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From Joseph Dalton Hooker   1 January 1865

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Summary

Forwards H. T. Stainton letter for reply.

Finds many Cucurbita have tendrils with sticking ends.

The "potentiality of so many organs in plants to play so many parts is one of the most wonderful of your discoveries . . . one day it will itself play a prodigious part in the interpretation of both morphological and physiological facts".

Is disgusted with Sabine’s address [see 4708] because of its mutilation of what JDH wrote.

THH’s slashing leader in Reader ["Science and ""Church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821] – as usual he destroys all in his path.

Encloses letter from G. H. K. Thwaites with a message for CD [see encl].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 1–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Directors’ Correspondence 162: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4734

Matches: 25 hits

  • … p.  437. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 September  …
  • … see Guy 1983  and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from E.  A.  Darwin, 1 February [1864] …
  • … nn.  3 and 5; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 February  …
  • … 4 November 1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12; see also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ c. 23  …
  • … not undertaken (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …
  • … plants’ , p.  78. See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 December [ …
  • … conditions (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] , letter from …
  • … Journal for 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix II) that he had finished the paper on …
  • … Reader , pp.  708–9 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … is reproduced in Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix IV. Sabine had contracted influenza …
  • … the Royal Society (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Elizabeth Juliana Sabine, 7  …
  • … 1862–83, 1: 816–41). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [6 December  …
  • … to the book (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 or 27 April  …
  • … Hooker of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD reported having seen a foreign …
  • … of 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12) that he expected to hear of a paper on …
  • … in June 1864 (see Correspondence vol.   12, letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 21 June  …
  • … December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD had asked Daniel Oliver to check Botanische …
  • … 10 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). Hooker and CD had a long-running interest …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26[–7] March [ …
  • … House MS); see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Lubbock, 19 November [1864] ). …
  • … plant Nepenthes (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [March] 1864 , …
  • … of James Veitch (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 10 June [1864] …
  • … notes on the genus are in DAR 157.1: 111–12 and DAR 187: 1. At some point, CD appears to …
  • … Melastomataceae). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26–7 April …
  • … in September 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September  …

From Benjamin Dann Walsh   1 March 1865

Summary

Sends his paper on "Willow-galls" [Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philadelphia 3 (1864): 543–644].

Lengthy criticism of Agassiz’s views on species as stated in his Essay on classification [1857].

Interested by CD’s trimorphism in Lythrum. Thinks some great mystery may lie in the fact that in some genera, some species are tri-, some di-, and some monomorphic, and in other genera, Apis, Vespa, Bombus, all the known species are dimorphic.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1865
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4778

Matches: 22 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  12, letters to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] and [4 December  …
  • … John Obadiah Westwood (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November …
  • … as the frontispiece to Correspondence vol.  12; see also letter from W.  E. Darwin, [19  …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … Cantab. ; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29 April – 19 May  …
  • … and nn.  1 and 3). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  O.  Westwood, 2 December  …
  • … 30 November 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12 and Appendix IV). The award was announced in …
  • … ici dans cet ordre d’insectes. 11 vols. in 12. Paris: Librairie encyclopédique de Roret. …
  • … 4 December 1864? ] ( Correspondence vol.  12). Thomas Say. Thaddeus William Harris was the …
  • … for this paper (see Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix III). See ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … occasionally cross together. See also n.  12, below. Hugo von Mohl had argued ( Mohl  …
  • … 2: A44a–b); see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] . There is …
  • … and Oxalis , see Correspondence vols.  10–12. In ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , …
  • … pp.  333–5. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April [1864] , …
  • … generations’ ( OED ). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [ …
  • … Review , pp.  138–41 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29 April [– …
  • … of Walsh 1864c (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November 1864 ); …
  • … and 19, above, and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] …
  • … p.  341). See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 7 November 1864 . …
  • … 4 December [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). CD wrote an unsigned review of Bates’s paper …
  • … Bombus copulation in Correspondence vol.  12, letter to B.  D.  Walsh, 4 December [1864] . …
  • … Wollaston, 2 March [1855] and nn.  11 and 12, and Wollaston 1856 , pp.  81–7, 186–94). CD’ …

From Fritz Müller   31 August 1865

Summary

Hopes CD has received his letter of 12 August.

Sends some new observations on climbing plants. [The observations are part of "Notes on some of the climbing-plants, near Desterro, in South Brazil", J. Linn. Soc. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344–9.]

