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From G. H. Darwin   5 December 1874

Summary

Has finished the "cousin paper" and will offer it to W. Farr for the Statistical Society.

Describes other work in progress.

Has CD heard of A. M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103?]

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9743

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   5 December 1874
  • … 210.2: 45 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge 5 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to Erasmus Alvey Darwin. See n.  2, above, and Mayer 1874–5 , pp.  377–8. …
  • … M. Mayer’s curious work on audition of insects [ Am. J. Sci. 3d ser. 8 (1874): 89–103? ] …
  • … and New York: Macmillan. Mayer, Alfred Marshall. 1874–5. Researches in acoustics. —No. …
  • … V. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 48 (1874): 266–274, 371–85, 445–52; (1875) 513–25. …
  • … the Statistical Society of London 37 (1874)), and Ebenezer Norman, the Down schoolmaster, …
  • … Researches in acoustics. —No. V’ ( Mayer 1874–5 ), and on p.  385 announced his intention …
  • … spent some time in the Lake District in September 1874 (letter from Emma Darwin to H.   …
  • … E.  Litchfield, 16 September [1874] (DAR 219.9: 117)). Harriet Ann Jevons. Henry and …
  • … were in London from 3 to 12 December 1874 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). George also …
  • … of the series appeared in the November 1874 issue of Philosophical Magazine ; the other …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ), and had it copied by Norman in early …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [8 November 1874] . He refers to the Contemporary Review . No …

To D. Appleton & Co.   5 November 1874

Summary

Has just had printed a new edition of Descent [1874] and is anxious that this improved version be circulated in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  D. Appleton & Co
Date:  5 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 97: C63–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9713

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To D.  Appleton & Co.    5 November 1874
  • … DAR 97: C63–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Nov 1874 D. Appleton & Co …
  • … just had printed a new edition of Descent [1874] and is anxious that this improved version …
  • … proof-sheets of Descent 2d ed. (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 30 October 1874  and n.  1). …
  • … The second edition was published in one volume in November 1874 (see letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874  and n.  4). John Murray was the publisher of …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 4 April 1874  and n.   4). D.  Appleton & Co.  published the …
  • … a carnivorous plant’ in Hardwicke’s Science Gossip (1874): 230–3 and 235, and in America, …
  • … the notice in Scientific American , 4 April 1874, in which, under the heading ‘Carnivorous …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent 2d US ed. : The descent of man, and …
  • … November 5 1874 Messrs Appleton | New York | Messrs Appleton | New York Dear Sir I have …

From Auguste Forel   31 October 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s favourable opinion of his book [Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Habits of ants; observations on their carrying empty eggs.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 154
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9704

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From Auguste Forel    31 October 1874
  • … DAR 164: 154 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel Munich 31 Oct 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of his book [ Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Habits of ants; observations on their …
  • … Gesellschaft 3: 306–12. Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & …
  • … the antennae. See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  6. Forel worked as an …
  • … see letter from Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . Forel probably enclosed his two-part …
  • … copy is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  Forel had sent Forel 1874  with his letter …
  • … of 15 October 1874 . …
  • … in its original French, see p. QQQQ. See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874 . Forel …
  • … refers to Thomas Belt and Belt 1874; see letter to …
  • … Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  9. Meiner: Frederik Vilhelm August Meinert. His …
  • … München 31 X 1874 Monsieur, Je vous avoue que je ne m’attendais pas à voir mon travail …
  • … Munich 31 X 1874 Sir, I confess that I was not expecting to see my work judged so …
  • … See letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  8. Formica rufa and F.  pratensis …
  • … reproductive female) ant; see also letter to Auguste Forel, 15 October 1874  and n.  6. …
  • … The reference is to Forel 1874 . Formica sanguinea is the slavemaker ant. Forel concluded …
  • … and unpredictably, they have intelligence and unique characters ( Forel 1874 , p.  283). …
  • … In Forel 1874 , pp.  371–3, Forel gave several examples of naturally occurring mixed- …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874

Summary

Thanks for letter and seeds.

Asks that Hooker return references about plants eating insects.

