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From J. D. Hooker   24 September 1870

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Summary

Reports on the 1870 BAAS meeting at Liverpool. Huxley’s address was over the heads of the laymen.

Tyndall’s was eloquent to listen to, disappointing to read.

George Rolleston’s "Rococo" address [Nature 2 (1870): 423–7, 442–6].

Murchison.

Lyell.

Has done an immense lot of work.

Regrets CD has not kept the simple title "Origin of man" [for Descent].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 103: 57–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7323

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 September 1870
  • … DAR 103: 57–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Reports on the 1870 BAAS meeting at Liverpool. Huxley’s address was over the heads of the …
  • … Rolleston’s "Rococo" address [ Nature 2 (1870): 423–7, 442–6]. Murchison. Lyell. Has done …
  • … Bibliography Murchison, Roderick Impey. 1870. Address to the geography section. Report of …
  • … Science; held at Liverpool in September 1870 , Transactions of the sections, pp. 158–66. …
  • … in Liverpool from 14 to 21 September 1870 (see Report of the 40th meeting of the British …
  • … the presidential address on 14 September 1870 (T.  H.  Huxley 1870c). The topic of Huxley’ …
  • … On the title of the book, see the letter to John Murray, [after 1 July 1870] and n.  2. …
  • … Franco-Prussian War had broken out in July 1870 (see Wawro 2003 ). The Captain , a turret- …
  • … ship with a crew of 500, was lost at sea on 7 September 1870; there were only 20  …
  • … survivors (see Annual Register 1870). …
  • … University Press. 2004. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: a …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. Wawro, …
  • … war: the German conquest of France in 1870–1871. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1870c, p.  lxxxiii). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 July [1870] and n.   …
  • … 9, and 12 July [1870] . The reference is to Lay sermons, addresses, and reviews (T.  H.   …
  • … s address, ‘On the scientific use of the imagination’ ( Tyndall 1870 ). CD had read proofs …
  • … see letter to John Tyndall, 8 September 1870 ). George Rolleston was president of the …
  • … and ethnology section (see Murchison 1870 ). Hooker refers to the Hebrew prophet Elijah …
  • … appeared in The Times , 19 September 1870, p.  12; the title was given as ‘The social and …
  • … member of the British Association in 1870 ( Report of the 40th meeting of the British …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 May 1870] ). Frances Harriet Hooker. William Erasmus …

From H. W. Bates   20 May 1870

Summary

Concern over Wallace’s book [Contributions to the theory of natural selection (1870)] and its apparent backsliding from Darwinian theory. HWB suggests that only CD is capable of criticising the book.

HWB hopes not too much was made over his few comments on man in M. F. Somerville’s book [Physical geography, revised ed. (1870)].

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 160: 88
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7197

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From H.  W.  Bates   20 May 1870
  • … DAR 160: 88 Henry Walter Bates R. Geogr. Soc. 20 May 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the sixth edition of Mary Somerville’s book Physical geography ( Somerville 1870 ). …
  • … Bibliography Somerville, Mary. 1870. Physical geography 6th edition. Revised by Henry …
  • … to the theory of natural selection (1870)] and its apparent backsliding from Darwinian …
  • … few comments on man in M. F. Somerville’s book [ Physical geography , revised ed. (1870)]. …
  • … letter from C.  E.  C.  B.  Appleton, 18 May [1870] and nn.  2 and 3. See letter from C.   …
  • … E.  C.  B.  Appleton, 18 May [1870] . CD was …
  • … in London from 5 to 12 March 1870 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Bates …
  • … Society | 15, Whitehall Place, S.W. May 20 1870 My dear Mr Darwin I have been having some …

From J. J. Weir   4 July 1870

Summary

On mutations in rabbits.

Cytisus case is not a double graft.

Aggressive behaviour of birds of prey.

Author:  John Jenner Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 181: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7264

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  J.  Weir   4 July 1870
  • … DAR 181: 83 John Jenner Weir Blackheath 4 July 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  J.  Weir, 27  June 1870 . Weir had suffered blood poisoning (see …
  • … letter from J.  J.  Weir, 27 June 1870 ). …
  • … See letter from J.  J.  Weir, 27 June 1870  and letter to J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, 29 June [1870] . See letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, 27 June 1870  and letter to J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, 29 June [1870] . Weir’s brother was Harrison Weir. His gardener has not been …
  • … 6 Haddo Villas | Blackheath SE 4 July 1870 My Dear Sir I regret that I was not …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   12 December [1870]

Summary

Progress on his Russian translation of Descent.

