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To the Secretary of the Geological Society of France   25 April 1839

Summary

Acknowledges, on behalf of the Geological Society, receipt of the Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, vol. 9, feuilles 29, 34.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Secretary, Soc. Géol. France
Date:  25 Apr 1839
Classmark:  Bibliothèque municipale de Versailles (Autographe Darwin)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-507

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To the Secretary of the Geological Society of France   25 April 1839
  • … Darwin) Charles Robert Darwin Somerset House 25 Apr 1839 Secretary, Soc. Géol. France …
  • … London | Somerset House. Apr l . 25 th 1839 Sir I am requested by the Geological Society …

To William Whewell   16 April [1839]

Summary

Thanks WW for wedding gift.

Expresses admiration for his History of the inductive sciences [1837].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Whewell
Date:  16 Apr [1839]
Classmark:  Trinity College, Cambridge (Add c 88: 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-506

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To William Whewell   16 April [1839] …
  • … c 88: 6) Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 16 Apr [1839] William Whewell …
  • … See letter from William Whewell, 11 April 1839 . Whewell 1837 . CD’s annotated copy is in …

Burgess, Thomas Henry. 1839. The physiology or mechanism of blushing. London.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Burgess, Thomas Henry. 1839. The physiology or mechanism of blushing. London. 2,19 …

De Rolandis, Maria Giuseppe. 1839. Notizie sugli scrittori astigiani. Asti: Garbiglia.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … De Rolandis, Maria Giuseppe. 1839. Notizie sugli scrittori astigiani. Asti: Garbiglia. …

Agassiz, Louis. 1839. Remarks on glaciers. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 27: 383–90.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Agassiz, Louis. 1839. Remarks on glaciers. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 27: 383–90. …

McClelland, John. 1839. Indian Cyprinidæ. Asiatick Researches 19, pt 2: 217–465.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … McClelland, John. 1839. Indian Cyprinidæ. Asiatick Researches 19, pt 2: 217–465. 5 …

Oersted, Hans Christian. 1839. On water-spouts. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 27: 52–70.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Oersted, Hans Christian. 1839. On water-spouts. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 27: …

Redfield, William C. 1839. Some account of violent columnar whirlwinds, which appear to have resulted from the action of large circular fires; with remarks on the same. American Journal of Science and Arts 36: 50–9. Reprinted in Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 27 (1839): 369–79. [Vols. 2,7]

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Redfield, William C. 1839. Some account of violent columnar whirlwinds, which appear to …
  • … 36: 50–9. Reprinted in Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 27 (1839): 369–79. [Vols. 2,7] …

Smith, John. 1839. Notice of a plant which produces perfect seeds without any apparent action of pollen. [Read 18 June 1839.] Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 18 (1841): 509–12.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Smith, John. 1839. Notice of a plant which produces perfect seeds …
  • … apparent action of pollen. [Read 18 June 1839. ] Transactions of the Linnean Society of …

Theile, Friedrich Wilhelm. 1839. Entdeckung von Muskeln, welche die Rückenwirbel drehen (Rotatores dorsi) beim Menschen und den Säugethieren, nebst Bemerkungen über die Processus transversi und obliqui und über die Rückenmuskeln. Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin (1839): 102–38.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Theile, Friedrich Wilhelm. 1839. Entdeckung von Muskeln, welche die Rückenwirbel drehen ( …
  • … für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medizin (1839): 102–38. WBB4 Q304.c.9 15 …

Walker, Francis. 1839. Monographia Chalciditum. London: Hyppolitus Bailliere.

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Walker, Francis. 1839. Monographia Chalciditum. London: Hyppolitus Bailliere. NC MB.37.36 …

Nasse, Otto (1839–1903)

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Otto Johann Friedrich Nasse 1839–1903 German physician, physiologist, and physical …

To William Herbert   26 June 1839

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Summary

CD is led to believe there are no true permanently inbreeding, sexually reproducing beings. Thanks for replies to breeding questions.

Asks for clarification of Hippeastrum crosses: is selfing or crossing with individual of same species intended and was increased fertility due to constitution of foreign parent or due to the pollen coming from another plant? Has WH known any hybrid or mongrel to revert or to vary in a manner unlikely to be effect of soil?

Sends Journal of researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Herbert, dean of Manchester
Date:  26 June 1839
Classmark:  DAR 185: 65–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-523

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To William Herbert   26 June 1839
  • … Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 26 June 1839 William Herbert, dean of Manchester …
  • … letter from William Herbert to J.  S. Henslow, 5 April 1839 ). W.  Herbert 1822 , p.  27. …
  • … June 26 th . 1839— W Herbert Sir I hope you will excuse me taking the liberty of sending …

From Daniel Oliver   [before 8 November 1861]

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Summary

List of references on orchid structure and fertilisation.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 8 Nov 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 225–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3039

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Baillon 1854 . Guépin 1853 . Ménière 1855. Fermond 1841 . Fermond 1840 . Wiegmann 1839 . …
  • … bei den Bastardpflanzen. Bot. Zeit.  1839. 703. (Cause of infertility to be sought only in …
  • … London: John Murray. 1862. Wiegmann, A. F. A. 1839. [Über die Unfruchtbarkeit bei den …
  • … Bastardpflanzen. ] Flora oder allgemeine botanische Zeitung 22 (1839): 703. …

From William Herbert to J. S. Henslow   5 April 1839

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Summary

Replies to CD’s questions on plant hybridisation and laws of inheritance. Rejects predominant transmission of characters by established forms. Males show predominance, but congeniality of parents’ constitution to climate and soil more important. No correlation between hybridisation and variability, cultivation, and geographical distribution. Rejects reversion.