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug 1865
Classmark:  Möller 1915–21, 2: 73–4.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4885A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … of the letter, see the letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] . …
  • … See also letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 , n.  11. …
  • … Hopes CD has received his letter of 12 August. Sends some new observations on climbing …
  • … I.  See also letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 , n.  1. For a transcription of this …
  • … vol. 13, p. 227. See also letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 , n. 1. ‘ …
  • … Climbing plants’ . See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 . For the missing …

From John Scott   20 January 1865

Summary

Comments on his Primula paper [see 4213].

Describes his situation in Calcutta.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4751

Matches: 13 hits

  • … to seek employment in India (see Correspondence vol.  12). He departed for Calcutta on …
  • … 28 August 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 August 1864 , …
  • … employment for Scott (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [4 June  …
  • … of 16 May [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), Scott remarked: ‘the degree of sterility of …
  • … alterations (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 7 January [1864] , and …
  • … to Asa Gray (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 13 September [1864] ). Gray …
  • … read the paper (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [20–]22 February [ …
  • … Oliver to review it (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 September [ …
  • … 3 June 1863] , and Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 28 May 1864 ). CD and …
  • … 10 June 1863 , and Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 April [1864] , and …
  • … practical duties (see Correspondence vol.  12, enclosure to letter from J.  D. Hooker, 6  …
  • … him financial support (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Scott, 9 April 1864 ). …
  • … Scott at Down (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 April [1864] ). He …

From M. T. Masters   12 July 1865

Summary

Will forward Robert Caspary’s paper to CD when it is published ["Sur les hybrides obtenus par la greffe", Bull. Congr. Int. Bot. & Hortic. Amsterdam (1865): 65–80].

MTM is to become editor of Gardeners’ Chronicle.

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1865
Classmark:  DAR 171: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4871

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From M.  T.  Masters   12 July 1865 …
  • … DAR 171: 72 Maxwell Tylden Masters Peckham 12 July 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … et d’Horticulture held in Amsterdam from 7 to 12 April 1865. CD read about the paper in …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, 2 May 1865  and n.  12; see also CD’s annotations to the letter from …
  • … Rye Lane Peckham. S.E. July 12. 1865 My dear Sir/ I was present when D r . Caspary’s paper …

To Fritz Müller   20 September [1865]

Summary

Thanks for interesting letter on climbing plants.

FM’s view on Anelasma seems probable.

Difficulty quoted by FM from A. Agassiz on embryology of Echinodermata is quite beyond CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  20 Sept [1865]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4895

Matches: 13 hits

  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 . …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865  and n.   …
  • … 1, and letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] . CD had not yet …
  • … Strychnos is contained in the section of the 12 August 1865 letter from Fritz Müller that …
  • … see Müller 1865b and letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and …
  • … n.  1; see also the letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865  and n.  11). Müller included …
  • … p.  36 n. (see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and nn.   …
  • … pp.  21–2 (see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and n.   …
  • … in Catasetum , see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Hermann Crüger, 21 January 1864 , …
  • … February [1864] . The letter from Müller of 12 August 1865 is incomplete. The section of …
  • … section of the letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 (see letter from Fritz Müller, 10  …
  • … when he wrote his own letter to CD on 12 August 1865, it appears that the possibility of …
  • … 135–40). The section of Müller’s letter of 12 August 1865 in which he discussed Alexander …

From Asa Gray   17 January 1865

Summary

New herbarium is finished.

Congratulations on Copley Medal.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 165: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4747

Matches: 11 hits

  • … the Royal Society of London 13 (1863–4): 505, and Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix IV). …
  • … on 5 December 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12). ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ was …
  • … for the paper (see Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix III). Gray may refer to Scott 1864a …
  • … of Scott 1864b (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 13 September [1864] ). CD …
  • … 25 February [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). CD had requested information about cuckoos …
  • … 29 October [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12). The enclosure has not been found. CD’s query …
  • … pp.  506–8. See also Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Asa Gray, 5 December 1864 , …
  • … about cuckoos (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Asa Gray, 5 December 1864 ). In …
  • … of 7 November 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12), Benjamin Dann Walsh had remarked on Louis …
  • … and 11 July 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12). Gray eventually appointed Horace Mann as …
  • … Civil War (see Correspondence vols.  9–12). CD had long been opposed to slavery. See …

From Fritz Müller   12 August 1865

Summary

Thanks CD for his paper on climbing plants. Lists the many genera that he has found in his area in a short period since reading CD’s paper. [See 4881.]

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Aug 1865
Classmark:  Möller 1915–21, 2: 72–3.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4881A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller    12 August 1865 …
  • … Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller Desterro, Brazil 12 Aug 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Desterro, Brazil, 12. August 1865. Verehrter Herr! Vor wenigen Tagen empfing ich Ihre …
  • … Desterro, Brazil, 12. August 1865 My dear Sir, A few days ago I received your essay on …
  • … Botany ) (see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] , and …
  • … of Mikania (see letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and n.   …

From John Lubbock   12 June [1865]

Summary

Delighted at CD’s praise of his book [Prehistoric times (1865)].

