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From J. D. Hooker   21 December 1874

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Summary

His view of Huxley’s cutting Mivart without explanation. States his own intentions. Mivart’s apology in October Quarterly Review is abominable.

Has heard of a Drosophyllum in Edinburgh. Is it too late?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 236–8; Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Dawson 2.214)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9768

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   21 December 1874
  • … Archives (Dawson 2.214) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 21 Dec 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national …
  • … of works by John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). See letter to …
  • … G.  H.  Darwin, [6 December 1874] . Huxley sent a verbal message to Mivart via William …
  • … of public works (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 8 December 1874 ). See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 8 December 1874 . Huxley’s paper (T.  H.   …
  • … Royal Society of London on 17 December 1874. William Smith was the editor of the Quarterly …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 December 1874 . The letter was never sent. Hooker refers …
  • … October issue of Quarterly Review (137 (1874): 587–8), followed by an anonymous rejoinder …
  • … see letter to David Moore, 12 July 1874 ). Hooker refers to the Royal Botanic Garden, …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December [1874] ). Lord H y : Henry Gordon-Lennox, the first …
  • … Amphioxus was foot of page excised Dec 19. 1874 My dear Hooker I had no opportunity of …

To T. H. Huxley   24 December [1874]

Summary

THH’s letter to Mivart is "tremendous". CD’s feelings and intentions about the matter.

If THH has made out homology of the skull, it is grandest discovery in years.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  24 Dec [1874]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science and Technology Archives (Huxley 5: 311)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9776

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   24 December [1874] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 311) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Dec [1874] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 December [1874] . For CD and Mivart’s correspondence about Mivart 1871a, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 December 1874 . Huxley’s paper on the skull of Amphioxus ( …
  • … was read at the Royal Society of London on 17 December 1874. See also letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 8 December 1874  and n.  4. …
  • … and the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 . See enclosure to letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 December 1874 . Huxley had censured St George Jackson Mivart for failing to …
  • … 1874b, p.  70). See Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 588–9, and Appendix V. See letter to J.   …

To J. N. Lockyer   13 May [1874]

Summary

Encloses notes concerning his life and list of publications.

Returns the letters about primroses: they contain little that is new. Dr Bree’s is the best.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Norman (Norman) Lockyer
Date:  13 May [1874]
Classmark:  University of Exeter Library Special Collections (EUL MS 110)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9458A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  N.  Lockyer   13 May [1874] …
  • … EUL MS 110) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 May [1874] Joseph Norman (Norman) Lockyer …
  • … off the flowers of primroses. The replies were printed in Nature , 30 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 509, and 7 May 1874, pp.  6–7. Charles Robert Bree’s letter was not printed. Lockyer was …
  • … and the letter to Nature , 18 April [1874] (see n.  3, below). The enclosure has not been …
  • … of him in the ‘Scientific worthies’ series in Nature , 4 June 1874 (A.  Gray 1874c). …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 3 June [1874] . …
  • … See letter to Nature , 18 April [1874]. CD asked correspondents whether they had observed …

From D. F. Nevill   [11 September 1874]

Summary

Has sent the Utricularia with the bladders that CD described.

In Variation CD does not mention a rare breed of Siamese cat, which she owns.

Asks for another photograph.

Author:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [11 Sept 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 172: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9633

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From D.  F.  Nevill   [11 September 1874] …
  • … 172: 19 Dorothy Fanny Nevill Dangstein, Petersfield [11 Sept 1874] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Nevill, [ c. 14 March 1862]. See letter from D. F. Nevill, 8 [September 1874] and n. 2. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to D.  F.  Nevill, 11 September [1874] . …
  • … In 1874, 11 September was a Friday. Nevill refers to Utricularia montana , an epiphytic …
  • … bladderwort; see letters to D.  F.  Nevill, 7 September 1874  and …
  • … 11 September [1874]  and n.  2. Utricularia montana is a synonym of U.  alpina. CD …

From John Tyndall   5 August 1874

Summary

Asks CD to look over those parts of the proofs of his Belfast address [Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii] that mention CD.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1874
Classmark:  DAR 106: C16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9587

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   5 August 1874
  • … DAR 106: C16 John Tyndall Belalp 5 Aug 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the proofs of his Belfast address [ Rep. BAAS 44 (1874): lxvi–xcvii] that mention CD. …
  • … to you yours ever | John Tyndall 5 th Aug 1874 | Bel Alp I hope to be in London on M y or …
  • … for the Advancement of Science, which was held in Belfast from 19 to 26 August 1874 ( …
  • … Tyndall 1874). Tyndall discussed CD’s theory of natural selection on pages lxxxiii– …

To Fritz Müller   13 February 1874

Summary

Has sent FM’s letter on termites to Nature ["Habits of various insects", Nature 10 (1874): 102–3].

