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From Daniel Oliver   19 September 1860

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Summary

CD’s observations on preference of Drosera for milk and nitrogenous fluids, and the effect of nitrate of ammonia are interesting. Asks whether CD is satisfied that the effect is not due to density of fluid or to a chemical irritant. His own observations suggest such possibilities.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1860
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 12–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2921

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 58.1: 12–13 Daniel Oliver Kew 19 Sept 1860 Charles Robert Darwin …

To J. D. Hooker   29 July [1860]

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Summary

Casual observations on Drosera.

Wants to know author of good review of Origin in London Review [& Wkly J. Polit. 1 (1860): 11–12, 32–3, 58–9].

Athenæum will reprint Gray’s discussion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 July [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2880

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London Review [ & Wkly J. Polit. 1 (1860): 11–12, 32–3, 58–9]. Athenæum will reprint Gray’ …
  • … Literature, Art and Society 1 (1860): 11–12, 32–3, 58–9, has not been identified. See …

To Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire   28 January [1860]

Summary

The pamphlet on the origin or variation of species sent by IGS-H has not arrived. CD is eager to see it and requests precise reference. ["Cours de zoologie (mammifères et oiseaux), fait au Muséum d’histoire naturelle, en 1850", Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliquée 2d ser. 3: 12–20.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
Date:  28 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Uppsala University Library: Manuscripts and Music (Waller Ms gb-00521)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2665A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … naturelle, en 1850", Revue et Magasin de Zoologie Pure et Appliquée 2d ser. 3: 12–20. ] …
  • … 1850. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie 2d ser. 3: 12–20. Origin : On the origin of species by …

To J. S. Henslow   14 May [1860]

Summary

Thanks JSH for his defence [see 2794].

He is not hurt for long by what his attackers say. His conclusions were arrived at after long study. He has certainly erred, but not so much as "Sedgwick and Co." think.

Asks JSH to send names of plants that vary greatly in length of pistil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  14 May [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 93: 70–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2801

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1860, pp.  4–5, and in the Literary Gazette , 12 May 1860, p.  582. See letter to J.  S.   …
  • … p.  54 (DAR 157a) contains an entry dated 12 May indicating that CD examined ‘some common …
  • … r Cattell’. See also letter from John Cattell, 12 May 1860 . See the following letter and …

To Daniel Oliver   [22–3 September 1860]

Summary

Sends address.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [22–3 Sept 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 12 and part of 18 (EH 88205996, 88206002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2924

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DAR 261.10: 12 and part of 18 (EH 88205996, 88206002) Charles Robert Darwin Eastbourne [ …

From Hewett Cottrell Watson   [3? January 1860]

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Summary

Notes by HCW on the Origin dealing especially with divergence and convergence. Believes there is some natural tendency to converge into groups in opposition to divergence generated by natural selection.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3? Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 135–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2636

Matches: 3 hits

  • … See also letter to H.  C.  Watson, [5–12 January 1860]. CD had just finished reading …
  • … 143). See also letter to H.  C.  Watson, [5–12 January 1860]. See n.  4, above. The note …
  • … counter-action can be seen and specified. 12. Would it not be better to reason up to no …

To John Medows Rodwell   15 October [1860]

Summary

Comments on Rodwell’s discussion of the “struggle for life” with reference to languages and G. H. Lewes’s article in the Cornhill Magazine (Lewes 1860, pp. 445–7). Comments on Rodwell’s account of horses affected by mildewed pasturage, and asks for more information about his white cat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Medows Rodwell
Date:  15 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2950F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … was invariable. In Origin 3d ed. , p.  12, he altered the text to state that cats with …
  • … The case was given in Origin 3d ed. , p.  12, and in Variation 2: 227, 336, where the pigs …
  • … eyes and deafness in cats in Origin , pp.  12 and 144, where he stated that the connection …

To Charles Lyell   4 February [1860]

Summary

Suggests references in Journal of researches 2d ed. in response to a query about the antiquity of man. Perplexed about S. S. Haldeman and Haldeman 1843–4. Glad to hear about A. C. Ramsay. Has received letter from H. G. Bronn.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 Feb [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 229
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2687F

Matches: 3 hits

  • … this letter and the letter to Charles Lyell, 12 [February 1860] ( Correspondence vol.  8). …
  • … has not been found. CD sent it to Lyell on 12 February 1860, asking him to return it to …
  • … vol.  8, letter to Charles Lyell, 12 [February 1860] ). CD sent Bronn a presentation copy …

To J. D. Hooker   [3 July 1860]

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Summary

Reread JDH’s letter "with infinite pleasure".

