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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From W. E. Darwin   [12 or 19 July 1877]

Summary

Discusses an experiment.

His dogs appear to have rabies.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 or 19] July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10743

To Williams & Norgate   [7 July? 1877]

Summary

Asks for Tom. 23 of the Bulletin de la Soc. Bot. de France to be purchased for him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  [7, 17 or 27] July 1877
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) (27 November 2018, lot 85)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10759F

To Alfred Espinas   [before 1 July 1877]

Summary

As AE hardly admits evolution, they view all subjects differently.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Victor (Alfred) Espinas
Date:  [before 1 July 1877]
Classmark:  Darwin Library–CUL: tipped into Espinas 1877
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11027

From Thomas Meehan   1 July 1877

Summary

Credits himself with stimulating most of the American work on plant cross-fertilisation. Sends his review of Cross and self-fertilisation [in Penn Monthly (June 1877)]. Suggests CD, A. Gray, and TM now agree on the extent of self-fertilisation in nature.

Author:  Thomas Meehan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11028

To Williams and Norgate   [November 1874 – May 1880]

Summary

Orders a copy of Dassen 1837, Onderzoek aangaande de bladbewegingen (research on leaf movements), published in Tijdschrift voor Natuurlijke Geschiedenis en Physiologie IV p. 106.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  [1 July 1877–28 May 1880]
Classmark:  Ms Caroline Waid (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11028F

From Oscar Comettant   1 July 1877

Summary

Circular letter advertising Ernest Lavigne’s scheme to educate wealthy foreign children in Paris.

Author:  Jean Pierre Oscar (Oscar) Comettant
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11029

From Alfred Espinas   1 July 1877

Summary

On painful state of CD’s reception in France.

Author:  Alfred Victor (Alfred) Espinas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 163: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11030

From R. F. Cooke   2 July 1877

Summary

"Young Mr Appleton", when in London, told Murray’s to send a set of stereotype plates [of Forms of flowers]. A printing of 1000 copies has been ordered for the English edition.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 489
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11031

From Arnold Dodel-Port   3 July 1877

Summary

Sends CD lithograph plates as examples of a book he hopes to publish.

Author:  Arnold Dodel-Port
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 162: 196
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11032

From Max Schlesinger   4 July 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for allowing him to translate his paper ["Biographical sketch of an infant"] for the Cologne Gazette. Sends copies.

Author:  Max Schlesinger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 177: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11034

From Hermann Hoffmann   4 July 1877

Summary

Reports monstrous Papaver hybridum not mentioned in M. T. Masters’ Teratology [1869].

Author:  Karl Heinrich Hermann (Hermann) Hoffmann
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 166: 231
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11035

To Thomas Meehan   5 July [1877]

Summary

Thanks for review. Fears "we must agree to differ".

Health weak. Not worth TM’s time to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Meehan
Date:  5 July [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 355
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11036

To Constantin James   5 July 1877

Summary

Thanks him for his book [Du Darwinisme ou l’homme singe (1877)] and letter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Constantin James
Date:  5 July 1877
Classmark:  James 1892, p. [V]
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11036F

From John Brigg   6 July 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for account of F. A. Pouchet’s experiments. Cannot yet dispute his conclusions.

Continues experiments on the colour of goldfish as affected by light and presence of plants.

Author:  John Brigg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 160: 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11037

From William Preyer   6 July 1877

Summary

Asks for CD’s "Sketch of an infant" [Collected papers 2: 191–200]. He has made observations on new-born children and mammals to determine what behaviour is inherited and what acquired.

Author:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 174: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11038

To Arnold Dodel-Port   6 July 1877

Summary

Thanks AD-P for plates [from Arnold and Carolina Dodel-Port, Atlas der Botanik (1878–83)]. Will be useful to all who teach botany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arnold Dodel-Port
Date:  6 July 1877
Classmark:  Zentralbibliothek, Zürich (Ms Z VIII 417.2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11039

From C. L. Bernays   7 July 1877

Summary

Has enjoyed CD’s last publications, especially on self-fertilisation of plants.

Believes a visit by CD to the U. S. would do much to promote his theories.