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 45
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4860

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From John Lubbock   12 June [1865] …
  • … 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury Chislehurst 12 June [1865] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Chislehurst June 12 My dear M r . Darwin Many thanks for your very kind letter. I am …

From John Scott   10 April 1865

Summary

Comments on CD’s Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31]

and on H. Crüger’s orchid paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 127–35].

May take position at Calcutta Botanic Garden.

Regrets he cannot be elected to Linnean Society.

Pleased Asa Gray has commented on JS’s paper.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Apr 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4810

Matches: 12 hits

  • … of Scott 1864c (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 19 March 1864  and …
  • … CD for comments (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from John Scott, 28 March 1864 , 5  …
  • … Primulaceae, see Correspondence vols.  10–12. CD first told Scott of Hermann Crüger’s work …
  • … or March 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 19 March 1864  and …
  • … vol.  11, letters from John Scott, [after 12] April [1863] and 21 May [1863] , and …
  • … Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 19 March 1864  and n.  16. CD cited …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Scott, 19 March 1864   …
  • … and nn.  12–16, and Orchids 2d ed. , pp.  167–71). Scott had taken a position at Rungbee, …
  • … on 4 February 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from J.  D. Hooker, 5 February  …
  • … of its contents (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Asa Gray, 13 September [1864] , …
  • … and otherwise, see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to John Scott, 10 June 1864 , n.  1, …
  • … offprints of the paper were available from 12 June 1865 (see Freeman 1977 , p.  117). In a …

From J. D. Hooker   12 April [1865]

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Summary

W. J. Hooker is unwell.

Bentham wrote on Planchon ["The ancient and modern floras of Montpellier", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 202–25],

T. Thomson on subspecies ["Species and subspecies", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 226–42]

and Greene of York on ["The Linnean Society’s transactions", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1865): 189–202].

JDH did the leader in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1865): 267–8, 291–2].

Delighted with CD’s calm opinion of Origin. Has same view of some of his own papers.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4812

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   12 April [1865] …
  • … DAR 102: 17 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 12 Apr [1865] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • 12 th . April. D r Darwin The Strelitzia & books never went till today. My Father is very …

To T. H. Huxley   12 July [1865]

Summary

Thanks THH for reading Pangenesis MS. Will read Buffon and Bonnet (as he does not want to republish their views) and will try to persuade himself not to publish.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  12 July [1865]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 219)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4870

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   12 July [1865] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 219) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 July [1865] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Down Bromley | Kent July 12 My dear Huxley I thank you most sincerely for having so …
  • … on the subject, see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 10 May 1864 , …

From Fritz Müller   [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865]

Summary

FM’s comments on Climbing Plants.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 and 31 Aug 1865 and 10 Oct 1865
Classmark:  Notes on some of the climbing-plants near Desterro, in South Brazil. By Herr Fritz Müller, in a letter to C. Darwin. [Read 7 December 1865.] Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 9 (1866): 344–9.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4881F

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Fritz Müller   [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] …
  • … 344–9. Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller 12 Aug 1865 31 Aug 1865 10 Oct 1865 Charles …
  • … Dalton Hooker (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 December 1864   …
  • … 1865] . See letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 , n.  11. In ‘Climbing plants’ , …
  • … flexible, leafless branches, with numerous (12–25) internodes, armed with sharp, hard, …
  • … on the derivation of tendrils, see Correspondence vol.  12, letters from Daniel Oliver, [ …
  • … 28 January – 8 February 1864] , 12 March 1864 , and [before 31 March 1864] , letter to …
  • … tendril in ‘Climbing plants’ , pp.  111–12. Müller refers to the description in Endlicher  …
  • … adhesive discs, see Correspondence vol.  12, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 December [1864] …

From B. D. Walsh   12 November 1865

Summary

Acknowledges CD’s paper on "Climbing plants".

Mentions Asa Gray’s complimentary notice in Silliman’s Journal [Am. J. Sci. and Arts 2d ser. 40 (1865): 273–82].

His difficulty in understanding how males of Daphnia or any other genus can produce eggs. If there is no impregnation, how can there be sexual organs? Why call one form male and another female?

He has sent CD his paper on "the new Potato Bug".

Will soon send "On Phytophagi Species & Unity of Coloration". [phytophagic!?]

Complaints about practices of the English Post Office.

