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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From George Henslow   [after 19 April 1866]

Summary

Thanks for explanation on relative fertility of homostyled and heterostyled crosses in Primula. Sends an intermediate form with small stamens, but stigma only slightly above stamens.

Election as Botanical Lecturer at St Bartholomew’s Hospital.

Author:  George Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 19 Apr 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 160
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5044

Matches: 1 hit

  • … with ‘equal-styled’ specimens since 1862. CD concluded that these specimens were …

To Friedrich Hildebrand   16 May [1866]

Summary

Has forwarded FH’s paper on Fumariaceae to horticultural congress. Comments on its findings.

Discusses forms of Oxalis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  16 May [1866]
Classmark:  Klaus Groove (private collection); sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5092

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin of species by …

To Fritz Müller   23 May 1866

Summary

Thanks for information on orchids

and facts on coastal flora and fauna.

Asks FM to look out for dimorphic aquatic and marsh plants.

Has read pamphlets "in our favour" by Carl v. Nägeli and Oscar Schmidt.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  23 May 1866
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5097

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From George Henslow   [13 or 14 June 1866]

Summary

Thanks for criticism of proofs of his paper [see 5117].

Not sure whether CD believes in reversion and would like a positive statement as this is the one point C. V. Naudin especially observed. Naudin offers his remarks on ovules as a matter to be proved ["Nouvelles recherches sur l’hybridité", Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. 1 (1865): 25–176].

Author:  George Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 or 14] June 1866
Classmark:  DAR 166: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5120

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  11, and Correspondence vol.  12, …

From James Samuelson   8 April 1866

Summary

Pleased CD does not consider review of his works prejudiced [Anon., "Darwin and his teachings", Q. J. Sci. 3 (1866): 151–76].

Supports gradual development of species over time.

Confused by the metaphysical view implied in the analogy between a creative power that has made new species and artificial selection governed by human reason (Origin, 3d ed., p. 492).

Doubts natural selection.

Cites his discussion of the origin of Infusoria [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 14 (1865): 546–7].

Author:  James Samuelson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1866
Classmark:  DAR 177: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5049

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …

From Fritz Müller   2 August 1866

Summary

Gives some observations on orchids and on some plants which seem to be dichogamous.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug 1866
Classmark:  DAR 76: B33, 33a; DAR 157a: 81, 102; DAR 142: 38
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5173

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’: On the …

From W. E. Darwin   8 May [1866]

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Summary

Describes the floral structure of broom, particularly the form of the varying anthers. Encloses drawings of anthers and pollen.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 May [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 76: B52, 66–72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3144

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 February [1862]). According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …

To Alfred Russel Wallace   22 January 1866

Summary

Welcomes ARW’s paper on pigeons ["On the pigeons of the Malay Archipelago", Ibis 1 (1865): 365–400].

Influence of monkeys on distribution of pigeons and parrots.

Asks ARW to explain a passage in his paper on Malayan Papilionidae [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1866): 1–71] on how dimorphic forms are produced. CD knows of varieties "that will not blend or intermix", but which produce offspring quite like either parent.

ARW’s remarks on geographical distribution in Celebes "will give a cold shudder to the immutable naturalists".

Presses ARW to work on his travel journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  22 Jan 1866
Classmark:  British Library (Add 46434, f. 61)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4982

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and n.  3). After his return from Malaya in 1862, Wallace spent five years organising his …

To Charles Lyell   8 March [1866]

Summary

Gives details of enclosed MS on cool period. Mentions Hooker’s opposed "axis of the earth" view. Causes of glacial period are beyond CD; "cannot believe change in land and water being more than a subsidiary agent".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 Mar [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5028

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] ). In Origin 4th ed. , p.  427, CD enumerated ‘ …

To J. D. Hooker   [28 February 1866]

Summary

Refers to part of JDH letter on glacial period sent on to Lyell. CD will not yield. Cannot think how JDH attaches so much attention to physicists. Has "come not to care at all for general beliefs without the special facts".

His health is improved but not so good as JDH supposes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [28 Feb 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 31–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5020

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 , n.  9. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 21  …

From J. D. Hooker   14 December 1866

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Summary

Scarlet seed is Adenanthera pavonina. JDH’s suggestion on how disseminated.

