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To Ernst Haeckel   3 August [1869]

Summary

Suggests Englishmen who might provide sponge specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  3 Aug [1869]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1–52/22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6850

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To Ernst Haeckel   3 August [1869] …
  • … 1: 1–52/22) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Aug [1869] Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel …
  • … to A.  M.  Norman, 29 July [1869], and letter from A.   …
  • … M.  Norman, 2 August 1869  and enclosure. CD refers to James Scott Bowerbank. …
  • … See also letter from A.  M.  Norman, 2 August 1869 . …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Ernst Haeckel, 2 July 1869 . …
  • … Letter from Ernst Haeckel, 2 July 1869. CD refers to Thomas Henry Huxley, the letter to …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley, 9 July [1869] , and the letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 16 July 1869 . See …
  • … letter to Albany Hancock, 17 July [1869] , and letter from …
  • … Albany Hancock, 25 July 1869  and n.  3. See letter …

From A. R. Wallace   10 March 1869

Summary

Weir’s paper on relation of protection to colour of caterpillars [Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9] confirms ARW’s hypothesis.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6651

Matches: 11 hits

  • … are notes for his reply to Wallace. See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 22 March [1869] . …
  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   10 March 1869
  • … 8 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 10 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … caterpillars [ Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (1869): 21–6; (1870): 337–9] confirms ARW’s …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Weir, John Jenner. 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and …
  • … 9, St. Mark’s Crescent | NW. March 10th.  1869 Dear Darwin Thanks for your kind note. I …
  • … See letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 5 March [1869] and n.  2. Wallace refers to his publisher, …
  • … John Jenner Weir’s paper ‘On insects and insectivorous birds’ ( Weir 1869 ) was read …
  • … on 1 March 1869. CD cited it in Descent 1: 417. Wallace had been asked by CD to suggest a …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. [Read 1 March 1869. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6. …

To Fritz Müller   18 July [1869]

Summary

Reports reviews of Facts and arguments for Darwin [1869].

Is preparing for a French translation of Orchids.

The case of Abutilon which is sterile with some individuals is remarkable.

Has sent FM’s account of the monstrous Begonia to the Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  18 July [1869]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6835

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   18 July [1869] …
  • … 29) Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 18 July [1869] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … reviews of Facts and arguments for Darwin [1869]. Is preparing for a French translation of …
  • … to Joseph Dalton Hooker. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 July 1869  and nn.  2 and 3. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869 . The reference is …
  • … to Dallas trans.  1869. See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 28 April [1869] . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 15 June 1869  and n.  3. The reviews have not been identified. …
  • … the Capivary river with his letter of 14 March 1869. Müller published the results of his …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … See letter to George Bentham, 10 May [1869] and n.  6. Müller …
  • … a brief article from Colonie Zeitung with his letter of 14 March 1869. A translation of a …
  • … appeared in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 26 June 1869, p.  686. The excerpt does not mention CD …
  • … californica (California poppy; see letter to Fritz Müller, 14 March 1869  and n.  11. ) …

To J. D. Hooker   24 November [1869]

Summary

Sends title of Kerner’s book [see 6997] and comments that AK does not give the one parent form of the genus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 162–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7006

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   24 November [1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 162–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Nov [1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Abhangigkeit der Pflanzen von Klima & Boden: 1869 Innsbruck. — If you like I could lend it …
  • … letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21 November 1869 . Hooker had enclosed a letter …
  • … Mary Elizabeth Lyell with his letter of 21 November 1869. The letter has not been found. …
  • … For CD’s earlier comments on Kerner von Marilaun 1869, see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 November [1869] . A.  Kerner: Anton Kerner von Marilaun. …
  • … comment on Kerner von Marilaun’s plant genealogy, see his letter of 21 November 1869. See …
  • … letter from George Bentham, 23 November 1869 . Hooker’s most …
  • … recent extant letter is that of 21 November 1869. CD may be referring to writing ‘C.B. ’ …
  • … the envelope; in his letter of 21 November 1869, Hooker had written: ‘Pray do not C.B.   …
  • … more on Hooker’s newly acquired CB, see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 November 1869 . …

To J. D. Hooker   14 August [1869]

Summary

Faraday memorial is an exception.

George [Darwin] has convinced CD that North British Review article is by P. G. Tait [see 6841].

