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To Adolf Reuter   27 September 1869

Summary

Thanks AR for specimens and notes. Will keep them for future edition [of Variation]. Particularly struck by difference in hardiness of varieties of Syringa persica.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Reuter
Date:  27 Sept 1869
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 224–225)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6912

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Adolf Reuter   27 September 1869
  • … at Down on 25 September (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 September 1869 ). …
  • … 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 224–225) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Sept 1869 Adolf Reuter …
  • … Down. | Beckenham | Kent. S.E. Sep.  27. 1869 Dear Sir I am very much obliged for your …
  • … letter from Adolf Reuter, 23 September 1869 . Reuter’s experiments on grafting potatoes …
  • … his notes with his letter of 23 September 1869. CD had mentioned Syringa persica (Persian …
  • … letter from Adolph Reuter, 23 September 1869 and n.  8. Joseph Dalton Hooker had arrived …

From G. H. Darwin   [23 February 1869]

Summary

Encloses a letter [from J. Croll?].

Has been unable to find a paper CD wanted.

Is leaving shortly for Paris.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Feb 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6636

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From G.  H.  Darwin   [23 February 1869] …
  • … 8 George Howard Darwin Trinity College, Cambridge [23 Feb 1869] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 14 February 1869 , by the reference to a dinner engagement …
  • … Hamilton, and by an entry in CD’s bank account for 25 February 1869 (see nn.  4, 6, …
  • … and 7, below). In 1869, the Tuesday before 25 February was 23 February. George refers to …
  • … See letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 14 February 1869  and n.  8. George was trying to find a …
  • … Darwin. In his letter of 14 February 1869, George had mentioned that Hamilton would …
  • … just before his departure for Paris. In 1869, 4 March was a Thursday, so George must have …
  • … see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, 6 February 1869  and n.  1). Geological Magazine was first …
  • … a payment of £70 to George on 25 February 1869 (CD’s Account books–banking account (Down …

From Ernest Faivre   15 March 1869

Summary

EF is seeking a French editor for Orchids [1870]. Introduces L. Rérolle, his student. [See 6667.]

Author:  Jean-Joseph-August-Ernest (Ernest) Faivre
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 176: 129
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6663

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Ernest Faivre    15 March 1869
  • … 129 Jean-Joseph-August-Ernest (Ernest) Faivre unstated 15 Mar 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to R.  F.  Cooke, [22 February 1869]). For more on CD’s notes to the French …
  • … translation of Orchids , see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and n.  5. …
  • … the letter to R.  F.  Cooke, [22 February 1869]. Faivre had asked whether CD would agree …
  • … of Orchids by Louis Rérolle (see letter from Ernest Faivre, 18 February 1869 ). See also …
  • … the letter from Louis Rérolle, 17 March 1869 , which was written on the second leaf of the …
  • … le 15 Mars 1869 Monsieur, Je Veux faire une courte Réponse a votre lettre du 21 Fevrier …
  • … 15 March 1869 Dear Sir, I want to make a brief response to your letter of 21 February …

To A. B. Meyer   27 November [1869]

Summary

Not willing to sit for photographer again.

ABM’s translation of Wallace’s Malay Archipelago has not yet arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Adolf Bernhard Meyer
Date:  27 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 362
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7014

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To A.  B.  Meyer   27 November [1869] …
  • … DAR 146: 362 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Nov [1869] Adolf Bernhard Meyer …
  • … See letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 24 November 1869  and n.  7. CD refers to Wallace 1869c; …
  • … see letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 16 November 1869. CD entered …
  • … a payment to Elliott & Fry on 25 July 1869 in his banking account (CD’s Account books– …
  • … letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 24 November 1869 . The reference is to C.  Darwin and Wallace  …
  • … letter from A.  B.  Meyer, 24 November 1869 . Meyer had asked whether CD would sit with …

To J. D. Hooker   22 June [1869]

Summary

The house at Barmouth.

His poor health.

Bentham’s interesting Linnean Society Address ["On geographical biology", Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1869): lxv–c].

CD particularly wishes to know how botanists agreed with zoologists on distribution.

Still thinks isolation more important in preserving old forms than Bentham is inclined to believe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 June [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 134–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6793

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   22 June [1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 134–6 Charles Robert Darwin Caerdeon 22 June [1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … On geographical biology", Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (1869): lxv–c]. CD particularly wishes to …
  • … vol.  6). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 7 May 1869] . Frances Harriet Hooker. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 6 June 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 June 1869 . On Joseph Dalton Hooker’s election as a president of …
  • … Exhibition, see the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 29 May 1869, pp.  582 and 586. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 6 June 1869 . Hooker had been an avid collector of Wedgwood ware (see …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 6 June 1869 ; CD refers to Nils Johan Andersson. CD had …

To James Crichton-Browne   22 May 1869

Summary

Thanks for MS observations on expression. Discusses hair standing on end in terror and rage. Asks JC-B to observe contraction of platysma myoides. "Your description of the grinning and exposure of the canine teeth under furious rage is excellent. I presume that you would not object to my quoting it." Asks about contraction of "grief muscles". Comments on blushing. Offers to send book by G. B. A. Duchenne [Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  22 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 327
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6755

