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From Asa Gray   24 November 1862

Summary

Gives reference to his observations on tendrils [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 4: 98–9].

Notes cases in which the pollen of the fertilising plant affects the form of the fruit of the fertilised plant, e.g., gourds and maize.

Discusses the Civil War and the attitudes of the English press.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3823

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   24 November 1862
  • … DAR 165: 124 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 24 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Cairnes, John Elliot. 1862. The slave power: its character, career, & …
  • … Parker, Son, & Bourn. Colenso, John William. 1862–79. The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862]. …
  • … Since June 1862, Gray had regularly sent Leonard Darwin North American postage stamps for …
  • … his collection. Max Müller 1861 . See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  3. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  7. …
  • … Gray refers to volume 1 of Colenso 1862–79 , and to the review …
  • … to the postscript, now missing, to his letter of 10 November 1862 (see letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ). Gray refers to the American botanist Francis Boott, who …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Nov.  24, 1862. My Dear Darwin. As another peculiar stamp is …
  • … published in the Athenæum , 1 November  1862, pp.  553–4. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n.  15. Gray refers to the American Civil …
  • … was the author of The slave power ( Cairnes 1862 ), which made a great impression in both …
  • … in the American Civil War, a copy of one of which Gray had sent to CD earlier in 1862 ( …
  • … Mill 1862; see letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n.  8). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  8. James Fenimore Cooper. Cooperstown is …
  • … pp.  4–5). Jane Loring Gray. See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn.  9 and 10. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn.  17 and 21. CD’s annotated copy of the …

To Asa Gray   [3–]4 September [1862]

Summary

Glad AG will publish some separate notes on orchids ["Fertilization of orchids through the agency of insects", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 420–9].

Trimorphism in Lythrum.

Bee behaviour.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [3–]4 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (68)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3710

Matches: 25 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   [3–]4 September [1862] …
  • … of Harvard University (68) Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth [3–]4 Sept [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … agency of insects", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 420–9]. Trimorphism in Lythrum . Bee …
  • … letter to John Lubbock, [3 September 1862]. Horace Darwin. The diagram has been reduced to …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . CD’s date was written in the top left-hand …
  • … to the letter to John Lubbock, [3 September 1862] indicates that it must have been started …
  • … to Lubbock, on the evening of 3 September 1862, and completed after that letter (see nn.   …
  • … 14 and 15, below). Letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862. Emma and Leonard Darwin were …
  • … fever (see letter to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] and n.  4). Gray had sent a number …
  • … Darwin’s stamp collection (see letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 ), and in his letter to …
  • … CD of 18–19 August 1862, Gray suggested that Leonard should write to let him know what …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3); however, the enclosure has not …
  • … been found. See letter to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862  and n.  8. …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 , Gray described the occurrence in Gymnadenia …
  • … in his letter to CD of 18–19 August 1862, Gray reported that Gymnadenia tridentata …
  • … insects, with those from an uncovered plant (see the notes, dated 17 and 21 May 1862, and …
  • … 10 August 1862, in DAR 70: 73–4, 81). CD included this species on an undated list of ‘ …
  • … p.  290. In his letter to CD of 4 August 1862, Gray had expressed a hope that he would be …
  • … Houstonia ’; the seeds were probably enclosed with Gray’s letter of 18–19 August 1862. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862  and n.  14. Lindley 1853 , pp.  574–5. Although …
  • … referred to in Orchids. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] and n.  14. …
  • … See letter to John Lubbock, [3 September 1862], and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 September 1862] and n.  5. In Origin , pp.  94–5, CD stated that hive- …

From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants and the occurrence of "precocious fertilisation" in the bud.

Gives some comments on design in nature in the light of the translator’s commentary in the French edition of the Origin.

Reports the recent events of the Civil War.