Would be interested in observations on the stingless bees of Brazil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  13 Feb 1874
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9288

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   13 February 1874
  • … 10 no 37) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Feb 1874 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Habits of various insects", Nature 10 (1874): 102–3]. Would be interested in observations …
  • … letter from Hermann Müller, 15 February 1874 . See also Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January 1874]. CD refers to the first three parts of F.   …
  • … 5 . See letter to Nature , 11 February [1874]. Müller’s name appears on CD’s presentation …
  • … had sent Müller a copy of Thomas Belt’s Naturalist in Nicaragua (Belt 1874; see letter to …
  • … Fritz Müller, 1 January 1874 ). CD had sent Hermann Müller the money from the profits of …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Feb 13 1874. My dear Sir Your letter rec d yesterday has …

From Hermann Müller   15 February 1874

Summary

Feels CD’s and Fritz Müller’s judgments on his "Anwendung" essay [see 8313] are of highest value. Mentions some of FM’s comments.

Looks forward to second English edition of Descent.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 303
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9293

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   15 February 1874
  • … 303 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 15 Feb 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published in Nature , 19 February 1874. Müller refers to his paper ‘Anwendung der …
  • … The second edition of Descent was published in 1874; the German translation of the first …
  • … Lippstadt Feb.  15 1874. My dear Sir Many thanks for your very kind letter I received two …
  • … Müller 1864, Dallas trans.  1869) on 12 February 1874; the letter has not been found, but …
  • … the letter to Fritz Müller, 13 February 1874 . See also Correspondence vol.  21, letter to …
  • … 25 September 1873 . See letter from Fritz Müller, [ c. January 1874], and letter to …
  • … Nature , 11 February 1874. Fritz’s …

To G. H. Darwin   10 June 1874

Summary

Comments on GHD’s paper ["Marriages between first cousins in England and their effects", Fortn. Rev. n.s. 18 (1875): 22–41]. Hopes it will be published and read at the Statistical Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  10 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9487

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   10 June 1874
  • … DAR 210.1: 23 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June 1874 George Howard Darwin …
  • … George’s notes have not been found (see letters to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and [ …
  • … 29 May 1874] ). …
  • … and letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 20 April 1874  and n.  2). The draft seen by CD has not …
  • … of ill health in his letter of 30 May 1874 . George was an examiner in mathematics and …
  • … took place between 8 and 13 June 1874 (Trinity College Archive, Head Lecturer’s Book 1801– …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874  and n.  1). Douglas Alexander Spalding had …

To Leonard Darwin   25 November 1874

Summary

LD’s letter recalled old scenes on board the Beagle.

CD’s "bothering correspondents" seem to increase in number and in folly; has just answered "two precious fools".

Has been working very hard on Droseraceae and can "now see daylight".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Darwin
Date:  25 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 153: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9733

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Leonard Darwin   25 November 1874
  • … DAR 153: 91 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Nov 1874 Leonard Darwin …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … from R.  F.  Cooke, 17 November 1874  and n.  2). A total of 2093 books were sold; 2070 is …
  • … Emma Litchfield from 3 to 12 December 1874 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Francis Darwin’s …
  • … Nov 25 1874 My dear old Leonardo. We were so much delighted to get your Capital letter …
  • … Emma Darwin, [after 26 June – 28 September 1874] , describing the events of his voyage to …
  • … Darwin to Emma Darwin, [after 26 June – 28 September 1874] . CD had begun writing up …
  • … sundew) at the beginning of April 1874 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)); it was published as …
  • … sold to leading booksellers on 13 November 1874 at John Murray’s sale dinner (see letter …

To G. H. Darwin   [29 May 1874]

Summary

CD has forwarded proofs of Descent [2d edition]. Urges GHD not to work on them if his poor health makes them too tiring.