Discusses Pinguicula.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 14–15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9515

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874
  • … 1873–81: 14–15) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 June 1874 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … Letter from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874 . See letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 . See also letter from W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874  and n.  7; Thiselton-Dyer’s reply to this point was …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. June 26 1874 My dear Mr Dyer Your letter will be of much use to …
  • … from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 ). For CD’s interest in the use of Pinguicula ( …
  • … letter from Thomas Aitken, [ c . 25 June 1874]. Carl von Linné described its use for this …
  • … out by CD and Francis Darwin from 1 June 1874 in DAR 59.1: 35; see also Insectivorous …
  • … letter from W.  T.   Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874 . CD refers to Joseph Dalton Hooker. See …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 . See letter to W.   …
  • … T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 April 1874  and n.  7. CD’s future daughter-in-law, Amy Ruck, had …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 23 June 1874  and n.  3); her letter has not been found. ‘Bog …

To J. D. Hooker   1 October [1874]

thumbnail

Summary

Thanks JDH for extract on Hedychium pollination; it shows CD’s prior interpretation was incorrect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 421–422
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9665

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   1 October [1874] …
  • … DAR 95: 421–422 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Oct [1874] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter to J.   D.  Hooker, 25 March [1874] and n.  3). Gammie also described insect …
  • … Kahili ginger or the Kahila garland-lily) in his letter of 16 February 1874 . …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . Utricularia neglecta (now Utricularia …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874 . For the specimens from the …
  • … New Forest, see the letter to David Moore, 12 July 1874 ; for Penzance, see the letter …
  • … from John Ralfs, 9 July 1874 , and the letter to …
  • … John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] . Hooker’s daughter Harriet Anne Hooker sent CD some Aldrovanda …
  • … plant); see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 September 1874  and n. 4. CD refers to the …
  • … letter from J.  A.  Gammie, 28 August 1874 , in which James Alexander Gammie suggested …

To John Fiske   8 December [1874]

Summary

Praises JF’s book [Cosmic philosophy (1874)].

Has long wished to understand H. Spencer but is not convinced by him and some others. CD cannot trust deduction from a starting principle, as his mind is so fixed by the inductive method.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Fiske
Date:  8 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (FK 1110–1112)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9749

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To John Fiske   8 December [1874] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 Down letterhead 8 Dec [1874] John Fiske …
  • … ibid. , p.  431). Descent 2d ed.  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). …
  • … Praises JF’s book [ Cosmic philosophy (1874)]. Has long wished to understand H. Spencer …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Fiske, …
  • … John. 1874. Outlines of cosmic philosophy: based on the doctrine of evolution, with …
  • … this letter and the letter to John Fiske, 3 November 1874 . Fiske had sent CD a copy of …
  • … of cosmic philosophy based on the doctrine of evolution ( Fiske 1874 ; see letter to …
  • … John Fiske, 3 November 1874 ). In his book, Fiske aimed to show that there was no conflict …
  • … with anthropomorphic theism ( Fiske 1874 , 1: xi, 162–87, 2: 381–431; for causation, see …
  • … 1: 146–61). Fiske wrote ( Fiske 1874 , 1: 184): Cosmism … assigns to religion the same …
  • … See ‘The beginnings of life’, Fiske 1874 , 1: 418–37. Fiske wrote, ‘the mere consolidation …

To Auguste Forel   15 October 1874

Summary

Writes about AHF’s book on Swiss ants.

Recounts his own observations on ants carrying cocoons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Date:  15 Oct 1874
Classmark:  Universität Zürich, Archiv für Medizingeschichte (AfM ZH PN 31.2:793)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9680

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To Auguste Forel   15 October 1874
  • … AfM ZH PN 31.2:793) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Oct 1874 Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel …
  • … Bibliography Forel, Auguste. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Zurich: Zurcher & Furrer. [ …
  • … recommended Thomas Belt’s book The naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874) in his letter to …
  • … Forel of 28 September [1874]. He had sent a …
  • … copy of the book to Fritz Müller in January 1874 (see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 ). See …
  • … also letter from Fritz Müller, 20 April [1874] . …
  • … Down, Beckenham, Kent. Oct 15 th 1874 My dear Sir I have now read the whole of your …
  • … CD refers to Les fourmis de la Suisse (Ants of Switzerland; Forel 1874 ); see letter from …
  • … Auguste Forel, 23 September 1874 . CD’ …
  • … s heavily annotated copy of Forel 1874  is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … females and much smaller in males ( Forel 1874 , p.  123). CD scored the section in his …
  • … from their colony calmed them ( Forel 1874 , p.  304). See n.  6, below. In the first part …
  • … see letter to Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874  and n.  3. In the third part ( F.  Müller …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January 1874] and n.  7. Forel observed that the species …
  • … by the workers of T.  caespitum ( Forel 1874 , pp.  343–4). Formica rufa is the red wood …

To G. H. Darwin   19 October [1874]

Summary

Advice to GHD on whether to accept invitation to lecture at the Royal Institution.