His current research and description of the rationale of his experiments.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1865
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Riley bequest of 1948)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4934A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From B.  D.  Walsh   12 November 1865 …
  • … bequest of 1948) Benjamin Dann Walsh Rock Island, Ill. 12 Nov 1865 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Rock Island. Illinois U.S. Nov.  12, 1865 Chas. Darwin Esq. Dear Sir, I have not answered …
  • … was inconclusive (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from John Lubbock, 3 November 1864 , …
  • … in Cynips in 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29 April – 19  …
  • … poda ) which hang on the tree more than 12 months, the particular boughs which bear the …

To Fritz Müller   17 October [1865]

Summary

Is sending FM’s two letters on climbing plants as a paper to the Linnean Society ["Notes on some of the climbing plants near Desterro, in south Brazil", J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344–9].

Adaptations for pollination in Catasetum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  17 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4916

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 2d ed. , pp.  205–6). See Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Hermann Crüger, 21 January  …
  • … s first letter on climbing plants was the letter from Fritz Müller, 12 August 1865 . …
  • … See the letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] , for the …
  • … volume as the letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August and 10 October 1865]. See letter …
  • … p.  344, and letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] ). Only …
  • … see Müller 1865b and letter from Fritz Müller, [12 and 31 August, and 10 October 1865] and …
  • … Society ( Botany ); see Correspondence vol.  12, letter from Hermann Crüger, 21 January  …

To John Higgins   21 November 1865

Summary

Acknowledges receipt of £257 12s. 2d.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  21 Nov 1865
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 138)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4940F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Acknowledges receipt of £257 12 s . 2 d . …

To B. D. Walsh   19 December [1865]

Summary

Discusses a variety of subjects: Cynips, galls, potato bugs,

male Daphnia laying eggs.

His Primula experiment results differ from John Scott’s.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Date:  19 Dec [1865]
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Walsh 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4952

Matches: 7 hits

  • … obliged for your interesting letter of Nov.  12— I hope you will meet with the success …
  • … See letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 12 November 1865 . In his paper on dimorphism in Cynips , …
  • … other sexual (Walsh 1864a). In his letter of 12 November 1865, he discussed his ongoing …
  • … August 1866, p.  10, and 18 August 1866, p.  12, and in the letter from Alfred Newton, 15  …
  • … Walsh 1865 . See letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 12 November 1865  and n.  8. According to Emma …
  • … n.  14. See also letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 12 November 1865 . In his letter to CD of 1  …
  • … and n.  9). See letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 12 November 1865  and n.  10. On John Scott’s …

From Thomas Henry Huxley   1 January 1865

Summary

Sends photograph.

THH wishes he could write the popular zoology but writing is a boring and slow process when he is not interested, and he is overburdened with lectures.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 304
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4732

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Fritz Müller in 1864 (see Correspondence vol.  12, letter to Ernst Haeckel, 21 November [ …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  12, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 5 November [1864] . The photographs …
  • … of 5 November [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD encouraged him to write a ‘Popular’ …
  • … 5 November [1864] ( Correspondence vol.  12), CD included some remarks by Emma Darwin on …
  • … to John Lubbock (see Correspondence vol.  12, letters to John Lubbock, 19 November [1864] …
  • … and weakness (see Correspondence vol.  12). The reference is to Für Darwin (Müller 1864), …

To Asa Gray   19 April [1865]

Summary

Congratulates AG on the "grand news of Richmond".

Still interested in dimorphism and would welcome new cases.

Working on Variation

and correcting proofs of Climbing plants.

Would like seed of AG’s dimorphic Plantago.

Cannot understand how the wind could fertilise reciprocally dimorphic flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (77)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4467

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 1 September 1863 , and Correspondence vol.   12, letter to Asa Gray, 28 May [1864] ). See …
  • … and 11 July 1864 ( Correspondence vol.  12). CD refers to A.  Gray 1865a, Scott 1864b, and …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] , Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … 1863] and n.  6, and Correspondence vol.  12, letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 May [1864] , …
  • … from B.  D.  Walsh, 1 March 1865 and n.  12. Gray acknowledged receiving a copy of ‘Three …
  • … for this paper, see Correspondence vol.  12, Appendix III. CD refers to Variation (see …
  • … habits of climbing plants’ was published on 12 June 1865 in a double issue of the Journal …

From J. D. Hooker   [27 February 1865?]

thumbnail

Summary

Will arrive Saturday [4 Mar] on afternoon train.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 Feb 1865?]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4777

Matches: 2 hits

  • … DAR 102: 12 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [27 Feb 1865? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
Document type
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Date
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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