Thanks GHD about Spalding [i.e., for responding to Spalding’s request, see 9472].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [29 May 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9474

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [29 May 1874] …
  • … DAR 210.1: 22 Charles Robert Darwin Down [29 May 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … Darwin. 2d edition. London: John Murray. 1874. Descent : The descent of man, and selection …
  • … this letter, the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] , and the letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 30 May 1874 . CD was preparing the second edition of Descent . The letter from …
  • … Down (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1874] and n.  2). William Clowes & Sons were …
  • … took place between 8 and 13 June 1874 (Trinity College Archive, Head Lecturer’s Book 1801– …
  • … a German translation of Descent 2d ed. (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 23 May [1874] ). …

From William Waring   13 April 1874

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Summary

On proportion of sexes in litters of greyhounds.

Author:  William Waring
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 44–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9407

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From William Waring   13 April 1874
  • … DAR 90: 44–5 William Waring unstated 13 Apr 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from William Waring, 9 January 1874 , and letter to …
  • … William Waring, 12 January [1874] . None of the existing letters from Waring to CD mention …
  • … males and females born (see letter to William Waring, 12 January [1874] , and letter from …
  • … George Cupples, 3 February 1874 ). …
  • … Woodlands, | Chelsfield. April 13 th . 1874 My dear Sir, Since I last wrote to you I have …

To Joseph Fayrer   [1–3 July 1874]

Summary

Cobra poison is a stimulant to protoplasm. Poison acts very differently on cilia and protoplasm of Drosera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet
Date:  [1–3 July 1874]
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9527F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Joseph Fayrer   [1–3 July 1874] …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 23 (1874–5): 274 Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin [1–3 July 1874] Joseph Fayrer, 1st baronet …
  • … see letter from Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 ). CD’s experiment was performed on Drosera …
  • … between this letter, the letter from Joseph Fayrer, 30 June 1874 , and the letter to …
  • … Joseph Fayrer, 4 July [1874] . This letter was published in Brunton …
  • … to Joseph Fayrer, [before 25 June 1874] ). Square brackets in the original: presumably the …
  • … tissues of a frog in his letter of 30 June 1874 . In Fayrer’s experiment, the ciliae …

To John Price   27 [July 1874]

Summary

Discusses Utricularia sent by JP.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  27 [July 1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.445)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9565

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Price   27 [July 1874] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.445) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 27 [July 1874] John Price …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). Entomostraca was formerly the name used to …
  • … Erasmus Darwin from Thursday 30 July to 24 August 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … 5, below). CD stayed at Abinger from 25 to 30 July 1874 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Darwin Fox had written to Price in June 1874, asking him to look for Utricularia and send …
  • … see letter from W.  D.  Fox, 22 June [1874] ). CD identified the specimen as Utricularia …
  • … his letter to Francis Darwin, [ c. 27 July 1874]. CD and Francis were studying Utricularia …

From John Price   10 September 1874

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Summary

Observations on flotation of Utricularia vulgaris.

Author:  John Price
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9631

Matches: 5 hits

  • … more specimens of Utricularia minor (lesser bladderwort) in his letter of 28 July [1874] . …
  • … From John Price   10 September 1874
  • … DAR 58.1: 90 John Price Chester 10 Sept 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Watergate S t . | Chester Sept 10. 1874 My dau r . remembers with me that U.  vulgaris did …
  • … see letter from John Price, [ c. 27 July 1874]). In Insectivorous plants , pp.  397–8 and …

To John Price   28 July [1874]

Summary

Thanks JP for note.

Sends instructions for mailing Utricularia plants to Down in his absence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  28 July [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9570

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Price   28 July [1874] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Abinger Hall 28 July [1874] John Price …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter to John Price, 27 [July 1874] . See …
  • … letter from John Price, [27 July 1874] , and letter to …
  • … John Price, 27 [July 1874] . Utricularia minor is lesser bladderwort. …
  • … from home from 25 July until 24 August 1874 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD’s gardener …
  • … Utricularia vulgaris (common bladderwort; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 July 1874 ). …

From W. H. M. Christie   12 October 1874

Summary

Announces arrival of the Merope [Leonard Darwin’s ship] at Canterbury, New Zealand.

