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To Asa Gray   26[–7] November [1862]

Summary

Discusses AG’s article ["Dimorphism", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 419–20]. Does not like the terms "dioecio-dimorphism" or "precocious fertilisation". Discusses the separation of sexes in plants; cannot doubt that hermaphroditism is the aboriginal state.

Discusses AG’s observations on orchids and his review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  26[–7] Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3830

Matches: 54 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   26[–7] November [1862] …
  • … Gray, by puzzling intermediate forms. ’ See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 . …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (50) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26[–7] Nov [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … Dimorphism", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 419–20]. Does not like the terms "dioecio- …
  • … on orchids and his review of Orchids [ Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51]. …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … to the letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 . CD refers in his second postscript to …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 ; since Joseph Dalton Hooker’s letter could …
  • … have arrived at Down before 27 November 1862, the second postscript must have been added …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 ), it appears that this letter was sent in the …
  • … the letter to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] ; however, since the two letters have separate …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ‘ …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Sprengel, Christian Konrad. 1793. Das …
  • … been treated separately. In his letter of 10 November 1862, Gray had enclosed proof-sheets …
  • … of a portion of the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science and Arts ( …
  • … Orchids (A.  Gray 1862b). See also letter to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] . CD refers to a …
  • … postscript to the letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 , that is now missing. …
  • … In his letter of 16 October [1862], CD had asked Gray about a report that, under …
  • … In addition to A.  Gray 1862b, the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … See also letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … papers 2: 106). See n.  10, above. See also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] . See …
  • … also letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] . CD’s notes …
  • … observations on Viola canina , made in May 1862, are in DAR 111: 3–5. See also letter to …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 30 May [1862] , letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [31 May 1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . Gray wrote on CD’s letter ‘But …
  • … goes on all summer’; see letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 . CD refers to several …
  • … species of Balsaminaceae sent to him by Hooker in October 1862 (see letter to …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] , letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [18 October 1862] ). See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.  24. CD had cultivated plants of Oxalis …
  • … that the species was not heterostyled (see letters to Daniel Oliver, 20 [April 1862] and …
  • … 24 April [1862], and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] ). There are notes on his experiments on the cleistogamic …
  • … in DAR 109 (ser.  2): 6. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 , n.  17. CD’ …
  • … and Specularia speculum , dated 4 October 1862, are in DAR 79: 113. These observations are …
  • … see letters from Asa Gray, 11 October 1861 ( Correspondence vol.  9), 2–3 July 1862, 18– …
  • … 19 August 1862, and …
  • … 5 September 1862, and letters to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862], 23[– …
  • … 4] July [1862], and [3–] …
  • … 4 September [1862]). CD marked the last three sentences of this paragraph with a marginal …
  • … also letter to Daniel Oliver, 15 April [1862] and n.  3. [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862d, p.  371. …
  • … similarly long nectary ( [G.  D. Campbell] 1862 , pp.  394–5; see Orchids , pp.  197–203). …
  • … in A.  Gray 1863a, pp.  293–4. See also letters from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 and …
  • … 22 September 1862. CD made undated notes referring to Gray’s account of this species (DAR …
  • … the letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] . In Orchids , CD sought to demonstrate that …
  • … 288–93. See letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] and n.  9. A.  Gray 1862b, pp.   …
  • … 427–8. See also letter from J.  D. Hooker, 2 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Gray concluded his article by expressing his gratitude to …
  • … 1862a. See letter to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] . Gray was one of the botanical editors …
  • … A.  Gray 1863b). See also letter from H.  W. Bates, 24 November 1862 , and letter to H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 25 November [1862] . CD was preparing a draft of the part of Variation dealing …

To Asa Gray   23[–4] July [1862]

Summary

AG’s orchid observations are admirable.

Owen has lectured on birds’ descending from one form.

French criticism of CD’s Primula paper.

Only AG has seen that Orchids was "a ""flank movement"" on the enemy".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23[–4] July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (76)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3662