Matches: 10 hits

  • … F.  Cooke, 22  June 1869 ). …
  • … To James Crichton-Browne   22 May 1869
  • … DAR 143: 327 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 May 1869 James Crichton-Browne …
  • … also letter to James Paget, 29 April [1869] . CD refers to the ‘Atlas’ of Duchenne 1862 ; …
  • … edition of Origin was published in the week beginning 22 June 1869 ( letter from R.   …
  • … See letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 , enclosure 2. CD cited Crichton-Browne as an …
  • … see letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 , enclosure 2, and n.  11). CD refers to …
  • … Down, May 22, 1869. Dear Sir I do not know how to thank you enough for your MS. …
  • … See letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 , enclosure 2. For CD’s printed questionnaire …
  • … volume, letter to James Paget, 29 April [1869] . See Correspondence vol.  16, letter from …

From J. D. Hooker   17 September 1869

thumbnail

Summary

Will come to Down on 25 Sept.

Thanks CD for supplementaries ["Fertilization of orchids", Collected papers 2: 138–56] which he will quote in the British flora [The student’s flora of the British Islands (1870)].

F. A. W. Miquel could not come.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 103: 32–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6895

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Anton Wilhelm Miquel to Down. See letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 10 September [1869] . …
  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   17 September 1869
  • … DAR 103: 32–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 17 Sept 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869  and n.  6.The ‘supplementary’ Hooker refers …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …

To Robert Francis Cooke   [22 February 1869]

Summary

Assumes Murray will give permission for French translation of Orchids; asks that stereotypes of woodcuts be supplied at cost, since if expensive the work will not appear.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  [22 Feb 1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 200)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6966

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Robert Francis Cooke   [22 February 1869] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [22 Feb 1869] Robert Francis Cooke John Murray …
  • … CD was in London from 16 to 24 February 1869 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … London: John Murray. 1862. Somerville, Mary. 1869. On molecular and microscopic science. 2 …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from Ernest Faivre, 18 February 1869 . …
  • … In 1869, the Monday following 18 February was 22 February. …
  • … letter from Ernest Faivre, 18 February 1869 . John Murray had supplied woodcuts for the …
  • … Orchids to Mary Somerville for Somerville 1869 (see Correspondence vol.  14, letter to …

To J. V. Carus   5 February 1869

Summary

Thanks JVC for his information (from two correspondents) on the rate of growth of merino rams’ horns.

CD has been revising Origin [5th ed.]. Has found a good deal to alter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  5 Feb 1869
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesiz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 39–40)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6601

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  V.  Carus   5 February 1869
  • … Darwin, Charles, Bl. 39–40) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Feb 1869 Julius Victor Carus …
  • … II). He finished corrections on 10 February 1869 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  17, …
  • … Appendix II)). It was published in June 1869 ( letter from R.   …
  • … F.  Cooke, 22 June 1869 ). …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Feb 5 1869 My dear Sir Your kindness has been very great & I …
  • … See letters from J.  V.  Carus, 22 January 1869  and …
  • … 2 February 1869 . For more on CD’s interest in the development of …
  • … letter to George Cupples, [6–9? January 1869] and n.  2. For CD’s earlier correspondence …

From Charles-Ferdinard Reinwald   13 November 1869

Summary

Pleased to undertake publication of a new French translation of Origin based on the 5th English edition. J. J. Moulinié to be translator, with Carl Vogt reviewing his work. Will make arrangements to buy out the Royer edition [V. Masson et Fils; Guillaumin et Cie.].

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 176: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6986

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Charles-Ferdinard Reinwald   13 November 1869
  • … DAR 176: 92 Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald Paris 13 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see the letter to John Murray, 8 November [1869] and n.  5. The reference is to the French …
  • … 15 rue des S ts Pères Nov r . 13 th . 1869. To Charles Darwin E sq . Dear Sir I duely …
  • … CD’s letter to Reinwald of 10 November 1869 has not been found; however, see …
  • … the letter to John Murray, 8 November [1869] , and the letter from …
  • … John Murray, 8 November [1869] . CD had corresponded with Jean Jacques Moulinié about the …
  • … from J.  J.  Moulinié, 5 November 1869 ). Carl Vogt also revised the French translation of …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1869]

Summary

Envies JDH’s Russian trip.

Thanks for information on Aucuba. Urges him to experiment – case "has highest physiological importance, not to mention Pangenesis".

Has heard that Huxley has been attacking views of Sir W. Thomson.

Has received 12 plants of Drosophyllum lusitanicum from Oporto.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 118–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6666

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 March [1869] …
  • … DAR 94: 118–20 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar [1869] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 March 1869  and n.  4. CD refers to Henrietta Emma Darwin. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 March [1869] and n.  4. See letter …
  • … Byblis’. See letter from W.  C.  Tait, 2 March 1869 . CD alludes to Thomas Henry Huxley’ …
  • … the Geological Society of London on 19 February 1869 (T.  H.  Huxley 1869c), in which he …
  • … from J.  D.   Hooker, 11 March 1869 . CD was interested in the direct action of the male …
  • … letter to W.  C.  Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869  and n.  2. The Portuguese city of Oporto is …

From E. L. Garbett to the Athenæum   19 July 1869

Summary

More on the problem of the increase of elephants (see 6806f and 6820).

