Act, 1875, accompanied by Certificate, such as is …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to an end. The dispute was not resolved until early 1875, and, even then, not to Darwin’s complete …
  • … from J. D. Hooker, 29 December 1874 ). By January 1875, Mivart had still not made any …
  • … book Anthropogenie , in the Academy , 2 January 1875. ‘Possessed by a blind animosity against …
  • … (Mivart was a Catholic convert.) On 12 January 1875 , Darwin finally wrote to Mivart, …
  • … article in a letter published in the Academy , 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin …
  • … 1 The resulting volume, Insectivorous Plants (1875), was one in a series of works in which …
  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles. 1875. Insectivorous Plants. London: John …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to reconcile them (letter from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] ). The tensions between the …

Dipsacus and Drosera: Frank’s favourite carnivores

Summary

In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching aggregation in the tentacles of Drosera rotundifolia (F. Darwin 1876). This phenomenon occurs when coloured particles within either protoplasm or the fluid in the cell vacuole (the cell sap) cluster…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with these enigmatic killer vegetables culminated in 1875 with the publication of  Insectivorous …
  • … after the first edition was published. In Autumn of 1875, Francis Darwin was busy researching …
  • … in the most extraordinary way.’ As early as August 1875, Cohn had argued that aggregation in  …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 10072 - Pape, C. to Darwin, [16 July 1875] Charlotte Pape responds to …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to relish the opportunity to come to Darwin’s defense. In 1875, he intervened in a bitter and …
  • … grandly you have defended me”, Darwin wrote on 6 January 1875, “you have indeed been a true friend.” …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … would culminate in two books,  Insectivorous plants  (1875) and  Cross and self fertilisation  …

Plant or animal? (Or: Don’t try this at home!)

Summary

Darwin is famous for showing that humans are just another animal, but, in his later years in particular, his real passion was something even more ambitious: to show that there are no hard-and-fast boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … boundaries between animals and plants.   In 1875 Darwin brought out an unassuming little book …

Inheritance

Summary

It was crucial to Darwin’s theories of species change that naturally occurring variations could be inherited.  But at the time when he wrote Origin, he had no explanation for how inheritance worked – it was just obvious that it did.  Darwin’s attempt to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … under domestication, and revised for the second edition in 1875 (2d ed. 2: 349–99). ‘The whole …
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