Matches: 48 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   23[–4] July [1862] …
  • … of Harvard University (76) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23[–4] July [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … with the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 (see n.  22, below); the envelope to that …
  • … had been sent home from school on 12 June 1862 suffering from scarlet fever; his recovery …
  • … see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and the letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862], 9  …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Rupke, Nicolaas A. 1994. Richard Owen, …
  • … July [1862], and [after …
  • … 14 July 1862]). Gray had sent a three-cent …
  • … postage stamp in the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 . Letter …
  • … from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 (see n.  2, above). Since starting to read Orchids in …
  • … of notes on American species of orchids (see letters from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862, [2  …
  • … June 1862], [late …
  • … June 1862], and 2– …
  • … 3 July 1862). CD had urged Gray to publish his observations, either in reviewing Orchids , …
  • … the notes to Gray to enable him to do so (see letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862], 1  …
  • … July [1862], and …
  • … 14 July [1862]). In the …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , Gray asked CD to indicate those observations that …
  • … subject ( letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). He incorporated an account of American …
  • … CD’s experiments, see, for instance, the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.   …
  • … 7, and 23 June [1862] and n.  4, …
  • … the letter to Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] and n.  2, and the letter to M.   …
  • … T. Masters, 8 July [1862] and n.  3. Gray’s notes to CD on American species of orchids …
  • … Gray’s (see letter from Asa Gray, 2– 3 July 1862 ). Gray forwarded Rothrock’s observations …
  • … on Houstonia in the letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, …
  • … 1861 . See letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 . The reference has not been traced. Gray …
  • … paper, thereby reducing postage charges, in the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 . See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 . See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862  and n.  16. The reference is to …
  • … address to the anniversary meeting of the Linnean Society of London on 24 May 1862 ( …
  • … Bentham 1862). CD probably refers to Richard Owen’s lectures at the Museum of Practical …
  • … Relations of Birds’. The series of six lectures ran from 14 to 30 May 1862 ( Athenæum , …
  • … 10 May 1862, p.  613). Neither the printed accounts of these lectures, nor the …
  • … letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] , n.  7). However, CD apparently learned …
  • … acquaintances (see letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1862] and n.  7). CD refers to the …
  • … Armand de Quatrefages, [after 11 July 1862] , n.  5) and to the anonymous evolutionary …
  • … see also Medical Times and Gazette (1862), pt 1: 617), Owen stated: we must remember that …
  • … by the Union army of the Potomac in June 1862 to seize the Confederate capital, Richmond, …
  • … Virginia. Between 25 June and 1 July 1862 the Confederates drove the Union forces away …
  • … to CD’s question, see the letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  11. CD refers …
  • … to the notes on orchids sent with the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 (see n.  2, …
  • … and the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.  6); the notes have not been found. …
  • … for this apparent anomaly (see letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, [before 30 May 1862], 21  …
  • … June 1862, and …
  • … 8 July 1862, and letter to A.   …
  • … G.  More, 7 June [1862]). In A.  Gray 1862b, p.  426, Gray described how it would be …
  • … see letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 4 June [1862] and n.  2). See also Orchids 2d ed. , pp.   …

To Asa Gray   1 July [1862]

Summary

Thanks for notes on Cypripedium and Platanthera hookeri, which is really beautiful and quite a new case.

His son, George, has been observing the insect fertilisation of orchids.

CD has been crossing peloric flowers of Pelargonium, but doubts he will get good results with respect to sterility of hybrids.

Rhexia glandulosa does not appear to be dimorphic. Lythrum is trimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (69)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3634

Matches: 35 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   1 July [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (69) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 July [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 [March 1862] ). He had previously informed …
  • … Gray of the case in his letter of 22 January [1862]. …
  • … CD had been suffering from eczema (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] and …
  • … 30 [June 1862]). The notes referred to have not been found; …
  • … with the letter from Asa Gray, [late June 1862] . Gray included information on Platanthera …
  • … CD began a series of crossing experiments on 1 June 1862 (see the experimental notes, …
  • … dated 1 June – 2 July 1862, in DAR 205.8: 14–15, and …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). See Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, …
  • … volume, letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . CD had discovered that Lythrum salicaria …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 8). See also letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.  16. CD had sent Heinrich Georg …
  • … included in the German edition (Bronn trans.  1862; see the second enclosure to the letter …
  • … to H.  G.  Bronn, 30 June [1862] ). Gray had asked CD to arrange for six copies of Orchids …
  • … see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). Gray’s letter requesting the copies has …
  • … of which he and CD had shared (see letter from Asa Gray, 31 March [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] ). George Howard Darwin, then 16 years old, was on holiday …
  • … Grammar School. CD’s notes, dated 20–7 June 1862, recording George’s observations of the …
  • … flies visiting O.  maculata , dated 20 June 1862, is in DAR 70: 13–14. CD reported these …
  • … the German edition of Orchids (Bronn trans.  1862, p.  22 n. ; see the second enclosure to …
  • … the letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 30 June [1862] ). He later published them in ‘Fertilization …
  • … on insects visiting H.  monorchis , dated 22–7 June 1862, are in DAR 70: 32–6 (see …
  • … also letter from Frederick Smith, 28 June 1862 ); these observations were incorporated in …
  • … German edition of Orchids (Bronn trans.  1862, pp.  47–8 n. ), and were later described …
  • … observations of the species, dated 2 July 1862, are in DAR 70: 37. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 . CD refers to Miles Joseph Berkeley’s review of Orchids , …
  • … Journal of Politics, Arts and Science 4 (1862): 553–4. CD had begun a series of crossing …
  • … different varieties of pelargonium on 11 May 1862 (see the experimental notes in DAR 51 ( …
  • … see also letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ); in 1861 he had attempted to encourage …
  • … VI. See letter from C.  V.  Naudin, 26 June 1862  and n.  4. CD probably refers to the …
  • … him; Gray promised to do so in the summer (see letters to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] and …
  • … 15 March [1862], and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] ). Later, CD asked Gray if he would cover his plant under …
  • … plants’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] ). However, having obtained a specimen of …

To Asa Gray   21 August [1862]

Summary

Emma and Leonard have scarlet fever.