Surprised that leaves of Drosophyllum are always rolled backwards at their tips, but did not know it was unique character.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Aug [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 149-50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6863

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   14 August [1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 149-50 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Aug [1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Thomson and Tait 1867). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869  and n.  10. …
  • … of this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869  and n.  11. CD refers to William Henslow Hooker. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869  and n.  7. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.   Hooker, 13 August 1869  and nn.  5 and 6. CD refers to the memorial for …
  • … Michael Faraday. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 August 1869  and nn.  15 and 16. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 August [1869] and n.  4. …
  • … in the North British Review ( [Tait] 1869 ) to Peter Guthrie Tait; Tait and William …

To R. F. Cooke   2 July [1869]

Summary

Thanks for [July 1869] issue of Quarterly Review.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  2 July [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6814

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To R.  F.  Cooke   2 July [1869] …
  • … Thanks for [July 1869] issue of Quarterly Review . …
  • … DAR 143: 272 Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 2 July [1869] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … the address. The Darwins left on 10 June 1869 for Caerdeon, and returned on 31 July (see ‘ …
  • … vol.  17, Appendix II)). The July 1869 issue of the Quarterly Review contained articles …
  • … s hypotheses’ ( Lewes 1868 ; see Quarterly Review 127 (1869): 68–98, 134–76). The author …
  • … design in nature ( Quarterly Review 127 (1869): 134–76) was James Bowling Mozley (see …

To Linnean Society, President and Council   10 May 1869

Summary

Recommends publication of Mrs Barber’s paper on a rare case of fertilisation of a plant by one kind of insect alone, with access of others prevented by a mechanical obstacle [Mary Elizabeth Barber, "On the fertilisation and dissemination of Duvernoia adhatodoides", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 11 (1869): 469–72].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  President and council, Linnean Society
Date:  10 May 1869
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (SP.57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6740

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Linnean Society, President and Council   10 May 1869
  • … SP.57) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 May 1869 President and council, Linnean Society …
  • … CD refers to Mary Elizabeth Barber. See letter from George Bentham, 7 May 1869  and n.   …
  • … 4. See Barber 1869 , p.  470. …
  • … Bibliography Barber, Mary Elizabeth. 1869. On the fertilization and dissemination …
  • … Duvernoia adhatodoides. [Read 15 April 1869. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … dissemination of Duvernoia adhatodoides ", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 11 (1869): 469–72]. …
  • … to me. Charles Darwin To the Pres. & Council of Linnean Soc. Down. May 10 th . 1869. — …

To A. R. Wallace   5 December [1869]

Summary

Further comments on arrangements for German translation of their joint paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  5 Dec [1869]
Classmark:  British Library Board (Add 46434 f. 194–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7020

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   5 December [1869] …
  • … Board (Add 46434 f. 194–5) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Dec [1869] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] . CD refers to Adolf Bernhard Meyer. See …
  • … letter to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] . For the photographs Wallace suggested, see …
  • … the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … see the letter to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] and n.  6. Meyer’s translation of C.   …
  • … Eduard Besold. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion with …
  • … 2: 319–38. See letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 4 December [1869] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … to A.  B.  Meyer, 27 November [1869] . Emma Darwin’s note refers to one of Julia Margaret …
  • … to A.  B.  Meyer, 27  November [1869] and n.  2. CD refers to C.   …
  • … See letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] . CD refers to Meyer’s German translation of …
  • … with the laws of matter and force in Nature , 25 November and 2 December 1869 (Wallace  …
  • … 1869d, Murphy 1869 ); see also letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 20 October 1869 . Wallace argued against Murphy that spontaneous variations …
  • … through natural selection. See Murphy 1869 , 1: 326, 345–7, and Wallace 1869d, p.  106. On …

To J. D. Hooker   [22 January 1869]

Summary

No paradox that unimportant characters are important systematically. This view removes heavy burden from CD’s shoulders. Relief that JDH does not object.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22 Jan 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 114—15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6568

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [22 January 1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 114—15 Charles Robert Darwin Down [22 Jan 1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January 1869  and n.  8. Scientific Opinion was a weekly …
  • … the English Mechanic and Mirror of Science ( North 1989 , 6: 4271). Somerville 1869 . See …
  • … letter to Mary Somerville, 21 January [1869] . …
  • … Waterloo Academic Press. Somerville, Mary. 1869. On molecular and microscopic science. 2 …
  • … Correspondence vol.  13) and 7 August [1869]). Henrietta Emma Darwin used a variant, ‘ …
  • … of dicotyledons, see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 January 1869 . See letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869 and n.   …
  • … 6, and 18 January 1869. Hooker had suggested the grafting experiment to determine whether …
  • … branch. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January 1869  and n.  11. Charles Pritchard. …

From W. C. Tait   13 April 1869

Summary

Insectivorous plants; Drosophyllum lusitanicum.

