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From Ernst Pfitzer   19 June 1871

Summary

Sends publication [unspecified].

Notes adaptive mechanism in epiphytes.

Author:  Ernst Hugo Heinrich (Ernst) Pfitzer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 174: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7825

Matches: 8 hits

  • … papers are in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See Pfitzer 1869–72 , pp.  63–72. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Pfitzer, Ernst. 1869–72. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Hautgewebe …
  • … Pflanzen. Jahrbucher für wissenschaftliche Botanik 7 (1869–70): 532–87; 8 (1872): 16–74. …
  • … Pfitzer, Ernst. 1869. Beobachtungen über Pfropfhybriden. [ …
  • … Read 5 July 1869] Botanische Zeitung 27: 839–43. …
  • … CD an offprint of a paper on graft hybrids ( Pfitzer 1869 ) and the first two parts of his …
  • … study on the dermal tissue of plants ( Pfitzer 1869–72 ). …
  • … It is the third part of Pfitzer 1869–72  that is referred to in this letter. The …

To G. H. Darwin   30 January [1871]

Summary

Returns and sends comments on Clarke Hawkshaw’s essay ‘The persistence of forms of life in the depths of the sea’.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  30 January [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7466F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … pp. 513–15. Carpenter, William Benjamin, et al. 1869. Preliminary report of the scientific …
  • … of the deep sea in H.M. Surveying Vessel ‘Porcupine,’ during the summer of 1869. [ …
  • … Received 18 November 1869. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 18 (1869–70): 397–492. Lyell, Charles. 1867– 8. Principles …
  • … and ‘Lightning’ during the summers of 1868, 1869 and 1870. London: Macmillan and Co. …

From C. H. Thiebout   [1871]

Summary

As a follower of CD, Spencer, and Kant, wishes to announce his work on the origin of "foolish illnesses" and prostitution [? Kort begrip der proefunderlijke zielkunde (1869)].

Author:  Carel Hendrik Thiebout
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 201: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6523

Matches: 4 hits

  • … foolish illnesses" and prostitution [? Kort begrip der proefunderlijke zielkunde (1869)]. …
  • … refers to Eduard von Hartmann, Hartmann 1869 (Philosophy of the unconscious), Immanuel …
  • … of empiric-psychology’ is Thiebout 1869 ; the other two titles have not been identified. …
  • … Bibliography Thiebout, C. H. 1869. Kort begrip der proefondervindelijke zielkunde, …

From W. B. Dawkins   8 February 1871

Summary

The box of bones sent by CD has led to a series of explorations. Reports on Yorkshire cave-hunting.

Author:  William Boyd Dawkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7477

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Dawkins, William Boyd. 1869. The Denbighshire caves. …
  • … of the Manchester Geological Society 9 (1869–70): 31–7. Descent : The descent of man, and …
  • … While on holiday in Wales in 1869, CD had sent Dawkins a box of animal bones discovered at …
  • … Correspondence vol.  17, letter to W.  B.  Dawkins, 19 July [1869] , and letter from W.   …
  • … B.  Dawkins, 19 October 1869 , and Correspondence vol.  18, letter from W.  B.  Dawkins, …
  • … Dawkins published on the finds in Dawkins 1869 , Dawkins and Busk 1870a, and Dawkins and …

To T. H. Huxley   30 September [1871]

Summary

On THH’s review [see 7977] of Mivart’s Genesis of species and the Quarterly Review article on Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  30 Sept [1871]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 283)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7976

Matches: 5 hits

  • … natural selection, was published in the Roman Catholic journal the Month in July 1869 ( [ …
  • … Mivart] 1869 ). The editor of Scientific Opinion was Henry Lawson. The footnote has not …
  • … Murray. 1871. [Mivart, St George Jackson. ] 1869. Difficulties of the theory of natural …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  17, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 9 July [1869] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 July [1869] . In T.  H.  Huxley 1871b, pp.  460–7, Huxley criticised the …

To J. D. Hooker   21 March [1871]

Summary

Asks name of an Abutilon from Fritz Müller.

Questions about Drosophyllum for experiments;

the meaning of "Sirdar".

Wonderful success of Descent. Astonished by liberality of public. No abuse yet.