Alexander Kovalevsky is at Tor in Sinai, where C. G. Ehrenberg was in 1827.

Has CD seen Ernst Haeckel’s new book [Biologische Studien (1870–7)]?

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Dec [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7389

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   12 December [1870] …
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Berlin 12 Dec [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was in 1827. Has CD seen Ernst Haeckel’s new book [ Biologische Studien (1870–7)]? …
  • … Down in late August and early October 1870 (see Correspondence vol. 18, Appendix II). …
  • … Ernst Haeckel’s Biologische Studien ( Haeckel 1870–7 ) was a collection of earlier works. …
  • … Kovalevsky refers to Haeckel 1870–7 , 1: 119–27; amylum is starch. …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 . Kovalevsky was preparing a Russian translation …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 26 September 1870  and n.  1. John Murray charged £14 for …
  • … letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] ). Kovalevsky refers to Alexander Onufrievich …
  • … Scribner’s Sons. 1970–90. Haeckel, Ernst. 1870–7. Biologische Studien. 2 vols. Vol. 1: …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 22 November 1870 . Ehrenberg took part in an expedition to …
  • … DSB ). See letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870  and n.  2. CD had visited …
  • … moated manor house in Kent, in October 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Kovalevsky …

From T. W. Wood   [after 26 June 1870]

Summary

Is surprised to find CD disagrees about the argus [see 7229]. TWW finds others he has consulted, including Edward Blyth, agree with him.

Author:  Thomas William Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 26 June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7211

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From T.  W.  Wood   [after 26 June 1870] …
  • … DAR 181: 146 Thomas William Wood unstated [after 26 June 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Wood, Thomas W. 1870. The courtship of birds. …
  • … Student and Intellectual Observer 5 (1870–1): 113–25. …
  • … of birds in the Student and Intellectual Observer ( Wood 1870 ; see letter from T.   …
  • … W.  Wood, 14 June 1870). Wood refers to the gardens of the Zoological Society of London at …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters from T.  W.  Wood, 14 June 1870 and …
  • … 16 June 1870, and by the mention of Wood’s missing CD at the Zoological Gardens on Sunday. …
  • … CD was in London from 24 June to 1 July 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)); the only …
  • … Sunday in that period was 26 June. See letters from T.  W.  Wood, 14 June 1870 and …
  • … 16 June 1870. Edward Blyth. Wood refers …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 May 1870]

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Summary

Sends enclosure [a letter from Lady Lyell?]. He is choking with vanity.

Is going to send Willy to Mr La Touche in Salop; he brought up young Colenso and Frank Lyell. Some of his friends will think he is sending his son into a nest of young adders!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 46; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 105: 236)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6964

Matches: 18 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [31 May 1870] …
  • … Correspondence 105: 236) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [31 May 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Lovell Reeve. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … and the relationship between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 [June 1870] . …
  • … The first Tuesday after 30 May 1870 was 31 May. The enclosure, from Hewett Cottrell …
  • … probably with CD’s letter of 2 [June 1870] . William Erasmus Darwin. William Henslow …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [22 May 1870] ). James Digues La Touche was the vicar of …
  • … distribution. Watson, Hewett Cottrell. 1870. A compendium of the Cybele Britannica: or …
  • … as a subspecies of C.  album ( Hooker 1870 , p.  316). The name Hypericum quadrangulum , …
  • … name for H.  quadrangulum (see Hooker 1870 , p.  69, and Robson 1990 , p.  136). Hypericum …
  • … Watson refers to The student’s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ), published …
  • … in May 1870 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular (1870): 328). For …
  • … Hooker’s appendix of excluded species, see Hooker 1870 , pp.  475–80. Watson refers to …
  • … Britannica: or British plants in their geographical relations ( Watson 1870 , pp.  425–9). …
  • … The book appeared in November 1870 ( Publishers’ …
  • … Circular (1870): 762), but had already been privately …
  • … published in three parts between 1868 and 1870. CD’s annotated copy of the privately …

From Thomas Henry Huxley   21 January 1870

Summary

Refers to "Devonshire Man"’s attack on him ["Professor Huxley’s last new theory", Pall Mall Gaz. 18 Jan 1870, p. 6]. His intention to answer – a waste, except for political bearing of Celt question ["Professor Huxley on Celts and Teutons", Pall Mall Gaz. 21 Jan 1870, p. 6].