Describes experiments in Hippeastrum in which pollen from another species proved more fertile than plant’s own pollen.

Did not intend to say that crossing is inimical to fertility.

Author:  William Herbert, dean of Manchester
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  5 Apr 1839
Classmark:  DAR 185: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-503

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From William Herbert to J.  S. Henslow    5 April 1839
  • … DAR 185: 63 William Herbert, dean of Manchester Spofforth 5 Apr 1839 John Stevens Henslow …
  • … dissimilar?? Important—Walker’s Law’ pencil ‘ 1839 | Only thing in this letter, 5 season …
  • … so; account given in letter’ added ink 15.2 1839] double underl brown crayon Top of first …
  • … faithfully | W Herbert Spofforth April 5 1839. 2.1 I can … 2 d . 2.4] double scored brown …

To William Lonsdale   [8 March 1839]

Summary

Has finished earthquake paper ["Volcanic phenomena in South America" (1840), Collected papers 1: 53–86]. Gives instructions about a woodcut. There should be an outline map.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Lonsdale
Date:  [8 Mar 1839]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-497

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To William Lonsdale   [8 March 1839] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 [8 Mar 1839] William Lonsdale …
  • … worked on it during the first week of March 1839 and corrected it in September and early …

To William Shoberl   16 August [1839]

Summary

Gives his opinion of a MS on geology. It is not really a scientific work. It might sell well, but CD’s opinion on success of sale is worthless.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Shoberl
Date:  16 Aug [1839]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-531

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To William Shoberl    16 August [1839] …
  • … Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 16 Aug [1839] William Shoberl …
  • … addressee is identified by the distinctive ‘1839’ with which the letter is endorsed and …

To John Phillips   [18 March 1839]

Summary

Will send JP a map as requested. Asks for a ticket to one of JP’s lectures.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Phillips
Date:  [18 Mar 1839]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History Archive Collections (John Phillips collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-473

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Phillips    [18 March 1839] …
  • … collection) Charles Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 [18 Mar 1839] John Phillips …
  • … delivered by Phillips on Tuesday, 19 March 1839. In CD’s Notebook E : 122 there is the …

To the Secretary of the American Philosophical Society   23 May 1839

Summary

As Secretary of the Geological Society of London, CD formally expresses thanks for the American Philosophical Society’s Proceedings, vol. 1, no. 6.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Secretary, American Philosophical Society
Date:  23 May 1839
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-511

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To the Secretary of the American Philosophical Society    23 May 1839
  • … Charles Robert Darwin Somerset House 23 May 1839 Secretary, American Philosophical Society …
  • … of London | Somerset House. 23rd May 1839 Sir I am requested by the Geological Society to …

To Leonard Jenyns   15 July [1839]

Summary

Discusses details of LJ’s part of Zoology [Fish].

CD is working hard on Coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  15 July [1839]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-527

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Leonard Jenyns   15 July [1839] …
  • … Robert Darwin London, Upper Gower St, 12 15 July [1839] Leonard Jenyns/Leonard Blomefield …
  • … See letter to Leonard Jenyns, 14 October [1839] . William Yarrell had published A history …
  • … the end of August and beginning of September 1839. That is, the smoke of London. Hitcham, …
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Honeycombs are natural engineering marvels, using the least possible amount of wax to provide the greatest amount of storage space, with the greatest possible structural stability. Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Introduction to the Satire of FitzRoy's Narrative of the Voyages of the Adventure and Beagle

Summary

'a humble toadyish follower…': Not all pictures of Darwin during the Beagle voyage are flattering.  Published here for the first time is a complete transcript of a satirical account of the Beagle’s brief visit in 1836 to the Cocos Keeling islands…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle (1839), was written by John Clunies Ross, …
  • … in the Beagle , and especially the works published in 1839 by her captain, Robert FitzRoy and his …
  • … are marked in roman numerals. Others relate to Darwin’s 1839 or 1845 volumes and Belcher’s …
  • … star in the scientific world, and had copies of both the 1839 Narrative and the 1845 second edition …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle voyage in 1831, Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington kept an illustrated journal of his observations and experiences on the voyage, noting wildlife, landscapes, buildings and people and,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … duties, until Darwin’s marriage to Emma Wedgwood in 1839.    Covington then decided to …
  • … Darwin wrote a letter of recommendation for him in 1839, stating that he had ‘ good reason to …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

Within two months of the Beagle’s arrival back in England in October 1836, Darwin, although busy with distributing his specimens among specialists for description, and more interested in working on his geological research, turned his mind to the task of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

George James Stebbing

Summary

George James Stebbing (1803—1860) travelled around the world with Charles Darwin on board HMS Beagle and helped him with measuring temperature on at least one occasion. However, Stebbing barely registers in Darwin’s correspondence. The only mention omits…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … told Alexander von Humboldt, in a letter of 1 November 1839, that he had been assisted in measuring …
  • …   References [FitzRoy, Robert] 1839.  Narrative of the surveying voyages of His …

Elleparu (York Minster)

Summary

Elleparu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Yokcushlu (Fuegia Basket)

Summary

Yokcushlu was one of the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Orundellico (Jemmy Button)

Summary

Orundellico was one of the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by Robert FitzRoy, captain of HMS Beagle, in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

Another present for Darwin's birthday: five new pages are added to our Works in letters section on the 'big book' before Origin, Origin itself, the subsequent editions of Origin, Orchids, and the Life of Erasmus Darwin. These complement…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …
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