Marvels at JDH’s plans for a trip to Morocco. Asks him to look for alpine insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 190–192
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7607

Matches: 6 hits

  • … was evidently grown from seed sent to CD by Müller in late 1869 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 17, letter to Fritz Müller, 1 December [1869] and n.  2). The reference is to High Elms, …
  • … of Drosophyllum lusitanicum from Portugal in 1869 and had given two plants and seed to …
  • … book , p.  197, No.  336, 29 September 1869; see also Correspondence vol.  17, letter to …
  • … W.  C.  Tait, 27 August [1869] and n.  4). CD had studied Drosera (the genus of sundews) …
  • … 17, letter from John Scott, 21 December 1869  and n.  4. The reference is to a tribal …

To Michael Foster   16 April 1871

Summary

Encloses two questions he hopes MF can answer: the mechanism of transmission by nerves; and the mechanism by which contemplating part of our body, we become conscious of its existence

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Michael Foster
Date:  16 Apr 1871
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections DC AL 1/16); DAR 195.1: 11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7689G

Matches: 5 hits

  • … John Murray. 1872. Foster, Michael. 1869. Mouvements involuntaires chez les animaux. …
  • … scientifiques de la France et de l’étranger 6 (1869): 677–85 and 712–20. Holland, Henry. …
  • … in animals, with particular reference to the heart, in February 1869 ( Athenæum , …
  • … 9 January 1869, p.  38). …
  • … Revue des cours scientifiques ( Foster 1869 ). Foster replied in his letter of 4 June [ …

To C. V. Riley   1 June [1871]

Summary

Comments on CVR’s book [Third annual report on the noxious, beneficial, and other insects of the State of Missouri (1871)].

Discusses mimetic insects.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Valentine Riley
Date:  1 June [1871]
Classmark:  Profiles in History (dealers) (December 1996)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7794

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Publishing. 1990. Riley, Charles Valentine. 1869–77. Annual reports on the noxious, …
  • … year is established by the reference to Riley 1869–77 (see nn.  2 and 3, below). CD refers …
  • … insects in the state of Missouri ( Riley 1869–77 ), published in 1871. CD’s annotated copy …
  • … is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 710–12). See Riley 1869–77 , 3: 148–51. CD …
  • … Walsh, who died following an accident in 1869. Riley and Walsh met in 1864 and founded the …

To T. R. R. Stebbing   18 March [1871]

Summary

Thanks TRRS for copy of his book [Essays on Darwinism (1871)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Roscoe Rede Stebbing
Date:  18 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.388)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7594

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Torquay Natural History Society, Feb. 1 st , 1869. London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co. Oxford: …
  • … Murray. 1871. Stebbing, Thomas Roscoe Rede. 1869. Darwinism: a lecture delivered before …
  • … of Stebbing’s essay, Darwinism ( Stebbing 1869 ; see Correspondence vol.  17, letter to …
  • … T.  R.  R.  Stebbing, 3 March 1869). CD also received a copy of Darwinism and the Noachian …

From C.-F. Reinwald   1 February 1871

Summary

Has left Paris because of the war.

J. J. Moulinié and Carl Vogt are at work on Descent, which CR plans to publish in Paris.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1871
Classmark:  DAR 176: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7472

Matches: 5 hits

  • … letter from J.  J.  Moulinié, 5 November 1869 . The Franco-Prussian War lasted from 19  …
  • … vol.  17, letter to J.  J.  Moulinié, 23 October [1869] , and letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Moulinié, 5 November 1869 , and this volume, letter to J.  J.  Moulinié, 28 June [ …
  • … 17, letter from C. -F.  Reinwald, 13 November 1869 and n.  2). Paris was besieged from 19  …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1869. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species by …

From H. M. Westropp   20 April [1871]

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Summary

Anecdote of bear reasoning [see Descent, 2d ed., p. 76].

Similarity of forms of ornamentation and implements in widely separate races and ages [Descent 1: 233].

Author:  Hodder Michael Westropp
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 90: 38–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7703

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of London 2 (1865–6): 288–93. Westropp, Hodder Michael. 1869. On cromlechs and megalithic …
  • … structures. Scientific Opinion 2 (1869): 3. Westropp, Hodder Michael. 1871. On the …
  • … On cromlechs and megalithic structures’ ( Westropp 1869 ), in Descent 1: 233 n.  25. …
  • … annotated copy of the first half of Westropp 1869  is in DAR 80: B176. Westropp refers to …

From Federico Delpino   7 January 1871

Summary

Sends his new work, Ulteriori osservazioni sulla dicogomia pt 2, fasc. 1.