Plans to visit Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3 July 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2856

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1 o 5 ’ . Will you give me a sandwich at 12 o . 45 ‘ ? I will not come till past eleven; & …
  • … to Down (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 July [1860] ). Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2  …

To Daniel Oliver   14 October [1860]

Summary

Has examined nearly all British orchids.

Hooker’s error on Listera.

Change in colour and consistency of Drosera hair glands after leaf inflection. Analogous structures in Dionaea. Requests Oliver confirm these observations on live plants, of which he has none.

In a muddle over the effects of salts on insectivorous plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  14 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 17 (EH 88206001)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2949

Matches: 2 hits

  • … from Kew at the end of September. See first letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [October 1860] . …
  • … 1860] , [29 September 1860] , and 12 [October 1860] . Oliver had sent a specimen of …

From David Forbes   [after 12 December 1860]

Summary

Glacial action in the Andes.

Origin of Chilean sheep.

Varieties of S. American horses.

Author:  David Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 11 December 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2621

Matches: 1 hit

  • … From David Forbes   [after 12 December 1860] …

To J. D. Hooker   [26 February or 4 March 1860]

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Summary

Asks JDH for some Goodenia.

Suggests Daniel Oliver try to cross Mimosa, noted for sterility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [26 Feb or 4 Mar] 1860
Classmark:  DAR 115: 44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2716

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 9 March (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 12 March [1860] ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [ …
  • … Leschenaultia . See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 12 March [1860] and 18 April [1860] . Daniel …

To J. D. Hooker   17 June [1860]

Summary

Has reread JDH’s paper ["On the functions of the rostellum of Listera ovata", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 144 (1854): 259–64].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 June [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 68 (EH 88206051)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1571

Matches: 2 hits

  • … p.  155). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [June 1860] , and letter from Frederick Bond, [ …
  • … 4–5 June 1860], and to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [June 1860]. Hooker 1854b. CD described the …

To Jeffries Wyman   3 October [1860]

Summary

JW’s case of black hogs shows marvellous relation of colour and constitution.

Could JW get information about eyes of cave rat?

Was JW struck by length of hind legs of male cattle?

CD has long shared JW’s doubts that mutilations were ever inherited but Brown-Séquard’s case seems to settle question.

Is not case of cats with blue eyes being deaf very odd?

Spinal stripes on horse too common to explain in way informant supposes.

Believes Owen "goes a long way with us", though he attacked CD in Edinburgh Review.

"No one other person understands me so thoroughly as Asa Gray."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jeffries Wyman
Date:  3 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine (Jeffries Wyman papers H MS c12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2936

Matches: 3 hits

  • … been further identified. See Origin , p.  12, and Variation 2: 329. Wyman’s remarks were …
  • … cited this information in Origin 3d ed. , p.  12, and in Variation 2: 227, where he also …
  • … affected. See Dupree 1951 , p.  106 n.  12. See preceding letter. CD cited Benjamin …

From G. C. Wallich   14 December [1860]

Summary

Response to [3020]. CD has been misled by errors made in the Times notice [5 Dec 1860, p. 5]. GCW does not doubt that Foraminiferous matter as well as other deep sea deposits vary greatly in thickness, but positive results are difficult to establish. Some areas of the sea bed are bare but their extent has not been established. He now thinks that he was too hasty in the conclusion that deep currents produce abrasion and rounding of gravel.

Author:  George Charles Wallich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  DAR Pamphlet collection (bound in Wallich 1860)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3023A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … relationship to the letter to G.  C.  Wallich, 12 December [1860], and by the reference to …
  • … n.  3, below). Letter to G.  C.  Wallich, 12 December [1860]. The Times , 5 December 1860, …

To Jeffries Wyman   3 December [1860]

Summary

"You cannot tell how much your paper on Gestation has interested me" ["On some unusual modes of gestation in batrachians and fishes", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 27 (1859): 5–13].

Robert McDonnell has made curious discoveries on electrical organs of rays.

Is giving JW’s hog case in corrected ed. [3d] of Origin.

