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To J. D. Hooker   31 July [1873]

Summary

Has three common garden plants of which he needs to know correct names; will send specimens as soon as he hears JDH is back.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 July [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 267
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8991

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   31 July [1873] …
  • … DAR 94: 267 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 July [1873] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 August 1873 . Hooker accompanied Thomas Henry Huxley on …
  • … a recuperative visit to France from 2 July to 2 August 1873 (see letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 June 1873 and …
  • … 3 August 1873). The plants have not been identified but …
  • … were probably named by Hooker when he visited Down on 23 August 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 August [1873] , and Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …

To J. D. Hooker   31 October 1873

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Summary

On Nepenthes.

Asks JDH, if he publishes, to mention CD’s work on digestive powers of Drosera so that charges of plagiarism will not be made against CD later when he publishes.

Describes at length his observations on the movements of Desmodium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 95: 300–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9118

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   31 October 1873
  • … DAR 95: 300–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Oct 1873 Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] . CD later discussed Lathyrus nissolia ( …
  • … plants , pp.  33–4. Francis had visited Kew on Sunday 26 October 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) …
  • … Down Oct 31 1873 My dear Hooker I will now answer the rest of yr letter; but first, I …
  • … In his letter of 29 October 1873, Hooker had offered to send an Acacia farnesiana (now …
  • … organs, in his letter of 29 October 1873 (see also J.  D.  Hooker 1874, p.  112). ‘ …
  • … London ( letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873 ). CD had asked Francis Darwin to buy …
  • … and learn to use an immersion lens ( letter to Francis Darwin, 10 October 1873 ). CD was …
  • … in London from 8 to 18 November 1873 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). CD later discussed …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 29 October 1873  and n.  7. CD later described the digestive …

To Gerard Krefft   12 July [1873]

Summary

Thanks JLGK for photos of natives of Queensland.

Asks if he can observe whether worms throw up castings in wet weather.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft
Date:  12 July [1873]
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (MLMSS 5282)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8975

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Gerard Krefft   12 July [1873] …
  • … MLMSS 5282) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1873] Johann Louis Gerard (Gerard) Krefft …
  • … skeleton of Chlamydosaurus kingii (see letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873  and n.  4). …
  • … Huxley visited Down from 27 to 28 June 1873 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 June 1873 ). …
  • … letter and the letter from Gerard Krefft, 3 May 1873 . Krefft enclosed photographs of a …
  • … New Guinea men with his letter of 3 May 1873. The letter enclosing the photograph of the …
  • … are mentioned in Krefft’s letter of 3 May 1873. Neither of these sets of photographs has …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 9 July [1873] . Krefft had written to Thomas Henry Huxley …

To Francis Darwin   15 August [1873]

Summary

Observations on bees’ biting holes in Lathyrus.

Suggests an experiment FD could carry out with Drosera.

CD is working on Mimosa, and "everything has turned out as perversely as possible".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  15 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 271.3: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9014

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   15 August [1873] …
  • … DAR 271.3: 8 Charles Robert Darwin Southampton 15 Aug [1873] Francis Darwin …
  • … to Abinger; this visit took place between 5 and 9 August 1873 (‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … See letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] and n.  2. CD …
  • … maritimus . In a note dated 17 August 1873 (DAR 77: 33), CD listed Lathyrus praetensis , …
  • … 43). Notes on further experiments carried out in August 1873 are in DAR 209.2: 44–7. …
  • … In his letter of 14 August [1873], Francis had noted that the worms in his worm garden …
  • … also letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] and n.  3 Bombus lapidarius is the red- …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [16 or 17 August 1873] ). In L.  sylvestris , one side has a more …
  • … on Coronilla in 1874. See letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 14 August 1873  and n.  3. …
  • … In his letter of 14 August [1873], Francis mentioned the worm garden he and Amy Ruck had …
  • … February [1872] , and this volume, letter to Francis Darwin, [before 15 April 1873] ). See …
  • … letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] and n.  4. Francis’s training in the natural …
  • … by wet moss. In a note dated 15 August 1873, CD described the closing up of leaves of …

To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873

Summary

Asks for details about microscope parts.

Wants FD to ask Hooker for species of Desmodium; CD believes he has found new movements.

Also ask whether Hooker has Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1873
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9095

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Francis Darwin   10 October 1873
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (JDH/3/6 Insectivorous plants 1873-8 f.1) Charles Robert …
  • … Darwin Down 10 Oct 1873 Francis Darwin …
  • … but there is no record of one sent in 1873 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Outwards book ). …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Oct 10. 1873 You had better take this note to Kew and read to …
  • … a microscope from the German maker, Edmund Hartnack, in June 1873 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). Nouveau petite modèle : new small model ( …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). In his Classed account books (Down House …
  • … of £16 8 s. for ‘Hartnack &c’ on 26 June 1873. CD discussed the movements of Desmodium …
  • … from Francis Darwin, [before 26 June 1873] ). Immersion lenses were designed to view …

From John Tyndall   16 April 1873

Summary

It is Huxley’s "duty to do what we wish him to do – his duty to his wife and children, his duty to us and to the world". Shares CD’s wish that Mrs [Henry] L[yell?] had not subscribed – it suggests the idea of an effort.