Murray has sent the Quarterly Review issue. CD has told Murray that he is convinced Mivart is the author and what he thinks of him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  19 Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9687

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   19 October [1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 33 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Oct [1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … letter from G.  H.   Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  14). Francis Maitland Balfour; see …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and n.  17. George was helping CD with the …
  • … proof-sheets of Descent 2d ed. ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 18 April 1874 ). …
  • … It was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. …
  • … F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). On John Murray’s November sale dinners, see Murray 1908–9 , …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his …
  • … between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 . Letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 . George had been invited by William Spottiswoode to give a …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874  and nn.  1, 2, and 4). Jeu d’esprit (French): …
  • … giving the Royal Institution lecture (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 18 October 1874 ). …
  • … CD refers to the October 1874 issue of the Quarterly review (137: 587–9), which contained …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874  and n.  1). The last sentence stated: ‘But …

To Nature   11 February [1874]

Summary

Prefaces Fritz Müller’s observations on termites and stingless bees [see 9281].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  11 Feb [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 19 February 1874, pp. 308–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9283

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Nature    11 February [1874] …
  • … Nature , 19 February 1874, pp.  308– …
  • … 9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Feb [1874] Nature …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January 1874]. CD refers to the first three parts of F.   …
  • … pp. 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. …
  • … 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. …
  • … 129–30; 12 November 1874, pp. …
  • … 32–3; 10 December 1874, pp. …
  • … 110–12; 31 December 1874, pp. 169–71; 20 May 1875, pp. 50–1; 8 July 1875, pp. 190–1; 13 …

From T. M. Reade   21 November 1874

Summary

Sends his paper ["Tidal action as a geological cause", Proc. Liverpool Geol. Soc. 2 (1874): 50–72].

Has not yet studied CD’s list of South American molluscs.

Author:  Thomas Mellard Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9370

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  M.  Reade   21 November 1874
  • … DAR 176: 28 Thomas Mellard Reade Blundellsands 21 Nov 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Reade, Thomas Mellard. 1874. Tidal action as a …
  • … geological cause. [Read 10 February 1874. ] Proceedings of the Liverpool Geological …
  • … cause", Proc. Liverpool Geol. Soc. 2 (1874): 50–72]. Has not yet studied CD’s list of …
  • … copy of Reade’s paper ( T.  M.  Reade 1874 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See …
  • … letter to T.  M.  Reade, 9 May 1874  and nn.  2 and 3. Reade was employed as an architect …
  • … House, | Blundellsands. Nov r . 21 st . 1874 My dear Sir— I send you a copy of my paper …

To G. H. Darwin   [20? August 1874]

Summary

Likes GHD’s article ["Professor Whitney on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [20? Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9711

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [20? August 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 38 Charles Robert Darwin Down [20? Aug 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … on the origin of language", Contemp. Rev. (1874): 894]. "You have defended me nobly." …
  • … or proof-sheets. See also letter to J.  T.  Knowles, 31 July 1874 , and letter from J.   …
  • … T.  Knowles, 4 August 1874 . On the issues under discussion, see Radick 2008 , pp.  19–49. …
  • … of Chicago Press. Whitney, William Dwight. 1874. Darwinism and language. [Essay review of …
  • … Emma Darwin to Leonard Darwin, 23 August [1874] (DAR 239.23: 1.21). In this letter, Emma …
  • … H.  Darwin 1874c (see n.  2, below). In 1874 the Thursday before 23 August was 20 August. …
  • … s ‘Darwinism and language’ ( Whitney 1874 ), and defended CD’ s views on language against …

From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874

Summary

Will do experiments CD suggests.

Is sending his book on the poisonous snakes of India [The Thanatophidia of India (1872)].

Author:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9534

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Joseph Fayrer   6 July 1874
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet London, Granville Place, 16 6 July 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] . See …
  • … letter to Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] and nn.  5 and 6. Fayrer refers to Thomas Lauder …
  • … of Fayrer’s book, Thanatophidia of India ( Fayrer 1872 ), was published in February 1874 ( …
  • … Fayrer 1874 ; see Publishers’ …
  • … circular , 2 March 1874, p.  138). CD was …
  • … for the wedding of Francis Darwin and Amy Ruck on 23 July 1874; his next visit to London …
  • … was from 3 to 12 December 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Fayrer wrote that the object …
  • … J. and A. Churchill. Fayrer, Joseph. 1874. The Thanatophidia of India: being a description …
  • … 16 Granville Place 6 July 1874 My dear Sir I will take the earliest opportunity of trying …

To W. C. Marshall   8 June [1874]