Descriptions of the local sheep.

Author:  William Chester Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1869
Classmark:  DAR 178: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6696

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From W.  C.  Tait   13 April 1869
  • … DAR 178: 46 William Chester Tait Oporto 13 Apr 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … C.   Tait, 19 February 1869 . The friend and the lake have not been identified. Post was …
  • … to send it by the monthly packet to Brazil ( Post Office London directory 1869, p.  2277). …
  • … See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 . Tait had sent plants of Drosophyllum …
  • … and Climbing plants. See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 . Alexander Rossari …
  • … merchant ( Post Office London directory 1869). He has not been further identified. See …
  • … letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869  and n.  2. Félix de Avellar Brotero. …
  • … See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 7 April [1869] . The plant may have been a Stapelia. …
  • … See letter to W.  C.  Tait, 24 February 1869 , and letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 5 March 1869 . See letter from W.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Post Office London directory : Post-Office …
  • … Oporto April 13 th 1869 Charles Darwin Esq r . Dear Sir, I received your kind letter of …

From J. D. Hooker   [25 January 1869]

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Summary

Does not fact that characters important in systematics are often of no use, corroborate CD’s view that such characters, if not detrimental, may persist ad infinitum?

Social news.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Jan 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 8–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6608

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [25 January 1869] …
  • … DAR 103: 8–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [25 Jan 1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not been identified, but on 23 February 1869 a paper ‘The cave cannibals of South Africa’ …
  • … the Ethnological Society of London n.s.  2 (1869–70): 76–80. Layland has not been further …
  • … is to Herbert Spencer. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 January 1869  and n.  8. …
  • … Churchill Babington (see n.  7, below). In 1869, the Monday preceding 28 January was 25  …
  • … January. See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and …
  • … 16 January [1869], and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 [January] 1869 and …
  • … 15 January 1869. Hooker refers to Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell, Susan Ridley Norton, …
  • … as a candidate for the medal in 1868 or 1869 (see Minutes of Council of the Royal Society …
  • … Babington was married on Thursday 28 January 1869 at St James Church, Bury Saint Edmunds, …

From J. D. Hooker   14 November 1869

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Summary

Describes how the offer of C.B. was made. He declined a knighthood. Murchison and Lyell are trying to get him made Knight Commander of the Star of India, but he does not think there is a chance. The Duke [of Argyll?] might do it, but does not like JDH’s Darwinism.

Next Presidency of Royal Society discussed: all (Brodie, the X Club botanists, et al.) are agreed on Lyell.

Everyone is disappointed with Nature.

What did CD think of "Huxley’s rhapsody on Goethe’s ditto" [Nature 1 (1869): 9–11]?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 35—8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6988

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 November 1869
  • … DAR 103: 35—8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … What did CD think of "Huxley’ s rhapsody on Goethe’s ditto" [ Nature 1 (1869): 9–11]? …
  • … Hooker, while he was in New Zealand (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 June 1869, 17  …
  • … July 1869, and …
  • … 13 August 1869). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and n.  13. Hooker was working on The student’s flora of …
  • … British Islands ( J.  D.  Hooker 1870 ); see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869 . …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and n.  2. Hooker refers to Roderick Impey …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 November [1869] and nn.  2 and 3. See also L.  Huxley ed.   …
  • … review of literature, science, and art, established in October 1869 (see letter from …
  • … John Murray, 18 September [1869] ). On the Spectator , see Correspondence vol.  12, letter …
  • … to change the Royal Society president in 1869, see Barton 1990 , p.  64. Hooker refers to …
  • … journal of science’, was dated 4 November 1869. The publisher was Alexander Macmillan. For …

To J. D. Hooker   30 March [1869]

Summary

Interested in Barkly’s letter about Mauritius. Doubts non-volcanic origin. Urges collection of all forms of terrestrial life to determine whether they are of a former continent or "waifs and strays". He leans to latter view, as snakes and reptiles are different.