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: C13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8860

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   16 April 1873
  • … DAR 106: C13–14 John Tyndall Royal Institution 16 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … ODNB ). Katherine Murray Lyell (see letter to John Tyndall, 11 April 1873 and n.  4). …
  • … See letter to John Tyndall, 11 April 1873 . …
  • … The Saturday preceding 16 April 1873 was 12 April. …
  • … At a meeting on 8 April 1873, it was agreed that CD should be the one to inform Thomas …
  • … his friends (see letter to William Spottiswoode, [8 April 1873] ; see also letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). Michael Faraday was awarded a civil list pension of £300 a …
  • … Institution of Great Britain 16 th April 1873 My dear Darwin Your excellent letter reached …

From John Murray   25 September [1873]

Summary

Acknowledges CD’s cheque.

Sends CD cheque for profits on Orchids and a statement of stock on hand of CD’s works [missing].

Origin and Expression sales are stagnant.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 437, DAR 210.11: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9071

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From John Murray   25 September [1873] …
  • … DAR 210.11: 1 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 25 Sept [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … sheet : ‘[‘State’ del ] Sale of my Books Sept  25 1873. —’ red crayon Verso 2d sheet : ‘ …
  • … Number of all my publications Sept.  1873’ red crayon Stocks on Hand : ‘26’, ‘75’, ‘2404’ …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to John Murray, 24 September [1873] . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 24 September [1873] and n.  2. CD was paying for the presentation …
  • … a Set of Electros – – – 133 4 11 133 4 11 1873 June By 81 on hand " Author’s 1 3 Profit 36 …
  • … 19 6 Stocks on Hand. June 30. 1873 * 1716 “ Origin of species ” 7/6  …
  • … Edition 2000 No printed March 1873 for which Author has not yet been paid 26 “ Variations …
  • … which Author was paid £1050— 2000 No printed 1873 for which Author has not yet been paid * …
  • … hand 1869 June " Electros 2 10 – 1 Author in Sheets 1873 June " Advertising 6 years 22 – – …
  • … 82 81 On Hand June 1873 " Binding 400 Copies 12 1 8 434 Sold viz " Com n allow d agents – …

To W. H. Flower   30 June 1873

Summary

Thanks for sending WHF’s lecture, ‘On palaeontological evidence of the modifications of animal forms’ (Flower 1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Henry Flower
Date:  30 June 1873
Classmark:  John Innes Foundation Historical Collections
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8958F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  H.  Flower   30 June 1873
  • … Foundation Historical Collections Charles Robert Darwin 30 June 1873 William Henry Flower …
  • … On palaeontological evidence of the modifications of animal forms’ (Flower 1873). …
  • … evidence of the modifications of animal forms’ (Flower 1873), was delivered …
  • … on 25 April 1873 at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. CD’s annotated copy is in the …
  • … Artiodactyla (even-toed), had been established by Richard Owen (see Flower 1873, p.  97). …

From J. D. Hooker   [8 November 1873]

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Summary

Has had a week’s cessation of Nepenthes work.

Had to get out a paper for the Linnean Society on Thursday.

Has tried Mimosa albida in hothouse and found it wonderfully sensitive.

A military report from India praises his travel book.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 184–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9150

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [8 November 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 184–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [8 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … hints on mountain and jungle warfare (Gawler 1873, p.  3). Leonard Darwin was in Royal …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 November 1873 . …
  • … In 1873, the Saturday following 6 November was 8 November. Hooker refers to Francis …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 November 1873] . Hooker had been experimenting on the …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3  November [1873] and n.  2). His paper on the parasitic …
  • … of Prosopanche americana ) was read at the Linnean Society on 6 November 1873 (J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker 1873). For CD’s interest in Mimosa albida , see the letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] and n.  5. Hooker’s Himalayan journals (J.   …

From J. D. Hague   26 June 1873

Summary

Confirms previous observations on ants [see 8788].

