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From T. H. Farrer   3 May 1873

Summary

Hopes affairs will enable him to get back to flowers.

Huxley’s letter [about the fund raised for him] was noble. Would like to have seen CD’s to him.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 164: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8896

Matches: 8 hits

  • … H.  Huxley, 24 April  1873 . …
  • … From T.  H.  Farrer   3 May 1873
  • … Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer London, Gloucester Terrace, 3 3 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … s Die Befruchtung der Blumen ( H.  Müller 1873 ), on the fertilisation of flowers by means …
  • … of insects (see letter to T.  H.  Farrer, 28 April 1873 ). Farrer probably refers to …
  • … to Katherine Euphemia Wedgwood on 30 May 1873 (see B.  Wedgwood and Wedgwood 1980 , p.   …
  • … 303). See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 , and letter from T.   …

From J. D. Hooker   [23 September 1873]

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Summary

Thanks for C. E. Norton’s address.

Tyndall’s answer [Nature 8 (1873): 399] has surprised and disappointed him;

great trouble in announcing Tyndall’s election as President Elect [of BAAS] yesterday. Tyndall may throw up the Presidency. Spottiswoode and JDH have concocted a letter telling him the facts.

A very poor dull meeting. Comments on papers by W. C. Williamson, Clerk Maxwell, David Ferrier, Burdon Sanderson [Rep. BAAS 43: lxx–xci, 23–32,126–7, 131–3].

Has heard Huxley is back quite well.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Sept 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 173–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9063

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [23 September 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 173–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker BAAS, Bradford [23 Sept 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), Transactions of the sections, p.  167). …
  • … s address. Tyndall’s answer [ Nature 8 (1873): 399] has surprised and disappointed him; …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] , and from Hooker’s reference to the date of …
  • … meeting in Bradford (see n.  12, below). In 1873, the first Tuesday after 19 September was …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] and n.  2). CD was still recovering from …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 23 April 1873 ). William Sharpey. Strachey referred to …
  • … Darwin to Horace Darwin, [7 October 1873] (DAR 258: 561)). CD had asked Hooker for a plant …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] ); Mimosa sensitiva was not cultivated at …
  • … sent from Brazil (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  1873 ). John Tyndall had …
  • … an intemperate letter in Nature , 18 September 1873, p.  399, in response to Peter Guthrie …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1873  and n.  4). Tyndall did not mention Hooker …
  • … at Queen’s College, Belfast, as president. See The Times , 23 September 1873, p.   …
  • … 5, and 27 September 1873, p.  12. Tyndall did serve as president of the 1874 meeting held …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (1873), p.  lxx). Williamson’s address considered the …
  • … was also printed in The Times , 18 September 1873, p.  5. William Crawford Williamson had …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), p.  lxix). James Clerk Maxwell had …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), p.  lxix). David Ferrier had given a …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873): Transactions of the sections, pp.  126– …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 19 September [1873] and n.  5). George James Allman gave an …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science (1873), Transactions of the sections, pp.  94– …

From T. H. Huxley   26 April 1873

Summary

Concern for Lady Lyell;

will clear away work and set off for holiday in June.

Sends Critiques and addresses.

A life of J. D. Forbes [by J. C. Shairp, P. J. Tait, and A. A. Reilly (1873)] suggests that THH and Tyndall conspired to keep JDF from getting the Copley Medal. THH feels obliged to correct this.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 104: 223–24a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8882

