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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Hermann Müller   7 August 1875

Summary

Thanks for Insectivorous plants.

Believes Lepidoptera are of greater importance as fertilisers in alpine regions than in lowlands.

The famous stone pits of Ohningen are for sale.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10110

Matches: 8 hits

  • … 7: 22–45, 441–50. Müller, Hermann. 1873–7. On the fertilisation of flowers by insects and …
  • … received an offprint of the paper in December 1873 (see Correspondence vol. 22, letter to …
  • … on the reciprocal adaptations of both. Nature , 3 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 187–9; 10 July 1873, pp. …
  • … 205–6; 25 September 1873, pp. …
  • … 433–5; 20 November 1873, pp. 44–6; 1 January 1874, pp. 164–6; 18 June 1874, pp. 129–30; 12 …
  • … of flowers by insects’ appeared in Nature between July 1873 and October 1877 ( H. …
  • … Müller 1873–7 ). The articles on alpine flowers (parts 7–9) appeared in issues for 12 …

To Hermann Müller   26 October 1875

Summary

On HM’s Befruchtung der Blumen [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  26 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 146: 436
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10228

Matches: 3 hits

  • … On HM’s Befruchtung der Blumen [1873]. …
  • … the reciprocal adaptations of both; H. Müller 1873 ) in his research for Cross and self …
  • … of Science 24: 243–51. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten …

To John Lubbock   8 April 1875

Summary

Writes regarding local difficulties concerning Down School and the setting up of a reading-room; his strained relationship with G. S. ffinden following some misunderstanding.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  8 Apr 1875
Classmark:  DAR 146: 129
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9920

Matches: 4 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  21, letter from G. S. Ffinden to Emma Darwin, 24 December 1873 . …
  • … from John Lubbock, 5 April [1875] . In 1873, the Darwins and the Lubbocks were involved in …
  • … to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] . CD’s letter to the Privy Council has not …
  • … S. Ffinden to Emma Darwin, 24 December 1873 , in which CD is said to have ‘addressed the …

From Moritz Traube   2 March 1875

Summary

Sends two treatises which explain cell-wall formation and some aspects of cell growth in physico-chemical terms ["Experimente zur Theorie d. Zellenbildung und Endosmose", Arch. Anat. Physiol. (1867): 87–128, 126–65].

Author:  Moritz Traube
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 178: 176
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9878

Matches: 7 hits

  • … by intussusception but rather by eruption (Sachs 1873, pp.  583–4). In his lecture to the …
  • … in dessen Lehrbuch der Botanik (erste Auflage 1873. S.  580–88) eine mir sehr erfreuliche …
  • … in his Handbook of Botany. (1 st . Ed.  1873 pp.  580–88) At the same time some objections …
  • … der Botanik (Textbook of botany; Sachs 1873, pp.  580–4), which is the first edition in …
  • … discussed. CD’s annotated copy of Sachs 1873 is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia …
  • … copy of the French translation of Sachs 1873 (Sachs 1874a) contains annotations referring …
  • … in his Lehrbuch der Botanik (1 st edition 1873 pp.  580–88), but at the same time some …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   26 October [1875]

Summary

Wants Imantophyllum for crossing experiments.

Is glad WTT-D thinks George King’s notes worth sending to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  26 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 37–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10227

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 37–8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 …
  • … Bibliography Pfeiffer, Ludwig . 1873–4. Nomenclator botanicus. 2 vols. Cassel: Theodor …
  • … s Nomenclator botanicus ( Pfeiffer 1873–4 ) to the library of the Linnean Society. …

From Arthur Nicols   8 December 1875

Summary

He will repeat his experiments on the cat’s sense of smell.

The intelligence of rats is shown by their gnawing through lead pipes to find water.

Author:  Robert Arthur (Arthur) Nicols
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1875
Classmark:  DAR 172: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10290

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol. 21, letter from Arthur Nicols, [before 20 March 1873] ). See Correspondence vol. …
  • … 21, letter to Arthur Nicols, [20 March 1873] . See letter from Arthur Nicols, [before 10 …
  • … ways. I sent you the notes about March 20 1873 , as I know from the date of your letter in …

To B. G. Wilder   26 January [1875]

Summary

CD expresses his high opinion of BGW’s papers. Thinks one on brains of dogs particularly valuable ["Anatomical papers on brain of dogs", Rep. Am. Assoc. Adv. Sci. (1874)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Burt Green Wilder
Date:  26 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  Cornell University Library, Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections (Burt Green Wilder papers, 1841–1925: Box 1, Folder 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9830

Matches: 4 hits

  • … cerebral variation in domestic dogs ( Wilder 1873 ), along with other papers by Wilder, in …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  CD cited Wilder 1873  in Variation 2d ed.  1: 35 n.  56. The …
  • … John Murray. 1875. Wilder, Burt Green. 1873. Cerebral variation in domestic dogs, and its …
  • … of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1873) section B: 234–49. …

From J. D. Hooker   20 June 1875

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Summary

Thiselton-Dyer’s appointment has come.