[Note on verso of envelope:] Utricularia vulgaris is "about as neatly contrived for cross-fertilisation by insects as almost any orchid".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2-3 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3637

Matches: 30 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862
  • … DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a Asa Gray unstated 2-3 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge, Mass. ] July 2, 1862. My dear Darwin. Many thanks for your long and interesting …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862]. Gray refers to Leonard Darwin. …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD requested Gray’s assistance in procuring …
  • … pleasure’ in Gray’s letters (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] ). It is evident from CD’s …
  • … of the country stopped for years to come’ ( Spectator , 7 June 1862). The Internal …
  • … Revenue Act was passed on 1 July 1862. The legislation introduced taxes on alcohol and …
  • … peninsula campaign between 25 June and 1 July 1862, which claimed 30,000 casualties. The …
  • … Oxford University Press. Meehan, Thomas. 1862. On the uniformity of relative characters …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … letter ( letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] ) that Gray had sent with it ‘a bundle of …
  • … Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  See also letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 16, and letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] . Gray’s father-in-law, Charles Greely Loring, …
  • … 80). In the letter from Asa Gray, 6  March [1862] , Gray had agreed to assist CD with his …
  • … See also letter from Asa Gray, [late June 1862] and n.  4. Gray had told CD that Mitchella …
  • … in the letter from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] . Joseph Trimble Rothrock was one of Gray’s …
  • … recommended to CD in his letter of 6 March [1862]; Rothrock’s observations on Houstonia …
  • … caerulea are included in the letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . …
  • … Meehan 1862 . Thomas Meehan had sent CD a copy of his paper, which described …
  • … each other and under similar conditions (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . A summary of Meehan’s findings is given in …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD discussed the occurrence in several …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD asked Gray to observe the behaviour of …
  • … s observations on Specularia , see the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . Royer …
  • … trans.  1862. See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As president of the Linnean Society of …
  • … the society’s anniversary address on 24 May 1862 (Bentham 1862b). Bentham concluded that …
  • … 8). See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As Gray was over 50, he was too old for …

To John Scott   11 December [1862]

Summary

Criticises style of JS’s fern paper [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

JS’s remark on "the two sexes counteracting variability in the product of the one" is new to CD.

Does the female [fern?] plant always produce female by parthenogenesis?

They seem to work on same subjects; CD has much material on Drosera.

Does not understand JS’s objections to natural selection.

Offers to suggest experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  11 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 37, 49–52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3853

Matches: 29 hits

  • … To John Scott   11 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 37, 49–52 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Dec [1862] John Scott …
  • … paper [ Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27]. JS’s remark on "the two sexes …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . Scott 1862a. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . CD’s annotated copy of this paper is in …
  • … letter from C.  W.  Crocker, 31 October 1862  and n.  12. Scott had apparently sent CD …
  • … of his letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862]). After further research, Scott wrote a …
  • … also letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and n.  15. Scott 1862a, pp.  217–8. Scott …
  • … to the Botanical Society of Edinburgh (see letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] , n.  4. Having discovered in 1861  …
  • … crossing experiments in the summer of 1862 on L.  perenne and L.  grandiflorum . According …
  • … wrote his paper, ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’ , between 11 and 21 December 1862. See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . In 1860, CD began to experiment on the …
  • … further experiments in May and September 1862 (see DAR 54: 29–49, 74–5). However, he did …
  • … also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] . Scott read his paper on Drosera and …
  • … Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862. CD cited Scott’s paper in Insectivorous plants , …
  • … by German and French writers before 1862: Milde 1852  and Nitschke 1861a and 1861b (in …
  • … Naturelles ( Botanique )). See letter to John Scott, 3  December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See …
  • … also letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . CD apparently refers to the fact that an …
  • … Appendix VI. John Murray. See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . The references are to Origin , pp.  269–71, …
  • … see letter to T.  H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] and nn.  8–12, and Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 1861], and this volume, letter to C.  C. Babington, 20 January [1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  4. The reference is to the fact that in Passiflora it had …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] , n.  7. Hooker discussed this project with CD …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [October 1862]

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Summary

Thanks for Aldrovanda reference and Cassia.

Has wasted labour on Melastomataceae without getting a glimpse of the meaning of the parts.

Wants seeds, from their native land, of Heterocentron or Monochaetum.

Is beginning to change his view about rarity of natural hybrids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3762

