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To Philip Lutley Sclater   12 May [1862]

Summary

Asks for information about japanned peacocks from Hudson [John Henry?] Gurney’s flock.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  12 May [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.276)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3543

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Philip Lutley Sclater   12 May [1862] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.276) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 May [1862] Philip Lutley Sclater …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. May 12 th Dear Sclater M r Bartlett told me at the Gardens …
  • … Variation (see letter to William Darwin Fox, 12 May [1862] , n.  6). In Variation 1: 291, …
  • … CD’s view (see letter to William Darwin Fox, 12 May [1862] , n.  6), that the ‘japanned’ …

From Frederick Currey   12 June 1862

Summary

Offers rare Irish orchid (Spiranthes).

Author:  Frederick Currey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 161.2: 305
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3598

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Frederick Currey   12 June 1862 …
  • … DAR 161.2: 305 Frederick Currey London, Lincoln’s Inn 12 June 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 3, New Square, Lincolns Inn. W.C. June 12. 1862 My dear Sir, I have a spike of the rare …

To William Darwin Fox   12 May [1862]

Summary

Asks if WDF has ever crossed wild and common turkeys. Would like to quote his authority [see Variation 1: 292].

Also curious whether WDF has known the so-called japanned peacock to appear from common peacock [Variation 1: 290].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  12 May [1862]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 132)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3544

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To William Darwin Fox   12 May [1862] …
  • … Variation 1: 290–2). See also letter to Philip Lutley Sclater, 12 May [1862] and n.  1. …
  • … Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 132) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 May [1862] William Darwin Fox …
  • … Down Bromley Kent May 12 th My dear Fox. I am going to bother you. Looking over some of …

From Hugh Falconer   12 November [1862]

Summary

Sends paper on affinities of Plagiaulax ["On Plagiaulax from the Purbeck beds", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 18 (1862): 348–69].

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3804

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Hugh Falconer   12 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 164: 9 Hugh Falconer London, Park Crescent, 21 12 Nov [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 21 Park Cresc t . 12 No vr . My Dear Darwin I have sent you a copy of a paper on the …

To W. D. Fox   12 September [1862]

Summary

WDF’s information on turkeys will be useful when CD resumes his half-finished volume [see Variation 1: 292].

Illness in the family.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  12 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3717

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  D.  Fox   12 September [1862] …
  • … MS 53 Fox 134) Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth 12 Sept [1862] William Darwin Fox …
  • … Cliff Cottage | Bournemouth Sept.  12 th My dear Fox Very sincere thanks for all the …
  • … in 1868. In the letter to W.  D.  Fox, 12 May [1862], CD asked Fox whether he could …
  • … sent home from Clapham Grammar School on 12 June 1862, suffering from scarlet fever (see …

From George Howard Darwin   [12 June 1862]

Summary

Leonard Darwin has scarlet fever so GHD has said he should be sent home and has asked E. A. Williams to call at Down.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3598F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From George Howard Darwin   [12 June 1862] …
  • … DAR 251 George Howard Darwin [12 June 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) records on 12 June 1862: ‘Lenny came home with sc.  fever’; …

From Andrew Murray   12 April 1862

Summary

AM did not borrow a Samuel Scudder pamphlet from CD; in fact he was not aware of its existence.

Author:  Andrew Dickson (Andrew) Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Apr 1862
Classmark:  DAR 171.2: 325
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3505

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Andrew Murray   12 April 1862 …
  • … 325 Andrew Dickson (Andrew) Murray R. Hortic. Soc. 12 Apr 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Horticultural Society, | South Kensington, W. 12 April 18 62 My dear Sir No! I am not the …

To William Forsell Kirby   12 December [1862]

Summary

CD sends thanks for Manual of European butterflies [1862].

Is pleased that WFK does not believe in immutability of species, "a doctrine perfectly adapted to stop philosophical research", and hopes he will publish further.

Notes WFK’s name is the same as the entomologist’s.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Forsell Kirby
Date:  12 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3854

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To William Forsell Kirby   12 December [1862] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25. ) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Dec [1862] William Forsell Kirby …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. December 12 th Dear Sir I am very much obliged for your …

From M. T. Masters   12 July 1862

Summary

Will be sending information on peloric plants from his father [William Masters] soon.

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 171.1: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3655

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From M.  T.  Masters   12 July 1862 …
  • … DAR 171.1: 68 Maxwell Tylden Masters Peckham 12 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Rye Lane | Peckham July 12. 1862 My dear Sir I shall be happy to give you a few memoranda …

To John Scott   12 November [1862]

Summary

Discusses whether or not "male" Acropera bear fruit. JS’s interpretation of Acropera pollination is ingenious. Pollen-tubes of some cleistogamous flowers germinate in the anthers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 7–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3805

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Scott   12 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 7–10 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Nov [1862] John Scott …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Nov.  12 th Dear Sir I thank you most sincerely for your …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 October 1862]

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Summary

Has sent two Impatiens flowers; curious to know what CD makes of the floral whorls and their vascular bundles.

Cassia is another genus that has different [coloured] anthers in same flower.

Continues to work on Welwitschia.

Feels as CD does about his work, which after a time seems flat and stale. He could never have done what CD did in his Orchids.

CD’s facts about Verbascum have horrible bearing on JDH’s practice of lumping species together.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 59–60, 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3757

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 October 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 59–60, 86 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Oct 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 5, below); the intervening Sunday fell on 12 October. Augé de Lassus 1861 . In his letter …
  • … Edited by James A. H. Murray, et al. 12 vols. and supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press. …
  • … Gray, 9 August [1862] and n.  13. See n.  12, above. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From Robert Swinhoe   12 November 1862

Summary

Sends CD a specimen of the domestic pigeon of China.

