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From A. R. Wallace   18 November 1873

Summary

Discussion of his possible assistance on editorial work for revised edition of Descent.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Nov 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: B118–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9151

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   18 November 1873
  • … DAR 106: B118–19 Alfred Russel Wallace Grays 18 Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 . Charles Lyell’s last four editions were …
  • … the antiquity of man 4th ed. ( C.  Lyell 1873 ). In A.  R.  Wallace 1905 , 1: 430, Wallace …
  • … The Dell, Grays, Essex Nov.  18th.  1873 Dear Darwin I quite understand what you require, …
  • … of natural selection’, Nature , 13 February 1873, pp.  277–9; ‘Disestablishment and …
  • … Church of England’, Macmillan’s Magazine 27 (1873): 498–507; ‘Free-trade principles and …
  • … the coal question’, Daily News , 16 September 1873, p.  6; ‘Limitation of …
  • … state functions in the administration of justice’, Contemporary Review 23 (1873): 43–52. …
  • … vols. London: John Murray. Lyell, Charles. 1873. The geological evidences of the antiquity …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 . Wallace refers to Henry Walter Bates and …
  • … letter from H.  W.  Bates, 15 November 1873 . John Murray (CD’s publisher). Wallace refers …

To C. G. Ehrenberg   30 December 1873

Summary

Thanks CGE for gift of his latest work [Mikrogeologische Studien (1873)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  30 Dec 1873
Classmark:  Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (Nachlass Ehrenburg Nr. 321)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9192

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To C.  G.  Ehrenberg   30 December 1873
  • … Thanks CGE for gift of his latest work [ Mikrogeologische Studien (1873)]. …
  • … Ehrenburg Nr.  321) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Dec 1873 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg …
  • … Bibliography Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. 1873. Mikrogeologische Studien über das …
  • … Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (1873): 131–98. …
  • … See letter from C.  G.  Ehrenberg, 20 October 1873  and n.  2. …
  • … The reference is to Ehrenberg 1873 . CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. The …

From J. D. Hooker   29 October 1873

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Summary

Sends plant specimens.

He and Thiselton-Dyer, working on with Nepenthes, have independently found the spiral vessels going to the gland. CD’s view that the glands are secretory organs is suggestive. When Nepenthes is as much done as CD wants,

he will turn to Cephalotus and Sarracenia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 176–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9116

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   29 October 1873
  • … DAR 103: 176–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 29 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the grass vetchling) in his letter to Hooker of 23 October [1873]. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 October [1873] . Francis …
  • … Darwin had visited Kew on 26 October 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] ). …
  • … Kew in his letter to Hooker of 26 October [1873]; it was sent on 31 October (Royal Botanic …
  • … see letter to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873  and n.  9). Hooker refers to John Russell, …
  • … insectivorous plants. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 October 1873 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 October [1873] . Hooker was experimenting with putting pieces of albumen ( …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 October 1873 . CD had asked Francis to ask Hooker to try an …

From John Tyndall   21 April 1873

Summary

[Sir Joseph?] Whitworth’s contribution brings total to over £2000. Wishes CD could be persuaded to come to lunch with Huxley and Emerson.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: C15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8870

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   21 April 1873
  • … DAR 106: C15 John Tyndall Royal Institution 21 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley to Michael Foster, 22 April 1873 ( Dawson 1946 , p.  51, no.  61)). …
  • … had returned home from his London visit on 10 April 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Institution of Great Britain 21 st . April 1873 My dear Darwin Whitworth has sent us £150— …
  • … Huxley (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2). The money raised for the …
  • … Lubbock’s bank, Robarts, Lubbock & Co. (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). In …
  • … his letter to Tyndall of 18 April [1873], CD had expressed his worry about the letter he …

To J. D. Hooker   3 November [1873]

Summary

Discusses experiments and observations on pitchers [of Nepenthes]. Suggests procedures for JDH to follow.

Any plant of any family with a terminal or with any lateral leaflets greatly reduced would be interesting to CD for studying spontaneous movements.

Has not received Eucalyptus or Acacia plants from Rollisson.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 ff. 2–3 and 39a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9130

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 November [1873] …
  • … Correspondence vol. 21, enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] . …
  • … Royal Botanic Garden Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873–8 ff. 2– …
  • … 3 and 39a) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] . Hooker was trying to repeat experiments on …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] ). CD’s work on Drosera was not published …
  • … see Correspondence vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 October [1873] ). CD had …
  • … begun to consult Andrew Clark earlier in 1873 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 21, letter to Charles Lyell, 24 September 1873 ). For the list of species names, see …
  • … vol. 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 January [1873] . See Correspondence vol. 21, letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 November 1873] and nn.  3 and 4. CD wished to observe leaf …