Reports on American campaign against locusts [by C. V. Riley].

Author:  Charles Louis Bernays
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 160: 176
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11040

To William Preyer   8 July 1877

Summary

Discusses inheritance.

Has WP heard of Douglas Spalding’s experiments of blindfolding chickens ["Instinct – with original observations on young animals", Rep. BAAS 42 (1872): 141–3]?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Thierry (William) Preyer
Date:  8 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 147: 268–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11042

To W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   9 July [1877]

Summary

Asks for advice on how to care for previously sent species.

Occurrence of "bloom".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Date:  9 July [1877]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Darwin: Letters to Thiselton-Dyer, 1873–81: ff. 67–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11043

To L. H. Morgan   9 July [1877]

Summary

CD admires Herbert Spencer’s genius but not his "deductive style" of expression.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lewis Henry Morgan
Date:  9 July [1877]
Classmark:  University of Rochester Libraries, Department of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11044
Document type
letter (66)
Date
1877
07
01 (6)
02 (1)
03 (1)
04 (3)
05 (2)
06 (3)
07 (2)
08 (1)
09 (3)
10 (1)
11 (1)
12 (4)
13 (2)
14 (2)
16 (3)
17 (1)
18 (3)
20 (3)
22 (1)
23 (1)
24 (2)
25 (2)
26 (2)
27 (2)
28 (5)
29 (3)
30 (4)
31 (2)
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7 Suffolk St, London

Summary

Recommending Darwin

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Henslow is asked to recommend a naturalist to accompany Fitzroy, and Darwin is invited on the …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin, W.E. [7? April 1868] Southampton, England …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Galton, Francis 7 Nov 1872 Rutland Gate, London, …
  • … Reade, Winwood W. 7 Sept 1872 11 St Mary Abbot' …

Darwin in letters, 1878: Movement and sleep

Summary

In 1878, Darwin devoted most of his attention to the movements of plants. He investigated the growth pattern of roots and shoots, studying the function of specific organs in this process. Working closely with his son Francis, Darwin devised a series of…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the shape of an arch ( Movement in plants , pp. 96–7). As usual, staff at the Royal Botanical …
  • … my work, I scribble to you ( letter to Francis Darwin, 7 [July 1878] ). Two weeks later he wrote: …
  • … Francis reported ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ): ‘The oats have only just …
  • … the bedded out one’ ( letter from Francis Darwin, [after 7 July 1878] ). Sachs’s confidence was …
  • … are here & all adoring Bernard’, he wrote to Francis on 7 July . ‘Bernard is very sweet & …
  • … to refuse,’ he wrote to William Spottiswoode on 7 July . Pinker later made a statue of Darwin for …
  • … generations’ ( enclosure to letter to T. H. Farrer, 7 March 1878 ). In the end, the attempt to …
  • … from a person unknown to him. The benefactor wrote on 7 December : ‘I consider that you, more …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … they make the house jolly’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). Darwin was ready to …
  • … folly & nonsense to try anyone’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). He particularly …
  • … to his publisher, John Murray, ‘Of present book I have 7 chapters ready for press & all others …
  • … bear the expense of the woodcuts ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). After sending the …
  • … and Darwin summarised them in  Variation  2: 106–7, concluding, ‘it follows from Mr. Scott’s …
  • … of real improvement in health’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 January [1865] ). All the children …

Darwin on marriage

Summary

On 11 November 1838 Darwin wrote in his journal ‘The day of days!’. He had proposed to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, and been accepted; they were married on 29 January 1839. Darwin appears to have written these two notes weighing up the pros and cons of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin and his correspondents. First note [after 7 April 1838][1] Work finished …
  • … near Regents Park—keep horse—take Summer tours Collect[7] specimens some line of Zoolog: …
  • … on the three blank pages of the letter from Leonard Horner, 7 April [1838]. [2] Presumably CD …