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   26 April 1873
  • … 223–24a Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 26 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … C. Shairp, P. J. Tait, and A. A. Reilly (1873)] suggests that THH and Tyndall conspired to …
  • … In his letter to Huxley of 25 April 1873, CD had referred only to the ‘dreadful news about …
  • … Lady Lyell’. Mary Elizabeth Lyell had died on 24 April 1873 (see letter from E.  A.   …
  • … Darwin to Emma Darwin, 24 April [1873] ). Katherine Murray Lyell was M.  E.  Lyell’s …
  • … al. eds.  1873, p.  387. For more on Huxley’s role in lobbying the Council of the Royal …
  • … and Technology. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1873. Critiques and addresses. London: Macmillan. …
  • … 4 Marlborough Place April 26 th . 1873 My dear Darwin We are greatly alarmed at your …
  • … CD had enclosed a cheque for £50 with his letter of 25 April 1873 . See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 25 April 1873 , and letter to subscribers to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] , n.  4. Huxley was professor of natural history at the …
  • … ODNB ). CD’s annotated copy of T.  H.  Huxley 1873  is in the Darwin Library–CUL.   …
  • … of previously published essays, was published in May 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 16 May 1873, p.  338). Huxley’s critique of St George Jackson Mivart in ‘Mr Darwin’s …
  • … of his new collection ( T.  H.  Huxley 1873 , pp.  ix–xi). The Life and letters of James …
  • … David Forbes, F.R.S. (Shairp et al. eds.  1873) was published …
  • … on 17 April 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 17 April 1873, p.  266). In 1857 and 1858, Forbes and John Tyndall had been involved in a …
  • … and Tyndall’s response to Shairp et al. eds.  1873, see Rowlinson 1971 . See Shairp et …

From W. F. Barrett   6 May 1873

Summary

Because of current interest in hereditary instinct, relates incident about a baby alligator, just emerged from its shell, attempting to bite a human.

Author:  William Fletcher Barrett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8902

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From W.  F.  Barrett   6 May 1873
  • … DAR 160: 46 William Fletcher Barrett Isleworth 6 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letters and articles on instinct had been published in Nature , 20 February 1873, p.   …
  • … 303; 27 February 1873, pp.   …
  • … 322–3; 6 March 1873, p.   …
  • … 340; 13 March 1873, pp.   …
  • … 360–1; 20 March 1873, pp.   …
  • … 377–8, 384; 3 April 1873, pp.   …
  • … 424–5; 10 April 1873, pp.   …
  • … 437–8, 443–4; 1 May 1873, p.  6. The discussion had …
  • … to the editor on inherited instinct, published in Nature , 13 February 1873, pp.  281– …
  • … Woodlands | Isleworth May 6. 1873 Dear Sir, So many letters have lately appeared in “ …
  • … 2 (see letter to Nature , [before 13 February 1873]). CD also intervened during the course …
  • … of the debate (see first letter to Nature , [before 3 April 1873], and Nature , …
  • … 3 April 1873, pp.  417–18). Barrett’s father, William Garland Barrett, had been a …

From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873

Summary

Has sent phyllotaxy paper to G. G. Stokes with the letter from CD to show credentials.

Will not have time to read new Sachs edition CD offered.

Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9].

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8745

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   21 January 1873
  • … DAR 159: 25 Hubert Airy London, Dacre Park, 27 21 Jan 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD offered. Thanks for CD’s sponsorship of paper [ Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 21 (1873): 176–9]. …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … 27. Dacre Park. Lee. | London S.E. 1873. Jan.  21. My dear M r . Darwin I trust I am not …
  • … Airy, [before 15] July 1872 , and Airy 1873 , pp.  177–8. CD’s letter to Airy has not been …
  • … of the new edition of Julius Sach’s Lehrbuch der Botanik (Sachs 1873; see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 January 1873  and n.  7). …
  • … See letter from Hubert Airy, 3 January 1873 . Airy’s paper ‘On leaf arrangement’, …
  • … communicated by CD, was read at the Royal Society of London on 27 February 1873 ( …
  • … Airy 1873 ). George Gabriel Stokes was the secretary of the Royal Society. …
  • … with CD’s letter of [before 21 January 1873] copied on the back of it. Only an abstract of …
  • … of the Royal Society of London ( Airy 1873 ). Airy had corresponded with CD about …

From W. W. Reade   31 August [1873]

Summary

Going to the Ashanti war as Times correspondent.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9036

