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From G. H. Darwin   [20 April 1870]

Summary

Is leaving tonight for Genoa;

sends a French paper [not identified].

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Apr 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7046

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [20 April 1870] …
  • … DAR 210.2: 12 George Howard Darwin New University Club [20 Apr 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and 88. In a letter dated [18 January 1870] (DAR 219.9: 69), Emma writes that the leaves …
  • … to Genoa; in a letter dated [19–20 April 1870] (DAR 219.9: 87), she writes that Down has …
  • … weather’; in a letter dated [20 April 1870] (DAR 219.9: 88), she writes that George …
  • … leaves on Thursday (which would be 21 April 1870). …
  • … In 1870, 20 April was a Wednesday. The paper has not been identified. …

From E. A. Darwin   21 [December 1870]

Summary

Confirms number of shares.

Reports on conversation with Henry Holland.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 [Dec 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B71–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7067

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From E.  A.  Darwin   21 [December 1870] …
  • … DAR 105: B71–2 Erasmus Alvey Darwin unstated 21 [Dec 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter and the letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 19 [December 1870] . See letter from E.   …
  • … A.  Darwin, 19 [December 1870] and n.  2. Erasmus probably refers to Henry Holland (Sir …
  • … Erasmus in London from 8 to 14 December 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Edward Sabine …
  • … at the anniversary meeting of the Royal Society on 30 November 1870 ( Proceedings of the …
  • … Royal Society 19 (1870–1): 127). The reference is to Immanuel Kant’s argument that the …

To J. D. Hooker   [13 June 1870?]

Summary

Orders seeds, ripened in Algiers; imported seed would be of no use. [Forwarded to Algiers by JDH, see 7272.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [13 June 1870?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7210

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [13 June 1870? ] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [13 June 1870? ] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … memorandum was handed to Hooker when he visited Down on 13 June 1870 ( letter to St G.   …
  • … J.  Mivart, 13 June [1870] ). See also the letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 May [1870] and [ …
  • … 29 June 1870] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . The variety Kermesiana (as CD spells it in Cross and self …

From F. P. Cobbe   28 March [1870?]

Summary

Pleased to have encouraged CD to look at Kant.

Author:  Frances Power Cobbe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar [1870?]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7149

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From F.  P.  Cobbe   28 March [1870? ] …
  • … DAR 161: 186 Frances Power Cobbe unstated 28 Mar [1870? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … refers to Despine 1868 ; see letter to F.  P.  Cobbe, 23 March [1870? ] and n.  2. …
  • … letter and the letter to F.  P.  Cobbe, 23 March [1870? ]. Cobbe refers to Immanuel Kant. …
  • … See letter to F.  P.  Cobbe, 23 March [1870? ] and n.  2. The disciple of Kant was Carl …
  • … views ( ODNB ). The meeting was held in Hanover Square on 26 March 1870 and reported in …
  • … the Times , 29 March 1870, p.  9. John Stuart Mill and John Morley attended; none of the …

From Louis Rérolle   22 June 1870

Summary

Copies of the French translation of Orchids were sent to C. V. Naudin, Quatrefages de Bréau, and Charles Martins at CD’s request and to Duchartre, Brongniart, Baillon, Lecoq, Godron, and Alphonse de Candolle on Rérolle’s initiative.

Author:  Louis Rérolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7240

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Louis Rérolle   22 June 1870
  • … DAR 176: 133 Louis Rérolle Lyons 22 June 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Rérolle refers to his translation into French of CD’s Orchids (Rérolle trans.  1870). See …
  • … letter from Louis Rérolle, 15 June 1870 . CD’s letter to Rérolle has not been found. …
  • … Reinwald was the publisher of Rérolle trans.  1870. Rérolle also refers to Charles Victor …
  • … Lyon, June 22 1870 Sir I feel very pleased and grateful that my translation should have …

To J. D. Hooker   12 July [1870]

Summary

Has not heard of Curtis on Dionaea.

Duke of Argyll is clever, but it is a sin to speak of a real old Duke as a "little beggar".

"My theology is a simple muddle: I cannot look at the Universe as the result of blind chance, yet I can see no evidence of beneficent Design."

On spontaneous generation and Bastian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 179–180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7273

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 July [1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 179–180 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . The reference is to Robert Lambert Playfair. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870  and n.  1. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870  and nn.  2 and 3. Moses Ashley Curtis, not William …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1870 . CD refers to experiments conducted by Henry …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 July [1870] and n.  9). CD refers to experiments performed …

To John Lubbock   21 July [1870]

Summary

Thanks JL for his book [Origin of civilization (1870)], which he has read with "extreme interest". Wishes JL had published four or five months earlier as CD would have "so profited & saved so much work". CD will have to modify some of what he has written [in Descent]. Sees they differ a good deal about moral sense "but hardly two men ever do agree on this perplexing subject".