Houstonia seems "a grand case"; J. T. Rothrock should publish his observations on the two pollens and the reciprocal action of two hermaphrodites.

Rhexia glandulosa offers nothing odd, but Heterocentron will turn out something marvellous like Lythrum.

Would like to know what AG thinks of last chapter of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (67)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3692

Matches: 36 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   21 August [1862] …
  • … of Harvard University (67) Charles Robert Darwin Southampton 21 Aug [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … from scarlet fever (see letter from W.  E. Darwin, 5 August 1862  and n.  8). According to …
  • … travelled to Southampton on 13 August 1862; on the same date, Emma recorded that she …
  • … fever. Letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862. CD refers to Joseph Trimble Rothrock, one of …
  • … s comments in his letter to CD of 29 July 1862, on the progress of the American Civil War. …
  • … Orchids , pp.  286–360). See also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and n.  21. …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 ). Rothrock does not appear to have published his …
  • … caerulea (see letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862  and n.  1). He had also demonstrated …
  • … s findings in Primula , published in March 1862 ( ‘Dimorphic condition in Primula ’ ; see …
  • … experiments on P.  sinensis in January and February 1862, with similar results (see letter …
  • … to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and n.  13); however, he did not publish his findings until …
  • … postage stamps for Leonard Darwin (see letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862], 23[– …
  • … 4] July [1862], 28  …
  • … July [1862], and …
  • … 9 August [1862], and letters from Asa …
  • … Gray, 2–3 July 1862, 15  …
  • … July [1862], and …
  • … 21 July 1862). …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862]. CD suspected that plants of the melastomaceous genus …
  • … him (see letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862  and nn.  3–6). Having obtained a specimen of …
  • … he reported in his letter to Gray of 10–20 June [1862]. Detailing his observations on …
  • … Virginica in his letter to CD of 4 August 1862, Gray wrote: ‘I suppose you have examined …
  • … see letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] ), he carried out pollination experiments …
  • … between October 1861 and January 1862, in which the crosses made with pollen from the …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and nn.  7–9). On 9 August, CD again compared …
  • … continuing to work on the family throughout 1862 and 1863, CD was not able to account for …
  • … 302). In his letter to CD of 4 August 1862, Gray commented that, since he was preparing to …
  • … spent preparing his Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862– 83), see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] , and the letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] . Letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862. T.  H.  Huxley  …
  • … 1863a; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 . In …
  • … his letter to CD of 4 August 1862, Gray mentioned that he could see no nectar in the …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …

To Asa Gray   16 October [1862]

Summary

Lythrum salicaria is coming out clear.

Would be glad of Nesaea seed.

Is disappointed with Melastoma, but is sure there is something curious to be made out.

His experiments with poisons on Drosera lead him to conclude that it possesses something analogous to nervous matter.

Comments on natural hybrids of Verbascum.

Deplores the Civil War and the feelings it has fostered in Britain.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (81)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3766

Matches: 33 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   16 October [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (81) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Oct [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … American correspondent for The Times in 1862 (Brogan ed.  1975, p.  xvi). Like Asa Gray, …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] and n.  8. James Floy. [Lindley] 1846 . …
  • … year is established by the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862 . …
  • … Letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 and …
  • … 22 September 1862. ‘Silliman’s journal’ was the name commonly given to the American …
  • … not been found. Gray had already sent CD part of the July 1862 number of the journal (see …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] ); the subsequent …
  • … number (September 1862) contained several notes by Gray in the section headed ‘Scientific …
  • … plants. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] . See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862 . Gray …
  • … had sent a copy of D[icey] 1862 , which discussed the American Civil War, with …
  • … his letter to CD of 22 September 1862. …
  • … On 22 September 1862, Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary emancipation proclamation, …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. D[icey], E[dward]. 1862. The outlook of the …
  • … war. Daily News , 4 September 1862, p. 3. …
  • … reprinted from Macmillan’s Magazine 6 (1862): 408–20. ‘Dimorphic condition in Primula ’: …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Dupree, …
  • … out on Lythrum salicaria in the summer of 1862, the notes from which are in DAR 27.2. …
  • … In his letter of 9 August [1862], CD had asked Gray to make observations on, and, if …
  • … the related plant Nesea verticillata. See also letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 and …
  • … 22 September 1862. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] and n.  7. Gray’s pupil, Joseph Trimble Rothrock, had …
  • … caerulea , the results from which Gray sent to CD in his letter of 4 August 1862. In …
  • … his letter to CD of 22 September 1862, Gray suggested that CD draw up an account of …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] and n.  10). CD included Rothrock’s …
  • … holiday in Bournemouth on 30 September 1862; CD began work on the section of Variation …
  • … Facts of variation of Plants’ on 7 October 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … an account of the trials made on Drosera in Bournemouth in 1862, see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] . There are notes in DAR 54: 29– …
  • … this species between 14 and 26 September 1862. CD did not again work extensively on the …

To Asa Gray   23 November [1862]

