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To Daniel Oliver   15 April [1862]


Encourages DO to publish his paper and put his name to it. [Paper apparently not published.] Concurs with his views on primordial nature of hermaphroditism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  15 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 45 (EH 88206028)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4097

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the northern temperate zone. [Read 14 December 1858 and 11 January 1859. ] Memoirs of the …
  • 14 April 1862 . A.  Gray 1858–9 . See Correspondence vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 11  …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 14 April 1862  and n.  8. C.  K.  Sprengel 1793 , pp.  110–11. There is an …

To G. H. K. Thwaites   29 December [1862]


Asks for any authentic cases of "sports", which CD calls "bud-variations". Flowers introduced from warmer temperate regions are said to be particularly apt to sport in this way.

CD now has proof that Cinchona is dimorphic and that some dimorphic plants are absolutely sterile with their own-form pollen.

Asks GHKT to examine or send pollen specimens of two Ceylon genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  29 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3880

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1862] . See letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] and nn.  11 and 12. See letter from G.   …

To Hugh Falconer   29 December [1862]


Has HF met with any cases of what gardeners call "sports" and what CD will call "bud-variations"?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  29 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3883

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see letter to Hugh Falconer, 14 November [1862] and n.  11). According to his ‘Journal’ ( …

To Ludwig Rütimeyer   15 [and 16] January [1862]


Lord Tankerville has not responded to the request for the skulls which LR requires for his research. CD addressed Lord T through his friend Sir Henry Holland, who is prepared to try again, despite Lord T’s rudeness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer
Date:  15 and 16 Jan 1862
Classmark:  Universitätsbibliothek Basel, Handschriften (G IV 91, 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3389

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Holland, [3–14] January [1862] , and to the letter to Ludwig Rütimeyer, 11 February [ …

To William Erasmus Darwin   14 February [1862]


Discusses WED’s growing interest in botany; would be grateful for certain observations.

Is much concerned about Horace’s illness.

Has sent Orchids MS to printers

and will work a little at dimorphism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  14 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3447

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11 February 1862, and recorded in her diary the commencement of an acid treatment on 14  …

To J. D. Hooker   18 [November 1862]



A German scholar says JDH first applied natural selection to replacement of races of men, the ruder races of Polynesians yielding to civilised Europeans. CD cannot remember reading this.

Warns JDH to take care Welwitschia does not turn into a case of barnacles and consume years instead of months.

In what months do flowers appear in Acropera loddigesia and A. luteola? CD is alarmed by John Scott’s observations on them, which differ from his own. "I am very uneasy."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 170
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3812

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ). Letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 . ‘ …

From W. E. Darwin   12 February [1862]


Discusses his new microscope.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3443F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 February [1862] and n. 10). On 11 February 1876, he was taken …

To J. D. Hooker   26 September [1862]



Encloses MS on observations and experiments on Drosera. JDH’s opinion will help him decide whether to pursue subject in some future year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 60.2: 88, DAR 115: 163
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3738

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11 September [1861] ). There are notes detailing CD’s experiments with this species between 14  …

From H. G. Bronn   21 June 1862


L. C. Treviranus inclined to translate Orchids, but "unfortunately" HGB has already done it. Book’s discussion of plant sexuality important for zoology as well as botany.

Origin is in press. Attaches a list of "quelques petites difficultées" encountered in his translation.

Author:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 70: 2, DAR 160.3: 318
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3619

Matches: 1 hit

  • … F.  H.  G.  Hildebrand, 14 July 1862, and Correspondence vol.  11, letter from L.  C.   …

To T. W. Woodbury   7 December [1862]


Cannot aid TWW with respect to bees from East Indies. Suggests he write to Edward Blyth.

Thanks him for getting query on variation in bees circulated in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas White Woodbury
Date:  7 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 148: 374
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3849

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14 December [1862? ] . CD refers to a piece of ‘partially completed artificial comb’ (see Correspondence vol.  11, …

From Mary Butler   [before 25 December 1862]


J. P. Thom [of Home News] must change his position because of his health. Asks if CD can help find him a new situation.

Author:  Mary Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 25 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 392
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3838

Matches: 1 hit

  • … See also Correspondence vol.  11, letter from J.  P. Thom, 14 January 1863 . Mr Davenport …

To Friedrich Hildebrand   17 July [1862]


Thanks for Hildebrand’s offer to translate Orchids into German, but H. G. Bronn had finished his translation before his death (Bronn trans. 1862). Has not yet received Hildebrand’s work on the distribution of coniferous trees (Hildebrand 1861). Asks that his compliments be presented to L. C. Treviranus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Date:  17 July [1862]
Classmark:  Courtesy of Eilo Hildebrand (photocopy). (Original, previously owned by Klaus Groove, sold by Venator and Hanstein, Cologne (dealers), 16 March 2018.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3660F