Has found no nectar in Orchis morio or O. maculata in Italy and has seen no insects visiting the plants.

Gives his observations on cross- and self-fertilisation in cereals.

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan 1871
Classmark:  DAR 111: A77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7430

Matches: 5 hits

  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 1 November 1869 . In Forms of flowers , pp.  332–3, CD cited …
  • … Naturali Milano 11 (1868): 265–352; 12 (1869): 179–233; 13 (1870): 167–205; 17 (1874): …
  • … kingdom; Delpino 1868–75 ). CD had received part I in 1869 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … letter from Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 ). The work as a whole consists of two parts, …
  • … and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 141–59. [ Collected papers 2: 138–56. ] …

From John Wood   6 April 1871

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Summary

Corrects CD on his assertion that the platysma myoides "cannot voluntarily be brought into action" [Descent 1: 19].

Author:  John Wood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 145–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7661

Matches: 4 hits

  • … CD refers to Descent , but the numbers are page numbers referring to J.  Wood 1869 . …
  • … of the Royal Society of London ( J.  Wood 1869 ). CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … of Edinburgh 6 (1866–9): 65–6. Wood, John. 1869. On a group of varieties of the muscles of …
  • … and homologies in mammalia. [Read 17 June 1869. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …

From W. B. Dawkins   27 August 1871

Summary

Describes the successful excavation of caves containing interred remains of Neolithic man.

Author:  William Boyd Dawkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 162: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7918

Matches: 4 hits

  • … vol.  17, letter to W.  B.  Dawkins, 19 July [1869] ). Dawkins described Neolithic …
  • … in a cave at Cefn, Denbighshire, in 1869 in Dawkins and Busk 1870b, Dawkins 1871b, and …
  • … In 1869, CD had sent Dawkins a box of animal bones discovered on the Rhagatt estate, …
  • … letter from W.  B.  Dawkins, 31 July 1869 , and Peter Lucas 2007 ). Dawkins 1871b …

From W. W. Reade   10 January 1871

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Summary

Sends quotation about Lycurgus and Spartan exposure of infants who were deemed defective.

Bibliographic references on sense of beauty and morals.

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7435

Matches: 3 hits

  • … In Lecky 1869 , 1: 82, Lecky commented, ‘the conceptions of beauty formed by a nation of …
  • … Comte, Comte 1837 (book 3, chapter 4), William Edward Hartpole Lecky, and Lecky 1869 . …
  • … 1874. Lecky, William Edward Hartpole. 1869. History of European morals: from Augustus to …

From W. W. Reade   25 September 1871

Summary

Sees his ideas on conscious and non-conscious intelligence are already in Murphy [J. J. Murphy, Habit and intelligence (1869)].

Encloses an extract from S. W. Baker’s The Albert N’yanza [1866] on the behaviour of the giraffe [See Origin, 6th ed., p. 178], and some references to Baker’s Nile tributaries [1867].

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1871
Classmark:  DAR 69: A49; DAR 176: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7968

Matches: 3 hits

  • … J. J. Murphy, Habit and intelligence (1869)]. Encloses an extract from S. W. Baker’s The …
  • … London: Macmillan. Murphy, Joseph John. 1869. Habit and intelligence in their connexion …
  • … the laws of matter and force ( Murphy 1869 ); see letter from W.  W.  Reade, 20 September  …

From George Rolleston   22 February 1871

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Summary

Applauds CD’s expression of dissent from J. S. Mill’s view of differences of mental powers of men and women [Descent 2: 326–9]. Sends some corrections.

Author:  George Rolleston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 15–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7506

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Braubach, Wilhelm. 1869. Religion, Moral & Philosophie der Darwin’sche …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 September 1869 and n.  4), and was cited by CD in Descent 1: …
  • … 63. In Descent 1: 68, CD cited Wilhelm Braubach and Braubach 1869 . There …
  • … is an annotated copy of Braubach 1869  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  Robert …

From J. W. Spengel   10 May 1871

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter referring to JWS’s bibliographical paper ["Darwinian bibliography", Z. Ethnol. 3 (1871): 56–67]. Will be glad to inform CD of any additions to the list and would be grateful for information on future publications.