JL’s note of the 16th [see 7277] about the Census arrived too late for CD to answer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  21 July [1870]
Classmark:  Dr N. Hammond (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7286

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Lubbock   21 July [1870] …
  • … CD refers to William Farr. See letter from John Lubbock, 16 July [1870] , and letter from …
  • … William Farr, 16 July 1870 . …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 July [1870] John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury …
  • … for his book [ Origin of civilization (1870)], which he has read with "extreme interest". …
  • … and the letter to John Lubbock, 17 July 1870 . CD refers to Lubbock’s book The origin of …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   7 August [1870]

Summary

Plans to visit Down in a week.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7297

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   7 August [1870] …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Nice 7 Aug [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter and the letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 28 February [1870] . See letters from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 20 February [1870] and …
  • … 28 February [1870]. CD was away from home at the time of Kovalevsky’s visit (see Emma …

From Francis Darwin   [before 5 December 1870]

Summary

Has no chance of paying his debts, and asks for money.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 5 Dec 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7387H

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From Francis Darwin   [before 5 December 1870] …
  • … DAR 274.1: 19 Francis Darwin Cambridge [before 5 Dec 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter and the letter to Francis Darwin, 5 December [1870] ( Correspondence vol. 18). …
  • … In his first letter of [before 5 December 1870] (this volume, Supplement), Francis had …
  • … the full amount ( Correspondence vol. 18, letter to Francis Darwin, 5 December [1870] ). …

To?   [1870–82]

Summary

Printed acknowledgment of the receipt of a letter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1870–82]
Classmark:  DAR 133: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13859

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To?    [1870–82] …
  • … DAR 133: 1 Charles Robert Darwin Down [1870–82] Unidentified …

To ?   [1870–82]

Summary

Query [possibly for publication] on ridges and furrows in pasture-land that had been ploughed long ago. Gives directions for measuring ridges on sloping land.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1870–82]
Classmark:  DAR 63: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13885

Matches: 2 hits

  • … To ?    [1870–82] …
  • … DAR 63: 87 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [1870–82] Unidentified …

From William Winwood Reade   [c. 8 or 9 April 1870]

Summary

Brief observations on expression in Africa.

Alexander Agassiz is a good investigator, who differs with his father on evolution.

The behaviour of women and savages is a little easier to understand than that of civilised men.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 or 9] Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7069

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From William Winwood Reade   [ c. 8 or 9 April 1870] …
  • … DAR 176: 36 William Winwood Reade Accra 8 Apr 1870 9 …
  • … Apr 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter from Reade of 24 April 1870, in which he says that he has been at the …
  • … Taylor Ussher. ( Colonial Office list 1870. ) Michel Adanson studied the natural history …
  • … Gerhard Friedrich Rohlfs. Reade arrived back in London in August 1870 ( letter from W.   …
  • … W.  Reade, 3 September 1870 ). See Correspondence vol.  17, letter from W.  W.  Reade, 28  …
  • … Agassiz and Asa Gray (see letter from Asa Gray, 27 February and 1 March 1870  and n.   …
  • … 4, and letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1870] ). See Correspondence vol.  17, letter from …
  • … see letter from W.  W.  Reade, 24 April 1870 ). Akropong is now in Ghana. The mission …

To Armand de Quatrefages   23 August [1870]

Summary

Thanks QdeB for his continued support of CD’s election to French Academy.

Discusses views of Milne-Edwards on species.

Comments on views of Élie de Beaumont.

"I fear my next book [Descent] … will greatly displease you."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  23 Aug [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.382)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7308

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Armand de Quatrefages   23 August [1870] …
  • … Darwin Bassett Down letterhead 23 Aug [1870] Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) …
  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 . CD refers to Quatrefages’s support for …
  • … des Sciences (see letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 , and letter to Armand …
  • … de Quatrefages, 20 July [1870] ). CD also alludes to …
  • … Prussian war, which had begun on 19 July 1870 ( Wawro 2003 , p.  65). Henri Milne-Edwards …
  • … Académie des Sciences (see letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870  and n.  5). CD …
  • … Revue des Cours Scientifiques , of 13 August 1870. It contained a resumé of all the points …
  • … les travaux de Ch. Darwin’, Revue des Cours Scientifiques 7 (1870): 588–92). According to …
  • … in Revue des Cours Scientifiques , 23 July 1870, p.  529, an academician, believed to be …

To St G. J. Mivart   23 April [1870]

Summary

Thanks StGJM for prompt answer correcting inaccuracies in CD’s notes on StGJM’s opinions. Expects "universal disapprobation" when he publishes Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  23 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.375)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7171

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To St G.  J.  Mivart   23 April [1870] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.375) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Apr [1870] St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … this letter and the letter from St G.  J.  Mivart, 22 April 1870 . See letter to St G.   …
  • … J.  Mivart, 21 April [1870] , and letter from St G.   …
  • … J.  Mivart, 22 April 1870 . CD refers to Mivart 1865, 1866a, 1866b, and 1867. CD refers to …

To Thomas Henry Farrer   13 [May 1870]

Summary

Encloses part of letter from Fritz Müller on Passiflora, with seeds.

