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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From J. D. Hooker   24 March 1874

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Summary

"Half an answer" to CD’s query on visit of Sphinx to Hedychium gardnerianum.

Business affairs and family ill health keep him busy.

G. J. Allman will succeed Bentham as President of Linnean Society. Busk has refused.

Huxley is well.

JDH has indoctrinated Sir Stafford Northcote with his merits.

Lyell frail.

Old J. E. Gray goes on publishing.

"Is not [Thomas] Belt splendid!"

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Mar 1874
Classmark:  DAR 103: 195–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9371

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Williams & Norgate. Spencer, Herbert. 1870–2. The principles of psychology. 2d edition. 2 …
  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Croll, James. 1870–4. On ocean-currents. – Part I. …
  • … Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 39 (February 1870): 81–106; Part II. Philosophical …
  • … Magazine 4th ser. 39 (March 1870): 180–94; Part III. Philosophical …
  • … Magazine 4th ser. 40 (October 1870): 233–59; 42 (October 1871): 241–80; 47 (February …
  • … of his article on ocean currents ( Croll 1870–4 ). In an earlier section of the paper ( …
  • … 18, letter from Joachim Barrande, 19 June 1870  and n.  3). Although once thought to be …
  • … of Principles of psychology ( Spencer 1870–2 ). Moulton had challenged Spencer’s claim to …

From Albert Günther   28 April 1874

Summary

Thanks for recent edition of CD’s Journal of researches.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9432

Matches: 5 hits

  • … had been published with a new postscript in 1860; this was reprinted in 1870 ( Journal of …
  • … researches (1860) and (1870); see Freeman 1977 ). In the postscript, CD noted that several …
  • … as varieties ( Journal of researches (1870) , p.  vii). Günther later published a detailed …
  • … John Murray. 1860. Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural …
  • … Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. Journal of researches : Journal of …

From C. L. Denison   17 January [1874]

Summary

Sends CD the number of Pitcairn islanders transferred to Norfolk Island cited in her deceased husband’s book [Sir William Thomas Denison, Varieties of a vice-regal life (1870)] but is unable to furnish additional information.

Author:  Caroline Lucy Denison
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9246

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Thomas Denison, Varieties of a vice-regal life (1870)] but is unable to furnish additional …
  • … Bibliography Denison, William. 1870. Varieties of vice-regal life . 2 vols. London: …
  • … 1874  and n.  2. The reference is to Denison 1870 . In his report of 10 July 1859, William …

To C. L. Denison   14 January 1874

Summary

Seeks information on the number of Pitcairn islanders and the effect on their fertility of the transfer to Norfolk Island.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Caroline Lucy Denison
Date:  14 Jan 1874
Classmark:  National Library of Australia (MS 73)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9241

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Denison, William. 1870. Varieties of vice-regal life . 2 vols. London: …
  • … Varieties of vice-regal life ( Denison 1870 ), much of which was in epistolary form, on …
  • … Norfolk Island is discussed in Denison 1870 , 1: 360–3. Pitcairn Island is in the southern …

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   9 June 1874

Summary

Did not know cabbage contained so much nitrogen.

Pinguicula more excited by seeds than Drosera. Asks for information about Pinguicula.

Asks name of weed.

Asks to borrow Utricularia plant.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  9 June 1874
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Thiselton-Dyer, W. T., Letters from Charles Darwin 1873–81: 10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9486

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lentibularineae ( J.  D.   Hooker 1870 , pp.  296–7), now the family Lentibulariaceae. …
  • … Bibliography Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …

From C.-F. Reinwald   10 December 1874

Summary

Sends French translation of Journal of researches and will send the £20 due to CD when 750 copies have been sold.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 176: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9752

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Edmond Barbier of Journal of researches (1870) . See Correspondence vol.  21, letter from …
  • … Press. 1985–. Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural history …
  • … command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. …

From J. M. Grandclément   [May 1874]

Summary

He was chagrined to read in Descent CD’s statement that smallpox vaccine has saved thousands of lives. He has found no scientific reason to believe in the prophylactic effect of the vaccine. In epidemic of 1870–1, smallpox killed more vaccinated persons than were killed by cholera, against which there is no vaccine, in 1853–4. Cites the difficulties in arriving at a conclusive proof of vaccine’s effectiveness.

Author:  Joseph Marie Grandclément
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [May 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9436

Matches: 4 hits

  • … epidemic during the Franco-Prussian war (1870–1), see Smallman-Raynor and Cliff 2002; on …
  • … effect of the vaccine. In epidemic of 1870–1, smallpox killed more vaccinated persons than …
  • … de revaccination. Enfin l’épidémie de 1870–1871 a dû prouver l’impuissance de la vaccine. …
  • … of revaccination. Lastly, the epidemic of 1870–1871 ought to have proven the impotence of …

From John Murray Jr   15 September 1874

Summary

Sends CD a statement of number of thousands of copies printed thus far [by Murray’s] of: Journal of researches (12), Origin (13), Descent (10), and Expression (9).