Matches: 2 hits

  • 14 July 1862 and n.  1). No further reference to the supplementary notes apparently proposed by Treviranus has been found; however, Treviranus published comments on Orchids in two papers in Botanische Zeitung in 1863 (Treviranus 1863a and 1863b; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter from E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11  …
  • 11 July 1862 and nn.  2 and 5). For the additional material that CD had asked Bronn to translate and include in the German edition, see the enclosures to the letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 30 June [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Hildebrand 1861; see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Friedrich Hildebrand, 14  …

To J. D. Hooker   12 [December 1862]



Maintains his view on crossing. Thinks practical breeders would agree with him; doubts that variability and domestication are at all necessarily correlative.

Identical plants in different conditions a heavy argument against "direct action" [of physical conditions].

His 1000-pigeon case is altered if long-beaked are in least degree sterile with short-beaked.

His work on dimorphism inclines him to believe that sterility is at first a selected quality to keep incipient species distinct.

Case of easy modification of Lythrum pollen to favour or prevent crossing.


Has just finished chapter on variations of cultivated plants.

Edinburgh doctors have sent him Diploma of Medical Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 [Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 176
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3855

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11 November 1862 ). The enclosure has not been found; it apparently contained a request for specimens of the wild gooseberry (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [14  …

From H. G. Bronn   19 May 1862


Thanks for revisions in 2d ed. of Origin. Suggests correction regarding species numbers in the Tertiary.

Comments on pages of Orchids and problems of German translation.

Believes CD’s theory not yet proven, but that it will finally lead to truth.

Author:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.3: 321
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3561

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11 March [1862] ). For the transcription of this letter in its original French and CD’s annotations, see pp.  212–14. …

To W. E. Darwin   4 [July 1862]


Reports some observations on the fertilisation of wheat which WED might follow up.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  4 [July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3641

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11, below). William used a microscope in his botanical studies; see also letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14  …

To Charles Lyell   22 August [1862]


Relates personal news about family members.

CD is "glad Glen Roy is settled".

Mentions evolutionary remarks on birds by Owen.

Compares variability among lower and higher organisms. Comments on Hooker’s view of the subject.

Forthcoming publication of Huxley’s book [Evidence as to man’s place in nature (1863)] and Lyell’s [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.281)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3695

Matches: 1 hit

  • 14 to 30 May 1862 ( Athenæum , 10 May 1862, p.  613). See also letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11  …

From John Lubbock   7 [February] 1862


Sir George Clerk to be new President of the Zoological Society.

Author:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 [Feb] 1862
Classmark:  DAR 170.1: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3378

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11, Mansion House Street, | London, | E.C. 7 Jan 186 2 My dear M r . Darwin Sir G.  Clerk is to be the new Zool. Pres. My feeling in the matter was quite the same as yours. The Busks are coming to us on Friday 14

To H. G. Bronn   30 June [1862]


Encloses answers and corrections [concerning Orchids]. Thanks HGB for translating it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  30 June [1862]
Classmark:  Bronn trans. 1862; DAR 143: 155; Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Lowell Autograph File 83)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3630

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11 July 1862). George Howard Darwin’s observations on the insects visiting Orchis maculata are detailed in a note dated 20 June 1862, which is in DAR 70: 13–14. …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [October 1862]



Thanks for Aldrovanda reference and Cassia.

Has wasted labour on Melastomataceae without getting a glimpse of the meaning of the parts.

Wants seeds, from their native land, of Heterocentron or Monochaetum.

Is beginning to change his view about rarity of natural hybrids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3762

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and n.  14. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  11. CD was keen to …

To Daniel Oliver   [17 September 1862]


Performed a large number of Lythrum crosses before leaving home.

Working on Drosera for amusement. Has tried effect on plants of vegetable substances active on animal nervous systems, e.g., opium; makes Drosera inactive for hours.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [17 Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 36 (EH 88206019)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3709

Matches: 1 hit

  • 11 September [1861] ); he carried out a small number of experiments in May 1862 (see the observational notes dated 18 and 21 May 1862 in DAR 54: 74–5). There are notes detailing his extensive experiments with the species between 14  …
Document type
letter (33)
01 (3)
02 (4)
03 (1)
04 (2)
05 (1)
06 (4)
07 (4)
08 (1)
09 (3)
10 (1)
11 (2)
12 (7)
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