Is endeavouring to have included in next census a question as to whether the parents in each household are cousins.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  13 [May 1870]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7188

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Thomas Henry Farrer   13 [May 1870] …
  • … H.  Vivian, 11 May [1870] . See Variation 2: 123–4. Frances Farrer. …
  • … Ms 299/13) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 [May 1870] Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … between this letter and the letter to H.  H.  Vivian, 11 May [1870] . CD enclosed part …
  • … of the letter from Fritz Müller, 16 February 1870 . It is the only section of that letter …
  • … Farrer with his letter of 16 February 1870 . Earlier, Farrer had concluded that humming- …
  • … Austin Bruce. See letter from H.  H.  Vivian, 10 May 1870  and n.  1, and letter to H.   …

From Paul Broca   4 August 1870

Summary

Thanks CD for compliments on the first part of his "discours",

but the later part was critical of natural selection. Nevertheless, CD should see him not as a systematic adversary, but in the camp of Quatrefages de Bréau and Milne-Edwards.

Author:  Pierre Paul (Paul) Broca
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1870
Classmark:  DAR 160: 313
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7294

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Paul Broca    4 August 1870
  • … DAR 160: 313 Pierre Paul (Paul) Broca Paris 4 Aug 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … been found, but was evidently written on 29 July 1870. Broca refers to his lecture ‘Sur …
  • … delivered at the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris in April 1870 and published in the …
  • … 23 July and 30 July 1870 issues of the Revue des Cours Scientifiques (Broca 1870a). A …
  • … of the French Académie des Sciences. See letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 . …
  • … Paris, 4 août 1870 Monsieur, Je suis heureux du témoignage de bienveillance que vous avez …
  • … Paris, 4 August 1870 Dear Sir, I am pleased by the mark of benevolence you were so good as …

From Edouard van Beneden   17 December 1870

Summary

CD has been nominated as a Membre Associé of the Belgian Royal Academy.

Discusses crustacean embryology; EvB is at variance with Dohrn.

Author:  Édouard Joseph Louis Marie (Édouard) van Beneden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Dec 1870
Classmark:  DAR 160: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7396

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Edouard van Beneden    17 December 1870
  • … Édouard Joseph Louis Marie (Édouard) van Beneden Liège 17 Dec 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Dohrn, Anton. 1870. Untersuchungen über Bau und Entwicklung der …
  • … Liège 17 X bre . 1870 Monsieur et illustre Confrère, J’ai éprouvé un véritable joie en …
  • … 315–16. See letter from L.  A.  J.  Quetelet, 15 December 1870. CD had been nominated for …
  • … the zoological section of the Académie des Sciences on 27 June 1870 ( Comptes Rendus de l’ …
  • … Académie des Sciences 70 (1870): 1418). The Institut de France includes five academies, …
  • … Liège 17 December 1870 Dear Sir and illustrious Colleague, I felt a real joy on learning …
  • … from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870  and n.  6. There are offprints of Beneden 1868, …
  • … articles, later collected into a book ( Dohrn 1870 ), on the morphology and development of …
  • … concerning the genealogy of Crustacea in Dohrn 1870 , pp.  159–61. Beneden did not publish …

From Edward Livingston Youmans   25 September 1870

Summary

Concerning an American edition of Descent by Appleton’s.

Author:  Edward Livingston Youmans
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 183: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7324

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Edward Livingston Youmans   25 September 1870
  • … DAR 183: 2 Edward Livingston Youmans New York 25 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Co.  also published an edition in 1870. In 1871, Youmans founded the International …
  • … see the letter from Asa Gray, 14 February 1870  and n.  5. The American edition of Alfred …
  • … and corrections. New York: D. Appleton. 1870. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … New York Sep.  25 1870 Mr Charles Darwin Sir I have been long interested in pushing into …
  • … was published by D.  Appleton & Co.  in 1870. The American edition of Thomas Henry Huxley’ …
  • … was published by D.  Appleton & Co.  in 1870. The reference is to Alexander Macmillan. …

To James Crichton-Browne   2 April [1870]

Summary

Copy of Duchenne [see 7089] has not arrived; CD is concerned that it may be lost.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  2 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7160

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To James Crichton-Browne   2 April [1870] …
  • … DAR 143: 331 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Apr [1870] James Crichton-Browne …
  • … letter and the letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 . CD refers to Duchenne  …
  • … 1862 ; see letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 . …

To J. D. Hooker   2 [June 1870]

Summary

Returns H. C. Watson’s letter.

CD must study JDH’s manner of arrangement of varieties and subspecies, etc.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 [June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7214

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 [June 1870] …
  • … DAR 94: 174 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 [June 1870] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to praise his Student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ); see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 May 1870] and enclosure. For an earlier disagreement between Hooker and …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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