Author:  Johann Wilhelm Spengel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7751

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Organismen. Deutsche Vierteljahrs-Schrift.  1869. Heft 125. Prof. Reuschle. Philosophie …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Reuschle, Carl Gustav. 1869. Philosophie und Wissenschaft, mit …
  • … und Darwinismus. Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift 1869 (125): 197–243. Riolacci, D. 1868. La …
  • … Klein 1870b, Anon.  1871, Wagner 1870, Reuschle 1869 , E.  O.  Schmidt 1870 (a copy of an …

From W. E. Darwin   11 November 1871

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Summary

Forwards a letter from R. O. Jones on the effects of castration on horns of male lambs.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 121–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8061

Matches: 3 hits

  • … letter from Lawrence Ruck, [after 29 April 1869? ] ( Correspondence vol.  18, Supplement). …
  • … 1868): 242–300. Cope, Edward Drinker. 1869. On the origin of genera. Philadelphia: …
  • … A separately published version ( Cope 1869 ) was reviewed in Nature , 9 November 1871, …

From G. H. Darwin   [c. 17 July 1871]

Summary

Gives CD some information on wills.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 17 July 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6765

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with Charles Meaburn Tatham from October 1869 until 1872 ( Correspondence vol. 17, letter …
  • … from G. H. Darwin, [18 October 1869] ); he was called to the bar on 30 April 1872, but …
  • … London, while he was studying law from 1869 to 1872 (see Correspondence vols. 17–20). CD …
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Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition …
  • … that is something’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 January 1869] ). Much of the remainder of …
  • … to be the case’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 January 1869 ). Hooker went straight to a crucial …
  • … probable’ (see also letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 January [1869] , and letter from A. R. Wallace, …
  • … in distribution’ ( letter to James Croll, 31 January [1869] ). Darwin had argued ( Origin , pp. …
  • … formation’ ( letter to James Croll,  31 January [1869] ). Croll could not supply Darwin with an …
  • … have got that yet’ ( letter from James Croll, 4 February 1869 ).  Darwin did not directly …
  • … towards [Thomson]’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 19 March [1869] ). Towards Descent …
  • … ‘everlasting old Origin’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 1 June [1869] ), he was able to return to work on  …
  • … ( letter from Robert Elliot to George Cupples, 21 June 1869 ).  Details on mating behaviour …
  • … in the garden ( letter from Frederick Smith, 8 October 1869 ). Albert Günther, assistant in the …
  • … varieties ( letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 25 February [1869] ). The data contined to …
  • … cocks & hens.—’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 13 November [1869] ). Yet completion of the work was …
  • … for  Descent . Researching emotion In 1869, Darwin still expected that  Descent …
  • … hatred—’ ( from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May [1869] ). James Crichton-Browne and …
  • … ( enclosure to letter from Henry Maudsley, 20 May 1869 ). Darwin had often complained of the …
  • … in regard to Man’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ).  More remarkable still were Wallace …
  • … seem to you like some mental hallucination’ ( 18 April 1869 ). Since his marriage to Annie …
  • …  (Wallace 1869a; letter to A. R. Wallace, 22 March [1869] ), and scolded him for again being too …
  • … demands justice’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). Proceeding on all fronts …
  • … South American cordillera ( letter to Charles Lyell, 20 May 1869 ), and fossil discoveries in …
  • … investigated in depth ( letter from C. F. Claus, 6 February 1869 ). In a letter to the  Gardeners …
  • … of the soil ( letter to  Gardeners’ Chronicle , 9 May [1869] ). In March, Darwin received …
  • … in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research contributed to  …
  • … editions ( see letter from Victor Masson, 29 September 1869 ). The work had been undertaken, like …
  • … Animals”’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 19 November [1869] ). Angered by these proceedings, Darwin …
  • … of Fritz Müller’s  Für Darwin  (Dallas trans. 1869). The book, an explication of Darwinian …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … Crichton-Browne, James 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Crichton-Browne, James 19 May 1869 West Riding …
  • … Gray, Asa 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Jane 9 May [1869] [Alexandria, Egypt] …
  • … Gray, Asa 8 & 9 May 1869 Florence, Italy (about …
  • … King, P.G. 25 Feb 1869 Sydney, Australia …
  • … Maudsley, Henry 20 May 1869 32 Queen Anne St. …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] Sierra Leone, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 Sierra Leone, Africa …
  • … Scott, John 2 July 1869 Royal Botanic Gardens, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 6736 - Gray, A. & J. L to Darwin, [8 & 9 May 1869] Jane Loring Gray, …
  • … Williams , M. S. to Darwin, H. E., [after 14 October 1869] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … Letter 6815 - Scott, J. to Darwin, [2 July 1869] John Scott responds to Darwin’s …
  • …  - Darwin to  Gunther, A. C. L. G., [21 September 1869] Darwin asks Gunther for “a great …