Matches: 27 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   14 [October 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 166 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 [Oct 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … occurring orchid hybrids in his letter to CD of [24 July 1862]. See n.  5, above. …
  • … Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862]. The first part of …
  • … the first volume of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) was published …
  • … on 7 August 1862 ( Stearn 1956 , p.  130); CD’s lightly annotated copy of this work is in …
  • … crossing experiments performed in 1861 and 1862 with the dimorphic Primula sinensis (see ‘ …
  • … the homologies of plant parts (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.   …
  • … 4, and letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] and n.  7). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] and n.  1; see also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 September 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [18 September 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker [12 October 1862], and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] and n.  14. See letter …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Godron, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … p.  321. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  2. CD’s note has not …
  • … in response to CD’s letter of 26 September [1862], in which CD gave an account of his …
  • … been found, but see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  5. …
  • … In a note dated 14 October 1862 (DAR 205.8: 4), CD recorded: ‘Hooker says Cassia ( …
  • … of anthers in Lupinus nanus , dated 5 August 1862, in DAR 76: 92, and further notes in DAR …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  18. In October 1861, CD had begun to …
  • … continued to work on the family throughout 1862 and 1863 without ultimately being able to …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  11. CD was keen to test the commonly held …
  • … CD carried out such experiments between 1862 and 1867 (see the experimental notes in DAR …
  • … Primula ’ ). Between 7 October and 11 December 1862, CD wrote a draft section of Variation …

To J. D. Hooker   9 February [1862]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for box of melastomes

and a very valuable reference from Daniel Oliver.

Is crossing Monochaetum which he thinks is dimorphic.

Is "sometimes half tempted to give up species & stick to experiments".

Pollen of Bletia hyacinthina is quite unlike other Bletia species but exactly the same as Epipactis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3440

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 February [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 143 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Feb [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1861 (see Stearn 1956 , p.  129; see also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] ). …
  • … the references to Bates 1863  and Bentham and Hooker 1862–83 (see nn.  13 and 14, below). …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] . CD had sent a diagram of Heterocentron to …
  • … had declined to assist (see letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] ). CD had asked for flowers of this plant in his letter to …
  • … of London. Bates 1863 . See letter from H.  W.  Bates, 25 January 1862 , letter to H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 31 January [1862] , letter to John …
  • … Murray, 28 January [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 30 January [1862] . …
  • … Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. CD regretted the length of time the project would take to …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Stearn, William T. 1956. Bentham and Hooker’ …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 January 1862]). Daniel Oliver had supplied CD with a …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, [4–8 February 1862] ). Plus minusve sigmoides: ‘more or less …
  • … with Monochaetum ensiferum on 7 February 1862, using a plant belonging to his neighbour …
  • … 41. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 January – 8 February 1862] . In his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] , CD had discussed the apparently atypical pollen of a …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] and n.  2. In Orchids, p.  269, CD reported …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 January – 8 February 1862] . In the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 January – 8 February 1862] , Hooker mentioned an incident involving …

From J. D. Hooker   [before 29 December 1862]

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Summary

Comments on items in the Saturday Review and the Edinburgh Review.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 29 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3879F

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [before 29 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 85 Joseph Dalton Hooker [before 29 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … as a ‘true miracle’. [G.  D.   Campbell] 1862  reviewed Orchids in conjunction with five …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. [Parker, …
  • … Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. …
  • … the Saturday Review containing [Parker] 1862 (see n.  3, below). It is not known whether …
  • … to a letter which has not been found (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). …
  • … Hooker refers to [Parker] 1862 , published in the Saturday …
  • … Review on 15 November 1862, which criticised the views advanced by George Douglas …
  • … nature in its narrower sense’ ( [Parker] 1862 , p.  590). He asserted that God’s ‘coming …
  • … duke of Argyll, in [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 . It is not known when CD sent Hooker the …
  • … but see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 December 1862] . In his article, Argyll argued that miracles were not …

To J. D. Hooker   11 September [1862]

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Summary

Has passed the time by dissecting flowers of Cruciferae. Sends results, with diagrams, to JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3721

Matches: 22 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   11 September [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 162 Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth 11 Sept [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 52–3). CD returned to Down on 30 September 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … letter from Edouard Claparède, 6 September 1862  and n.  7. The reference is to Clémence …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862]. The reference is to the botanical collector, Gustav …
  • … which Hooker co-authored with George Bentham (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83), was published …
  • … on 7 August 1862 ( Stearn 1956 , p.  130). …
  • … annotated copy of Bentham and Hooker 1862–83 in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … Royer, who translated and edited the first French edition of Origin (Royer trans.  1862). …
  • … The Darwins spent September 1862 on holiday in Bournemouth (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … recovering from scarlet fever (see letter to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] and n.  4). …
  • … The Hookers left London for Scotland on 23 August 1862, and returned …
  • … on 16 September 1862 (see letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] and …
  • … 16 September 1862). Hooker had attended the wedding of his niece, …
  • … to James Campbell, which took place in Glasgow on 4 September 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] and n.  7). CD probably refers to …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and CD’s Classed account book (Down House …
  • … of the wedding in the issue of 9 September 1862. Frances Harriet Hooker had been ill for …
  • … several months (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 and …
  • … 20 August 1862 and n.  3). Letter from …

From J. D. Hooker   7 November 1862

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Summary

JDH admits he wrote Gardeners’ Chronicle and Natural History Review articles on orchids [Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6].

JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was repopulated. Temperate Greenland has as Arctic a flora as Arctic Greenland – a fact of astounding force. Why should certain Scandinavian species be absent? Migration by sea-currents can no more account for the present distribution in Greenland than can special creation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3797

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter is given by CD’s reply ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ). …
  • … History Review articles on orchids [ Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. …
  • … Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6]. JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was …
  • … In his letter of 3 November [1862], CD asked Hooker whether he was the author of the …
  • … Agricultural Gazette in August and September 1862 ([J.  D. Hooker] 1862c). John Lindley, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 . The references are to John Lubbock and Karl …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  8. Some indication of the content …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Sheets-Pyenson, Susan. 1992. Index to the …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  5. Disko Island and Disko Bay are on …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  6. The reference is to the orchid …
  • … hirsutissimum (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  7. Henry Christy and Edouard Amant Isidore Hippolyte …
  • … valley caves in the Dordogne ( DNB ). Their 1862 itinerary has not been identified. See …
  • … have been written by Daniel Oliver (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] and n.   …
  • … 10, and letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Hooker refers to an error in J.  D.  Hooker 1844–7 , p.   …
  • … John William Dawson. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Dawson was principal of McGill University, Montreal. …
  • … Naturalist and Geologist for October 1862 (Dawson 1862b); a version of this review may …
  • … in a letter to Asa Gray of 19 September 1862 that is at the Gray Herbarium of Harvard …
  • … to Hooker with his own letter of 15 October 1862 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Asa Gray …
  • … this winter. ’ See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and nn.   5 and 6. See …

To W. E. Darwin   [24 July 1862]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants, valerian and Erythraea. Would like to look at them; suggests WED draw up a paper on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3632

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [24 July 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 July 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] . See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . There is a series of observations and drawings of the parts of …
  • … relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] , and by reference to a postscript, written in pencil, in …
  • … 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). The letter was …
  • … the Thursday prior to the week ending 2 August 1862. Leonard Darwin was recovering from …
  • … s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] , letters to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862], 9  …
  • … July [1862], and [after …
  • … 14 July 1862], and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and letter to W.   …

To J. D. Hooker   [21 December 1862]

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Summary

Thanks for Begonia and Oxalis.

Keeps obstinate about crossing and could argue till doomsday, but will not bother JDH.

Sees that JDH has finished Welwitschia.

Thinks Huxley’s Working Men’s Lectures excellent.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105],

and abstract of Bates’s paper for Natural History Review,

and has begun to arrange concluding chapters [for Variation]. Is paralysed on how to begin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [21 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 174
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3871

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [21 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 174 Charles Robert Darwin Down [21 Dec 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and nn.  13 and 19, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] and n.  5. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] and nn.  10 and 12. See …
  • … of the Natural History Review. See also letters from John Lubbock, 15 December 1862 and …
  • … 18 December 1862, and letter to …
  • … John Lubbock, 16 [December 1862] . According to his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … modes of reproduction and variation’ ( Variation 1: 373–411) on 21 December 1862. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] and n.  6. …
  • … The Gardeners’ Chronicle of 20 December 1862, p.  1194, reported that Hooker had read his …
  • … 18 December. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] and n.  4. T.  H.   …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 . For CD’s opinion of Huxley’s lectures, see …
  • … the letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862] and …
  • … 18 December [1862]. According to his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … forms in species of Linum ’ on 11 December 1862. ‘Review of Bates on mimetic butterflies’ …

To J. D. Hooker   18 March [1862]

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Summary

On effect of external conditions: CD thinks all variability due to changes in conditions of life because there is more variability under unnatural domestic conditions than under nature, and changed conditions affect the reproductive organs. But why one seedling out of thousands presents some new character transcends the wildest powers of conjecture.