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From W.  W.  Reade   31 August [1873] …
  • … 176: 70 William Winwood Reade London, Stanhope St, 171 31 Aug [1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … is established by the reference to Reade 1873 (see n.  3, below). CD’s letter has not been …
  • … but see letter from W.  W.  Reade, 29 August 1873 . CD had probably commented on Reade’s …
  • … African sketch-book ( W.  W.  Reade 1873 ), which was …
  • … published in June 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …
  • … 17 June 1873, p.  413; see letter from W.   …
  • … W.  Reade, 14 May 1873  and n.  9). Reade had added a number of fictional stories intended …
  • … factual account of his own travels (see W.  W.  Reade 1873 , p.  v). A cheap, revised …
  • … was never published. Reade covered the third Anglo-Ashanti war (1873–4) in west Africa …
  • … for The Times from November 1873 and fought in the battle of Amoaful in January 1874 ( …
  • … Press. 1927–96. Reade, William Winwood. 1873. The African sketch-book. 2 vols. London: …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   30 August 1873

Summary

Talks of his attempts to describe the course of descent for a part of the animal kingdom, and thanks CD for his help and support.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Aug 1873
Classmark:  V. O. Kovalevsky 1873–4, pp. [ii–iii]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9035F

Matches: 13 hits

  • … der Fall war. In treuer Ergebenheit | Ihr | W.  Kowalevsky. München, den 30. August 1873. …
  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky    30 August 1873
  • … V. O. Kovalevsky 1873–4, pp. [ii– …
  • … Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) 30 Aug 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Kovalevsky, Vladimir Onufrievich. 1873–4. Monographie der Gattung Anthracotherium Cuv. und …
  • … Palaeontographica. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Vorwelt 22 (1873–6): 131–347. …
  • … considered here. In true devotion | Yours | W.  Kowalevsky. Munich, 30. August 1873. …
  • … Kovalevsky’s monograph on Anthracotherium (V.   Kovalevsky 1873–4 ; see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 17 May 1873  and n.  3, and letter to V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 21 May 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy of the first two parts of the monograph …
  • … Kovalevsky’s monograph on Anthracotherium (V.   Kovalevsky 1873–4 ; see letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 17 May 1873  and n.  3, and letter to V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 21 May 1873 ). CD’s annotated copy of the first two parts of the monograph …

From Samuel Butler   15 April 1873

Summary

Thanks CD for his kind letter about The fair haven [1873]. Encouraged by its reception. All he wants is to compel "an attitude of fixed attention in the place of cowardly shrinking from examination". Says he will try "a novel pure and simple with little ""purpose"" next".

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 106: A11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8859

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Samuel Butler   15 April 1873
  • … DAR 106: A11–12 Samuel Butler London, Clifford’s Inn, 15 15 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … for his kind letter about The fair haven [1873]. Encouraged by its reception. All he wants …
  • … 1990 , p.  140). In his letter of 1 April [1873] , CD had mentioned that Leslie Stephen …
  • … knew Butler was the author of [Butler] 1873 . …
  • … An unsigned review of [Butler] 1873  appeared in the …
  • … National Reformer , 13 April 1873, pp.  229–30. The reviewer questioned whether the …
  • … range. London: Trübner. [Butler, Samuel. ] 1873. The fair haven. A work in defence of the …
  • … See letter to Samuel Butler, 1 April [1873] and n.  2. …
  • … Butler refers to [Butler] 1873 . An announcement of the death …
  • … of Fanny Butler, Butler’s mother, in Mentone on 9 April 1873 appeared in The …
  • … Times , 14 April 1873, p.  1. …
  • … Butler’s book ( [Butler] 1873 ) was a veiled attack on aspects of the Christian gospels. …

From A. W. Bennett   8 May 1873

Summary

Thanks for reference to Hermann Müller on fertilisation [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)].

Publication plans.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8905

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Bennett   8 May 1873
  • … 140 Alfred William Bennett London, Park Village East, 6 8 May 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hermann Müller on fertilisation [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Publication plans. …
  • … CD referred to Bennett 1873 in Cross and self fertilisation , p.  123 n. …
  • … See letter to A.  W.  Bennett, 5 May [1873] and n.  1. …
  • … Bennett’s reviews of H.  Müller 1873  appeared in …
  • … Academy , 15 August 1873, pp.   …
  • … 307–9, and Gardeners’ Chronicle , 17 May 1873, p.  685. …
  • … review in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 17 May 1873, p.  685, Bennett noted that most naturalists …
  • … East, | Regent’s Park, | N.W. May 8 th . 1873. My dear Sir I am much obliged by your …
  • … pansy ( Viola arvensis ; Bennett 1873a) was published in Nature , 15 May 1873, pp.  49–50. …
  • … Correspondenzblatt) 26: 43–66. Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch …

From J. D. Hooker   25 April 1873

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Summary

Charmed by Huxley’s letter of appreciation [8873].