Jane Gray

Summary

Jane Loring Gray, the daughter of a Boston lawyer, married the Harvard botanist Asa Gray in 1848 and evidence suggests that she took an active interest in the scientific pursuits of her husband and his friends. Although she is only known to have…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … (letter from Asa Gray and J. L. Gray, 8 and 9 May 1869 ) Darwin cited Gray’s …
  • … their year long trip to Europe and North Africa in 1868 to 1869, the Grays visited Charles and Emma …
  • … 1868, and visiting again on their return journey in August 1869. Although they never met again, the …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … standard of science’ ( to Charles Layton, 24 November [1869] ). From the 3 rd edition on …
  • … published, 1866 5 th English edition published, 1869 6 th English edition …
  • … on the fifth edition from Boxing Day 1868 until February 1869.  Among the changes were stories about …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Becker tells Darwin that …
  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. L. B., [8 November, 1869] Darwin writes to feminist …
  • … Letter 6551 - Becker, L. E . to Darwin, [13 January 1869] Suffragist and …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work on human expression. Donders visited Darwin in 1869 , and a year later Darwin consoled him …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … comprised two halves kept at different temperatures, and in 1869 Darwin told the botanist William …
  • … temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661). …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 17, letter to A. R. Wallace, 14 April 1869 ). His views were presented more fully in a …
  • … comparative anatomist through his work on primates. In July 1869, Mivart published the first of a …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

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  • … Letter 6976 - Darwin to Blackwell, A. B., [8 November 1869] Darwin thanks Antoinette …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

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  • … " Letter 6728 : from Charles Lyell, 5 May 1869 "I feel that …
  • … Letter 6866 : From Federico Delpino, 22 August 1869 "Perhaps because of intellectual …

John Beddoe

Summary

In 1869, when gathering data on sexual selection in humans, Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with John Beddoe, a doctor in Bristol. He was looking for evidence that racial differences that appear to have no benefit in terms of survival - and…

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  • … In 1869 Darwin exchanged a short series of letters with a John Beddoe, a doctor in …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

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  • … A. L. B.,  Studies in general science , (New York, 1869). Buckley, A.,  The fairy-land …
  • … M.,  On molecular and microscopic science ,  (London, 1869). Treat, M., ‘ Is the valve …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

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  • … himself an injustice & never demands justice” (14 April 1869). But Wallace continued, both …
  • … about the application of natural selection to ‘man’ in 1869, and looked instead to a ‘higher …
  • … investigation (see letter from A. R. Wallace, 18 April [1869]). Wallace’s views on man were also …
  • … the “great General” (letter to Charles Kingsley, 7 May 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

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  • … was later expanded into the book, Hereditary Genius (1869), which contained an entry on the …

6248A_20488

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6248A_20488A

Summary

From Fritz Müllerf1   17 June 1868Itajahy, Sa. Catharina, Brazil,17. Juni 1868. .... . Sie werden schon aus meinem letzten Briefe ersehen haben, dass es mir sehr schmeichelhaft ist, wenn Sie meine…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … The figure and page references are to W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f15 Podophthalma: …
  • … F. Müller 1864; the translation was W. S. Dallas trans. 1869. f3 The original enclosure …
  • … text Möller 1915–21, 2: 141–3; W. S. Dallas trans. 1869, pp. 119–21 n. Physcial description …

6430_10256

Summary

From Sven Nilsson to J. D. Hookerf1   25 October 1868Lund (Suède)25 Okt. 1868.Monsieur le Professeur! J’ai écrit à deux de mes amis qui ont des connaissances personnelles à la Lapponie, pour avoir les…

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  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …
  • … and n. 10. f6 See Nilsson 1866–7. In Lubbock 1869, pp. 59–73, John Lubbock disagreed with …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

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  • … John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down …

About the project

Summary

On this site you can read and search the full texts of more than 7,500 of Charles Darwin’s letters, and find information on 7,500 more. Available here are complete transcripts of all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are…

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  • … all known letters Darwin wrote and received up to the year 1869. More are being added all the time. …
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