To Friedrich Hildebrand   16 November [1873]

Summary

Thanks for FH’s work on the means of the distribution of plants (Hildebrand 1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  16 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Klaus Groove (private collection) [Sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9146F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Friedrich Hildebrand   16 November [1873] …
  • … Thanks for FH’s work on the means of the distribution of plants (Hildebrand 1873). …
  • … 16 March 2018. ] Charles Robert Darwin 16 Nov [1873] Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) …
  • … Bibliography Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1873. Die Verbreitungsmittel der Pflanzen . Leipzig: …
  • … letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 23 May 1873 . Hildebrand had promised to send CD a copy …
  • … of the distribution of plants (see letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 23 May 1873 ). There …
  • … is an annotated copy of Hildebrand 1873  in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 379– …

To G. H. Darwin   [17 November 1873]

Summary

Sorry to hear of GHD’s poor health – he could have pleasant society at Cambridge if he were stronger.

Contributes £75 [to a fund for Naples Zoological Station] "if the affair goes on after we hear from Dohrn".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [17 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9148

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To G.  H.  Darwin   [17 November 1873] …
  • … 210.1: 16 Charles Robert Darwin London, Bryanston St, 2 [17 Nov 1873] George Howard Darwin …
  • … at Naples (see letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 15 November [1873] , and letter from T.  H.   …
  • … Huxley to Anton Dohrn, 15 November 1873 ). …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 15 November [1873] ; …
  • … in 1873, the Monday following 15 November was 17 November. The letter from G.  H.   …
  • … Darwin has not been found, but see the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 15 November [1873]. …
  • … In October 1873, George moved from London to Trinity College, Cambridge, to pursue a …

To A. R. Wallace   [18 November 1873]

Summary

CD’s son [George] could do the work [of proof-correction for Descent, 2d ed.] if ARW finds he does not care for it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  [18 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 96: 164
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9152

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   [18 November 1873] …
  • … R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 . …
  • … DAR 96: 164 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [18 Nov 1873] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … this letter, the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 , and the letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, [19 November 1873] . George Howard Darwin. CD refers to the work needed to …
  • … and his letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 . See enclosure to letter from H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 15 November 1873 . See letter to A.   …

From G. H. Darwin to Nature   4 October [1873]

Summary

Sends, with CD’s approval, a clarification of CD’s explanation of how useless organs might diminish [see 9061]. Using Quetelet’s law of normal distribution GHD shows how horns of cattle, having become useless, would gradually diminish and finally disappear.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  4 Oct [1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 16 October 1873, p. 505
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9087

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin to Nature    4 October [1873] …
  • … Nature , 16 October 1873, p.   …
  • … 505 George Howard Darwin Down 4 Oct [1873] Nature …
  • … is established by the fact that this letter was published in Nature , 16 October 1873. …
  • … See letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]. See letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [before 3 October 1873] , and letter to G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, 3 October [1873] . George refers to Adolphe Quetelet and Quetelet 1869 , 1: …

From T. W. Higginson   30 March 1873

Summary

Pleased CD enjoyed his book [Outdoor papers (1871)].

Rejoices at CD’s kindly feelings toward the coloured race.

The Index is in financial trouble due to F. E. Abbot’s unworldliness.

Agassiz is setting up a summer school for natural history off the Massachusetts coast. His pupils develop more liberal scientific opinions than Agassiz’s.

Encloses some notes on expression.

Author:  Thomas Wentworth Higginson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 166: 198
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8830

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From T.  W.  Higginson   30 March 1873
  • … DAR 166: 198 Thomas Wentworth Higginson Newport, R.I. 30 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Abbot, Francis Ellingwood. 1873. The inside history of the Index Association. …
  • … annual meeting in Toledo, Ohio, June 7, 1873 . Cambridge, Mass. : Press of John Wilson & …
  • … Newport. R.I. | U.S.  America March 30. 1873. My dear Sir Thank you heartily for your very …
  • … letter to T.  W.  Higginson, 27 February [1873] . Following Higginson’s visit to Down in …
  • … letter to T.  W.  Higginson, 27 February [1873] and n.  5. The Index was a weekly paper …
  • … as editor of the Index on 20 March 1873 after the paper fell into financial difficulties. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. New York: D. Appleton. 1873. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1977. The works of …
  • … In his detailed account of the affair ( Abbot 1873 ), Abbot claimed that two of the five …
  • … were Edward Bissell and Calvin Cone. Abbot was reinstated as editor on 14 June 1873. ( …
  • … Index , 27 March 1873, 14  …
  • … June 1873. ) …
  • … In March 1873, Louis Agassiz accepted Penikese Island off the southern coast of …

To J. D. Hooker   31 October 1873

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Summary

On Nepenthes.