Summary

Recommends H. W. Bates’s paper on butterflies of Amazonia ["Insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Lyell’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)] is eagerly awaited.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3820

Matches: 30 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   23 November [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (49) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Nov [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566]. Lyell’s book [ Antiquity of …
  • … work is in the Darwin Library–CUL). The leader in The Times of 22 November 1862 (pp.   …
  • … 8–9) reported that on 7 November 1862, George Brindle McClellan had been removed from …
  • … 1198–9. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 27 October 1862 . From Gray’s reply, it appears …
  • … letter and the letter to Gray of 26[–7] November [1862] were posted in the same envelope ( …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 27 October 1862  and n.   …
  • … 1. Since June 1862, Gray had regularly sent Leonard Darwin North American postage stamps …
  • … to attend Clapham Grammar School, in south London, in January 1862; however, he became ill …
  • … with scarlet fever in June  1862, and apparently did not return to the school until …
  • … January 1863 (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 26 April [1862] , n.  2). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 27 October 1862  and n.  2. CD refers to Gray’s follow-up …
  • … Journal of Science and Arts in November 1862; the journal was commonly known as ‘Silliman’ …
  • … had expressed a hope in his letter of 27 October 1862 that he would be able to send proof- …
  • … with his letter to CD of 10 November 1862. CD made this statement under a misapprehension: …
  • … Gray 1862a with his letter of 15 July [1862]; although the review is listed in the List of …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 ; there is an annotated copy of this work …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] , n.  9. Hensleigh and Frances Julia …
  • … of Max Müller 1861 ([H.  Wedgwood and F.  J.  Wedgwood] 1862) appeared in Macmillan’ …
  • … s Magazine for November 1862. The attribution to F.  J.   …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin of [13 November 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69). In addition, the Wellesley …
  • … 1863b, p. [vii]). John Murray’s annual trade sale was held on 4 November 1862 ( Athenæum , …
  • … 8 November 1862, p.  595). According to his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … Plants’ between 7 October and 11 December 1862. The material formed chapters 9 and 10 of …
  • … of the letter from Gray of 29 December 1862; however, in the section on strawberries in …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] . CD refers to Louis Agassiz’s concept of …

To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862]

Summary

Thanks AG for praise of Orchids and his notes on several American species of orchid. Comments on AG’s observations.

Is experimenting [on dimorphism] with Rhexia and Melastoma.

Asks AG’s opinion of a paper by Thomas Meehan ["On the uniformity of relative characters between allied species of European and American trees", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the apparently direct action of the conditions of life CD has seen.

Requests postage stamp for his ill son [Leonard].

Thanks AG for observations on Cypripedium and gives recent observations of his own.

Arethusa is very pretty; structure seems like that of Vanilla.

Finds the little (so-called imperfect) flowers of Viola and Oxalis curious: the pollen-grains emit their tubes whilst within the anthers, and they travel in straight lines right to the stigmas.

Sympathises with events in the U. S.

Reports on French translation of Origin by Mlle C. Royer, "one of the cleverest & oddest women in Europe".

Alphonse de Candolle says he wants direct proof of natural selection; "he will have to wait a long time for that".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  10–20 June [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (66)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3595

Matches: 43 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   10–20 June [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (66) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10–20 June [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … See letter from Alphonse de Candolle, 13 June 1862 . The reference is to Linnaeus 1751 , …
  • … Murray’s letter has not been found, but see the letter to John Murray, 20 [June 1862] . …
  • … trees", Proc. Philadelphia Acad. Nat. Sci. (1862): 10–13] which is the best case of the …
  • … Orchids . In the letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , Gray gave his first reactions to the …
  • … CD.  The portion of this letter dated 26 May 1862 has not been found. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [17 May 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . See …
  • … also letter from Daniel Oliver, 14 May 1862 , and letter from …
  • … Godofr. Kiesewetter. Meehan, Thomas. 1862. On the uniformity of relative characters …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … George Bentham, 15 May  1862 . CD refers to Mormodes luxata ; there are …
  • … sent to him by Sigismund Rucker on 8 June 1862 in DAR 70: 99–102. The only species of …
  • … see the letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , in which Gray mentioned having transplanted …
  • … the book (see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). Christian Friedrich Schweizerbart was …
  • … see letter from E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7 June 1862 ). See …
  • … letters to John Murray, 13 June [1862] and …
  • … 20 [June 1862]. In …
  • … his letter to CD of 18 May  1862, Gray mentioned that he had sent some copies of his …
  • … of holly (see letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] ). Gray replied that the nearest hollies …
  • … some (see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). Suspecting that Rhexia , a member of the …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 16  February [1862] ); if Gray found that there were not two …
  • … flowers (see letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] ). Gray offered to ‘set to watching’ R.   …
  • … doubted whether the plant was dimorphic (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] ). See …
  • … also letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and n.  13. CD had recently received a specimen …
  • … to experiment (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] , and the experimental notes, …
  • … dated 1 June – 2 July 1862, in DAR 205.8: 14–15). CD had been experimenting since the end …
  • … his crossing experiment with H.  roseum (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and …
  • … 30 May [1862]). CD’s notes on the crossing experiments with …
  • … in February and harvested in April and May 1862 are in DAR 205.8: 22–33, 37, and 39. They …
  • … kinds of anther (DAR 205.8: 30, 31). Meehan 1862 ; there is an annotated copy of the paper …
  • … Thomas Meehan, having noticed that ( Meehan 1862 , pp.  10–11): European willows, oaks and …
  • … came home with sc.  fever’ on 12 June 1862. The notes referred to have not been found; CD …
  • … also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  10. Orchids , pp.  346–51. In the …
  • … 6 and 7, above. See letter from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] . Gray enclosed some flower-buds …
  • … orchid Arethusa with his letter of [2 June 1862]. CD described the manner of pollination …
  • … at the end of May (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] and n.  2). See n.   …
  • … 16, above. See letter from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] and n.  2. …
  • … There is a note dated 16 June 1862, recording CD’s observations on the ‘little imperfect …
  • … CD’s observations on Viola , see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.  7. …
  • … Royer trans.  1862. The first edition of Clémence Auguste …
  • … translation of Origin was published on 31 May 1862 ( Journal Générale de l’Imprimerie et …