Summary

Asks what proportion of leaves of Pinguicula have insects adhering to them. Also, whether seeds of any plants ever adhere to the leaves, and in what situations does P. vulgaris grow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Cecil (Bill) Marshall
Date:  8 June [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C61–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9485F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Marshall   8 June [1874] …
  • … DAR 97: C61–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 June [1874] William Cecil (Bill) Marshall …
  • … T.  Thiselton- Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.  3). The other known versions of the letter …
  • … s response to that query, see his letter of 30 August [1874] (see also letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Marshall, 5 September [1874] ). …
  • … this draft and the letter to ? , 8 June 1874 (see n.  2, below); William Cecil Marshall is …
  • … between this draft and the letters from W.  C.  Marshall, 30 August [1874] and …
  • … 5 September [1874] . This draft text was used as the basis for …
  • … letters sent to several correspondents ( letter to ? , 8 June 1874 , and letter to John …
  • … Ralfs, [after 25 June 1874] ; see also letter to W.   …

To H. E. Litchfield   27 [March 1874]

Summary

Thanks her for her excellent criticisms and corrections [for 2d ed. of Coral reefs?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  27 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 153: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9325

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To H.  E.  Litchfield   27 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 153: 85 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1874] Henrietta Emma Darwin/Henrietta Emma …
  • … Bibliography Abbot, Francis Ellingwood. 1874. Darwin’s theory of conscience: its …
  • … to scientific ethics. Index , 12 March 1874, 122–5. Coral reefs 2d ed. : The structure and …
  • … of coral reefs. By Charles Darwin. Revised edition. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1874. …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] . Henrietta was helping to correct the …
  • … 2d ed. (see also letter to H.  E.  Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). Ellen Harriet Tollet …
  • … stayed at Down from 24 to 28 March 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [March 1874] and n.   2. The original copyist was unable to read CD’s …
  • … Darwin’s theory of conscience’ ( Abbot 1874 ), which was published in the Index (see …
  • … letter from F.  E.  Abbot, 3 March 1874 ). CD’s annotated copy is in DAR 139.12.3. …
  • … Buckley Litchfield stayed at Down from 2 to 9 April 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

To Anton Dohrn   16 April and 9 August 1874

Summary

Has written to J. Murray to have account of the Zoological Station inserted in the Murray guidebook.

The circular about the Station has been printed; some have already signed.

Received R. Kossman’s paper on Anelasma ["Untersuchungen über die durch Parasitismus hervorgerufenen Umbildungen in der Familie der Pedunculata", Verh. Phys.-med. Ges. Würz. N. F. 5 (1874): 129–57]. The case is the most interesting ever recorded of gradation, i.e., from an animal with a stomach to one with roots like a plant.

Delighted he will examine the complemental males of Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Date:  16 Apr and 9 Aug 1874
Classmark:  Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba 702)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9414

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Anton Dohrn   16 April and 9 August 1874
  • … Staatsbibliothek München (Ana 525. Ba 702) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Apr 1874 9 …
  • … Aug 1874 Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn …
  • … Verh. Phys. -med. Ges. Würz. N. F. 5 (1874): 129–57]. The case is the most interesting …
  • … 1873. ] Arbeiten aus dem Zoologisch-Zootomischen Institut in Würzburg 1 (1874): 179–207. …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  16. 1874 See Postscript dated Aug 9 th My dear D r Dohrn I …
  • … See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 . CD refers to John Murray and to Edwin Ray …
  • … at Naples. See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874  and nn.  14 and 15. Charles Lyell, …
  • … Sclater. See letter to John Lubbock, 8 April [1874] . Francis Maitland Balfour had sent a …
  • … Naples (see letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 ). CD attended the soirée at the Royal …
  • … letter to Michael Foster, 23 April [1874] ). Robby August Kossmann discussed Anelasma …
  • … is a parasitic goose barnacle. See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874  and n.  7. …

From E. A. Darwin   17 [March 1874]

Summary

Reports the balloting [for Henry Parker at the Athenaeum?] went off just right.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 [Mar 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9365

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   17 [March 1874] …
  • … DAR 105: B92 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 17 [Mar 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the date of Henry Parker’s election to the Athenaeum Club in March 1874. See …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3. CD and …
  • … Henry Parker was elected a member of the Athenaeum Club on 16 March 1874 (see letter to …
  • … George Bentham, 9 March [1874] and n.  3; Waugh [1888] ); candidates were excluded if …
  • … was also elected to the Athenaeum Club in 1874 (Waugh 1888). William Charles Green was …
  • … to vote for his nephew (see letter to George Bentham, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Edward …
  • … Frankland, 9 March [1874] ; letter to a member of …
  • … the Athenaeum Club, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Alfred …
  • … Newton, 9 March [1874] ; letter to John …
  • … Tyndall, 9 March [1874] ; letter to Thomas …
  • … Woolner, 9 March 1874 ; and letter from …
  • … John Phillips, 14 March 1874 ). Several members of the Courtenay family belonged to the …