Lady Lyell’s sudden death.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 155–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8880

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   25 April 1873
  • … DAR 103: 155–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 25 Apr 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker visited Down from 18 to 25 April 1873; Hooker arrived on 19 April but the length of …
  • … Bibliography Budd, William. 1873. Typhoid fever: its nature, mode of spreading, and …
  • … London: Longmans, Green. Lyell, Charles. 1873. The geological evidences of the antiquity …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 24 April 1873 . A copy of Thomas Henry Huxley’s letter was …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [6 April 1873] and n.  2, and letter to subscribers to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] ). For more on the death of Mary Elizabeth Lyell, see …
  • … 2  June 1873, p.  372). Anne Susan Horner was Mary Elizabeth Lyell’s mother. Hooker also …
  • … contemporary understanding of typhoid, see Budd 1873 . According to Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … E.  A.  Darwin to Emma Darwin, 24 April [1873] and n.  3. Katherine Murray Lyell was Mary …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, [9 April 1873] ). Charles Lyell, with the help of his …
  • … a new edition of Geological evidences of the antiquity of man ( C.  Lyell 1873 ). The …
  • … revised edition was published in May 1873 ( Publishers’ Circular , …

From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1873

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Summary

Mimosa too far gone to send now.

CD’s marjoram is the common [Origanum] vulgare, not the pot herb.

On the water injury, Thiselton-Dyer and he may have used too fine a spray, but plant is insensitive.

Horribly angry at P. G. Tait’s letter in Nature [8 (1873): 381–2].

Tyndall writes that he is strong – the next number of Nature will prove it.

G. Henslow is much better.

JDH leaves for Bradford [BAAS meeting] tomorrow.

Rejoices at CD’s success with Drosera; longs to be at Nepenthes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 162–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9057

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 September 1873
  • … DAR 103: 162–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 Sept 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … had returned to Massachusetts in May 1873 after a four-year visit to Europe ( ANB ). …
  • … visit the Darwins in January (see letter to M.  D.  Conway, 11 January [1873] and n.  4). …
  • … at P. G. Tait’s letter in Nature [8 (1873): 381–2]. Tyndall writes that he is strong – the …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). For Hooker’s identification of CD’s …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1873 . CD was receiving medical treatment from …
  • … Andrew Clark (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] ). A letter from …
  • … Science meeting in Bradford, Yorkshire, from 17 to 24 September 1873. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 September [1873] and n.  6. Thiselton-Dyer was employed part-time at Kew, …
  • … pitcher-plant, until October (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 October 1873  and n.  2). …
  • … had appeared in Nature , 11 September 1873, pp.  381–2, complaining about John Tyndall’s …
  • … 1971 . Tyndall’s response to Tait was published in Nature , 18 September 1873, p.  399. …
  • … s illness in his letter of 11 April 1873 . He also refers to Georgina Brook Henslow. …

From J. D. Hooker   [8 November 1873]

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Summary

Has had a week’s cessation of Nepenthes work.

Had to get out a paper for the Linnean Society on Thursday.

Has tried Mimosa albida in hothouse and found it wonderfully sensitive.

A military report from India praises his travel book.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 184–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9150

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [8 November 1873] …
  • … DAR 103: 184–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [8 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … mountain and jungle warfare ( Gawler 1873 , p.  3). Leonard Darwin was in Royal Engineers. …
  • … Bibliography Gawler, John Cox. 1873. Sikhim: with hints on mountain and jungle warfare. …
  • … China. London: Edward Stanford. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1873. On Hydnora americana R. …
  • … Br. [Read 6 November 1873. ] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 14 (1875): 182–8. …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 November 1873 . …
  • … In 1873, the Saturday following 6 November was 8 November. Hooker refers to Francis …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [9 November 1873] . Hooker had been experimenting on the …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3  November [1873] and n.  2). His paper on the parasitic …
  • … of Prosopanche americana ) was read at the Linnean Society on 6 November 1873 ( J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker 1873 ). For CD’s interest in Mimosa albida , see the letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1873] and n.  5. Hooker’s Himalayan journals (J.   …

From T. H. Huxley   [8 February 1873]

Summary

Forwards Matthew Arnold’s Literature and dogma [1873].