To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 44 hits

  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] ). The construction was undertaken in 1863, …
  • … by the relationship of this letter to the letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 and …
  • … 9 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … CD reported feeling unwell in late December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December 1862] ). In a …
  • … to William Erasmus Darwin of [13 December 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69), Emma Darwin commented: ‘ …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] EB : The …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Planchon, Jules Emile. 1847–8. Sur la …
  • … very uncomf—’. See Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 and …
  • … 9 December 1862. Gray had sent CD a box containing specimens of Mitchella and Cypripedium …
  • … Africa (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and letter to …
  • … James Anderson, 23 December [1862] ). In his letter of 11 October 1861 ( Correspondence …
  • … the plant with his letter of 15 July [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD’s experimental …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). Cooper referred to Mitchella as the ‘ …
  • … 274–5. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 17 November 1862 , letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , and CD’s experimental note dated 19 April [1863] in DAR 70: …
  • … and published in the same journal in 1862. Jules Emile Planchon described the different …
  • … experimenting with the plant since March 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] ). His results are given in Forms of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to G.  H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 June [1862] and …
  • … 29 December [1862]). See also Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, [27 and 29  …
  • … IV). Letter from J.  D.  Dana, 4 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In 1859, James …
  • … At CD’s request, Gray had, since the summer of 1862, sent United States postage stamps for …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from Asa …
  • … Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). …
  • … Gray’s letter of 24 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10) had been sent using a ‘ …
  • … beginning work on this chapter in October 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), …
  • … cultivated (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and 26[– …
  • … 7] November [1862]). Gray replied to CD’s …
  • … section of his letter of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), which CD received …
  • … of Horticulture , [before 25 November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), and the annotated …
  • … articles on strawberries in CD’s issues of the Gardeners’ Chronicle (8 November 1862, p.   …
  • … 1053, and 22 November 1862, p.  1101), which are in the Cory Library, Cambridge Botanic …
  • … dealing with ‘bud-variation’ on 21 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 ). He read his account of this unusual plant …
  • … the course of two meetings on 18 December 1862 and 16 January 1863 (J.  D.  Hooker 1863a). …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . On 17 January 1863, Hooker travelled to …
  • … of Fredericksburg, fought on 13 December 1862; the Union army suffered one of its worst …
  • … Boott (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). However, …
  • … in his letter of 26 December 1862 ( ibid. ), Boott asked that CD stop sending them since …
  • … in affected areas; between June and December 1862, the Cotton Districts Relief Fund had …
  • … cotton workers, making contributions on 14 July, 19 September, and 23 November 1862. …
  • … At the end of 1862, CD planned to build a hothouse in the garden at Down House (see …

To Asa Gray   14 July [1862]

Summary

Adaptations of orchid flowers. Believes the structure of all irregular flowers is adaptation to insect fertilisation.

Linum grandiflorum distinguishes its own pollen so that when placed on stigma of same flower the pollen-tube is not even exserted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  14 July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (70)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3656