Discusses a race of ducks he believes are hybrids between the Muscovy and Chinese domestic duck.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 177: 326
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3803

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Robert Swinhoe   12 November 1862 …
  • … DAR 177: 326 Robert Swinhoe Chelsea 12 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 18 Royal Avenue Terrace | Chelsea— SW. 12 Nov r . 1862. My dear Sir, I have just returned …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   12 August [1862]

Summary

WBT’s "too kind and flattering" article on Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  12 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3687

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To W.  B.  Tegetmeier   12 August [1862] …
  • … Cox collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Aug [1862] William Bernhard Tegetmeier …
  • … Down. | Bromley. |Kent. S.E. Aug.  12 th . My dear Sir I think yours is a capital but too …

To J. D. Hooker   [10–]12 November [1862]

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Summary

So JDH did write the Gardeners’ Chronicle review [of Orchids]! CD guessed it from the little slap at R. Brown.

Dawson’s lecture has nothing new. Absurd to assume Greenland under water during whole of glacial period. Suggests absence of certain plants in Greenland due to seeds not surviving in sea-water. Suggests an experiment on vitality in sea-water of plants that might be in Greenland. Is more willing to admit a Norway–Greenland land connection than most other cases.

Urges JDH to warn Tyndall on his glacial theory of valleys in Switzerland.

Is working on cultivated plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10–]12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3801

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [10–]12 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down [10–]12 Nov [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Down Bromley Kent Nov 12 th . My dear Hooker What a long & interesting letter you have …
  • … th ’, but later deleted the date and wrote ‘12 th ’; the text of the letter confirms that …
  • … and CD’s abstracts of the journal are in DAR 75: 1–12. Dawson 1862a. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862  and n.  12. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862   …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 December 1862]

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Summary

On Asa Gray’s letter; has written why he avoids alluding to the war.

Has read Max Müller [see 3752] – last part unphilosophical.

On CD’s pigeon example, long-beaked and short-beaked pigeons must be either sterile or not inter se. There is "no such thing as Equality – hence no such thing as chance and Nat. Sel. is the sword of Damocles hanging over your head if you make a slip in your premisses."

Has read note on Lythrum sent several weeks ago. Its consequences are of most prolific order to CD’s doctrine.

Kew has no wild gooseberries.

JDH praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 83–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3846

Matches: 7 hits

  • … the relationship to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and the letter from …
  • … November 1862 with his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . Hooker and Gray held …
  • … and nn.  8 and 9. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] and 12 [December 1862] . See letter to J.  D.   …
  • … November 1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . The references are to …
  • … and Dutrochet 1837 . In his letter to Hooker of 12 [December 1862], CD inquired about John …
  • … November 1862]. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n.  18. According to …

From W. E. Darwin   12 February [1862]

Summary

Discusses his new microscope.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3443F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   12 February [1862] …
  • … DAR 275: 1) William Erasmus Darwin Bank, Southampton 12 Feb [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bank Feb 12 th . My Dear Father, I have not only ordered the microscope, but I now have it …

To Daniel Oliver   12 [April 1862]

Summary

DO’s observations on polymorphism in Primula and Campanula. CD recognises three classes of dimorphism, as in Primula, Thymus, and Campanula and violets.

DO’s Campanula paper and Royal Institution lecture [Not. Proc. R. Inst. G. B. 3 (1858–62): 431–3].

CD’s interest in Fumariaceae from A. Gray’s comments on "selfing".

Bees bite holes in flowers when same species grows in high density.

Organisation of CD’s notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  12 [Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 1 (EH 88205985)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3504

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   12 [April 1862] …
  • … DAR 261.10: 1 (EH 88205985) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 [Apr 1862] Daniel Oliver …
  • … Down Bromley Kent 12 th My dear Sir I seldom see anyone, so it is a great pleasure to me …
  • … letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 June [1860] and 12 [June 1860] , and letter to Daniel Oliver, …

From John Scott   15 November [1862]

Summary

Appreciates CD’s acknowledging his letter and his comments on Acropera. Will send CD the Acropera capsule which is now maturing.

Experimenting on vegetable parthenogenesis.

Structure of Acropera.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3808

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Scott 1862a (see n.  7, below). Letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] . See letter from …
  • … November 1862 , and letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] . James McNab was the curator …
  • … before the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 12 June 1862. There is an annotated copy of …
  • … letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 , and letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] . …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] . Some indication of the contents of the …
  • … Sir. I had the honour to receive yours of the 12 th . I am pleased to see that the four …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]

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Summary

Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

Matches: 10 hits

  • … to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ; the Saturday following that …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–]12 November [1862] ). Hooker refers to the …
  • … 1862c). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c, …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 12 (1863): 299). Hugh Falconer. Thomas Henry …
  • … Variability’. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . The second part of …
  • … John Tyndall. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  23. [G.  D.   …
  • … 1862 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  26, and letter to …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  is confirmed by the Wellesley index 1: 511–12. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker refers to specimens in the herbarium of the …
  • … 1862] . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  20. The governess …

From Edinburgh Royal Medical Society   [before 12 December 1862]

Summary

A diploma enrolling CD as an honorary member of the Society.

Author:  Edinburgh Royal Medical Society
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 12 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 229: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3853F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Edinburgh Royal Medical Society    [before 12 December 1862] …
  • … 6 Edinburgh Royal Medical Society Edinburgh [before 12 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … December 1862 (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). As a student at Edinburgh …
Document type
letter (177)
Correspondent
Date
1862
01 (11)
02 (9)
03 (5)
04 (11)
05 (11)
06 (20)
07 (22)
08 (6)
09 (18)
10 (17)
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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