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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 17 hits

  • … Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas by the German science writer Ernst Krause. Darwin’s preoccupation with …
  • … Darwin as ‘the deep thinker’, while friends such as Ernst Haeckel, who had rebutted the physician …
  • … life’s work, which is crowned with glory’ ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 9 February 1879 ). The …
  • … February 1879 ). Carus Sterne was the pseudonym of Ernst Krause, editor of the journal …
  • … theory of development in connection with Charles Darwin and Ernst Haeckel. Kosmos was, as …
  • … 2 June 1879 ]). As one of Darwin’s most ardent admirers, Krause not only sent birthday greetings …
  • … Darwin, Darwin decided to publish an English translation of Krause’s essay as a short book. …
  • … shamefully ignorant of my grandfathers life’ ( letter to Ernst Krause, 14 March 1879 ). …
  • … work up these scanty materials in your account,’ he told Krause on 19 March , ‘because I must …
  • … Darwin became increasingly worried that his preface and Krause’s revised essay might end up …
  • … of the same man in one volume’, Darwin pointed out to Krause on 5 June , adding that although …
  • … so many of his relations had taken the trouble to help him. Krause immediately suggested that his …
  • … an introduction ‘almost indispensable’ ( letter from Ernst Krause, 7 June 1879 ). Darwin welcomed …
  • … into ridicule. He hates scientific men’ ( letter to Ernst Krause, 14 May 1879 ). From the …
  • … the views of the other botanists. He was glad to know that Ernst Stahl and Albert Bernhard Frank did …
  • … 6 March [1879] ). When Darwin’s staunch German defender Ernst Haeckel was in England, he was …
  • … to Darwin about ‘Darwinism in Germany’ ( letter from Ernst Haeckel, 30 August 1879 ). However, the …

Life of Erasmus Darwin

Summary

The Life of Erasmus Darwin (1879) was a curious departure for Darwin. It was intended as a biographical note to accompany an essay on Erasmus's scientific work by the German writer Ernst Krause. But Darwin became immersed in his grandfather's…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … an essay on Erasmus's scientific work by the German writer Ernst Krause. But Darwin became …
  • … produced in his honour. The issue contained an essay by Ernst Krause on the evolutionary ideas of …
  • … in Darwin's autobiographical 'Reflections'. After reading Krause's essay, Darwin …
  • … ignorant of my grandfathers life ', Darwin wrote to Krause on 14 March 1879. He made contact …
  • … '. While Darwin was writing his lengthy notice, Krause revised and greatly enlarged his …
  • … text of the Life was a product of substantial revision. Krause's essay was considerably …
  • … find the allusion to his own work in the final sentence of Krause's essay.  He seized upon an …
  • … inserting a flysheet into unsold copies of the Life . Krause wrote a detailed defense, and George …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … James (1) Dieffenbach, Ernst (13) …
  • … Ercolani, G. B. (2) Ernst, Adolf (9) …
  • … Haeckel, Agnes (1) Haeckel, Ernst (98) …
  • … S. M. (2) Hesse-Wartegg, Ernst von (3) …
  • … Kraus, Carl (b) (3) Krause, Ernst (94) …
  • … Pfeiffer, E. J. (2) Pfitzer, Ernst (1) …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … in larger portraits at the centre or the top of the page. Ernst Haeckel was given special prominence …
  • … the greatest honour which I have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 ) …
  • … 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst Haeckel had been the driving force behind …
  • … on mutual adaptation. Also featured was the science writer Ernst Krause, who edited Kosmos , a …

Volume 27 (1879) now published

Summary

In 1879, Darwin continued his research on movement in plants and researched, wrote, and published a short biography of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin as an introduction to a translation of an essay by Ernst Krause on Erasmus’s scientific work. Darwin’s son…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin as an introduction to a translation of an essay by Ernst Krause on Erasmus’s scientific work. …
  • … birthday, the editor of the German periodical Kosmos , Ernst Krause, published a short account of …

Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of colour sense. Darwin had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have …
  • … remember declaring that they were colour blind’. Krause included these remarks, which did not appear …
  • … at the end of the translation of Darwin’s article. Krause had argued, in keeping with Darwin’s own …
  • … der Entwickelungslehre in Verbindung mit Charles Darwin und Ernst Haeckel (Journal for uniform …
  • … by institution. The most prominent ‘torchbearer’ was Ernst Haeckel, whose portrait appeared first …
  • … ancestry. The German zoologist and physician Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold sent photographs of a …
  • … ). An American banker, William Burrows Bowles, having read Ernst Haeckel on ‘Pithecanthropus alalus’ …

Fritz Müller

Summary

Fritz Müller, a German who spent most of his life in political exile in Brazil, described Darwin as his second father, and Darwin's son, Francis, wrote that, although they never met 'the correspondence with Müller, which continued to the close of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … strongest regard. Fritz Müller, in a letter to Ernst Krause written shortly after Darwin …

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1879 Darwin judged it ‘a wretched production’ (letter to Ernst Krause, 19 March 1879 ); Darwin …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin ( Erasmus Darwin ).  Ernst Krause, a German botanist and science …