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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To E. A. Darwin   30 June 1864

Summary

Has heard nothing about the Copley Medal. Is grateful for Hugh Falconer’s interest [see 4546].

Supplies details about circumstances of his voyage on the Beagle.

Does not believe that his sea-sickness was the cause of his subsequent ill-health.

Encloses the requested list of publications [see 4550].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  30 June 1864
Classmark:  ML 1: 247–8; DAR 154: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4548A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Parallel Roads of Glen Roy. Phil. Transact.  1839 The Structure and Distribution of Coral …
  • … Voyage of the Beagle 1831–36, published 1839 & 1845. On the Connexion of certain Volcanic …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. [Read 7 February 1839. ] Philosophical Transactions of the Royal …

To Ernst Haeckel   [after 10] August – 8 October [1864]

Summary

Can understand EH’s feelings on death of his wife.

CD was impressed by manner in which species in South America are replaced by closely allied ones, by affinity of species inhabiting islands near S. America, and by relation of living Edentata and Rodentia to extinct species. When he read Malthus On population, the idea of natural selection flashed on him.

Agrees with EH’s remarks on Kölliker ["Darwin’sche Schöpfungstheorie", Z. Wiss. Zool. 14 (1864): 174–86].

Asks EH to thank Carl Gegenbaur [for Vergleichende Anatomie der Wirbelthiere (1864)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  [after 10] Aug – 8 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A–Abt. 1: 1–52/5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4631

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin. London: Smith, Elder and Co. 1839–43. Freeman, Richard Broke. 1978. Charles …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Kohn, David. 1985. Darwin’s principle of …
  • … 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s …

From John Lubbock   2 September 1864

Summary

Wishes to borrow volumes 1 and 3 of Narrative [vol. 1 by Capt. P. P. King, vol. 3 by CD].

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Sept 1864
Classmark:  DAR 170: 47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4606

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …
  • … and 1836. [Edited by Robert FitzRoy. ] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

From Daniel Oliver   21 July 1864

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Summary

Reports his limited observations on climbing of Nepenthes.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1864
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4571

Matches: 1 hit

  • … copied the figures of Nepenthes is Korthals 1839–42, plates 1–3. See also letter to Daniel …

From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   [1864?]

Summary

Asks CD to sign some "Sunday tickets" [for the Zoological Garden?].

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1864?]
Classmark:  DAR 105: B17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4365

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a fellow of the Zoological Society in 1839, Erasmus in 1855 ( Freeman 1978 , List of …

To A. R. Wallace   28 [May 1864]

Summary

Response to ARW’s papers on Papilionidae ["On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1866): 1–71; abstract in Reader 3 (1864): 491–3],

and man ["The origin of human races", J. Anthropol. Soc. Lond. 2 (1864): clviii–clxxxvi].

The former is "really admirable" and will be influential.

The idea of the man paper is striking and new. Minor points of difference. Conjectures regarding racial differences; the possible correlation between complexion and constitution. His Query to Army surgeons to determine this point. Offers ARW his notes on man, which CD doubts he will be able to use.

On sexual selection in "our aristocracy"; primogeniture is a scheme for destroying natural selection.

[Letter incorrectly dated March by CD.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  28 [May 1864]
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS 46434: 39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4510

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Kottler, Malcolm Jay. 1985. Charles Darwin …
  • … copy). For a note of CD’s from 1838 or 1839 on the struggle between races, see Notebooks , …

From J. D. Hooker   [2 April 1864]

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Summary

JDH explains why he cannot take Scott on at Kew.

John Tyndall cannot answer CD’s questions on glaciers. Edward Frankland’s ignorance. In JDH’s opinion, heaviness of winter snowfall is the greatest element in size of glaciers and this is a function of low mean temperature. Discusses descent of glaciers.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 198–200, 203; DAR 104: 222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4445

Matches: 2 hits

  • … discovery ships Erebus and Terror in the years 1839–1843, under the command of Captain Sir …
  • … latitude on the Antarctic expedition from 1839 to 1843 (see J.  D.  Hooker 1844–7 ). In ‘ …

From J. D. Hooker   15 June 1864

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Summary

JDH busy reforming Kew’s operations.

Falconer may "fall foul" of Huxley’s anger over his attacks on Lyell.

Has heard of a coffee plantation post for Scott.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 227–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4537

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Markham, Clements Robert. 1880. Peruvian …

From William Bennett   29 April 1864

Summary

Will send grasses CD asked about.

Reports observations on brood of Australian chicks he is hatching.

Author:  William Bennett
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1864
Classmark:  DAR 160: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4475

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From Hermann Kindt   11 October 1864

Summary

Requests photograph.

Author:  Hermann Adolph Christian August (Hermann) Kindt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct 1864
Classmark:  DAR 169: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4632

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Origin 2d ed. : On the origin of species …

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1864]

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Summary

CD pleased with Huxley for defending him against Sabine. Also pleased with much of Sabine’s address. Is sure JDH wrote the botanical part.