Not shaken by "saltus" – he had examined all cases of normal structure resembling monstrosities which appear per saltum. Has fought his tendency to attribute too much to natural selection; perhaps he has too much conquered it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3479

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   18 March [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 145 Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Mar [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … consulted by the Darwin family. See also letter from Henry Holland, 26 March [1862] . …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1862 . Edward James Herbert, third earl of Powis, …
  • … Hall, Shropshire (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 17 March 1862  and n.  13). Letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1862. …
  • … With his letter of [10 March 1862], Hooker enclosed a letter from Henry Walter Bates. CD …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] and n.  9. CD refers to Hooker’s eldest child, William …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 February [1862]). Stephen Paul Engleheart was the …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1862). Henry Holland, a London physician, was …
  • … Bates’s was a reply (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 March [1862] ). See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and [after …
  • … 26] November [1862], and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 26 November 1862 . CD devoted a whole chapter in Variation to a discussion of …
  • … 1: 513–23). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 17 March 1862  and n.  7. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1862  and n.  10. See letter …

To Asa Gray   9 August [1862]

Summary

Believes Lythrum is trimorphic. Asks AG for seeds of plants he suspects are polymorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (71)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3685

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   9 August [1862] …
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (71) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Aug [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … to the letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 . Gray had enclosed some American postage …
  • … Leonard Darwin with the letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 . According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … travelled to Southampton on 13 August 1862. Before they could continue their journey to …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 20 August [1862] ); consequently they spent the remainder of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … to William Erasmus Darwin, [9 August 1862] (DAR 219.1: 61). Gray had asked CD to arrange …
  • … and publisher Nicholas Trübner (see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). In …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 , Gray mentioned having received an invoice for the …
  • … a payment of £2 1 s. to Trübner on 3 August 1862. Joseph Trimble Rothrock had offered to …
  • … see letters from Asa Gray, 2–3 July and 15 July [1862]). CD had not yet received Rothrock’ …
  • … s observations, detailed in the letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . Gray had sent …
  • … with his letter to CD of 15 July [1862], specimens of Mitchella repens to examine for …
  • … letter from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [6 August 1862] and n.  2. No previous correspondence with …
  • … volume, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ). CD had told Gray of his interest in …
  • … of trimorphism in Lythrum salicaria in the letters to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862]. There are a number of notes in DAR 27.2 (ser.   …
  • … experiments carried out by CD on this species in the summer of 1862; the earliest is …
  • … dated 31 July 1862 (DAR 27.2 ( ser.  2): 7). CD’s paper on the subject ( ‘Three forms of …
  • … on 16 June 1864. See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862], and letter to H.   …
  • … C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]. A.  Gray 1856. There is an annotated copy of this work in the …
  • … of the Lythraceae. In January and February 1862, CD carried out crossing experiments on …
  • … 1861 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 June [1862] and n.  4). He crossed the offspring of …

To Daniel Oliver   [17 September 1862]

Summary

Performed a large number of Lythrum crosses before leaving home.

Working on Drosera for amusement. Has tried effect on plants of vegetable substances active on animal nervous systems, e.g., opium; makes Drosera inactive for hours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [17 Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 36 (EH 88206019)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3709

Matches: 23 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   [17 September 1862] …
  • … 261.10: 36 (EH 88206019) Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth [17 Sept 1862] Daniel Oliver …
  • … See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] . CD’s work on this subject was not …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from Daniel Oliver, 13 September 1862 ; the Wednesday …
  • … following 13 September 1862 was 17 September. Only one of the …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, 13 September 1862 ). However, there is in DAR 142 an envelope …
  • … and specimens sent in response to CD’s letter of 14 September [1862] (see n.  4, below); …
  • … CD’s letter and Oliver’s letter of 13 September 1862 had apparently crossed in the post. …
  • … his letter to Oliver of 14 September [1862], CD sent a dried specimen of the genus Lythrum …
  • … of Oliver’s missing letter of 16 September 1862 ( Calendar no.  13891f; see n.  2, above) …
  • … L.  Graefferi in October (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] ), it is impossible to identify which of the specimens …
  • … letter to C.  C. Babington, 2 September [1862] ), obtaining fresh specimens from Oliver …
  • … and dried specimens from Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood early in September 1862 (see letter to …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 14 September [1862] and nn.  2 and 3). …
  • … See letter from Daniel Oliver, 13 September 1862 . See …
  • … letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] and n.  6. The photograph of Oliver has not been …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, 13  September 1862 . CD had apparently asked Oliver whether he …
  • … Oliver replied in his letter of 13 September 1862 that he had not, but wondered whether CD …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 1 October [1862] and n.  2). Emma Darwin. CD began to observe …
  • … he carried out a small number of experiments in May 1862 (see the observational notes …
  • … dated 18 and 21 May 1862 in DAR 54: 74–5). There are …
  • … the species between 14 and 26 September 1862 in DAR 54: 29–49; on 17 September, CD carried …