Would like account of tip of tail of young rattlesnake.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jeffries Wyman
Date:  3 Dec [1860]
Classmark:  Harvard Medical Library in the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine (Jeffries Wyman papers H MS c 12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3005

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Medicine (Jeffries Wyman papers H MS c 12) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Dec [1860] …

From Charles Lyell   15 June 1860

Summary

Rejects CD’s comparison of natural selection with the architect of a building. The architect who plans and oversees construction should not be confused in his function with the wisest breeder. That would be to deify natural selection.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VI, pp. 108–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2832A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [June 1860] . The transcript has been taken from …

From Charles Lyell   25 September 1860

Summary

Returns "excellent" MS in which CD favours hybrid origin of domestic dog, which CL believes strengthens case for common progenitor of wild species.

Doubts CD’s authorities for antiquity of dingo.

Variation will raise many points for investigation.

"Leporine" hare–rabbit hybrid should be investigated.

Has re-read passages in Origin that CD suggested.

Annals of Natural History would probably reprint Gray’s review of Origin at their own expense.

CD’s thought that modern reptiles could not develop into existing Mammalia but only into another high form is a "grand notion" compatible with "the infinite capacity of the creative power".

Comments on New Guinea marsupials.

Still thinks that the Australian genera and species are so well fitted for extraordinary droughts that they would get the better of the dingo.

Suggests that once there were more races of man, though from common stock. Competition and then hybridity checked divergence.

Falconer’s views on elephant classification. CL attaches little value to Falconer’s objection that mastodons and elephants do not come in chronologically, as they should in CD’s view.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 3–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2927A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal VII, pp. 3–12 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet 25 Sept 1860 …

From H. C. Watson   10 May 1860

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Summary

Returns reviews of Origin.

F. J. Pictet [Arch. Sci. Phys. & Nat. n.s. 7 (1860): 231–55] goes further than he himself realises.

Naturalists will resist CD’s views until faith in certain "impassable" barriers between existent species is shaken.

Gives CD an instance of convergence.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1860
Classmark:  DAR 47: 160–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2793

Matches: 2 hits

  • … knows,—   on page 15, where you pencil the no.  12, your difficulty is & will be to lead …
  • … in an unidentified hand. Two passages are marked ‘12’. The one on p.  15, indicated in the …

To Charles Lyell   15 April [1860]

Summary

Has resolved not to correct Owen’s misrepresentations in his review of Origin.

Discusses at length the theological implications of natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  15 Apr [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.208)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2761

Matches: 2 hits

  • … used in conversation with Lyell during his recent visit to Down, 9 to 12 March 1860. …
  • … See also letter to Charles Lyell, 12 March [1860] . In Lyell’s scientific journal, there …
Document type
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Date
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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Seventy years old Darwin’s seventieth birthday on 12 February was a cause for international …
  • … and good as could be’ ( letter from Karl Beger, [ c. 12 February 1879] ). The masters of …
  • … ). The botanist and schoolteacher Hermann Müller wrote on 12 February to wish Darwin a ‘long and …
  • … well, and with little fatigue’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 , and letter from Leonard …
  • … ever about life of D r . D’ ( letter to Francis Darwin, 12 July [1879] ). It was little …
  • … Thiselton-Dyer, 5 June 1879 , and letter to G. H. Darwin, 12 July 1879 ). Darwin’s final task …
  • … inn ‘ very comfortable’, but told Leonard Darwin on 12 August that there were ‘too many human …
  • … not to have come up when the Darwins lunched with him on 12 August (Darwin’s ‘Journal’). Nor did …
  • … the world. At the end of the year he was awarded a prize of 12,000 francs by the Turin Academy of …
  • … which greatly pleased Darwin ( letter from Grant Allen, 12 February 1879 ). One of Allen’s targets …
  • … engagement being made public ( letter from T. H. Farrer, 12 October 1879 ). Darwin’s response not …
  • … accurate in its treatment’ ( letter from Francis Galton, 12 November 1879 ). The comment that …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … (letters from George Cupples, 21 February 1874 and 12 March 1874 ); the material was …
  • … the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii; letters from T. N. Staley, 12 February 1874 and 20 February 1874 …
  • …  was published in November 1874 ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Though containing …
  • … print runs would be very good ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 November 1874 ). Darwin's …
  • … Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George’s letter …
  • … he finally wrote a polite, very formal letter to Mivart on 12 January 1875 , refusing to hold any …
  • … & snugness’ ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ).   More …
  • … vicar of Deptford ( letter from Emma Darwin to J. B. Innes, 12 October [1874] ), but to her …
  • … mechanism that Darwin agreed with ( letter to F. J. Cohn, 12 October 1874 ). Darwin’s American …
  • … bank with enormous tips to his ears ( letter from Asa Gray, 12 May 1874 ). The Manchester …
  • … excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). Hooker …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … which I ought to have observed” ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ).  Drosera  was the …
  • … on it—root leaf & branch!” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 12 January 1873 ). Darwin found …
  • … of November 1872 and sold quickly. He wrote to Hooker on 12 January [1873] , “Did I ever boast to …

Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Hooker: ‘he is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual …
  • … of the year, he wrote to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ): ‘my notions on …
  • … least 3 classes of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to …
  • … passed so miserable a nine months’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 12 September [1862] ). A family …
  • … ‘Botany is a new subject to me’ ( letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), but, impressed by …
  • … into Tyndall’s ears’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10–12 November [1862] ). Another of Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … than insectivorous plants. As he confessed to Hooker on 12 December , ‘I have not felt so angry …
  • … from his family, he sent a curt note to Mivart on 12 January , breaking off all future …
  • … of a bill that was presented to the House of Commons on 12 May, one week after a rival bill based on …
  • … The author, Fritz Schultze, contacted Darwin himself on 12 June , describing the aims of his book …
  • … scientific Socy. has done in my time,’ he told Hooker on 12 December . ‘I wish that I knew what …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Correspondence  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, …
  • … Stove [that is, cool hothouse]’ ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, 26[–7] March …
  • … of different temperatures’ (letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March [1869] ,  Calendar  no. 6661) …
  • … 100 yards’ to the greenhouses ( Correspondence  vol. 12, letter to J. D. Hooker, [25 January …
  • … in mid-February (see letter from L. C. Treviranus, 12 February 1863 ). The second list is …
  • …       Anoectochilus argenteus  12 5 s . …
  • … punctatum. 11.  Mormodes aurantiaca 12.  ‘Anoectochilus argenteus 5 s .’ deleted in …
  • …     Bolbophyllum barbigerum 12  major     …
  • …  Ampelidae. 11.  Alloplectus chrysanthus. 12.  Bulbophyllum barbigerum. 13. …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on his sixty-ninth birthday ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 February [1878] ), Darwin reflected that …
  • … ( letter to Francis Darwin, 17 July [1878] ). On 12 September , Darwin wrote: ‘Bernard is as …
  • … The Swiss botanist Arnold Dodel-Port announced on 12 June 1878 the first issue of an atlas with …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 16, letter to W. D. Fox, 12 December [1868] ). He may have resented the …
  • … he had studied in the early 1860s ( letter to W. C. Tait, 12 and 16 March 1869 ). This research …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Wedgwood, Sarah E to ED [30 March-12 April 1868] …
  • … Wilson, Samuel 12 Nov 1867 Longerenong, Wimmera, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ( Correspondence  vol. 3, letter to J. D. Hooker, [5 or 12 November 1845] ). In the event, the …
  • … a young Balanus in this illformed little monster? Fig 12.— . . . It is manifest this curious little …

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … selection might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was …
  • … first made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion …
  • … whole Lamarckian doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lyell, [9 March 1841] To Charles Lyell, [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, …
  • … Chambers, 11 September 1847 To J.D. Hooker, [12? September 1847] To David …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … their generous sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … price at 7 s.  6 d.  ( letter from R. F. Cooke, 12 February 1872 ). Always closely …
  • … turn into an old honest Tory’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 July [1872] ). Darwin and …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … he had ‘gained nothing’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). poor miserable …
  • … Natural History Review  ( see letter to H. W. Bates, 12 January [1863] ). Darwin added Bates’s …
  • … Society ( see letter from Edward Sabine to John Phillips, 12 November 1863 ). Characteristically, …
  • … also encouraged him to write ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). In this paper, Scott …
  • … to capture his attention ( see letter to John Scott, 12 April [1863] ). Additionally, Darwin …
  • … Huxley, 25 February 1863 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 12–13 March [1863] ). Emma was a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil …
  • … the scientific world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar …

Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … he may wish to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not …
  • … remarks on expression”’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in …
  • … had drawn a better sphynx’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). Darwin referred …
  • … rich from the nonsense talked’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … truth of his own conclusions’ ( letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] ). All quiet on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 31 hits