Hopes they can secure Hooker for President of Royal Society.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Feb 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 328
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8761

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   [8 February 1873] …
  • … DAR 166: 328 Thomas Henry Huxley unstated [8 Feb 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Matthew Arnold’s Literature and dogma [1873]. Hopes they can secure Hooker for President …
  • … Bibliography Arnold, Matthew. 1873. Literature & dogma: an essay towards a better …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter to Matthew Arnold, 9 February [1873] . …
  • … Matthew Arnold’s Literature & dogma ( Arnold 1873 ) was published in early …
  • … February ( Publishers’ Circular , 17 February 1873, p.  114). …
  • … Dalton Hooker was elected president of the Royal Society of London in 1873 ( ODNB ). …

From T. H. Huxley   [13 November 1873]

Summary

Arrangements for meeting in London.

Glad CD has heard about Dohrn’s affairs.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9183

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   [13 November 1873] …
  • … 331 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Marlborough Place, 4 [13 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … H.  Darwin, 15 November [1873] . Anton Dohrn was appealing for funds for the Zoological …
  • … in Naples, which he had founded. In April 1873, CD organised a subscription fund raised by …
  • … see letter to subscribers to T.  H.  Huxley’s gift, [25 April 1873] and nn.  2–4). …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 15 November [1873] . …
  • … In 1873, the Thursday before 15 November was 13 November. Huxley attended a meeting of …
  • … and the Advancement of Science at 6 Old Palace Yard on 14 November 1873 ( The Times , …
  • … 15 November 1873, p.  6). See letter from …
  • … F.  M.  Balfour, 11 November 1873 , and letter to G.   …

From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873]

Summary

Has sent Vichy water, discusses prescription. Tell Arthur Parslow not to continue on colchicum for gout if doesn’t suit him. May go to Pryor’s on Sunday.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1-15 Mar 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8714F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [1–15 March 1873] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 10 Francis Darwin [1-15 Mar 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Robert Pryor had visited Down with Moore on 1 March 1873. …
  • … the Darwins left Down for London on 15 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). George …
  • … 294). Emma Darwin recorded in her diary, ‘began Arsenic’ on 13 March 1873, and ‘Left off …
  • … Arsenic’ on 5 April 1873 (DAR 242). Moore, a friend of Francis’s …
  • … at Cambridge University, qualified as a medical doctor on 30 January 1873 ( Medical Times …
  • … and Gazette 1 (1873): 156; ODNB ). Arthur Parslow was the son of CD’ …
  • … Joseph Parslow. Moore visited Down on 1 March 1873 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Emma Darwin had influenza from 26 February 1873 until about 6 March (Emma Darwin’s diary ( …
  • … 242); letter from Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [6 March 1873], DAR 258: 573). Marlborough …

From A. R. Wallace   [19 November 1873]

Summary

Thinks CD’s son George would be more satisfactory than ARW for the work on Descent.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Nov 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9156

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   [19 November 1873] …
  • … DAR 106: B117 Alfred Russel Wallace Grays [19 Nov 1873] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to letter from H.  W.  Bates, 15 November 1873 ). Wallace refers to George Howard Darwin; …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] . Derniére ressort : last resort (French). …
  • … between this letter and the letters to A.  R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] and …
  • … 19 November [1873] . …
  • … In 1873, 19 November was a Wednesday. See letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, [18 November 1873] . Wallace refers to the work needed to produce a second …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 17 November 1873 . Wallace refers to Henry Walter Bates (see …

From Hubert Airy   26 [September–November 1873]

Summary

The Royal Society referees have rejected HA’s phyllotaxy paper, and it will not be printed in Philosophical Transactions. HA is not sorry for he has found new facts which limit the applicability of his views. Now believes that the original leaf arrangement was not necessarily always two-ranked but rather that existing arrangements have developed from a variety of forms with differing numbers of leaf-ranks.