Huxley’s address wonderfully "brilliant", but it is a mistake to separate evolutionists from uniformitarians.

Bentham has come out "splendidly" on descent of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 121–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6688

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J. D. Hooker   30 March [1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 121–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 Mar [1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 29 March 1869 . Hooker had enclosed letters from Henry …
  • … Henry with his letter to Emma Darwin of 29 March 1869. See the letter from Barkly to …
  • … Hooker enclosed in Hooker’s letter to Emma Darwin of 29 March 1869. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin, 29 March 1869  and n.  1. CD refers …
  • … CD refers to the report in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 27 March 1869, pp.  336–7, …
  • … of the Linnean Society meeting of 4 March 1869 at which George Bentham read a paper, ‘ …
  • … address to the Geological Society of London on 19 February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869c). …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 19 March [1869] . See letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 19 March [1869] and n.  3. Henrietta Emma Darwin had been ill for a …
  • … couple of weeks (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and n.  4). …

From A. W. Bennett   3 May 1869

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Summary

Sends CD some notes [missing] on the mode of fertilisation of winter-flowering plants, and outlines his conclusions regarding the different types of winter-flowerers and the means by which they are fertilised.

Author:  Alfred William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 76: B176–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6724

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  W.  Bennett   3 May 1869
  • … DAR 76: B176–7 Alfred William Bennett Upper Holloway 3 May 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Bennett, Alfred William. 1869. On the fertilisation of winter-flowering …
  • … see the letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 22 April 1869 and n.  1. Euphorbia helioscopia …
  • … amygdaloides is wood spurge (see Bennett 1869 , pp.  12–13). See above, n.  6; ‘Christmas …
  • … the letter from A.  W.  Bennett, 22 April 1869. The notes and drawings that Bennett refers …
  • … On the fertilisation of winter-flowering plants’ on 4 November 1869 in the inaugural …
  • … issue of Nature ( Bennett 1869 ). He discussed …
  • … observations made in the winter of 1868 to 1869. CD’s annotated copy of the article is in …
  • … Road, Upper Holloway | London N. May 3 rd 1869 Dear Sir Tempted by the kindness of your …
  • … is bird’s eye speedwell, and Euphorbia peplus is petty spurge (see Bennett 1869 , p.  11). …
  • … officinalis is common fumitory (see Bennett 1869 , p.  11). Viola odorata is the sweet …
  • … hyemalis is winter aconite (see Bennett 1869 , p.  12). For Bennett’s observations on …

From T. H. Huxley   11 March 1869

Summary

Nothing new in Lushington’s letter. Two paragraphs are offensive – that THH sought to stir up Scotch Presbyterian prejudices against Comte at Edinburgh and that he had not read Comte.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 166: 317
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6654

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   11 March 1869
  • … DAR 166: 317 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Jermyn St 11 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … in the Fortnightly Review for 1  February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869a) was based on a talk …
  • … the philosophy of Auguste Comte (see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 March 1869 and n.  2). …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 10 March 1869 and n.  2. Lushington’s letter has …
  • … Ethnological Society of London met on 9 March 1869 ( Journal of the Ethnological Society …
  • … 9): ix). The Geological Society of London met on 10 March 1869 ( Quarterly Journal of the …
  • … Geological Society of London 25 (1869): 235). …
  • … Huxley was president of both societies in 1869. The paper that …
  • … Jermyn S t March 11 th 1869 My dear Darwin I “know quite enough about M r Vernon …

To Federico Delpino   14 October 1869

Summary

Cautions FD about fluid in labellum of Coryanthes.

T. H. Farrer is enthusiastic about FD’s papers.

Believes humming-birds fertilise many American flowers.

Mentions his reply to FD’s criticisms ["Pangenesis: Mr Darwin’s reply to Professor Delpino", Sci. Opin. 2 (1869): 426; Collected papers 2: 158–60].