Asks JDH, if he publishes, to mention CD’s work on digestive powers of Drosera so that charges of plagiarism will not be made against CD later when he publishes.

Describes at length his observations on the movements of Desmodium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 300–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9118

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   31 October 1873
  • … DAR 95: 300–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Oct 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] . CD later discussed Lathyrus nissolia ( …
  • … plants , pp.  33–4. Francis had visited Kew on Sunday 26 October 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) …
  • … Down Oct 31 1873 My dear Hooker I will now answer the rest of yr letter; but first, I …
  • … In his letter of 29 October 1873, Hooker had offered to send an Acacia farnesiana (now …
  • … organs, in his letter of 29 October 1873 (see also J.  D.  Hooker 1874, p.  112). ‘ …
  • … London ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873 ). CD had asked Francis Darwin to buy …
  • … and learn to use an immersion lens ( letter to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873 ). CD was …
  • … in London from 8 to 18 November 1873 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD later discussed …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873  and n.  7. CD later described the digestive …

To László Dapsy   9 June 1873

Summary

Is glad to hear LD’s translation [of Origin (1873–4)] progresses well.

Offers to send a photograph of himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Laszlo Dapsy
Date:  9 June 1873
Classmark:  DAR 96: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8940

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To László Dapsy   9 June 1873
  • … DAR 96: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place 9 June 1873 Laszlo Dapsy …
  • … Is glad to hear LD’s translation [of Origin (1873–4)] progresses well. Offers to send a …
  • … Letter from László Dapsy, 1 June 1873. CD refers to Dapsy’s …
  • … translation of Origin (Dapsy trans.  1873–4). …
  • … See letter from László Dapsy, 1 June 1873  and n.  2. An illustration based on a …

To J. D. Hooker   31 July [1873]

Summary

Has three common garden plants of which he needs to know correct names; will send specimens as soon as he hears JDH is back.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 July [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 267
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8991

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   31 July [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 267 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 July [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873 . Hooker accompanied Thomas Henry Huxley on …
  • … a recuperative visit to France from 2 July to 2 August 1873 (see letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 June 1873 and …
  • … 3 August 1873). The plants have not been identified but …
  • … were probably named by Hooker when he visited Down on 23 August 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 August [1873] , and Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

To Gerard Krefft   12 July [1873]

Summary

Thanks JLGK for photos of natives of Queensland.

Asks if he can observe whether worms throw up castings in wet weather.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Date:  12 July [1873]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (MLMSS 5282)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8975

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Gerard Krefft   12 July [1873] …
  • … MLMSS 5282) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1873] Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft …
  • … skeleton of Chlamydosaurus kingii (see letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873  and n.  4). …
  • … Huxley visited Down from 27 to 28 June 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873 ). …
  • … letter and the letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873 . Krefft enclosed photographs of a …
  • … New Guinea men with his letter of 3 May 1873. The letter enclosing the photograph of the …
  • … are mentioned in Krefft’s letter of 3 May 1873. Neither of these sets of photographs has …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 9 July [1873] . Krefft had written to Thomas Henry Huxley …

To C. H. Blackley   5 July [1873]

Summary

Comments on CHB’s book [Experimental researches on catarrhus aestivus – hay-fever or hay-asthma (1873)].

Explains that some pollens are wind-blown while others depend on insects for dispersal. Effect of pollen on skin and mucous membrane astonishing. Sends a book [M. Wyman, Autumnal catarrh (1872)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Date:  5 July [1873]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Albert E. Lownes Manuscript Collection, Ms.84.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8965

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To C.  H.  Blackley   5 July [1873] …
  • … Collection, Ms.84.2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 July [1873] Charles Harrison Blackley …
  • … catarrhus aestivus – hay-fever or hay-asthma (1873)]. Explains that some pollens are wind- …
  • … Bibliography Blackley, Charles Harrison. 1873. Experimental researches on the causes and …
  • … is established by the reference to Blackley 1873 . CD refers to Blackley’s Experimental …
  • … of catarrhus aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma) ( Blackley 1873 ). See letter to C.   …
  • … H.  Blackley, 14 June [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … See letter from Federico Delpino, 18 June 1873 , n.  8, and Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … p.  381. The list appears in Blackley 1873 , p.  75. CD underlined the anemophilous plants …
  • … Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 711). The St Louis case is in the 1873 report, p.  86 n. …
  • … Burdon Sanderson, visited on 4 July 1873. CD had mentioned the account of coniferous …
  • … could explain why patients suffered from hay fever out at sea ( Blackley 1873 , p.  148). …
  • … CD annotated this passage in Blackley 1873 ‘error? ’ (see Marginalia 1: 59), taking issue …

To Francis Darwin   15 August [1873]

Summary

Observations on bees’ biting holes in Lathyrus.