Author:  Hubert Airy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 [Sept-Nov] 1873
Classmark:  DAR 159: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9073

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From Hubert Airy   26 [September–November 1873] …
  • … DAR 159: 31 Hubert Airy Blackheath 26 Sept 1873 26 …
  • … Oct 1873 26 …
  • … Nov 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Airy, Hubert. 1873. On leaf-arrangement. Abstract. …
  • … by Charles Darwin. [Read 27 February 1873. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 22 (1873–4): 298–307. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … in this letter, the reference to his 1873 paper on phyllotaxy (see n.  2, below), …
  • … and the date of his next letter ( letter from Hubert Airy, 7 December 1873 ). See …
  • … letter from Hubert Airy, 21 January 1873 . An …
  • … abstract of Airy’s paper ( Airy 1873 ) had already been published (see …
  • … letter from Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873  and n.  1). Airy had proposed that the various …
  • … Trinity College, Cambridge, in October 1873 ( ODNB ); Leonard Darwin was at the Greenwich …
  • … in the bud (see letter Hubert Airy, 17 March 1873 and n.  3). Airy had concluded from his …
  • … For the abstract of this paper, see Airy 1873 . Gasteria spiralis is a synonym of G.   …
  • … obliqua . See Airy 1873 , p.  179. Mesembrianthemum , whose name was changed in the …

From Henry Reeks   8 March 1873

Summary

Insists that suckling babies pound and scratch mothers’ breasts. Perhaps CD’s evidence to the contrary comes from ladies, who only expose small portion of bosom, as opposed to working-class women.

Author:  Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Mar 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8802

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Henry Reeks   8 March 1873
  • … DAR 176: 82 Henry Stephen (Henry) Reeks Newbury 8 Mar 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published after CD’s death. See letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] and n.  5. …
  • … See letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873  and n.   …
  • … 1, and letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] . Jan Swammerdam. …
  • … See letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873  and n.   …
  • … 2, and letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] . William L.  P.   …
  • … Reeks; see letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 . See …
  • … letter to Henry Reeks, 5 March [1873] . Reeks’s observation was added to Expression 2d …
  • … End, | East Woodhay, | Newbury— March 8 th . 1873 My dear M r Darwin, I found your kind …

From Hermann Müller   28 February 1873

Summary

Sends his book [Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Hopes CD will publish an opinion of it.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Feb 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 299
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8791

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Hermann Müller   28 February 1873
  • … 299 Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller Lippstadt 28 Feb 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … his book [ Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. Hopes CD will publish an opinion of it. …
  • … CD’s heavily annotated copy of H.  Müller 1873  is in the Darwin Library–CUL. …
  • … No review of H.  Müller 1873  has been identified; a brief notice …
  • … of its publication appeared in the May 1873 issue of Journal of Botany , p.  158. In …
  • … Bibliography Müller, Hermann. 1873. Die Befruchtung der Blumen durch Insekten und die …
  • … Lippstadt 28 th of Febr. | 1873. My dear Sir! Herewith I send you a copy of my book on the …

From J. D. Hooker   6 October 1873

thumbnail

Summary

Mimosa prostrata, described by John Lindley as M. marginata, native of Brazil.

Who supplies CD with distilled water and chemicals?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Oct 1873
Classmark:  DAR 103: 169–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9089