Wants to discuss insectivorous plants and get some experiments going.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 104: 30–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10025

Matches: 4 hits

  • … first part of vol. 2 had been published in 1873. It is not known whether any of CD’s sons …
  • … Murray. 1875. Moggridge, John Traherne. 1873. Harvesting ants and trap-door spiders: notes …
  • … ants and trap-door spiders ( Moggridge 1873 ) had been praised by both CD and Hooker (see, …
  • … 21, letter from J. D. Hooker, 20 February 1873 ). Moggridge had described trapdoor spiders …

To ?   [February 1875 or earlier?]

Summary

Reports that Variation is out of print. Suggests means of obtaining a copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [Feb 1875 or earlier?]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) catalogue p. 192 (20 July 1989)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9790A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Murray, 17 February [1875] . In September 1873, John Murray, CD’s publisher, had twenty- …
  • … 21, letter from John Murray, 25 September [1873] ), and by February 1875, copies were …

To Friedrich Hildebrand   17 July 1875

Summary

Asks about FH’s research on maize. Suggests experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  17 July 1875
Classmark:  Klaus Groove (private collection); sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10075

Matches: 3 hits

  • … E. Schweizerbart. Hildebrand, Friedrich. 1873. Die Verbreitungsmittel der Pflanzen . …
  • … Pflanzen (The means of propagation of plants; Hildebrand 1873 ); see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … to Friedrich Hildebrand, 16 November [1873] . There is an annotated copy of the book in …

To Lawson Tait   17 [July 1875]

Summary

Informs RLT of J. D. Hooker’s work on Nepenthes ["Nepenthaceae, Cytinaceae", in Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis by A. P. de Candolle (1873), 17: 90–116].

Has asked JDH to try secretions of pitchers that had caught no insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  17 [July 1875]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10023

Matches: 2 hits

  • … naturalis regni vegetabilis by A. P. de Candolle (1873), 17: 90–116]. Has asked JDH to try …
  • … 21, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] ). For Tait’s interest in the plant, see …

To J. D. Hooker   21 October [1875]

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Summary

Describes observations by his son Horace on the extreme sensitivity of twisted seeds to moisture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 397–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10209

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Publishing. 1990. Pfeiffer, Ludwig . 1873–4. Nomenclator botanicus. 2 vols. Cassel: …
  • … Pfeiffer’s Nomenclator botanicus ( Pfeiffer 1873–4 ) contained subgeneric names but did …
  • … not list species. CD’s copy of Pfeiffer 1873–4 was given to the the library of the Linnean …

From John Lubbock   5 April [1875]

Summary

Expresses concern about the "coolness" between CD and [G. S.] Ffinden in regard to the Infant School.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Apr [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 198: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9914F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] . CD was in London from 31 March to 12 April …
  • … see Moore 1985 and White 2010 ). In 1873, the Darwins and the Lubbocks were involved in a …

To J. V. Carus   19 August 1875

Summary

Sends errata in Insectivorous plants.

Is correcting proofs of [2d ed. of] Climbing plants, to be published in November. It is, he thinks, worth translating.

A second, much corrected, edition of Variation also will be published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  19 Aug 1875
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 133–134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10126

Matches: 2 hits

  • … based on the corrected first English edition, had been published in 1873 (Carus trans. …
  • 1873), so the new German edition was the third (Carus trans. 1878a). Carus suffered from …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   7 July 1875

Summary

Discusses corrections to Variation.

Extends invitation to E. Ray Lankester to visit Down.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  7 July 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 23–4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10046

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 23–4) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 July …

From D. Appleton & Co   1 February 1875

Summary

Statement of U. S. sales of Origin, Expression, and Descent.

Author:  D. Appleton & Co
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 159: A94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9837

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Origin (from the sixth London edition) in 1873. The London edition of Expression was …
  • … the date given on the title page is 1873 ( Freeman 1977 ). The US edition of Descent was …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   21 July 1875

Summary

Would be obliged for correction of references in Variation [1st ed.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  21 July 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 25–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10084

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 25–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 July …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   30 September 1875

Summary

CD obliged about the Schrankia

and thanks WTT-D for details of last number of Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  30 Sept 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 27–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10177

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 27–8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Sept …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   22 October 1875

Summary

Encloses manuscript [missing] by George King ["Sport in Paritium", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 15 (1877): 101–3].

Sends thanks to Hooker for correction of name. Mentions other errors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  22 Oct 1875
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W.T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 35–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10210

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Dyer, W.T. , Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 35–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Oct …

To T. H. Huxley   27 January [1875]

Summary

Sends suggestions for observations on glacial phenomena that might be made on the [Polar] expedition [of H. M. S. Alert and Discovery, 1875–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  27 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A48–53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9831

Matches: 3 hits

  • … given the lack of time available (Thomson 1873, p.  402). Eschscholtz Bay is in Alaska. On …
  • … an oceanic survey that took place between 1873 and 1876; since one of its main purposes …
  • … springs at San Miguel in the Azores in July 1873. See Tizard et al. 1885, pp.  176–7. No …
Document type
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Date
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02 (11)
03 (7)
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05 (3)
06 (4)
07 (14)
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …
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