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Jan 1870
Classmark:  DAR 166: 323
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7084

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Thomas Henry Huxley   21 January 1870
  • … DAR 166: 323 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Abbey Place, 26 21 Jan 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s last new theory", Pall Mall Gaz. 18 Jan 1870, p. 6]. His intention to answer – a waste, …
  • … Celt question ["Professor Huxley on Celts and Teutons", Pall Mall Gaz. 21 Jan 1870, p. 6]. …
  • … in the Pall Mall Gazette , 21 January 1870, p.  6. The Act for the Disestablishment of the …
  • … 26 Abbey Place Jan 21. 1870 My dear Darwin It is hard to resist an invitation of yours—but …
  • … come (see letter to Albert Günther, 16 January [1870] ). Huxley gave his presidential …
  • … address to the Geological Society of London on 18 February 1870 (T.  H.  Huxley  …
  • … Huxley had given a lecture on 9 January 1870 on ‘The forefathers and forerunners of the …
  • … in the Pall Mall Gazette , 10 January 1870, pp.  8–9. In the lecture, Huxley argued that …
  • … man’, published in the Pall Mall Gazette , 18 January 1870, p.  6; Huxley published …

From John Murray   24 October [1870]

Summary

Sends table of sales [of Journal of researches]. 2000 copies sold since 1860.

Descent has gone to press for 2500 copies.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 380
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7350

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From John Murray   24 October [1870] …
  • … DAR 171: 380 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 24 Oct [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 1 and 2, and 11 October [1870] and n.  3). Murray had agreed …
  • … of most of the illustrations in Descent (see letter from John Murray, 10 October [1870] ). …
  • … by the reference to Descent , which first went to press in 1870 (see n.  8, below). …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 22 October [1870] . Murray refers to the different editions of …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 22 October [1870] and n.  3). Journal of researches 2d ed.  was …
  • … researches (1852) , and Journal of researches (1860) . Journal of researches (1870) . See …
  • … letter to John Murray, 22 October [1870] . The references are to the first printing of …
  • … translations, and the US edition (letters to John Murray, 26 September 1870  and nn.   …
  • … John Murray. 1860. Journal of researches (1870): Journal of researches into the natural …
  • … Darwin. New edition. London: John Murray. 1870. Journal of researches 2d ed. : Journal of …

From John Tyndall   7 September 1870

Summary

Sends CD proofs of a lecture he will give at Liverpool. Asks CD to check the part referring to him.

Élie de Beaumont’s remark, in which he requires CD to recant before being admitted to the [French] Academy, is intolerable. "This spirit has much to do with the present condition of France."

Author:  John Tyndall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Sept 1870
Classmark:  DAR 106: C3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7318

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From John Tyndall   7 September 1870
  • … DAR 106: C3–4 John Tyndall Folkestone 7 Sept 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See also the letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 23 August [1870] and nn.  5 and 6. …
  • … Tyndall alludes to the revolution of 1870 which brought an end to the Second Empire in …
  • … the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Liverpool on 16 September 1870 ( …
  • … Tyndall 1870 ). …
  • … See Tyndall 1870 , pp.  31–2. Tyndall was superintendent of the Royal Institution of …
  • … met CD during one of his visits to London in 1870. CD had sought medical advice from Henry …
  • … University Press. 2004. Tyndall, John. 1870. On the scientific use of the imagination: a …
  • … at Liverpool, on Friday evening, 16th September 1870. London: Longmans, Green & Co. …
  • … Folkestone 7 th Sept. r 1870 My dear Darwin I have asked Spottiswood & Co to send you the …
  • … see letter from H.  B.  Jones, 2 August 1870). The reference is to remarks by Léonce Elie …
  • … these ideas before electing him’; Revue des Cours Scientifiques , 23 July 1870, p.   529. …

From St G. J. Mivart   25 April 1870

Summary

Apologises for saying more than was necessary in his previous letter. Although he feels gratitude and esteem for CD, he execrates those who use natural selection to oppose man’s higher interests and impede his advance. Has seen Huxley’s Man’s place in nature for sale among a crowd of obscenities at most Italian railway stations.