Author:  William Henry Mahoney Christie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9677

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  H.  M.  Christie   12 October 1874
  • … Henry Mahoney Christie Royal Observatory, Greenwich 12 Oct 1874 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Observatory, Greenwich, | London, S.E. 1874 Oct.  12 Sir, The Astronomer Royal requests me …
  • … Christchurch, Canterbury province, New Zealand, on 27 September 1874 (Airy ed. 1881, p. …
  • … letter from Leonard Darwin to Emma Darwin, [after 26 June – 28 September 1874] ). CD’s son …
  • … joined the expedition in Plymouth in June 1874 (see letter from Emma Darwin to J.   …
  • … B.  Innes, 24 June [1874] ). The astronomer royal was George Biddell Airy; for more on the …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   28 [June 1874]

Summary

Must stop work on "bloom" and leaf movements if he is ever to get anything published on Drosera, etc.

Sends thanks for seeds. Encloses memorandum in case WTT-D wishes to communicate information to Royal Horticultural Society. Has not time to prepare article.

Discusses condition of plants borrowed from Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  28 [June 1874]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 19–22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9571

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer   28 [June 1874] …
  • … Robert Darwin Abinger Hall Down letterhead 28 [June 1874] William Turner Thiselton-Dyer …
  • … between this letter and the letters from W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 25 June 1874  and …
  • … 26 June 1874 . …
  • … In his letters of 25 June 1874 and …
  • … 26 June 1874, Thiselton-Dyer had responded to queries from CD, who was researching the …
  • … letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874 ) was evidently passed on to John Smith, the …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 9 June 1874  and n.   …
  • … 3, and letter to David Moore, 28 June 1874 . Thiselton-Dyer was one of the editors of the …
  • … read to the scientific committee of the society on 1 July 1874, and notices published in …
  • … both the Garden , 4 July 1874, p.   …
  • … 2, and the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 4 July 1874, p.  15. See letter from …
  • … W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 26 June 1874 . Thomas Henry Huxley. CD had been observing the …

To J. F. McLennan   10 November [1874]

Summary

Will send Alexis Giraud-Teulon’s book [Origines de la famille (1874)], which he has received but not read, if JFM cares to read it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Ferguson McLennan
Date:  10 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  R. F. Batchelder (dealer), Catalogue 44 (n.d.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9715

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  F.  McLennan   10 November [1874] …
  • … Catalogue 44 (n.d. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Nov [1874] John Ferguson McLennan …
  • … Teulon’s book [ Origines de la famille (1874)], which he has received but not read, if JFM …
  • … the origins of the family ( Giraud-Teulon 1874 ), inscribed to CD from the author, is in …
  • … work Primitive marriage ( McLennan 1865 ); see letter from J.  F.  McLennan, 13 May 1874 . …
  • … Bibliography Giraud-Teulon, Alexis. 1874. Les origines de la famille: questions sur les …

To Nature   6 April [1874]

Summary

Comments on J. T. Moggridge’s article on the fertilisation of Fumaria capreolata [Nature 9 (1874): 423].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  6 Apr [1874]
Classmark:  Nature, 16 April 1874, p. 460
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9393

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Nature    6 April [1874] …
  • … Nature , 16 April 1874, p.   …
  • … 460 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Apr [1874] Nature …
  • … T. Moggridge’s article on the fertilisation of Fumaria capreolata [ Nature 9 (1874): 423]. …
  • … capreolata appeared in Nature , 2 April 1874, p.  423. Moggridge’s letter was communicated …

To G. H. Darwin   [6 December 1874]

Summary

Returns historical sketch [of GHD’s "cousin paper"?] with comments. "For Heavens sake put a sentence in some conspicuous place that your results seem to indicate that consanguineous marriage, as far as insanity is concerned, cannot be injurious in any very high degree."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [6 Dec 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9746