From Asa Gray   4 August 1862

Summary

Gives J. T. Rothrock’s observations on the structure and fertility of the two forms of Houstonia. Mentions his own observations on Rhexia virginica and Gymnadenia tridentata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3679

Matches: 21 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   4 August 1862
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 4 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862]. Leonard Darwin was suffering …
  • … from scarlet fever (see letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] 4 th . August, 1862 My Dear Darwin My pupil, Rothrock, now away …
  • … of the two forms in his letter of [2 June 1862], and subsequently promised to send further …
  • … Rothrock (see letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). CD included Rothrock’s observations …
  • … fertilised if insects were excluded (see letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and n.  13). …
  • … See also letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and …
  • … 1 July [1862]. In …
  • … the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , CD asked Gray to watch how the anthers and …
  • … in July (see letter from Asa Gray, 29 July 1862 ); for Gray’s further observations on the …
  • … species, see the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . …
  • … 132, 254. In his letter to CD of 15 July [1862], Gray mentioned that Rothrock found only …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] , CD asked Gray to help him in his …
  • … to do so in the summer (see letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] ), but experienced difficulties in obtaining specimens (see …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). Meanwhile, CD informed Gray that he was making a …
  • … from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … 10, and letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and n.  13). …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , CD asked Gray to compare the position of the …

To J. D. Hooker   12 [December 1862]

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Summary

Maintains his view on crossing. Thinks practical breeders would agree with him; doubts that variability and domestication are at all necessarily correlative.

Identical plants in different conditions a heavy argument against "direct action" [of physical conditions].

His 1000-pigeon case is altered if long-beaked are in least degree sterile with short-beaked.

His work on dimorphism inclines him to believe that sterility is at first a selected quality to keep incipient species distinct.

Case of easy modification of Lythrum pollen to favour or prevent crossing.

Monsters.

Has just finished chapter on variations of cultivated plants.

Edinburgh doctors have sent him Diploma of Medical Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 [Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 176
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3855

Matches: 26 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   12 [December 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 176 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 [Dec 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … is apparently to the letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] ). …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] , has not been found. According to his ‘ …
  • … Garden, Edinburgh; he began to correspond with CD on 11 November 1862 (see letter from …
  • … John Scott, 11 November 1862). The enclosure has not been found; it apparently contained a …
  • … wild gooseberry (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [14 December 1862] and n.  10). See letter …
  • … from C.  W.  Crocker, 24 November 1862  and n.  1. The reference has not been identified. …
  • … Variation 1: 1). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] . CD discussed variation under domestication in the …
  • … food. ’ See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] , and Variation 2: 420–4. …
  • … made a note to this effect on 18 December 1862; the note is preserved in DAR 205.7: 163 ( …
  • … his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] , CD sent a diagram illustrating what he …
  • … Lythrum salicaria . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] . Possibly a reference to the plates in Geoffroy …
  • … Variation , between 7 October and 11 December 1862. The journal also records that he wrote …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 25 November 1862 ). See …
  • … letter to Pickard & Stoneman, 1 December [1862] . CD required the plant case so that he …
  • … Oxalis sensitiva (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] ). Cohn 1860 ; see letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862] and n.  10. CD had begun his experiments with the …
  • … further with the plant in September  1862, CD had come to the conclusion that it must …
  • … had preceded him (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] , and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862] ). CD refers to Dutrochet 1837 . According to his library …

From M. S. Wedgwood   [6 August 1862]

Summary

Looked for Hottonia but with little success.

Author:  Margaret Susan Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3674

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From M.  S.  Wedgwood   [6 August 1862] …
  • … DAR 181 Margaret Susan Wedgwood Shrewsbury [6 Aug 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to K.  E.  S. , L.  C. , and M.  S.  Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862] , and to CD’s notes …
  • … on Hottonia of 8 August 1862 (see n.  2, …
  • … intervening Wednesday fell on 6 August 1862. Having learned from Charles Cardale Babington …
  • … see letter from C.  C.  Babington, 17 January 1862), CD had been anxious to see flowers of …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  10). The Darwins intended taking a …
  • … coast, near Southampton (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , and letter to H.   …
  • … C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]). …
  • … C. , and M.  S.  Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862] , CD stated his intention to write a further …
  • … from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [before 4 August 1862], in ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , …
  • … see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 5 August 1862 ). Following their holiday in North Wales ( …
  • … letter from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [before 4 August 1862]), Margaret and her sisters (Katherine …
  • … in his letter to K.  E.  S. , L.  C.  and M.  S.  Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862]. CD’s notes on …
  • … the flowers sent with this letter, dated 8 August 1862, are in DAR 110: 16 (see …
  • … also letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ). CD later gave a copy of his observations to …

From G. C. Oxenden   4 June [1862]

Summary

Sends orchids.