Suggests that FD study fertilisation of Gramineae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Federico Delpino
Date:  14 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 379
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6938

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Federico Delpino   14 October 1869
  • … DAR 143: 379 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Oct 1869 Federico Delpino …
  • … to Professor Delpino", Sci. Opin. 2 (1869): 426; Collected papers 2: 158–60]. Suggests …
  • … befruktning (On the mechanisms for the fertilisation of phanerogamic plants; Axell 1869 ). …
  • … Bibliography Axell, Severin. 1869. Om anordningarna för de fanerogama växternas …
  • … Down Oct.  14. 1869 Dear Sir I am much obliged for your courteous and interesting letter. …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 9 October 1869 . The article referred to included a report …
  • … works to Thomas Henry Farrer (see letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 9 October 1869  and n.  2). …
  • … See letter from Federico Delpino, 9 October 1869  and nn.  3 and 10. …
  • … See letter from Federico Delpino, 9 October 1869  and n.  8. The …
  • … appeared in the 6 October and 13 October 1869 issues of Scientific Opinion. CD mentioned …
  • … to Scientific Opinion , [before 20 October 1869]. For CD’s original remarks on regrowth of …

From J. J. Weir   [1–13] May 1869

Summary

South Down sheep: variability in colouring and patterning of lambs compared with constancy of adult coat.

Author:  John Jenner Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1–13] May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 181: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6723

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  J.  Weir   [1–13] May 1869
  • … DAR 181: 79 John Jenner Weir Blackheath [1–13] May 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … inheritance of taillessness in dogs (see letters from W.  C.  Tait, 26 January 1869 and …
  • … 19 February 1869). …
  • … John Murray. 1868. Weir, John Jenner. 1869. On insects and insectivorous birds; and …
  • … the letter to J.  J.  Weir, 13 May [1869] . Weir refers to ‘On insects and insectivorous …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae’ ( Weir 1869 ), which was published …
  • … in the April 1869 issue of Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. Alfred …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 March 1869  and nn.  2 and 3). Weir refers to hills …
  • … and the edibility of Lepidoptera and their larvae. [Read 1 March 1869. ] Transactions …
  • … of the Entomological Society of London (1869): 21–6. …
  • … 6 Haddo Villas | Blackheath SE May 1869 My Dear Sir I send by this days post a copy of a …

From John Murray   17 November 1869

Summary

JM reports sales of Facts and arguments for Darwin, Variation, and Origin [5th ed.].

Sends best wishes for success in putting down "Parisian blasphemers".

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 374
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6992

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From John Murray   17 November 1869
  • … DAR 171: 374 John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50 17 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … The Monday before 17 1869 November was 15 November. …
  • … No letter to Murray of 15 November 1869 has been found. The references are to William …
  • … of F.  Müller 1864a (Dallas trans.  1869), Variation , and the fifth edition of Origin. …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 8 November [1869] . …
  • … 50, Albemarle S t . | W. Nov r 17— 1869. — My Dear Sir I have attended to the requests of …

To Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg   18 November [1869]

Summary

Thanks CGE for memoir on the Bacillariae of Mexico [Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (Phys.) (1869): 1–66].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  18 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Archiv der Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (ABBAW): (NL Ehrenberg, Nr. 321, Brief von Charles Darwin)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6996

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg   18 November [1869] …
  • … von Charles Darwin) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Nov [1869] Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg …
  • … memoir on the Bacillariae of Mexico [ Abh. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (Phys. ) (1869): 1–66]. …
  • … is established by the publication date of Ehrenberg 1869 (see n.  2, below). The reference …
  • … aus mikroskopischen Bacillarien unter und bei der Stadt Mexiko ( Ehrenberg 1869 ). …
  • … Bibliography Ehrenberg, Christian Gottfried. 1869. Uber mächtige Gebirgs-Schichten …
  • … der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin (Physikalische Klasse) (1869): 1–66. …

From R. F. Cooke   23 February 1869

Summary

Estimates cost of F. Müller’s Facts and arguments for Darwin at £86 for 750 copies, less than £10 extra for 1000.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 365
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6629

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From R.  F.  Cooke   23 February 1869
  • … Francis Cooke John Murray London, Albemarle St, 50a 23 Feb 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from R.  F.  Cooke, 22 February 1869 . Cooke refers to the English translation …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin (F.  Müller 1864a; Dallas trans.  1869). Facts and arguments …
  • … for Darwin (Dallas trans.  1869) was published …
  • … in March 1869; the retail price was 6 s. ( …
  • … Publishers’ Circular , 1 April 1869, p.  201). …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the  Beagle  voyage, through …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …
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