  • … read There appears to be good art. on Entozore 12  by Owen in Encyclop. of Anat. & …
  • … all Vols. Marshall’s Rural Economy of Yorkshire, 12 s  [Marshall 1788]—— often quoted by …
  • … Palaces. Fourth Edition with Woodcuts. 2 vols. fcap. 8vo., 12 s . 30  [Jesse 1838] …
  • … Animals (Deer, Antelopes, &c.) [Jardine 1835–6] 12. Ruminating Animals (Goats, Sheep, …
  • … et Culture. 4to. Avec 10 planches. Amsterdam, 1768. 12 s . 41  Bailliére [Saint-Simon] 1768] …
  • … of  Vertebrate  animals 54 folio Plates. Maclise 2”12.6. [Maclise 1847] good for woodcuts. (Roy. …
  • … Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] Oct 12 th  W. Earle’s 60  Eastern Seas [Earl 1837]. …
  • …  vol. 19 Mungo Parks travels [Park 1799] Feb 12 Sir H. Davy consolations in travel [H. …
  • … [G. Dixon ed. 1789]. Voyages skimmed. Coral Theory 12 th  Dampier [Dampier 1697]. 1 st …
  • … references at end of Hallam [Hallam 1837–9]) Feb. 12 th  Charlsworths Journal [ Magazine …
  • … Hour & Man. H. Martineau [H. Martineau 1841] —— 12 Sir S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840 …
  • … Natur-gesichte [Bechstein 1789–95]. d[itt]o March 12 th  Gardener’s Magaz. [ Gardener' …
  • … and Register of Rural &   Domestic Improvement ] 12 Backhouse Narr: of Visit to …
  • … Dict. des Sci. Nat. [A. P. de Candolle 1820] marked 12. Watertons Essays in Nat. Hist. 2 nd …
  • … Oct. Cosmos [A. von Humboldt 1845–8]. Vol. 1 Nov. 12 Martin on the Horse [W. C. L. Martin …
  • … [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger Getreidarten [Metzger 1841] …
  • … 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs of …
  • … . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten Kohlarten …
  • … VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of Wilkinson’s Manner …
  • … Scotts Life [Lockart 1837–8]— read aloud April 12 th . Carlyles Oliver Cromwell [Carlyle …
  • … Despatches Vol I. II. III [Wellesley 1834–9] Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. …
  • … on population [Malthus 1826] (2 d  time) —— 12 Brickell’s Nat. Hist of N. Carolina …
  • … Diseases—2 d . Edit. 1815 [Adams 1815]. May 12 th  Necker. Mem. les Oiseaux de Geneve [L. …
  • … & Forbes, travels in Lycia [Spratt and Forbes 1847] 12 th  Putsche & Vertuch …
  • … latter vols: but so little not worth getting others. 12 Journal of Philosoph. Soc. of …
  • … by H. D. Richardson [H. D. Richardson 1847]. April 12. Arthur Adams. Notes from Journal of …
  • … Statesmen of G III [Brougham 1839–43]. (1 series, 2 vols. 12 mo.) poorish May 31. Evelyn’s …
  • … life of Constable [Leslie 1843] (interesting) —— 12 Autobiography of a Working Man. A …
  • … [ Palaeontographical Society. Monograph Series. ] 12. Sedgwicks Discourse on Study of …
  • … Siege of Vienna [Schimmer 1847].— good Sept 12 th . B. Franklins life by Sparks [Sparks ed. …
  • … 1847] Du loup et de ses ràces ou varietes 8 o . 12. p. 1 Pl. Poitiers 1851. Chez H. Oudin …

All Darwin's letters from 1873 go online for the anniversary of Origin

Summary

To celebrate the 158th anniversary of the publication of Origin of species on 24 November, the full transcripts and footnotes of over 500 letters from and to Charles Darwin in 1873 are now available online. Read about Darwin's life in 1873 through his…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … off, & most of them sold!  ( Letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 January [1873] ) …

Vivisection: first sketch of the bill

Summary

Strictly Confidential Mem: This print is only a first sketch. It is being now recast with a new & more simple form – but the substance of the proposed measure may be equally well seen in this draft. R.B.L. | 2 586 Darwin and vivisection …

Matches: 4 hits

  • … “ 11. —Renewal of license. “ 12. —Licensed persons experimenting to be not liable under …
  • … as he would have incurred under the powers of the Act 12 & 13 Victoria, chapter 92, had he …
  • … so offending shall be the same as is provided by the Act 12 & 13 Vic., cap. 92, for the …
  • … to be not liable under Cruelty to Animals Act. 12.—No person holding a licence under …
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