Author:  George Chichester Oxenden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 173.2: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3589

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From G.  C.  Oxenden   4 June [1862] …
  • … 173.2: 53 George Chichester Oxenden Broome Canterbury 4 June [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 31  May [1862] ). The orchid Neottia nidus-avis is commonly …
  • … notes on this species, dated 17 and 21 May 1862, in DAR 70: 73–4. CD later reported these …
  • … by the relationship to the letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, [before 30 May 1862] and …
  • … 30 May [1862]. In …
  • … his letters to CD of 26 May 1862 and …
  • … 30 May [1862], Oxenden had offered to send CD specimens of the lizard orchis, Orchis …
  • … hircina ; see also letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 31 May [1862] . CD’s notes …
  • … these specimens, dated 6 and 10 June 1862, are in DAR 70: 27–9. CD acknowledged Oxenden’s …
  • … 4. See letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 15 May 1862 and n.  3. Oxenden had asked CD to provide …
  • … of Malaxis paludosa , the bog orchis (see letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, 26 May 1862 and …
  • … 30 May [1862]; see also letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [31 May 1862] ). Oxenden had sent CD a specimen of Monotropa hypopitys , the …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … this specimen has been found. See letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, [before 30 May 1862] and …
  • … 30 May [1862]. Oxenden refers to the species that CD called Gymnadenia albida in Orchids , …

From Asa Gray   21 July 1862

Summary

Encloses stamps for Leonard Darwin.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3661

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   21 July 1862
  • … DAR 165: 114 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 21 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Cambridge [Massachusetts] 21. July 1862. My Dear Darwin The enclosed I trust will please …
  • … agent (see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). Orchids was offered for sale at a …
  • … retail price of 9 s. ( Publishers’ Circular 35 (1862): 247). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.  13. …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD had told Gray that Leonard Darwin was …
  • … In his letter to Gray of 1 July [1862], CD complained that he had felt ‘baddish for 2 or …
  • … 3 weeks’. See letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . At Gray’s request, CD had arranged for John Murray to send …
  • … of Science and Arts (A.  Gray 1862a; see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letters to …
  • … John Murray, 13 June [1862] and …
  • … 20 [June 1862]). Gray apparently wrote ‘1 st part’ in error; he had sent CD a copy of his …
  • … with the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . The illustrations were used in Gray’s …

From J. D. Hooker   [21 December 1862]

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Summary

"Throttled off" Welwitschia paper at Linnean Society [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 24 (1863): 1–48].

Has read Tocqueville’s Democracy in America [1835–40] – disagrees with it. Tocqueville says democracy in America is a success. Democracy has persisted because there has been no cause for its overthrow (i.e., no struggle for existence, too much mobility).

Sends J. W. Dawson’s unsatisfactory letter.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 80–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3856

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [21 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 80–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [21 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 12 November [1862]. See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 December [1862] . …
  • … below); the Sunday following 18 December 1862 was 21 December. CD’s elder brother, Erasmus …
  • … to Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). Hooker and Bentham left for a ten-day …
  • … by George Snow. Tocqueville 1836 . In 1862 Henry Reeve published a new edition of his …
  • … of Tocqueville 1836 (Reeve trans.  1862). William Henslow Hooker. Frances Harriet Hooker. …
  • … Dawson has not been found. However, see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 and …
  • … 7 November 1862, and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 18 December 1862, concluding at a subsequent meeting of the …
  • … the year (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28 December 1862] and R.  Desmond 1994 ). …
  • … In his letter of 4 November [1862], CD had asked Hooker for assistance in tracing a …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ). The bees and honeycomb had been acquired for …
  • … botanical collector Gustav Mann (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 and nn.   …
  • … 8 and 9, and [14 December 1862]). A weekly carrier service between Down and London was …
Document type
letter (1812)
people (463)
bibliography (218)
Correspondent
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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