Suggests James Hector observe which insects visit endemic New Zealand plants

and JDH examine distribution of white vs coloured corollas in New Zealand.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 255a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4697

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. …

To J. D. Hooker   3 November [1864]

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Summary

Asks JDH to verify an observation on Dicentra – what CD thought was a branch in the young plant now looks like a gigantic leaf in the old.

Concurs on Spencer’s clever emptiness.

Ramsay exaggerates role of ice. Sorry to hear that Tyndall grows dogmatic.

Admits difficulty of making case for Wallace’s Royal Medal at this time.

Will soon finish the first draft of Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4650

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lenoir, Timothy. 1982. The strategy of …

From J. D. Hooker   19 May 1864

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Summary

JDH suggests Scott go to India; he will write letters of introduction.

Conversation with Herbert Spencer.

George Bentham would like to know how CD’s view of hybridism diverges from Charles Naudin’s.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 101: 220–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4501

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the globe. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. [Separately published as Journal of …

To J. D. Hooker   [20–]22 February [1864]

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Summary

Does not know Scott’s qualifications to be curator at Kew.

Frankland’s theory of glaciers is absurd.

Has JDH heard claim that plants in Northern and Southern Hemispheres turn in opposite directions?

Are there plant families with no twining and climbing plants?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [20–]22 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 221a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4412

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lindley, John. 1853. The vegetable kingdom; …

From [C. P.]   29 April 1864

Summary

On rereading the Origin, he offers a criticism on two grounds: 1. Blending inheritance; 2. The tendency of species to elude competing species. Also competition within species eliminates the weak and thus preserves the species.

Author:  P., C.
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1864
Classmark:  DAR 174: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4476

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s Natural …

From Benjamin Dann Walsh   29 April – 19 May 1864

Summary

Recalls being introduced to CD when [undergraduate] at Cambridge.

Sends CD some of his pamphlets

and expresses support of Origin.

Has discovered there are "3 sexes" in the solitary Cynips as well as social insects.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr – 19 May 1864
Classmark:  DAR 181: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4477

Matches: 1 hit

  • … emigrated to the United States in 1838 or 1839 ( DAB ). The Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL …

To J. D. Hooker   26[–7] March [1864]

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Summary

John Scott has left Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

Asks JDH to ask Tyndall whether Frankland exaggerates the effect of snowfall on advance of European glaciers.

Huxley and Falconer squabble too much in public.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26[–7] Mar [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 225
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4436

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lindley, John. 1853. The vegetable kingdom; …

From J. D. Hooker   5 February 1864

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Summary

John Scott’s paper [see 4332] read at Linnean Society; praised by George Bentham.

Himalayan pine in Macedonia.

JDH is in a quarrel with H. C. Watson.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Feb 1864
Classmark:  DAR 100: 161; DAR 101: 180–1, 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4401

Matches: 1 hit

  • … exhibens synopsin plantarum quas aest. 1839 legit. 2 vols. Brunswick: F. Vieweg. Hooker, …

From B. J. Sulivan   23 September [1864]

Summary

BJS’s health much improved by his continental tour.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 283
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4622

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Navy list : The navy list. London: John …

From Leo Lesquereux   14 December 1864

Summary

Fossil flora of the Carboniferous. Variation of forms found in coal analogous to succession of forms in peat-bogs.

Author:  Leo Lesquereux
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec 1864
Classmark:  DAR Pamphlet Collection–CUL (bound with G256)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4715