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 171: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7173

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From St G.  J.  Mivart   25 April 1870
  • … 171: 187 St George Jackson Mivart London, North Bank, 7 25 Apr 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Mivart, St George Jackson. 1870. On the axial skeleton of …
  • … the Urodela. Read 28 April 1870. Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1870): 260–78. …
  • … See letter from St G.  J.  Mivart, 22 April 1870 , and letter to St G.   …
  • … J.  Mivart, 23 April [1870] . Mivart refers to Thomas Henry Huxley and T.  H.  Huxley  …
  • … see letter to St G.  J.  Mivart, 21 April [1870] and n.  2, and letter from St G.  J.   …
  • … now Caudata: salamanders) was read at the Zoological Society of London on 28 April 1870 ( …
  • … Mivart 1870 ). …
  • … 7 North Bank | N.W. April 25 th 1870 My dear Sir, It is exceedingly kind of you to write …

From J. D. Hooker   [6 or 7 July 1870]

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Summary

Has CD read E. Claparède ["Remarques à propos de l’ouvrage de M. Alfred Russel Wallace sur la théorie de la sélection naturelle", Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 38 (1870): 160–89]? Is it worth translating?

CD and J.-F. de Brandt are "en lutte for Ac. of Sc. [France]. What a farce it is".

His work on Nepenthes supports Miquel’s and Wallace’s view of the zoology of Borneo and Sumatra.

Brian Hodgson on dogs.

H. C. Bastian’s book [The modes of origin of lowest organisms (1871)] unsatisfactory.

Lyell does not share CD’s view of Bentham’s address.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 or 7 July 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 55–56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7267

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [6 or 7 July 1870] …
  • … DAR 103: 55–56 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [6 or 7 July 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … naturelle", Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 38 (1870): 160–89]? Is it worth translating? CD …
  • … Bibliography Bastian, Henry Charlton. 1870. Facts and reasonings concerning the …
  • … Würtz [and others]. Claparède, Edouard. 1870. Remarques à propos de l’ouvrage de M. Alfred …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and …
  • … 8 July [1870] , and by the reference to a visit from Charles …
  • … Lyell on Tuesday. In 1870, the first Tuesday after 2 July was 5 July. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and nn.  3 and 4. Hooker refers to Edouard Claparède and …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 July [1870] and n.  7. Hooker refers to George Macleay and …
  • … on the development of humans ( Claparède 1870 ). Hooker refers to Descent ; CD had not …
  • … see letter to John Murray, [after 1 July 1870] ). Both Johann Friedrich von Brandt and CD …
  • … zoological section of the academy on 4 July 1870; CD was elected to the botanical section …
  • … Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences 71 (1870): 41, and 87 (1878): 245; Corsi and Weindling  …
  • … the first and possibly second part of Bastian 1870 , a paper on evolution, published in …
  • … the 30 June and 7 July 1870 issues of Nature. Hooker refers to Charles Lyell and to George …

From Francis Galton   31 March 1870

Summary

Better news about the rabbits.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 105: 11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7156

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Francis Galton   31 March 1870
  • … DAR 105: 11–12 Francis Galton London, Rutland Gate, 42 31 Mar 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from Francis Galton, 17 March 1870  and n.  1. Galton refers to James Murie, …
  • … see letter from Francis Galton, 8 April 1870 . A review by Frances Power Cobbe of Galton’s …
  • … Galton 1869 ) appeared in the April issue of the Theological Review ( Cobbe 1870 ). …
  • … Bibliography Cobbe, Frances Power. 1870. Hereditary piety. [Review of Francis Galton, …
  • … See letters from Francis Galton, 15 March 1870  and n.   …
  • … 2, and 22 March 1870 . CD may have sent Galton his copy of Naudin 1862 ; there is an …
  • … See letter from J.  J.  Weir, 17 March 1870. CD must have communicated this information to …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 19 (1870–1): 393–410. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s …
  • … 42 Rutland Gate SW March 31. 1870 My dear Darwin Better news— decidedly better. I opened …

From W. T. Preyer   9 May 1870

Summary

Sends his "Charles Darwin, eine biographische Skizze" [Das Ausland 2 Apr 1870].