Matches: 30 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   14 July [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (70) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 July [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … species of orchids (see letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] ). Entries in Emma Darwin’ …
  • … s diary (DAR 242) for 5 and 6 July 1862 state that Leonard’s ‘neck swelled’ and that he …
  • … from ‘bad symptom of kydney’. See also letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and …
  • … 9 July [1862]. In the …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Dupree, …
  • … Belknap Press of Harvard University. [Leifchild, John R. ] 1862. Review of Orchids , by …
  • … Charles Darwin. Athenæum , 24 May 1862, pp. 683–5. Orchids : On the various contrivances …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’: On the …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD had asked Gray to provide Leonard with several …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . In DAR 70: 80, there is a note in CD’s hand …
  • … See also letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 11 July 1862  and n.  4. In 1860, CD had asked James …
  • … volume, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 1 May [1862] ). Drummond supplied CD with one instance …
  • … may be to the review of Orchids that appeared in the Athenæum on 24 May 1862, pp.   …
  • … 683–5 ( [Leifchild] 1862 ). The reviewer contrasted CD’s pursuits with the fear of war …
  • … fertilisation of orchids ( Athenæum , 24 May 1862, p.  685): the greatest care is taken …
  • … Gray’s comments on his college duties, see the letters from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862], [late …
  • … June 1862], and 2– …
  • … 3 July 1862. Joseph Dalton Hooker had taken his wife, Frances Harriet Hooker, to …
  • … hope that she might recover her health (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862, 19 [ …
  • … June 1862], 28  …
  • … June 1862, 2  …
  • … July 1862, and …
  • … 10 July 1862). See letter from E.   …
  • … Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 . …
  • … In May and June 1862, Heinrich Georg Bronn had translated Orchids in preparation for …
  • … a German edition (Bronn trans.  1862; see letter from H.   …
  • … G.  Bronn, 21 June 1862 ); he died …
  • … on 5 July 1862 ( Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 19 (1863): …

To Asa Gray   28 July [1862]

Summary

AG’s "capital" review of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–44].

Thinks there are three forms of Lythrum salicaria.

Discusses transport of seeds by sea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 July [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (75)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3667

Matches: 25 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   28 July [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (75) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 July [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … Nicholas Trübner (see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] ). …
  • … review of Orchids [ Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–44]. Thinks there are three forms …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … with the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] (see also CD’s annotations to that letter). …
  • … had sent CD a copy of the review (see letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.  16). CD …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.  8. CD …
  • … of a series of observations on Lythrum salicaria on 29 July 1862 (DAR 27.2 (ser.  2): 1). …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 9 July [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] and n.  12. Gray had asked CD to arrange for six copies …
  • … to the main body of the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] , which has not been found. …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] , CD tried to persuade Gray to publish a …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and nn.  23–5. In Orchids , p.  171, CD …
  • … Gray’s observations on Pogonia in the letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] . From CD’s …
  • … to the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] , it appears that Gray sent CD further notes …
  • … but see the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July [1862], in which Gray reported his intention of …
  • … currents’ (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 25 February [1862] ; see also letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 3 March 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] ). In his review (A.  Gray 1862d, p.  145), Gray reported …
  • … also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Starting in March 1855, partly prompted …
  • … Mitchella repens with the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . CD refers to one of Gray’ …
  • … s students, Joseph Trimble Rothrock (see letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] ). See …

To Asa Gray   [3–]4 September [1862]

Summary

Glad AG will publish some separate notes on orchids ["Fertilization of orchids through the agency of insects", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 420–9].

Trimorphism in Lythrum.

Bee behaviour.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  [3–]4 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (68)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3710

Matches: 25 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   [3–]4 September [1862] …
  • … of Harvard University (68) Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth [3–]4 Sept [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … agency of insects", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 420–9]. Trimorphism in Lythrum . Bee …
  • … letter to John Lubbock, [3 September 1862]. Horace Darwin. The diagram has been reduced to …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . CD’s date was written in the top left-hand …
  • … to the letter to John Lubbock, [3 September 1862] indicates that it must have been started …
  • … to Lubbock, on the evening of 3 September 1862, and completed after that letter (see nn.   …
  • … 14 and 15, below). Letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862. Emma and Leonard Darwin were …
  • … fever (see letter to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] and n.  4). Gray had sent a number …
  • … Darwin’s stamp collection (see letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 ), and in his letter to …
  • … CD of 18–19 August 1862, Gray suggested that Leonard should write to let him know what …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3); however, the enclosure has not …
  • … been found. See letter to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862  and n.  8. …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 , Gray described the occurrence in Gymnadenia …
  • … in his letter to CD of 18–19 August 1862, Gray reported that Gymnadenia tridentata …
  • … insects, with those from an uncovered plant (see the notes, dated 17 and 21 May 1862, and …
  • … 10 August 1862, in DAR 70: 73–4, 81). CD included this species on an undated list of ‘ …
  • … p.  290. In his letter to CD of 4 August 1862, Gray had expressed a hope that he would be …
  • … Houstonia ’; the seeds were probably enclosed with Gray’s letter of 18–19 August 1862. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862  and n.  14. Lindley 1853 , pp.  574–5. Although …
  • … referred to in Orchids. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] and n.  14. …
  • … See letter to John Lubbock, [3 September 1862], and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 September 1862] and n.  5. In Origin , pp.  94–5, CD stated that hive- …

To Asa Gray   9 August [1862]

Summary

Believes Lythrum is trimorphic. Asks AG for seeds of plants he suspects are polymorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (71)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3685