Author:  John Murray, Jr; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Sept 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 440
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9639

Matches: 3 hits

  • … been identified. Journal of researches (1870) . John Murray (1808–92) customarily held a …
  • … Bibliography Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural history …
  • … Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. Murray, John. 1908–9. Darwin and his …

To G. H. Darwin   18 November [1874]

Summary

Sends Murray’s report of November sales of CD’s books. "I am well content."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  18 Nov [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9724

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural history …
  • … command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. …
  • … Nat. Voyage: Journal of researches (1870) . The spine title was ‘Naturalist’s voyage …

From H. W. Bates   7 February 1874

Summary

Books CD requested have been packed and sent.

He will present CD with the classified catalogue [of Royal Geographical Society].

He has not learned whereabouts of Thomas Staley.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 160: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9275

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the library of the Royal Geographical Society, to December, 1870. London: John Murray. …
  • … Staley was bishop of Honolulu, Hawaii, until 1870. CD had asked about the decline of the …

To J. V. Carus   9 July [1874]

Summary

Advises JVC on how his publisher might deal with problem of getting satisfactory heliotype copies for 2d [German] edition of Expression.

Regrets that he will again be away in August, when JVC might have come for a visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  9 July [1874]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 116–117)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9539

Matches: 2 hits

  • … had also planned but failed to meet in 1870 ( Correspondence vol.  18, letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 18 April 1870 ) and 1873 ( Correspondence vol.  21, letter to J.  V.  Carus, 2  …

From Henry Cecil   9 April 1874

Summary

Has just read Journal of researches and has been charmed out of his anti-Darwinian prejudice.

Author:  Henry Cecil
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Apr 1874
Classmark:  DAR 161: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9399

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural history …
  • … Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. Journal of researches 2d ed. : Journal of …
  • … most recent edition, Journal of researches (1870) , was largely identical to Journal of …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   25 June 1874

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Summary

Reports on his examination of the dried specimens of Pinguicula at Kew to answer CD’s query whether all species secrete.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 64–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9513

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 12 November 1858 ). J.  D.  Hooker 1870 , p.  297. See letter to W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’ s flora of the British Islands. …

From T. L. Brunton   [29] October [1874]

Summary

Forwards a photograph he thought had been lost. Has noticed that the two sides of the face are often asymmetric in portrait busts and statues.

Author:  Thomas Lauder Brunton, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29] Oct [1874]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 341
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9701

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Brunn, Heinrich. 1870. Beschreibung der Glyptothek König Ludwig’s I. zu …
  • … is said to have lost from illness)’. Brunn 1870 , p.  200, stated that the bust had been …

From T. M. Coan   14 February 1874

Summary

On the declining population of the Hawaiian Islands [see Descent (1875), pp. 186–7, 187–8 n. 43].

Author:  Titus Munson Coan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 69: A11, DAR 90: 40–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9290

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Boston: Gould and Lincoln. Anderson, Rufus. 1870. History of the Sandwich Islands Mission. …
  • … s Hist.  of S.  I.  Mission, Boston, 1870.  p.  332 Dr.  Beratz testifies that no unusual …
  • … of 1869 has been found. See Anderson 1870 , p.  332 n.  1. Anderson 1865 . Coan refers to …

From John Murray   3 November 1874

Summary

Statement of stock on hand of CD’s works.

Expression, curiously, at a dead stand-still.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1874
Classmark:  DAR 171: 441
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9707

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1873 reprint of Journal of researches (1870) . CD was managing the financial side of the …
  • … John Murray. 1872. Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural …
  • … command of Capt. FitzRoy RN. By Charles Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 August 1874]

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Summary

Lady Dorothy Nevill is CD’s best chance for Dionaea.

Reports on Belfast meeting of BAAS. Lubbock’s lecture went off admirably. Huxley’s was the magnum opus.

Encloses letter from Mrs Barber on protective coloration of animals.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 Aug 1874]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 219–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9610

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. M’Kerlie, Peter Handyside. 1870–9. History of the lands and their owners in …
  • … famous Castle Kennedy Gardens ( M’Kerlie 1870–9 , 1: 162–3). Letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 20  …

From Auguste Forel   31 October 1874

Summary

Thanks for CD’s favourable opinion of his book [Les fourmis de la Suisse (1874)]. Habits of ants; observations on their carrying empty eggs.

Author:  Auguste-Henri (Auguste) Forel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Oct 1874
Classmark:  DAR 164: 154
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9704

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Forel, Auguste. 1870. Notices myrmécologiques, I. Sur le Polyergus rufescens. …
  • … article ‘Notices myrmëcologiques’ ( Forel 1870 ). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …

From A. R. Wallace   6 December 1874

Summary

Thanks for new edition of Descent.

His work on geographical distribution; drudgery and the often unsatisfactory nature of the result.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec 1874
Classmark:  DAR 106: B120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9744

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vi) Wallace said he had been working on the book since about 1870 (see ibid. , p.  vi). …

From George Cupples   3 February 1874

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Summary

Responds to CD’s queries about breeders’ practices in destroying and saving males or females in litters of deerhounds.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1874
Classmark:  DAR 90: 85–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9263

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Cupples had given CD a deer-hound puppy called Bran in 1870 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … letter from George Cupples, 14 November 1870 ). Duncan McNeill died on 31 January 1874 ( …
Document type
letter (47)
Date
1874
01 (6)
02 (8)
03 (3)
04 (5)
05 (4)
06 (5)
07 (2)
08 (1)
09 (3)
10 (2)
11 (2)
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1870 in keywords
51 Items
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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