Author:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 174: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7181

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  T.  Preyer   9 May 1870
  • … 174: 68 William Thierry (William) Preyer Jena University 9 May 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Sends his "Charles Darwin, eine biographische Skizze" [ Das Ausland 2 Apr 1870]. …
  • … Bibliography Peschel, Oscar Ferdinand. 1870. Neue Probleme der vergleichenden Erdkunde als …
  • … See letter to W.  T.  Preyer, 17 February [1870] . The reference is to Preyer 1870b; there …
  • … attempt at a morphology of the earth’s surface; Peschel 1870 ). Preyer refers to Descent. …
  • … Jena, University, May 9, 1870. Dear Sir, I beg you to accept my very best thanks for the …

From A. R. Wallace   24 November 1870

Summary

On a good criticism of ARW’s views [North Am. Rev. (1870)].

Problems of establishing a permanent residence.

His Presidential Address for Entomological Society will answer A. Murray on geographical distribution of Coleoptera.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 106: B94–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7382

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   24 November 1870
  • … DAR 106: B94–5 Alfred Russel Wallace Barking 24 Nov 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … criticism of ARW’s views [ North Am. Rev. (1870)]. Problems of establishing a permanent …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 November [1870] . CD and Wallace had long been discussing …
  • … and his essay review of A.  R.  Wallace 1870a ( Claparède 1870 ); see letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 6 July 1870 , and letter to J.   …
  • … Bibliography Claparède, Edouard. 1870. Remarques à propos de l’ouvrage de M. Alfred Russel …
  • … Holly House, Barking.E. Nov r . 24th.  1870 Dear Darwin Your letter gave me very great …
  • … D.  Hooker, 8 July [1870] and n.  3. Wallace refers …
  • … to the theory of natural selection (Wright 1870; Wallace 1870a). The last chapter was ‘The …
  • … to man’. There is an annotated copy of Wright 1870 in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …

From J. W. Spengel   10 May 1871

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter referring to JWS’s bibliographical paper ["Darwinian bibliography", Z. Ethnol. 3 (1871): 56–67]. Will be glad to inform CD of any additions to the list and would be grateful for information on future publications.

Author:  Johann Wilhelm Spengel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7751

Matches: 17 hits

  • … Berlin: F. Dümmler. Hartmann, Eduard von. 1870. Philosophie des Unbewussten. 2nd ed. …
  • … L. Hachette et cie. Veltmann, W. von. 1870. Die Descendenztheorie aus einigen besonderen …
  • … Naturwissenschaften. Mit wissenschaftlichen Anmerkungen. Braunschweig 1870. D r G.  Jäger. …
  • … Zoologische Briefe. Lieferung II Wien 1870 Archiv …
  • … für Naturgeschichte: 1870.  p.  235. W.   …
  • … Gesichtspunkten betrachtet. Ausland.  1870. No.  13. Neue Beiträge zu den Streitfragen des …
  • … und Die Geologie. No 14 und 15 do. Gaea.  1870. Heft 6 H.  J.  Klein. Die Abänderung der …
  • … der bayerischen Akademie. München 1870. Bd II, p 154 Moriz Wagner. Ueber den Einfluss der …
  • … Munich: J. J. Lentner. Jäger, Gustav. 1870. Zoologische Briefe. Vol. 2. Vienna: Wilhelm …
  • … 1868. Metz: F. Blanc. Sachs, Julius. 1870. Lehrbuch der Botanik nach dem gegenwärtigen …
  • … Wilhelm Engelmann. Schmidt, Eduard Oscar. 1870. Das Alter der Menschheit nach den neueren …
  • … Sachs’s Lehrbuch der Botanik ( Sachs 1870 ). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin Library– …
  • … are to J.  Huber 1871 , Du Bois-Reymond 1871 , Hartmann 1870  and 1871, Hofmeister  …
  • … 1868, Klein 1870a, Jäger 1870 , …
  • … Veltmann 1870 , Wagner 1871 (a copy of parts 1 and 2 is in the Darwin …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL), Klein 1870b, Anon.  1871, Wagner 1870, Reuschle 1869 , E.   …
  • … O.  Schmidt 1870 (a copy of an earlier version, E.  O.  Schmidt and Unger 1866, is in the …

From Charles Ottley Groom Napier   January 1870

Summary

COG-N sends, at the request of the late Lord Brougham, a copy of his work, The book of nature and the book of man [1870].