Suggests an experiment FD could carry out with Drosera.

CD is working on Mimosa, and "everything has turned out as perversely as possible".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  15 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9014

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   15 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 271.3: 8 Charles Robert Darwin Southampton 15 Aug [1873] Francis Darwin …
  • … to Abinger; this visit took place between 5 and 9 August 1873 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] and n.  2. CD …
  • … maritimus . In a note dated 17 August 1873 (DAR 77: 33), CD listed Lathyrus praetensis , …
  • … 43). Notes on further experiments carried out in August 1873 are in DAR 209.2: 44–7. …
  • … In his letter of 14 August [1873], Francis had noted that the worms in his worm garden …
  • … also letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] and n.  3 Bombus lapidarius is the red- …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [16 or 17 August 1873] ). In L.  sylvestris , one side has a more …
  • … on Coronilla in 1874. See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 14 August 1873  and n.  3. …
  • … In his letter of 14 August [1873], Francis mentioned the worm garden he and Amy Ruck had …
  • … February [1872] , and this volume, letter to Francis Darwin, [before 15 April 1873] ). See …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] and n.  4. Francis’s training in the natural …
  • … by wet moss. In a note dated 15 August 1873, CD described the closing up of leaves of …

To T. L. Brunton   26 March 1873

Summary

Thanks for Indian [Medical] Gazette. Comments on article.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Date:  26 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 143: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8825

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  L.  Brunton   26 March 1873
  • … Bibliography Moore, W. J. 1873. Columbidæ. Indian Medical Gazette 8: 7–9, 35–7. …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Montague St, 16 26 Mar 1873 Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet …
  • … originally by injury or disease had become heritable ( W.  J.  Moore 1873 , pp.  35–6). …
  • … on tumbling behaviour in some species of pigeon ( W.  J.  Moore 1873 ; see first letter to …
  • … Nature , [before 3 April 1873] and n.  7). John Scott Burdon Sanderson. …
  • … See letter to J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson, 29 March 1873 . See …
  • … first letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873]. Moore had conducted experiments in which …

From John Tyndall   16 April 1873

Summary

It is Huxley’s "duty to do what we wish him to do – his duty to his wife and children, his duty to us and to the world". Shares CD’s wish that Mrs [Henry] L[yell?] had not subscribed – it suggests the idea of an effort.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: C13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8860

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   16 April 1873
  • … DAR 106: C13–14 John Tyndall Royal Institution 16 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … ODNB ). Katherine Murray Lyell (see letter to John Tyndall, 11 April 1873 and n.  4). …
  • … See letter to John Tyndall, 11 April 1873 . …
  • … The Saturday preceding 16 April 1873 was 12 April. …
  • … At a meeting on 8 April 1873, it was agreed that CD should be the one to inform Thomas …
  • … his friends (see letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ; see also letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). Michael Faraday was awarded a civil list pension of £300 a …
  • … Institution of Great Britain 16 th April 1873 My dear Darwin Your excellent letter reached …

To W. H. Flower   30 June 1873

Summary

Thanks for sending WHF’s lecture, ‘On palaeontological evidence of the modifications of animal forms’ (Flower 1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  30 June 1873
Classmark:  John Innes Foundation Historical Collections
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8958F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  H.  Flower   30 June 1873
  • … Foundation Historical Collections Charles Robert Darwin 30 June 1873 William Henry Flower …
  • … On palaeontological evidence of the modifications of animal forms’ (Flower 1873). …
  • … evidence of the modifications of animal forms’ (Flower 1873), was delivered …
  • … on 25 April 1873 at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. CD’s annotated copy is in the …
  • … Artiodactyla (even-toed), had been established by Richard Owen (see Flower 1873, p.  97). …

To Raphael Meldola   13 August [1873]

Summary

Thanks RM for his paper on mimicry.

Cannot answer RM’s query because he believes it impossible to define large variations.

Believes monstrosities are generally injurious and are not often, if ever, taken advantage of in nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Raphael Meldola
Date:  13 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History (Hope Entomological Collections 1350: Hope/Westwood Archive, Darwin folder)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9006

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Raphael Meldola   13 August [1873] …
  • … Darwin folder) Charles Robert Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 13 Aug [1873] Raphael Meldola …
  • … Bibliography Meldola, Raphael. 1873. On a certain class of cases of …
  • … variable protective colouring in insects. [Read 4 February 1873. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1873): 153–62. …
  • … See letter from Raphael Meldola, 11 August 1873  and n.  1. …
  • … Meldola sent a copy of Meldola 1873 , a paper on variable protective colouring in insects. …
  • … letter from Raphael Meldola, 11 August 1873  and n.  2. Meldola had asked whether large …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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