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [6 December 1874] …
  • … 210.1: 42 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [6 Dec 1874] George Howard Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . …
  • … In 1874, the Sunday after 5 December was 6 December. See letter …
  • … from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . CD had presumably read the last part of George’s …
  • … letter to H.  A.  Huxley, [5 December 1874] . St George Jackson Mivart had attacked an …
  • … John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor in the Quarterly Review ( [Mivart] 1874 , p.  70). …
  • … s response, discussed at length with CD in letters in August 1874, appeared in the October …
  • … issue of Quarterly Review (137 (1874): 587–8), followed by a rejoinder, presumably by …
  • … Burnett Tylor. ] Quarterly Review 137 (1874): 40–77. ODNB : Oxford dictionary of national …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 5 December 1874 . Erasmus Alvey Darwin. CD refers to Thomas …
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Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the …
  • … intervals’ ( letter to D. T. Gardner, [ c . 27 August 1874] ). The death of a Cambridge friend, …
  • … and collecting beetles ( letter from W. D. Fox, 8 May [1874] ).  Such reminiscences led Darwin to …
  • … much more than forwards’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ). I feel very old & …
  • … old & helpless’  ( letter to B. J. Sulivan, 6 January [1874] ). Darwin mentioned his poor …
  • … on the matter ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 26 October 1874 ). Séances, psychics, and …
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Later in the month, …
  • … and an imposter’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 27 January 1874 ). Darwin agreed that it was ‘all …
  • … perform his antics’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 29 January [1874] ). This did not stop word getting …
  • … at his home ( letter from T. G. Appleton, 2 April 1874 ). Back over old ground New …
  • … Charles Lyell ( letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 8 January 1874 , letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 …
  • … of correction’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 21 [March 1874] ). The book came out in June with the …
  • … Darwin on this point ( letter from J. D. Dana, 21 July 1874 ); however, he did not retract his …
  • … dog breeders (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material …
  • … Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 ; letters …
  • … islanders ( letter from William Dealtry, 16 January 1874 ). One of the most significant …
  • … enemy into a jelly’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 14 April 1874 ). The technical nature of Huxley’s …
  • … mind where it goes’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 16 April 1874 ). The second edition of  …
  • … would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's son George …
  • … of your thought’ ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 20 April 1874 ). The Mivart affair …
  • … mental and physical disorders (G. H. Darwin 1873b). In July 1874, an anonymous essay appeared in the …
  • … libel’ on his son ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [27 July 1874] ).  George, however, consulted with his …
  • … [a] lying scoundrel’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). He drafted a brief statement of …

Darwin's 1874 letters go online

Summary

The full transcripts and footnotes of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. You can read about Darwin's life in 1874 through his letters and see a full list of the letters. The 1874 letters…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of over 600 letters to and from Charles Darwin in 1874 are published online for the first time. …
  • … ( Letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ) The Mivart affair highlights …
  • … are some other highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1874: I feel as old as …
  • … signifying so much.  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) At the age of 65, Darwin …
  • … more quietly was severely tested by some of the events of 1874. He had a clear idea of the shape of …
  • … must be enough for me  ( Letter to W. D. Fox, 11 May [1874] ) During the year he …
  • … the positive  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 August [1874] ) – he mourned after several …
  • … day’s work  ( Letter to D. F. Nevill, 18 September [1874] ) Darwin’s family continued …
  • … have to do—  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 November [1874] ) Darwin’s continuing …

St George Jackson Mivart

Summary

In the second half of 1874, Darwin’s peace was disturbed by an anonymous article in the Quarterly Review suggesting that his son George was opposed to the institution of marriage and in favour of ‘unrestrained licentiousness’. Darwin suspected, correctly,…

Matches: 16 hits

  • … In 1874, the Catholic zoologist St George Jackson Mivart caused Darwin and his son …
  • … appeared to have created very little stir, until, in July 1874, Mivart published an anonymous review …
  • … of the Quarterly ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 29 July 1874 ). Darwin hastily advised against …
  • … to wish to circulate ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 1 August [1874] ). Darwin provided a draft of the …
  • … to endorse them ( letter from G. H. Darwin, 5 August 1874 ). He sent a second draft, which Darwin …
  • … a fair copy of his letter with his letter of 6 [August] 1874 . George and Darwin were also …
  • … George’s letter to Murray with his letter of 11 August 1874 , and was no doubt relieved to …
  • … to all he asked ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). In October, George’s letter …
  • … a Pickwickian sense’ ( letter to John Murray, 18 October 1874 ). In other words, Mivart had used …
  • … reaction was savage ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [6 December 1874] ). Hooker and Huxley between them …
  • … the attack on George ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December 1874 ). Huxley met Mivart at an evening …
  • … ( Enclosure to letter from J. D. Hooker, 21 December 1874 .) A reply soon came from Mivart . …
  • … of a gentleman’ ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 23 December 1874 ). However, Huxley still wrote to …
  • … this.   124 Gower St W.C. Dec. 24th 1874. Private & Confidential …
  • … to John Tyndall ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 , and letter from J. D. Hooker, 29 …
  • … 16 January 1875, p. 66, signed, ‘The Quarterly Reviewer of 1874’. In it he reiterated his claim that …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874 , while he was staying in London. …
  • … stockings. (Letter from Joseph Simms, 14 September 1874 ) The foot could tell …

Essay: What is Darwinism?