Author:  Charles Ottley Groom Napier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  Jan 1870
Classmark:  DAR 165: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7068

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Charles Ottley Groom Napier   January 1870
  • … 228 Charles Ottley Groom Napier London, Maryland Rd, 20 Jan 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the late Lord Brougham, a copy of his work, The book of nature and the book of man [1870]. …
  • … or whether Brougham wrote the preface to Groom Napier 1870 , as Groom Napier claimed. …
  • … There is no copy of Groom Napier 1870  in the Darwin Libraries at CUL or Down. …
  • … Bibliography Groom Napier, Charles Ottley. 1870. The book of nature and the book of man, …
  • … 20 Maryland Road | Paddington | W. Janry 1870 To Ch. Darwin Esq re F.R.S. My dear Sir By …

From John Murray   10 October [1870]

Summary

Cannot find the [indelicate] passage he referred to in last letter.

Various publication arrangements.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7339

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Murray   10 October [1870] …
  • … DAR 171: 379 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 10 Oct [1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Descent in a letter of 13 September 1870 (National Library of Scotland, John Murray …
  • … the letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] . Murray had written to William Sweetland …
  • … the index for Descent (see letter to John Murray, 26 September 1870 , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 28 September [1870] ). The enclosure has not been found. For Murray’ …
  • … proof-sheets of Descent , see the letter from John Murray, 28 September [1870] and n.  7; …
  • … the letter to John Murray, 29 September [1870] . CD wrote Descent 2: 345 n.  53 in Latin, …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 26 September 1870 . CD had promised the American publisher of …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 29 September [1870] and n.  3). Hendrik Adrianus Kramers asked …

From T. W. Wood   16 June 1870

Summary

Argus pheasant.

Author:  Thomas William Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 181: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7235

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From T.  W.  Wood   16 June 1870
  • … DAR 181: 148 Thomas William Wood London, Hampstead Rd 16 June 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Wood, Thomas W. 1870. The courtship of birds. …
  • … Student and Intellectual Observer 5 (1870–1): 113–25. …
  • … feathers were fluffed up and separated. Wood 1870 , second plate, fig.  h. CD did not use …
  • … Street, | Hampstead Road N.W. June 16 th 1870. Dear Sir, I beg to thank you for your very …
  • … see letter from T.  W.  Wood, 14 June 1870. The letter to which this is a reply has not …
  • … found. Wood’s letter to the Field , 28 May 1870, p.  457, included diagrams of feathers; …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 March 1870]

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Summary

Does not give much for botanical results of Round Island, but the zoology is wonderful.

Lyell’s new book [The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles.

Grove is disgusted with CD for being disquieted by William Thomson: "Take another dose of Huxley’s penultimate address to Geol. Soc." [Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 25 (1869): 28–53].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Mar 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 42–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6646

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 March 1870] …
  • … DAR 103: 42–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Mar 1870] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Press. 1985–. Hooker, Joseph Dalton. 1870. The student’s flora of the British Islands. …
  • … The student’s elements of geology (1870)]. Urges Lyell to make it Elementary principles . …
  • … the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870], and by the reference to CD’s being in …
  • … The Darwins came to London on 5 March 1870 (CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). The first …
  • … dated 17 November 1869 and 13 January 1870 (Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, DC …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 29 March 1870, and this volume, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870]. The Darwins returned to Kent on 12 March (Emma Darwin’s …
  • … not meet during this visit ( see letter to Asa Gray, 15 March 1870 ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 February [1870]. Hooker refers to Round Island near Mauritius. Hooker …
  • … s flora of the British Islands ( Hooker 1870 ). Hooker refers to William Robert Grove, …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   22 November 1870

Summary

Sofya Kovalevsky not admitted to University in Berlin.