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lesquereux, Leo. 1844. Quelques recherches …
Document type
letter (22)
Date
1864
01 (1)
02 (2)
03 (2)
04 (4)
05 (2)
06 (2)
07 (1)
08 (1)
09 (2)
10 (1)
11 (1)
12 (3)
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Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … to read in Notebook C ( Notebooks , pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in …
  • … in the Royal Society of London (Royal Society of London 1839) has been heavily marked, and quite a …
  • … Pierquin, published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. …
  • … 1814–29] D r  Royle on Himmalaya types [Royle 1839] (read) Smellie Philosophy of …
  • … 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & Physiology [R. Owen 1839] Dampier probably worth …
  • … on subjects of science connected with Nat. Theol: [Brougham 1839] on instinct & animal …
  • … 1808] Brit. & Foreign Medical Rev. N o  14. Ap 1839 [Anon. 1839b] Rev. on Walker on …
  • … Smart 17  Beginning of a New School of metaphysic. [Smart 1839] about connection of language & …
  • … Babbington on Flora of Channel Isl d . [Babington 1839] says he has remarks on affinities of …
  • … 1816 [Gallesio 1816]— quoted by D r . Holland [Holland 1839] (p. 27) as good— Decandoelle …
  • … [Thacker 1834–5] p. 291 Athenæum 1839. p. 546— M r  Conrad has published …
  • … Arboretum [Loudon 1838] in Edinburgh Review July 1839 [Anon. 1839a]— there are pencil remarks on it. …
  • … would contain facts for me [DAR *119: 9v.] 1839. Decemb. Advertised . …
  • … Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 Flourens “Resume …
  • … publishing Travels into interior of N. America [Wied-Neuwied 1839–41]— in Geograph Soc …
  • … 1840. Octob & Jan. Papers on Instinct by Flourens [Flourens 1839] (read) Index of Clarkes …
  • … S. Bellamy on Nat. Hist. of S. Devonshire [Bellamy 1839] chiefly on distribution of forms said to be …
  • … at end of Catalogue of Royal Soc. [Royal Society of London 1839]— Meckel’s Anatomy. French …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … on the Obligations of man to the inferior animals’ [Youatt 1839] discusses their minds. …
  • … by  Hooker . [A. P. de Candolle 1839–40] Jussieus …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … they show for one another’s sensibilities. Early in 1839 the couple set up house in London and at …
  • … and set in type by November 1837, though not published until 1839, when it appeared as the third …
  • … of species” ( Letter to J. S. Henslow, [November 1839] ).   note book, after note …
  • … Marriage Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in January 1839. His hopes and fears about married life …
  • … to act’ ( Letter from Emma Darwin, [  c.  February 1839] ). These are not matters that she would …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 489 - Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1839] Written shortly before their …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 542 - Darwin to Wedgwood, C. S., [27 October 1839] Darwin details his typical …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … races, lunatics, the blind, and animals. And as early as 1839 Darwin had begun to collect …
  • … development from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the …
  • … 1 [9] W. Erasmus. Darwin born. Dec. 27 th . 1839.—[10] During first week. yawned, streatched …
  • …  vol. 2, letter from Emma Wedgwood, [23 January 1839] . [7]  Correspondence  vol. 2, …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on subjects connected with natural theology  (1839), Brougham commented that bees acted with a …
  • … suppose when we recollect who is her teacher’ (Brougham 1839, 1: 35, 77). William Kirby wrote of the …
  • … no bee in the world ever made cylindrical cells (Brougham 1839, 1: 32). However, Darwin knew that …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 471 — Darwin, Emma to Darwin, C. R., [c. Feb 1839] Emma discusses Darwin’s religious …

Journal of researches

Summary

The Journal of researches, Darwin’s account of his travels round the world in H.M.S. Beagle, was his first published book. The circumstances of its publication were not shaped by Darwin, however, but by the Beagle’s captain, Robert FitzRoy, who, according…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … his ship . The Journal of Researches thus began life in 1839 as the third volume of the N …
  • … the time the Narrative was eventually published in May 1839, FitzRoy’s volume showed just how …
  • … with the title Journal of researches as early as August 1839. The speed with which this occurred …

York Minster (Elleparu)

Summary

York Minster was known as Elleparu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. He was captured by FitzRoy in 1830 after one the small boats used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del Fuego had been…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Transactions of the Royal Society of London  (1839) pt 1: 39-81. [ Shorter publications , pp.  50 …
  • … Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of London  9 (1839): 528-9.  [ Shorter publications , …

Fuegia Basket (Yokcushlu)

Summary

Fuegia Basket was known as Yokcushlu among the Alakaluf, or canoe people from the western part of Tierra del Fuego. She was one of the hostages seized by Robert FitzRoy, after the small boat used for surveying the narrow inlets of the coast of Tierra del…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Jemmy Button (Orundellico)

Summary

Jemmy Button was known as Orundellico among the Yahgan, or canoe people of the southern part of Tierra del Fuego.  He was the fourth hostage taken by FitzRoy in 1830 following the theft of the small surveying boat. This fourteen-year old boy was called…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … FitzRoy.] 3 vols. and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. …

Darwin in letters, 1821-1836: Childhood to the Beagle voyage

Summary

Darwin's first known letters were written when he was twelve. They continue through school-days at Shrewsbury, two years as a medical student at Edinburgh University, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and the of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … until FitzRoy completed his volume of the Narrative  in 1839. London scientific society …

Darwin's works in letters

Summary

To celebrate Darwin's 210th birthday, we present a new section on Darwin's works in letters, featuring Journal of researches, Living and fossil cirripedia, Descent of man, and Expression of emotions. And here is a song with lyrics based on…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the hidden life of: Journal of researches (1839; better known as The voyage of the …

Marriage

Summary

Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 November 1838, describing it as the 'day of days!'.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin and Emma Wedgwood are married. They were first cousins. Darwin had proposed on 11 …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … coast of Australia is named after him. However in May 1839 he was so badly injured when a musket …

William Darwin born

Summary

The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to record observations on his behaviour and development. Years later these are published in the journal Mind.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' first child, William Erasmus Darwin, is born.  His father immediately starts to …

Syms Covington

Summary

When Charles Darwin embarked on the Beagle in 1831 Syms Covington was ‘fiddler & boy to Poop-cabin’. Covington died in 1861 reportedly 47 years old, so he would have been 17; although if he was the Simon Covington born in Bedford on 30 January 1809,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … employ, paying him extra for secretarial duties. In January 1839 CD married his cousin, Emma …

Journal of Researches published

Summary

Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a great success. It appeared as the third volume of the Narrative of the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle, with the title Journal and remarks but…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin's account of the Beagle voyage, based on his personal diaries, is published and is a …
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