Author:  Edward Lacy Garbett
Addressee:  Athenæum
Date:  19 July 1869
Classmark:  Athenæum, 24 July 1869, p. 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6836F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From E.  L.  Garbett to the Athenæum    19 July 1869
  • … George Howard Darwin. See letter to Athenæum , 7 [July] 1869 and n.  2. …
  • … Athenæum , 24 July 1869, p.  115 Edward …
  • … Lacy Garbett London, Mornington Road, 7 19 July 1869 Athenæum …
  • … 7, Mornington Road, July 19, 1869. Either of my last methods, applied to Mr.  Darwin’s …

To George Maw   27 April [1869]

Summary

Thanks GM for specimens of Drosophyllum; by a strange coincidence CD has also received plants from a correspondent in Oporto [W. C. Tait].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Maw
Date:  27 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6714

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To George Maw   27 April [1869] …
  • … Society, Lindley Library (MAW/1/16) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Apr [1869] George Maw …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letter from George Maw, 18 April 1869 . See …
  • … letter from George Maw, 18 April 1869 . CD refers to William Chester Tait; see letter from …
  • … W.  C.  Tait, 26 January 1869, letter to W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 2 February [1869] , and letter from W.   …
  • … C.  Tait, 2 March 1869 . See also letter to George Maw, 13 January 1868. Joseph Dalton …

To W. C. Tait   18 April [1869]

Summary

Not well owing to fall from horse.

[Drosophyllum] plants going on very well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  18 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  Alan R. Tait (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6705

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To W.  C.  Tait   18 April [1869] …
  • … R. Tait (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Apr [1869] William Chester Tait …
  • … between this letter and the letter from W.  C.  Tait, 13 April 1869 . See letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 14 April 1869  and n.  12. See letter …
  • … from W.  C.  Tait, 13 April 1869  and nn.  1, 2, and 3. See …
  • … letter from W.  C.  Tait, 13 April 1869 . The secretary of the Zoological Society of …

Speyer, Adolf. 1869. Zur Genealogie der Schmetterlinge. [Read September 1869.] Entomologische Zeitung 31 (1870): 202–23.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Speyer, Adolf. 1869. Zur Genealogie der …
  • … Schmetterlinge. [Read September 1869. ] Entomologische Zeitung 31 (1870): 202–23. WBB4 …

To J. J. Weir   27 May [1869]

Summary

Thanks for information about bird migration.

Comments on canary hybridisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Jenner Weir
Date:  27 May [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 323
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6759

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  J.  Weir   27 May [1869] …
  • … DAR 148: 323 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 May [1869] John Jenner Weir …
  • … letter and the letter from J.  J.  Weir, 26 May 1869 . CD’s letter to George Swaysland has …
  • … been found, but see the letter from George Swaysland, 12 June 1869 . See letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Weir, 26 May 1869  and n.  4. See letter …
  • … from J.  J.  Weir, 26 May 1869  and n.  6. …

Hine, William (1789/90–1869)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … William Hine 1789/90–1869 Solicitor. …

Wicking, Matthew (1794/5–1869)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Matthew Wicking 1794/5–1869 Brewer. …

To T. H. Farrer   10 August [1869]

Summary

THF’s view, if confirmed, pleases CD in that what appears a mere morphological character is found to be of use. Carl Nägeli has been attacking him on this head.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  10 Aug [1869]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6859

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Farrer   10 August [1869] …
  • … Ms 299/8) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Aug [1869] Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer …
  • … H.  Farrer, 8 August 1869 . The French botanist has not been identified. …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 8 August 1869 . CD cited Farrer in ‘Fertilization of …
  • … this letter and the letter from T.  H.  Farrer, 8 August 1869 . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Farrer, 8 August 1869 . Farrer cited CD on symmetry in the double aperture in Farrer  …
  • … in papilionaceous flowers in the autumn of 1869 and sent them to CD, he did not send them …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January 1869 and n.  1. See Correspondence vol.  16, …
  • … see also this volume, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January 1869 . See letter from T.   …

From F. C. Donders   12 November 1869

Summary

CD’s questions [on expression] are more difficult than he thought and have led him further afield than he expected. If CD is not hurried, he promises less imperfect answers in six weeks. Thanks CD for drawing his attention to a really important question from different points of view.

Author:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 223
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6983

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From F.  C.  Donders    12 November 1869
  • … Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders Utrecht 12 Nov 1869 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … original French, see p. 475. Memorandum to F.  C.  Donders, 6 September 1869. Donders and …
  • … William Bowman visited Down, probably on 7 September 1869; see the letter from …
  • … William Bowman, 3 September [1869] , and the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 10 September [1869] . …
  • … Utrecht 12 Novembre | 1869 Ne croyez pas, Mon chèr & très honoré Monsieur, que j’aie …
  • … Utrecht 12 November | 1869 Please do not believe, My dear and most honoured Sir, that I …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …
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