Matches: 8 hits

  • … W.  Moore, 3 October 1873 ). …
  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   6 October 1873
  • … DAR 103: 169–70 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 6 Oct 1873 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Royal Gardens Kew Oct r . 6. 1873 My dear Darwin Mimosa prostrata is only a name from the …
  • … CD had been working on Mimosa since at least August 1873 (see letter to …
  • … Francis Darwin, 15 August [1873] and n.  10). CD described the movements of M.  marginata …
  • … Moore (see, for example, letter to W.  W.  Baxter, 4 September 1873 , letter from Edward …
  • … Frankland, 27 September 1873 , and letter from S.   …
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Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved …
  • … A large portion of the letters Darwin received in 1873 were in response to  The expression of the …
  • … to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the main focus of …
  • … leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found that the …
  • … copy of the  Handbook for the physiological laboratory  (1873), a detailed guide to animal …
  • … Darwin’s other main focus of botanical investigation in 1873 was cross- and self-fertilisation, work …
  • … & correlated” ( letter to T. H. Farrer, 14 August 1873 ). Darwin worried, however, that …
  • … when it will be ready” ( letter to John Murray, 4 May [1873] ). Keeping it in the family …
  • … their burrows” ( letter from Francis Darwin, 14 August [1873] ). In September, Darwin …
  • … will be created” ( letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ). Erasmus, who had studied medicine …
  • … work” ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …
  • … 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to you on the …
  • … anonymously in the  Edinburgh Review  in April ([Baynes] 1873). Darwin asked one of his Scottish …
  • … before hand” ( letter to George Cupples, 28 April [1873] ). Readers' lives …
  • … letter from L. M. Forster to H. E. Litchfield, 20 February 1873 ). The surgeon Francis Stephen …
  • … ( letter to F. S. B. F. de Chaumont, 3 February [1873] ). Some readers proposed alternative …
  • … that accompanied sexual intercourse? (letter from ?, [1873?]). The Scottish physician William Main …
  • … with the reverse—” ( letter from William Main, 2 April 1873 ). The zoologist Henry Reeks suspected …
  • … and good breeding ( letter from Henry Reeks, 3 March 1873 ). Robert Swinhoe wrote from Ning …
  • … a second dose” ( letter from Robert Swinhoe, 26 March 1873 ). One of the leading …
  • … the jaws” ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 16 April 1873 ). Crichton-Browne was trying …
  • … the disease ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 30 December 1873 ). Instinct  In …
  • … to its offspring ( letter from J. T. Moggridge, 1 February 1873 ). Darwin soon became …
  • … shops ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 February 1873] ). Huggins’s letter prompted replies from …
  • … to  Nature  ( letter to  Nature , [before 13 March 1873] ) about a horse who had pulled a mail …
  • … with his finger ( letter to  Nature , [before 3 April 1873] ). Moggridge suggested the …
  • … fellow species” ( letter to  Nature , [before 24 July 1873] ). Character and genius …
  • … as “utopian” ( letter to Francis Galton, 4 January [1873] ). Continuing the line of research he …
  • … money very well” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Among character traits, he listed …
  • … honest & industrious” ( letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ). Supporting science, …
  • … father ( enclosure to letter from T. H. Huxley, 3 December 1873 ).  In April, Darwin also …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. We have also …
  • … Here are some highlights from Darwin's correspondence in 1873: I do not think any …
  • … in Drosera.  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 23 October [1873] ) In 1873, Darwin continued …
  • … work to do  ( Letter to E. A. Darwin, 20 September 1873 ) As well as working on …
  • … of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) Expression of the …
  • … brother.  ( Letter to T. H. Huxley, 23 April 1873 ) Darwin wrote this to Thomas …
  • … and marvellous  ( Letter to Francis Galton, 28 May 1873 ) Darwin was invited to …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Darwin was very interested in hay fever. On 14 June [1873] he wrote to Blackley to thank him for …
  • … Aestivus (hay-fever or hay-asthma). And on   5 July 1873 Darwin wrote again, saying:  ‘The …
  • … in every direction. (Letter to C. H. Blackley, 5 July [1873] ) Blackley wrote back …
  • … regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude experiments had …
  • … remained elusive.   He wrote to Darwin on 11 July 1873 : The problem of cure has still …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … However, while footnoting a second letter from Chance in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter …
  • … (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair turned up in the …
  • … son William’s house near Southampton on 10 August [1873] . William had followed up on a similar …