Translating the four sheets CD sent. When will book [Descent] be printed?

Alexander [Kovalevsky] has gone to the Red Sea to study corals.

Will work on live Scalpellum at Naples in spring.

Bemoans England’s Prussian sympathies. Paris will fall without bombardment.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 169: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7381

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From V.  O.  Kovalevsky   22 November 1870
  • … Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский) Berlin 22 Nov 1870 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the terms of the treaty. ( Annual Register (1870): 109 (United Kingdom); 154–221 (France); …
  • … siege by the Prussians in September 1870. In October, Otto von Bismarck had announced …
  • … rather than bombardment ( Annual Register (1870): 187). Sofia’s sister was Anna Korvin- …
  • … s last letter to CD is dated 11 October [1870]. Sofia Vasilyevna Kovalevskaya was studying …
  • … III, and Ightam Mote, from 13 to 20 October 1870 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Kovalevsky …
  • … Berlin 7. Georgienstrasse. 22 Nov.  1870. Dear Sir I did not write You such a long Time …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 September 1870  and n.  2. Pescatori : fishermen (Italian). …
  • … for work in Egypt, see letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 28 February [1870] . The French …
  • … government declared war on Prussia in July 1870. French hopes that other German states …
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Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 29 hits

  • … The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The …
  • … machine’  ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 December [1870] ). Finishing Descent; …
  • … some weeks’  ( letter to Albert Günther, 13 January [1870] ). Darwin was still working hard on …
  • … I shall be’  ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). She had previously read proof-sheets …
  • … shd. turn parson?’ ( letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Henrietta disagreed: ‘Certainly …
  • … of man!’ ( letter from H. E. Darwin, [after 8 February 1870] ). Darwin was also encouraged …
  • … sense of mankind’ ( letter to F. P. Cobbe, 23 March [1870?] ). Cobbe accused Darwin of smiling in …
  • … great philosophy?’ ( letter from F. P. Cobbe, 28 March [1870?] ). Humans as animals: ears …
  • … [1868] ; this volume, letter to Thomas Woolner, 10 March [1870] ). Darwin included Woolner’s …
  • … findings ( letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15 March 1870 ). Indeed, Darwin noted the same …
  • … bane of existence!’ ( letter to William Ogle, 9 November 1870 ). Researching expression: …
  • … spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). Keen for more evidence of …
  • … hurting it much?’ ( letter to A. D. Bartlett, 5 January [1870] ). Darwin made a similar request of …
  • … not succeed’ ( letter to James Crichton-Browne, 8 June [1870] ). Darwin’s queries were part …
  • … of a baby’s brows ( letter from L. C. Wedgwood, [5 May 1870] ). He also wrote to a leading Dutch …
  • … on this subject’  ( letter from F. C. Donders, 17 May 1870 ). Human evolution: debates and …
  • … more fully in a collection of essays published in April 1870 (Wallace 1870a). Wallace wrote to …
  • … naturalist’ (letter to A. R.Wallace, 26 January [1870]). Despite their increasing …
  • … in one sense rivals’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 20 April [1870] ). Darwin alluded here to the …
  • … No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very rarely used the …
  • … never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George Jackson Mivart …
  • … to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his letters to Mivart, Darwin …
  • … on the Primates’ ( letter to St G. J. Mivart, 23 April [1870] ). He also tried to recruit Mivart’s …
  • … lump of granite’ ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 22 April 1870 ). Mivart hinted that his …
  • … his “origin” ( letter from St G. J. Mivart, 25 April 1870 ). In his critical essays (later revised …
  • … Charles Darwin et ses précurseurs français  (Quatrefages 1870), that gave a detailed account, as …
  • … many others’  ( letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 28 May [1870] ). Quatrefages had …
  • … discord’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 30 March 1870 ). In proposing Darwin for election, …
  • … them’  ( letter from Armand de Quatrefages, 18 July 1870 ). The assertion had been made by Emile …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Brooke, C.A.J. 30 Nov 1870 Sarawak, Borneo …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 15 March 1870 West Riding …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 18 March 1870 Down, Kent, …
  • … Donders, F.C. 27 May 1870 Utrecht, Netherlands …
  • … Forbes, David 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W. …
  • … Nicol, Patrick 13 May 1870 Sussex Lunatic Asylum, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] Accra, West …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 Lagos, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 Conservative Club, St …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 11 St Mary Abbot's …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [25 May 1870] Bedford, Cape of Good …
  • … Weir, J.J. 27 June 1870 Blackheath, London, England …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray , J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before …
  • … Letter 7331 - Darwin to Murray, J., [29 September 1870] Darwin asks Murray to …
  • … Letter 7177 - Cupples, G. to Darwin, [29 April 1870] George Cupples tells Darwin about a …