Summary

—by Asa Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge asks he promptly and decisively answers: ‘What is Darwinism? it is atheism.’ Leaving aside all subsidiary and incidental matters, let us consider–1. What the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Gray WHAT IS DARWINISM? The Nation, May 28, 1874 The question which Dr. Hodge …

Essay: Evolution & theology

Summary

—by Asa Gray EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward doctrines of evolution, from the nebular hypothesis down to ‘Darwinism,’ is no less worthy of consideration, and hardly less diverse, than that of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … EVOLUTION AND THEOLOGY The Nation, January 15, 1874 The attitude of theologians toward …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … attack upon Darwin’s son George, in an anonymous review in 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, …
  • … had also considered taking up the issue with Murray in 1874, even threatening to break off future …
  • … laid to rest, another controversy was brewing. In December 1874, Darwin had been asked to sign a …
  • … botanical research and had visited Down House in April 1874 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letters …
  • … A scientific friendship had developed between the men in 1874, and this was enhanced by Romanes’s …
  • … white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing Pangenesis …
  • … had learned of Lyell’s failing health from Hooker in 1874 and January 1875. On 22 February, he was …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 9426 - Story-Maskelyne , T. M. to Darwin, [23 April 1874] Thereza Story-Maskelyne …
  • … Letter 9616 - Marshall, T. to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall sends …
  • … 9606 - Harrison, L. C. to Darwin, [22 August 1874] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, sends a …
  • … Letter 9616  - Marshall, T.  to Darwin, [September 1874] Theodosia Marshall details …
  • … Letter 9485 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [8 June 1874] Mary Treat details her experiments …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … started ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 18 January [1874] ). Darwin took Emma to a Sunday afternoon at …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … to Hermanus Hartogh Heijs van Zouteveen, 18 February 1874 ) Zouteveen’s editions of …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 3 AUGUST 1871 201  TO A GRAY 3 JUNE [1874] 202  FROM A GRAY 16 …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 9580 - Darwin to Darwin, G. H. D., [1 August 1874] Darwin gives feedback on work …
  • … Letter 9613 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [30 August 1874] Darwin comments on a “clever” …

Darwin’s first love

Summary

Darwin’s long marriage to Emma Wedgwood is well documented, but was there an earlier romance in his life? How was his departure on the Beagle entangled with his first love? The answers are revealed in a series of flirtatious letters that Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … months earlier. Although  Sarah visited Darwin in Down in 1874 , their connection lapsed until …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … later, would take his camera across the globe to observe the 1874 transit of Venus. Tommy, …
  • … Perfilieff , a member of the Tolstoy family in March of 1874, Darwin included the line “I have the …
  • … newly-produced  carte . Image: Charles Darwin, 1874, Elliot and Fry, Dar 257:11,   …
  • … ©Cambridge University Library Between 1874 and 1878 Darwin was very busy – too busy, …
  • … Darwin’s Pictures: Views of Evolutionary Theory, 1837-1874 . New Haven, USA: Yale University Press, …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the …
  • … experiments on live animals in Britain. In December 1874, Darwin was asked to sign a memorial …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9377 : Darwin, C. R. to Abbott, F. E. A., 30 March 1874 Writing to the American …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 9633 - Nevill, D. F. to Darwin, [11 September 1874] Dorothy Nevill tells Darwin …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … This point was not lost on Royer. In 1874 in front of the  Société d’Anthropologie de Paris , she …
  • … before the Societe d’Anthropologie de Paris in 1874. …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the  …

Titus Coan

Summary

In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man, he received letters from all over the world in reply to his queries about human behaviour; one in particular would have stirred up unexpected memories of his own time among the native…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1874, when Darwin was preparing the second edition of Descent of Man , he …
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