On Herbert Spencer, "all oil no bone – a thinking pump", but his paper on sap and wood [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1866): 405–30] is good science. His refusal to bring a specimen for analysis when confronted by JDH.

Bentham and Martin disagreement.

Speculations on New Zealand flora.

Albert Günther’s paper on fishes on each side of Isthmus of Panama [Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1866): 600–4].

On the quantity (bulk and weight) of organic life [matter].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 102: 121–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5305

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) was published in 1865, the third in 1867. …

From Bartholomew James Sulivan   27 June 1866

Summary

Reports on his health.

Discusses a surveying expedition under Richard Charles Mayne on which his son will be Second Lieutenant; hopes to arrange for them to excavate some bones in the Falklands.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 June 1866
Classmark:  DAR 177: 286
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5133

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 10, letter from Arthur Mellersh, 30 November [1862] . Sulivan’s discovery is discussed in …

To J. D. Hooker   10 December [1866]

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Summary

A confounded cock ground the crimson seeds up so CD could not find them in its excrement. CD is puzzled by how seeds can be disseminated if merely ground up by birds. Perhaps like acorns from seeds accidentally dropped by birds?

A woodcock’s leg with dry clay clinging to it, from which CD has grown a microscopical rush.

Spencer would have been wonderful if he had trained himself to observe more.

On New Zealand flora and connection with Australia.

Difficulty of speculating about the amount of organic chemical change at different periods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 308, 308b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5300

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 10, letter from W.  B.  Clarke, 16 January 1862 and nn.  13 and 14, and Origin 4th ed. , …

To Fritz Müller   11 January 1866

Summary

Has read FM’s paper on sponges ["Über Darwinella aurea", Arch. Miskrosk. Anat. 1 (1865): 344–53] with interest.

Has also read FM’s work on the metamorphoses of Peneus [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 14 (1864): 104–15], an interesting and important embryological discovery.

CD regards Louis Agassiz’s opinions as valueless.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  11 Jan 1866
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4972

Matches: 1 hit

  • … by Heinrich Georg Bronn, who died in 1862. John Murray published the third English edition …

From H. E. Darwin   [c. 10 May 1866]

Summary

Mogg [John Traherne Moggridge] wants to visit CD.

Self-fertilising orchids.

Author:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 10 May 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5075

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Reichenbach, Heinrich Gustav. 1865. Neotinea …

From E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung   10 May 1866

Summary

Encloses letter from H. B. Geinitz, who declines to handle translation of new edition of Origin. Recommends Julius Victor Carus. Also suggests Gustav von Leonhard as translator for Origin.

Discusses translation of Variation.

Author:  E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1866
Classmark:  DAR 177: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5085

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bronn until the latter’s death in July 1862, when the name of the journal was changed to …

From Friedrich Rolle   28 January 1866

Summary

Last fascicles of FR’s book Der Mensch [1866] being sent.

Finds roots of human race in Negroes of Africa, Bushmen of South Africa and New Guinea, and short-headed peoples of south Asia.

Has translated natural selection as natürliche Auslese.

Ludwig Rütimeyer active in developing the descent of mammals.

Author:  Friedrich Rolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1866
Classmark:  DAR 176: 202
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4986

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Rolle had worked before leaving in March 1862 to settle in Homburg ( Correspondence vol.   …

From John Traherne Moggridge   15 February [1866]

Summary

Is sending Ophrys plants marked as CD requested as wild or under cultivation. Discusses arrangements for a scheme planned for 1867 and his method for marking his Ophrys specimens.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR Pamphlet collection G368 (bound in part of Moggridge 1865–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5008A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

From Ernst Haeckel   11 January 1866

Summary

Comments on CD’s health.

Discusses origin of life and differentiation of principal classes of plants and animals.

Discusses Generelle Morphologie and its chapter on embryological development.

His lectures on CD’s theory.

Asks CD for larger portrait of himself and for several copies of the small photograph. Will send photographs of German scientists in exchange.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1866
Classmark:  DAR 166: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4973

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7 June 1862  and n.  5); it was taken by Maull & …

To Henrietta Emma Darwin   [14–21 April 1866]

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Summary

Discusses some observations on, and the fertilisation of, Ophrys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  [14–21 Apr 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5074

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
Document type
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Date
1866
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02 (14)
03 (3)
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05 (11)
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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