Author:  James Duncan Hague
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 June 1873
Classmark:  Nature, 24 July 1873, p. 244
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8954

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hague   26 June 1873
  • … Nature , 24 July 1873, p. 244 …
  • … James Duncan Hague San Francisco 26 June 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … extant letter to Hague is dated 25 April [1873]. Hague had sent CD observations of ants ( …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hague, 26 February 1873 , and second letter to …
  • … Nature , [before 3 April 1873]). CD had sent Hague comments on ant behaviour by John …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hague, 25 April [1873] ). CD sent Hague’s letter to Nature , where …
  • … was published together with a note by CD (see letter to Nature , [before 24 July 1873]). …

To J. S. Burdon Sanderson   29 March 1873

Summary

Reports that he has not received JSBS’s book on histology and physiology [Sanderson ed., Handbook for the physiological laboratory (1873)], which Edward Emmanuel Klein told CD’s son was to be sent. He asks for information so that he may thank Dr Klein. [Klein and Michael Foster were co-authors with JSBS.]

He has returned the Gazette to Dr T. L. Brunton. [See 8825.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet
Date:  29 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 147: 406
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8829A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  S.  Burdon Sanderson   29 March 1873
  • … London, Montague St, Portman Square, 16 29 Mar 1873 John Scott Burdon Sanderson, baronet …
  • … an article about tumbling behaviour in pigeons (W.  J.  Moore 1873; see letter to T.   …
  • … L.  Brunton, 26 March 1873  and nn.  1 and 3). …
  • … Handbook for the physiological laboratory (1873)], which Edward Emmanuel Klein told CD’s …
  • … 16 Montique St | Portman Square March 29. 1873 My dear D r . Sanderson Pray excuse me for …
  • … Klein’s Handbook for the physiological laboratory (Klein et al. 1873). There is a copy …
  • … of Klein et al. 1873 in the Darwin Library–Down. CD had borrowed a copy of the Indian …

To John Tyndall   2 [May] 1873

Summary

Hopes JT does not think him over-cautious in requesting the return of the copies [of Huxley’s letter]. Has sent Huxley a list of the subscribers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  2 [May] 1873
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 19 (EH 88205957)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8894

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Tyndall   2 [May] 1873
  • … DAR 261.8: 19 (EH 88205957) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 [May] 1873 John Tyndall …
  • … to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [ 25 April 1873] and n.  4. The two enclosures have not been …
  • … Down, | Beckenham, Kent. Ap 2 1873 My dear Tyndall I am very much obliged for all the …
  • … this letter and the letter to John Tyndall, 25 April 1873 . Copies of the letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 , had been sent to all those who had contributed to the …
  • … subscription raised for him. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 25 April 1873 , and letter to …
  • … John Tyndall, 25 April 1873 . For the names of those who subscribed, see the letter to …

To T. M. Hughes   13 March [1873]

Summary

Is glad and proud to honour the memory of Adam Sedgwick [d. 1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas McKenny Hughes
Date:  13 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS.Add. 7652/III I.11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8810

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To T.  M.  Hughes   13 March [1873] …
  • … MS.Add. 7652/III I.11) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Mar [1873] Thomas McKenny Hughes …
  • … Is glad and proud to honour the memory of Adam Sedgwick [d. 1873]. …
  • … of geology, which took place in 1873 ( ODNB ). Hughes’s predecessor as Woodwardian …
  • … Cambridge, Adam Sedgwick, died in January 1873 ( ODNB ). No other correspondence between …
  • … the candidature of William Boyd Dawkins ( letter to W.  B.  Dawkins, 3 February 1873 ). …

From W. W. Reade   25 March [1873]

Summary

H. W. Bates says CD is in town. WWR would like to call.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8822

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Reade   25 March [1873] …
  • … 176: 66 William Winwood Reade London, Alfred Place, 13 25 Mar [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … record of a meeting between CD and Reade in 1873 has been found, but it is likely that it …
  • … took place (see letter from W.  W.  Reade, 14 May 1873 ). …
  • … in London on 25 March in both 1872 and 1873, Reade had already visited him on 19 March  …
  • … Street, London, from 15 March until 10 April 1873 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). No record …
  • … Bates has been found, but see the letter from Raphael Meldola, 24 March 1873  and n.  1. …

To C. H. Blackley   5 July [1873]

Summary

Comments on CHB’s book [Experimental researches on catarrhus aestivus – hay-fever or hay-asthma (1873)].

Explains that some pollens are wind-blown while others depend on insects for dispersal. Effect of pollen on skin and mucous membrane astonishing. Sends a book [M. Wyman, Autumnal catarrh (1872)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Harrison Blackley
Date:  5 July [1873]
Classmark:  John Hay Library, Brown University (Albert E. Lownes Manuscript Collection, Ms.84.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8965