Francis Darwin

Summary

Known to his family as ‘Frank’, Charles Darwin’s seventh child himself became a distinguished scientist. He was an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, initially studying mathematics, but then transferring to natural sciences.  Francis completed…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … honours in the natural sciences tripos in December 1870. The small amount of surviving …
  • … I appear to you’ (letter to Francis Darwin,  18 October [1870] ). Subsequently Francis …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … behaviour of her dog (letter from J. L. Gray, 14 February 1870 ), she also passed on information …

Casting about: Darwin on worms

Summary

Earthworms were the subject of a citizen science project to map the distribution of earthworms across Britain (BBC Today programme, 26 May 2014). The general understanding of the role earthworms play in improving soils and providing nutrients for plants to…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … on my mind’ ( letter to W. T. Preyer, 17 February [1870 ])) that without earthworms aerating the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … more litters & no happy results”, he wrote on 26 April 1870 . In the following year, Galton …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of Descent (letter to H. E. Darwin, [8 February 1870] ). Audio of more …

Darwin and Gender Projects by Harvard Students

Summary

Working in collaboration with Professor Sarah Richardson and Dr Myrna Perez, Darwin Correspondence Project staff developed a customised set of 'Darwin and Gender' themed resources for a course on Gender, Sex and Evolution first taught at Harvard…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grateful I shall be.”(Letter to Darwin, H. E., [8 Feb 1870] ) Although Miranda acknowledges that …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … ideas to humans.  After his election as MP for Maidstone in 1870, Lubbock tried at Darwin’s request …
  • … Lubbock’s Origin of civilisation , published in 1870 as Darwin was completing Descent, was …
  • … good of my internal viscera’ ( to John Lubbock, 21 July [1870] ). It seems what principally gave …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … you owe any more … Darwin to his son Francis, 1870. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7179 - Wedgwood, L. C. to Darwin, [5 May 1870] Darwin’s niece, Lucy, …
  • … Letter 7124 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [8 February 1870] Darwin seeks Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … & I feel deeply for you. ( Letter to F. C. Donders, 19 May 1870 )     …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7123 - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [March 1870] Darwin thanks his daughter, …
  • … Letter 7329 – Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7314 - Kovalevsky, S. to Darwin, [1 September 1870] Sophia Kovalevsky accepts …
  • … Letter 7329 - Murray, J. to Darwin, [28 September 1870] Written shortly before the …

Moral Nature

Summary

In Descent of Man, Darwin argued that human morality had evolved from the social instincts of animals, especially the bonds of sympathy and love. Darwin gathered observations over many decades on animal behavior: the heroic sacrifices of social insects,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7145 : Darwin to Cobbe, F. P. 23 March [1870?] Darwin met the religious writer and …
  • … Letter 7149 : Cobbe, F. P. to Darwin, 28 March [1870?] "I more than suspect you of a …

Power of movement in plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Family experiments Darwin was an active and engaged father during his children's youth, involving them in his experiments and even occasionally using them as observational subjects. When his children…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 7346 - Darwin to Francis Darwin, 18 October 1870 Darwin writes to Francis to …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the basis for a new German edition (Bronn and Carus trans. 1870), prepared by Julius Victor Carus, …
  • … own evolutionary views and critical commentary (Royer trans. 1870). Darwin complained to Hooker, …
  • … work some hours daily’ ( letter to Anton Dohrn, 4 January 1870 ). Darwin’s health was generally …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75, 1 February 1872, p. 66). The …
  • … of a prize for a humane trap ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). The prize was still …
  • … England and Wales every night ( Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). Under these circumstances, …
  • … Star , 8 December 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. 75). 5 Animal baiting, …
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