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   9 August [1862] …
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (71) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Aug [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … to the letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 . Gray had enclosed some American postage …
  • … Leonard Darwin with the letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 . According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … travelled to Southampton on 13 August 1862. Before they could continue their journey to …
  • … letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 20 August [1862] ); consequently they spent the remainder of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … to William Erasmus Darwin, [9 August 1862] (DAR 219.1: 61). Gray had asked CD to arrange …
  • … and publisher Nicholas Trübner (see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). In …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 , Gray mentioned having received an invoice for the …
  • … a payment of £2 1 s. to Trübner on 3 August 1862. Joseph Trimble Rothrock had offered to …
  • … see letters from Asa Gray, 2–3 July and 15 July [1862]). CD had not yet received Rothrock’ …
  • … s observations, detailed in the letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . Gray had sent …
  • … with his letter to CD of 15 July [1862], specimens of Mitchella repens to examine for …
  • … letter from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [6 August 1862] and n.  2. No previous correspondence with …
  • … volume, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ). CD had told Gray of his interest in …
  • … of trimorphism in Lythrum salicaria in the letters to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862]. There are a number of notes in DAR 27.2 (ser.   …
  • … experiments carried out by CD on this species in the summer of 1862; the earliest is …
  • … dated 31 July 1862 (DAR 27.2 ( ser.  2): 7). CD’s paper on the subject ( ‘Three forms of …
  • … on 16 June 1864. See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862], and letter to H.   …
  • … C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]. A.  Gray 1856. There is an annotated copy of this work in the …
  • … of the Lythraceae. In January and February 1862, CD carried out crossing experiments on …
  • … 1861 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 June [1862] and n.  4). He crossed the offspring of …

To Asa Gray   21 April [1862]

Summary

Is sending first half of orchid book.

Feels he is wrong about Melastoma.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3513

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   21 April [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (65) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Apr [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … publication of Orchids (see n.  5, below). See letters from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and …
  • … 31 March [1862]. The reference is to the …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 31 March [1862] ). See also n.  4, below. CD and Gray shared the …
  • … probably Joseph Trimble Rothrock (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n.  6). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] . CD had asked Gray to carry out …
  • … some observations on Rhexia in the letters to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] and …
  • … 15 March [1862]. …
  • … Mill 1862. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n.  8. …
  • … Hooker was a guest at Down House from 17 to 21 April 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 1861 ). Orchids was published on 15 May 1862 ( Freeman 1977 , p.  112). The penultimate …
  • … American Civil War during the spring of 1862—at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, Tennessee, …
  • … McPherson 1988 , pp.  392–414). On 6 March 1862, President Abraham Lincoln asked the …
  • … adopted Lincoln’s resolution on 10 April 1862 ( Curry 1968 ). In the letter to Asa Gray, …

To Asa Gray   6 November [1862]

Summary

Agrees Max Müller’s book [see 3752] is interesting but cannot see how it will further his "cause".

A book by J. W. Colenso [The Pentateuch and book of Joshua critically examined, pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise".

Would like some observations made on Cypripedium.

Will not publish yet on Lythrum as he must make many more crosses; the mid-styled is fertile with half of its own stamens.

Would like to try a few experiments on tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  6 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3796

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   6 November [1862] …
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Nov [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … 1867): 1–118. Colenso, John William. 1862–79. The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua critically …
  • … of Joshua critically examined , pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise". …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 . Max Müller 1861 ; …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 . Concerning Friedrich Max Müller’s views …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 , n.  3. Max Müller 1861 , p.  125. The city …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … examination of the Old Testament ( Colenso 1862–79 ); Colenso was bishop of Natal in …
  • … in a review in the Parthenon , 1 November 1862, pp.  833–4; CD subscribed to the Parthenon …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). Cooper 1855 . Susan Augusta Fenimore Cooper …
  • … father’s last years ( DAB ). On 19 August 1862, the Journal of Horticulture and Cottage …
  • … of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s.  3 (1862): 400); CD’s annotated copies of this …
  • … Civil War (see, for example, letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] and n.  8). CD refers …
  • … of Orchids , which appeared in the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … Haven, Connecticut. See letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] , n.  10. Gray had reiterated a promise …
  • … specimens of American species of Cypripedium in his letter of 4 and 13 October 1862. See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  11 and 12. [J.  D.   …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] and n.  4. CD’s annotated copy of the …

To Asa Gray   16 February [1862]

Summary

Floral structure of Melastoma. Asks AG to observe position of pistils in lately-opened flowers of different plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3448

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   16 February [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (63) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Feb [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] . CD began to experiment with the melastomaceous …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] and n.  8). He had also recently started …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 February [1862] and n.  7). There are dated notes from …
  • … in October 1861 and harvested in February 1862. There are dated notes from this experiment …
  • … also letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] and n.  8. This drawing is apparently a …
  • … of Monochaetum ensiferum , dated 15 January and 12 February 1862, in DAR 205.8: 22–3. …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] and n.  10. The diagram has been reduced to …
  • … 205.8. See enclosure. See letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] , letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . See …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, [4–8 February 1862] . CD recorded …
  • … this observation in a note dated 12 February 1862 (DAR 205.8: 23). For Gray’s agreement to …
  • … on Rhexia , see the letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] . CD refers to the results of a …

To Asa Gray   15 March [1862]

Summary

Gives some observations on changes in pistil position with age in Monochaetum. Asks whether AG can observe Rhexia for similar movements.