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To C.  H.  Blackley   5 July [1873] …
  • … Collection, Ms.84.2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 July [1873] Charles Harrison Blackley …
  • … catarrhus aestivus – hay-fever or hay-asthma (1873)]. Explains that some pollens are wind- …
  • … is established by the reference to Blackley 1873. CD refers to Blackley’s Experimental …
  • … nature of catarrhus aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma) (Blackley 1873). See letter to C.   …
  • … H.  Blackley, 14 June [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … See letter from Federico Delpino, 18 June 1873 , n.  8, and Cross and self fertilisation , …
  • … p.  381. The list appears in Blackley 1873, p.  75. CD underlined the anemophilous plants …
  • … Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 711). The St Louis case is in the 1873 report, p.  86 n. …
  • … Burdon Sanderson, visited on 4 July 1873. CD had mentioned the account of coniferous …
  • … could explain why patients suffered from hay fever out at sea (Blackley 1873, p.  148). …
  • … CD annotated this passage in Blackley 1873 ‘error? ’ (see Marginalia 1: 59), taking issue …

To Ernst Haeckel   25 September 1873

Summary

Comments on EH’s Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte [4th ed.].

Has written paper on rudimentary structures ["Complemental males of certain cirripedes", (1873) Collected papers 2: 177–82].

Edward Morse thinks brachiopods should be classed with annelids ["The systematic position of the Brachiopoda", Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 15 (1873): 315–73].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  25 Sept 1873
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1-52/30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9068

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Ernst Haeckel   25 September 1873
  • … 1: 1-52/30) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Sept 1873 Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel …
  • … Complemental males of certain cirripedes", (1873) Collected papers 2: 177–82]. Edward …
  • … systematic position of the Brachiopoda", Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 15 (1873): 315–73]. …
  • … temperatures above boiling point (see Dallinger and Drysdale 1873, pp.  57–8). Edward …
  • … CD his essay on the systematic position of Brachiopoda (Morse 1873). See letter to E.   …
  • … S.  Morse, 16 September 1873 . Insectivorous plants was not published until 1875. Haeckel’ …
  • … Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte (Haeckel 1873); CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … s Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte (Haeckel 1873), titled The history of creation , was not …
  • … of the letter to Nature , 20 September [1873]. William Henry Dallinger and John James …

From W. W. Reade   14 May 1873

Summary

Has completed his book [The African sketch-book (1873)].

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8912

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Reade   14 May 1873
  • … Has completed his book [ The African sketch-book (1873)]. …
  • … DAR 176: 67 William Winwood Reade Malvern 14 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD’s annotated copy of W.  W.  Reade 1873 is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … Reade had completed The African sketch-book (W.  W.  Reade 1873). …
  • … It was published in June 1873 (see Publishers’ …
  • … Circular , 17 June 1873, p.  413). The references are to Journal of researches and Eothen; …

To Friedrich Hildebrand   16 November [1873]

Summary

Thanks for FH’s work on the means of the distribution of plants (Hildebrand 1873).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  16 Nov [1873]
Classmark:  Klaus Groove (private collection) [Sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9146F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Friedrich Hildebrand   16 November [1873] …
  • … Thanks for FH’s work on the means of the distribution of plants (Hildebrand 1873). …
  • … 16 March 2018. ] Charles Robert Darwin 16 Nov [1873] Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) …
  • … letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 23 May 1873 . Hildebrand had promised to send CD a copy …
  • … of the distribution of plants (see letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 23 May 1873 ). There …
  • … is an annotated copy of Hildebrand 1873 in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 379– …

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

"The following fact with respect to the habits of ants, which I believe to be quite new, has been sent to me by a distinguished geologist, Mr J. D. Hague [see 8788]; and it appears well worth publishing."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 10 April 1873, pp. 443–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8853

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Nature    [before 3 April 1873] …
  • … Nature , 10 April 1873, pp.  443– …
  • … 4 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 3 Apr 1873] Nature …
  • … an ant visible on the wall. J ames D.  H ague San Francisco, California, Feb.  26, 1873
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hague, 3 April [1873] . The …
  • … letter was published in Nature , 10 April 1873, pp.  443–4. …
  • … had been sent with his letter of 26 February 1873. The ant Hague described was probably …

To James Crichton-Browne   4 March [1873]

Summary

Pleased that JC-B will review Expression.

Fears he will not be able to improve the book with JC-B’s "wonderfully curious" photographs because Murray printed such a large edition.

Would be glad to have JC-B’s notes on inheritance – "a most important subject".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  4 Mar [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 343
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8798

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   4 March [1873] …
  • … DAR 143: 343 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Mar [1873] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … Paget has been found. See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and n.  5. CD’s …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 10 February [1873] and n.  2); there were no further English …
  • … CD’s lifetime. See letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and nn.  2 and 4. …
  • … the letter from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873 . CD had written to Crichton-Browne to …
  • … see letter to James Crichton-Browne, 28 February [1873] , and letter from James …
  • … Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873  and n.  1. CD was mistaken; …
  • … from James Crichton-Browne, 2 March 1873 ). For reviews of Expression , see Appendix IV. …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [4 December 1873] Here Emma describes Darwin’s difficulties …
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