Darwin and religion: a definitive web resource

Summary

I am aware that if we admit a first cause, the mind still craves to know whence it came and how it arose.  Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more notorious than ever. Nowhere is this more evident than in the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin to N. D. Doedes, 2 April 1873 Darwin is more famous, and more …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … including photography, anthropometry, and fingerprinting. In 1873, he proposed founding a society to …
  • … difficult to judge on these latter heads” ( 4 January [1873] ). Like most of his contemporaries, …
  • … particular inherited talents, except for business ( 28 May 1873 ). Galton grew increasingly …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Andrew Clark, whom he had been consulting since August 1873. Darwin had originally thought that …
  • … had suggested a new edition of the coral book in December 1873, when he realised the difficulty a …
  • …  vol. 21, letter to Smith, Elder & Co., 17 December [1873] ). Darwin himself had some trouble …
  • … of human evolution and inheritance himself.  In August 1873, he had published in the  Contemporary …
  • … the use of the Down schoolroom as a winter reading room in 1873 (see  Correspondence , vol. 21, …
  • … ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 20 July [1874] ). In 1873, Hooker had begun a series of …
  • …  vol. 21, letter from Francis Darwin,  [11 October 1873] ). Darwin wasted several weeks in …
  • … Moulinié, who had died after a period of ill health in 1873.  Edmond Barbier corrected defects in …
  • … was a copy of Joseph Simms’s book on physiognomy (Simms 1873), which contained Darwin’s portrait to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 8701 - Lubbock, E. F . to Darwin, [1873] Ellen Lubbock, wife of naturalist …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat reports in detail on her …
  • … Letter 8989 - Treat, M. to Darwin, [28 July 1873] Mary Treat provides a detailed …
  • … 9156  - Wallace, A. R . to Darwin, [19 November 1873] Wallace reassures Darwin that …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …
  • … Letter 8719  - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin gives Mary Treat close …
  • … 9157  - Darwin to Da rwin, G. H., [20 November 1873] Darwin offers the work of …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 8962: Darwin, C. R. to Max Müller, Friedrich, 3 July 1873 In the 1870s, Darwin corresponded …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work” (letter from E. A. Darwin, 25 September [1873] ).  Shortly afterwards, it was arranged for …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Constantijn Costerus and his friend had written to Darwin in 1873, praising his works and describing …
  • … Letter to J. C. Costerus and N. D. Doedes, [22?] March 1873 ) The Dutch friends so …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 2 hits

  • … width="191"] Elizabeth Garrett Anderson (1873)[/caption]   …
  • … and biographical sketches of men of the day , (1873).   …

Darwin's bad days

Summary

Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and experimenting, even Darwin had some bad days. These times when nothing appeared to be going right are well illustrated by the following quotations from his letters:

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Despite being a prolific worker who had many successes with his scientific theorising and …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Weale, J.P.M. [Jan 1873] Bedford, Cape of Good Hope, …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 9005b - Darwin to Treat, M., [12 August 1873] Darwin thanks Treat for sending over …

Joseph Simms

Summary

The American doctor and author of works on physiognomy Joseph Simms wrote to Darwin on 14 September 1874, while he was staying in London. He enclosed a copy of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of his book Nature’s revelations of character (Simms 1873). He hoped it might 'prove …
  • … flat feet were indicative of small secretiveness (Simms 1873, p. 154). A ‘broad foot’ indicated …
  • … destroy: the propensity to mar, deface, or destroy' (Simms 1873, p. 166). Unfortunately, …
  • … and animals. London: John Murray. Simms, Joseph. 1873. Nature’s revelations of character, …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sunday afternoons, when they received visitors (23 March 1873; Emma described his visit in a letter …
  • … younger daughter, Bessy, did call on a Saturday in October 1873 but the Leweses were away. As a …
  • … this happened (Emma Darwin to Horace Darwin, [14 October 1873], DAR 258: 547b). Early the following …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 8837 — Darwin, C. R. to Doedes, N. D., 2 Apr 1873 Darwin explains the impossibility of …
  • … 9122 — Darwin, C. R. to Down School Board, [Nov–Dec 1873] Darwin, Sir John Lubbock, Ellen …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … (letter to Down School Board, [after 29 November 1873] ). Ffinden fiercely resented Darwin for …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 8719 - Darwin to Treat, M., [1 January 1873] Darwin asks naturalist Mary Treat …
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