"One of the best men, though at present unknown", H. W. Bates, has taken up natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  15 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (64)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3473

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   15 March [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (64) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Mar [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … year is established by the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 . …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 18 February 1862. CD refers to Gray’s pamphlet on natural selection …
  • … see letter from H.  G.  Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ). Clémence Auguste Royer’s French …
  • … was not in fact published until 31 May 1862 ( Journal Générale de l’Imprimerie et de la …
  • … 6 (pt 3): 341. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 26 [March  1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . Winkler trans.  1860. Tiberius Cornelius Winkler sent CD a copy …
  • … Bates 1862a, p.  513). Bates 1863 . See letter to H.  W.  Bates, 13 January [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] . CD probably refers to the …
  • … diagram enclosed with the letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] . He had begun …
  • … with Monochaetum ensiferum on 7 February 1862, and continued to work on the species until …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …

To Asa Gray   22 January [1862]

Summary

Dimorphism: "new cases are tumbling in almost daily".

U. S. politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  22 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (74)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3404

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   22 January [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (74) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … III). Orchids was published on 15 May 1862 ( Freeman 1977 , p.  112). In his letter to CD …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’: On the …
  • … pods were gathered at the end of January 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  9, letters to J.   …
  • … in his letter to CD of 17 January 1862. CD discussed the case in Forms of flowers , pp.   …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …
  • … and Joseph Dalton Hooker, and to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . See …
  • … also letter from Francis Boott, 27 January 1862 . In his letter of 31 December 1861 ( …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] and n.  10. This is a reference to the …
  • … carried out numerous crossing experiments in 1862 and 1863 with help from his son, William …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [1 January 1862] and n.  3). The reference in this letter …

To Asa Gray   19 January [1863]

Summary

Comments on his own review of Bates’s butterfly paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thanks AG for information on Platanthera.

Has been wasting more time with Melastomataceae; can find no nectar in Monochaetum; is there any in Rhexia?

Hopes Lincoln’s "fiat against Slavery" will have some effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3927

Matches: 14 hits

  • … of this letter to the letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November 1862. Gray’s reference to glucose and starch has not been found, but …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Sprengel 1793 . …
  • … CD refers to the letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … in species of Linum ’ , in December 1862. The paper was to be read before the Linnean …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862  and n.  3. See letter from H.  W.  Bates, …
  • … observations for CD in the past, but in July 1862 he enlisted in the 131st Pennsylvania …
  • … Infantry ( DAB ; see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 and …
  • … 22 September 1862). …
  • … In September 1862, Abraham Lincoln announced his emancipation proclamation, in which he …
  • … States government in 1861, and, in February 1862, the Legal Tender Act was passed. By the …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 14 hits

  • … read them (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). …
  • … Leonard’s collection since the summer of 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). The reference …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 1861 , and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and 26[– …
  • … 7] November [1862], and letters from Asa …
  • … Gray, 18–19 August 1862 and …
  • … 29 December 1862). Gray evidently discussed Bates 1861  in a letter to CD written on 9  …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 . The reference is to Sprengel 1793 , in …
  • … In his letter to Gray of 26[–7] November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD objected to …
  • … dioeciousness. In his reply of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray drew on …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2  …
  • … dimorphic plant Mitchella repens in December 1862, for use in crossing experiments (see …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2  …
  • … Horace Darwin had been ill for much of 1862 (see letter from G.  V.  Reed, 12 January …

To Asa Gray   20 April [1863]

Summary

Fears England and U. S. will drift into war; he and AG must "keep to Science".

Thanks for facts on Incas; regrets he has always avoided the case of man.

Has sent his Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Is it true that Ohio has legislated against marriage of cousins?

Can AG explain the invariable angles in phyllotaxy; are they the consequence of packing in the early bud?

Owen’s comments on heterogeny in the Athenæum [28 Mar 1863] have vexed W. B. Carpenter; CD has replied [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Hopes AG will observe Gymnadenia; John Scott has been experimenting on its fertilisation.

Gives his observation on pollination of Cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4110

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Murray. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … by George Douglas Campbell, duke of Argyll, published in the October 1862 number of the …
  • … Edinburgh Review ( [Campbell] 1862 ). CD refers to …
  • … article in the Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp.  589–90, that critically examined …
  • … vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2  …
  • … 378–97. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera. …
  • … Pa. : Taylor & Francis. Devay, Francis. 1862. Du danger des mariages consanguins sous le …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ]Forms …
  • … s University Press. Loring, Charles Greely. 1862. Correspondence on the present relations …
  • … outbreak of the American Civil War ( Loring 1862 ). In his letter to Gray of 23 February [ …
  • … 95; Collected papers 2: 62). Since March 1862, he had been observing live specimens (see …
  • … case was one of mere variability’. Devay 1862 , p.  141. There is a lightly annotated copy …
  • … Owen’s anonymous review of Carpenter 1862  appeared in the Athenæum , 28 March 1863, pp.   …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 22  September 1862  and n.  13). He published comments on …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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