To T. H. Farrer   10 April 1874

Summary

Delighted to hear about Coronilla. Urges publication ["Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  10 Apr 1874
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9400

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   10 April 1874
  • … Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers– Coronilla ", Nature 10 (1874): 169–70]. …
  • … LS Ms 299/22) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr 1874 Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … Bibliography Farrer, Thomas Henry. 1874. Fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers— …
  • … Coronilla. Nature , 2 July 1874, pp. 169–70. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap.  10 1874 My dear Farrer I am delighted to hear about …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] and n.  2. Farrer published …
  • … vetch) with two diagrams in Nature ( Farrer 1874 ). In Orchids , p.  15, CD had described …
  • … CD refers to Francis Darwin. See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, [before 10 April 1874] . …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1874

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Summary

An awful row at the Linnean Society. William Carruthers and Co. packed a meeting to throw out a decision of the Council. He was beaten by one vote (more than two-thirds majority needed).

Spent two hours with Lyell talking about Thomas Belt’s book [The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I do think".

Lyell agrees that the glacial epoch is the great geological crux of the day. Lowering of the ocean level must also be investigated.

Curious about A. C. Ramsay’s paper coming at Royal Society on 29th ["On the comparative value of certain geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8].

Huxley’s new book [? Critiques and addresses (1873)].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 187–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9250

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1874
  • … DAR 103: 187–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Jan 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … geological ages", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 22 (1874): 145–8]. Huxley’s new book [? Critiques …
  • … s book [ The naturalist in Nicaragua (1874)]: "the tropical old Glaciers beat the seance I …
  • … CD was in London from 10 to 17 January 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). At a …
  • … Linnean Society of London held on 15 January 1874, alterations to the bylaws agreed to by …
  • … Co. 1845–78. Ramsay, Andrew Crombie. 1874. On the comparative value of certain geological …
  • … of geological time. [Read 29 January 1874. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … at Eashing park, Godalming, Surrey ( Post Office directory of the six home counties 1874). …
  • … In his letter of 18 January [1874] , CD had described the séance held at Erasmus Alvey …
  • … the Athenaeum Club. Parker became a member in 1874 ( Waugh [1888] ). Charles Lyell was a …
  • … lowering of the sea level during the glacial period (Belt 1874, pp.  260–74). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January [1874] and n.  2. Hooker refers to CD’s book Coral …
  • … paper ‘On the comparative value of certain geological ages’ ( Ramsay 1874 ) at the Royal …
  • … Society on 29 January 1874. Thomas Henry Huxley’s most recent book was Critiques and …

From T. H. Huxley   16 April 1874

Summary

His note on the brain should be in small type.

Glad CD agrees with him on hand, foot, and skull question.

Has heard from Dohrn.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 166: 333
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9413

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   16 April 1874
  • … 166: 333 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place 16 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  2), and quotes William George Ward’ …
  • … Stuart Mill’s irreligion was ‘due to grave personal sin on his part’ ( Ward 1874 , p.  9). …
  • … See letter from Anton Dohrn, 6 April 1874 . …
  • … in relation to sex. By Charles Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Ward, …
  • … William George. 1874. Mr. Mill’s philosophical position. Dublin Review 22: 1–38. …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  1. CD’s letter to Huxley has not …
  • … the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 14 April 1874  and n.  2. There is no discussion of the …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place | NW April 16 1874 My dear Darwin— Put my contribution into the …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874

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Summary

Identifies seeds adhering to leaves of Pinguicula [see Insectivorous plants, p. 369].

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 67–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9516

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   26 June 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 67–8 William Turner Thiselton-Dyer Kew 26 June 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to W.  T.  Thiselton Dyer, 24 [June 1874]. Tigellum: the embryonic axis or primitive stem, …
  • … of Juncus bulbosus (the bulbous rush). See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 4 June 1874 . …
  • … 10 Gloucester Road, Kew June 26. 1874 Dear M r Darwin I wrote you this morning a very …
  • … letter from Thiselton-Dyer dated 26 June 1874 has been found; it was presumably written in …
  • … reply to the letter to Thiselton-Dyer, 24 [June 1874]. With his …
  • … letter to Thiselton-Dyer of 23 June 1874, CD had enclosed some small leaves and seeds that …
  • … in the missing section in Thiselton-Dyer’s letter of 25 June 1874 , or in the missing ‘ …
  • … hurried note’ of 26 June 1874 (see n.  1, above). See also letter …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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