British Association meeting 1860

Summary

Several letters refer to events at the British Association for the Advancement of Science held in Oxford, 26 June – 3 July 1860. Darwin had planned to attend the meeting but in the end was unable to. The most famous incident of the meeting was the verbal…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and Thomas Henry Huxley that occurred during the Saturday, 7 July, meeting of Section D (zoology and …
  • … preceded by their precise attribution. Athenæum , 7 July 1860, p. 19: Introduction to the …
  • … uncommonly lively during the week. Athenæum , 7 July 1860, pp. 25–6: Thursday session of …

Frank Chance

Summary

The Darwin archive not only contains letters, manuscript material, photographs, books and articles but also all sorts of small, dry specimens, mostly enclosed with letters. Many of these enclosures have become separated from the letters or lost altogether,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in 1873, a discovery was made.  This letter 31 July–7 August 1873 also tackled the issue of hair …
  • … \quite white\ (Letter from Frank Chance, 31 July–7 August 1873 ) The pony hair …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … ‘Without cutting him direct’, he advised Darwin on 7 January , ‘I should avoid him, & if he …
  • … can make several parts clearer,’ Darwin reiterated on 7 November , ‘I believe (though I hope I am …
  • … ancestry. ‘You know better than anybody’, he wrote on 7 January , ‘how infinitely great is the …
  • … the Duke of Wellington on art (Max Müller 1875, pp. 305–7). The debate between Max Müller and …
  • … Down with Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It was Thiselton-Dyer …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the public in this way ( see letter from J. D. Hooker, [7 May 1863] , and Appendix VII). He also …
  • … [1863] , and letter from Julius von Haast, 21 July [–7? August] 1863 ). Darwin was subsequently …
  • … paper with satisfaction ( see letter to John Scott, 7 November [1863] ). Scott had referred …
  • … he could send him to the war ( see letter from Asa Gray, 7 July 1863 ). Darwin shared this letter …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … (1) Asher, G. M. (7) Ashley, Miss (1 …
  • … (4) Aubertin, J. J. (7) Aussant-Carà, Paul …
  • … (1) Aveling, E. B. (7) Axon, W. E. A. …
  • … (16) Balfour, J. H. (7) Ball, John …
  • … (36) Baxter, William (7) Baynes, H. M. …
  • … (1) Blair, R. A. (7) Blair, R. H. (4 …
  • … (3) Boott, Francis (7) Boott, Mary …
  • … (1) Chambers, Robert (7) Chance, Frank …
  • … (3) Clarke, R. T. (7) Clarke, T. W. …
  • … (6) Darwin, V. H. (7) Darwin, Violetta …
  • … (1) Dowie, Annie (7) Down Friendly Society …
  • … (2) Farr, William (7) Farrar, F. W. …
  • … (28) Fitzgerald, R. D. (7) Fitzmaurice, Edmond …
  • … (2) Forel, Auguste (7) Forster, L. M. …
  • … (3) Gordon, George (b) (7) Goschen, G. J. …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … nature and religion. Date of interview: 7 August 2008 Transcription …
  • … Randal Keynes: Yes. 7. How, and what, do we know of Darwin's opinions …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … at the end of Congo voyage [R. Brown 1818]. (Hooker 923) 7  read Decandolle Philosophie …
  • … 1835] read Marcel de Serres Cavernes d’Ossements 7 th  Ed. 10  8 vo . [Serres 1838] …
  • … de S t  Hilaire 1832 [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1832–7] contains all his fathers views Quoted by …
  • … 3 vols. 8vo. et atlas de 20 planches. ibid, 1832–36. £1 7 s . 25  [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire …
  • … of Agriculture by Loudon [Loudon 1831]. Book I. ch. 7 & Book II. Ch. 8. Book. VII. ch 8, 11. …
  • … Vestiges of Nat: Hist: of Creation. Churchill: 1844. 7 s  ” 6 d . [Chambers] 1844] in which …
  • … Birds of Himalaya [Gould 1834] (& of Europe?) [Gould 1832–7] & of Australia [Gould 1848]; …
  • … Campbells Lives of Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] last vol. Ludlows Memoirs …
  • … 1849] (read) Knox. Ornithological Ramble in Sussex. 7. 6. [A. E. Knox 1849] J. Lubbock has …
  • … Gresly Mem. of Helvetic Soc. of Neuchatel on Jura. 1846, or 7, or 8 [?Marcou 1845]. 46   Morris …
  • … Vol. V of Campbells Chancellors [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays [Lindsay 1849] …
  • … Scott’s life [Lockhart 1837–8] 1 st  2 nd  & 7 th  vols. Abercrombie on the …
  • … ] Oct 3 Lavater’s Phisiognomy [Lavater 1806–7] Malthus on Population [Malthus 1826] …
  • … added notes from 2 d  Edit [Holland 1840].— Feb 7 th . Lord Brougham Dissertation …
  • … 1687 to 1766 inclusive, and from beginning to 1674 7 th  Skimmed Burn’s Poems [Burns 1786]. …
  • … Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar ]. Vol 1— to 7. M.S. Translat.— from 1740. 2 d . vol …
  • … S. Romilly’s Memoirs [Romilly 1840]. moderate Feb. 7 th  Sartor Resartus [Carlyle 1834] …
  • … marriage [S. E. Ferrier] 1824 and 1818].— 18 th . 7 th  & 8 th . Vol of Hume’s …
  • … Essays [Bacon 1825–36]— dull, & crabbid style May 7 th  Skimmed a little of Tucker’s …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … ‘almost indispensable’ ( letter from Ernst Krause, 7 June 1879 ). Darwin welcomed Krause’s …
  • … meet the local celebrity, John Ruskin. Marshall wrote on 7 September that Ruskin, the day after …
  • … dogma’, Mary Jung, a young Austrian woman, wrote on 7 January . ‘When my reason agrees with your …
  • … be an atheist, Darwin told the clergyman John Fordyce on 7 May , ‘It seems to me absurd to doubt …
  • … work in such an outstanding way’, Würtenberger wrote on 7 February , after receiving £100 from …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … as if confessing a murder. DARWIN:   7   January 1844. My dear Hooker. I have been …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … father when he was working (Darwin to his wife Emma,  [7-8 February 1845] ). Although Darwin did …
  • … to break through the trammels.’ (Darwin to W. D. Fox,  7 March [1852] ). A more modern and …
  • … for a game of Billiards’. (Darwin to his son William,  7 July [1859] ). Whole family outings were …

Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate aspects of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin was clearly impressed by Lewes’s reviews. On 7 August 1868 , he wrote him a lengthy letter …
  • … undergoing vaccination ( letter from W. E. Darwin, [7 April 1868] ). Francis was also drafted into …
  • … desire to penetrate Truth’ ( letter from Ernest Faivre, 7 April 1868 ). Armand de Quatrefages, who …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … taking a clear position on the transmutation of species. 7 Later, he wrote to Lyell himself, …
  • … 1863a are discussed in Bynum 1984, pp. 154–9. 7. See Correspondence vol. 11, letter …
  • … vol. 11, letter to Charles Lyell, 6 March [1863] and n. 7. 9. See Correspondence …
  • … 14, doc. 183–4). 15. Letter from T. H. Huxley, 7 March 1865, in BL MSS ADD 49641. …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the upper regions of the atmosphere.  Blackley wrote on 7 July 1873 that his high altitude …

Darwin's in letters, 1873: Animal or vegetable?

Summary

Having laboured for nearly five years on human evolution, sexual selection, and the expression of emotions, Darwin was able to devote 1873 almost exclusively to his beloved plants. He resumed work on the digestive powers of sundews and Venus fly traps, and…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … privilege to offer” ( letter from E. F. Lubbock, [before 7 April 1873] ). Hooker added: “I have …
  • … but he is a deal too sharp” ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [7 April 1873] ). A group of Huxley …
  • … than species are permanent” ( letter from John Farr, 7 July 1873 ). Further thoughts on the …
  • … past memories” ( letter to A. A. L. P. Cochrane, [after 7 June 1873] ). Darwin did accept …

Henrietta Darwin's diary

Summary

Darwin's daughter Henrietta kept a diary for a few momentous weeks in 1871. This was the year in which Descent of Man, the most controversial of her father's books after Origin itself, appeared, a book which she had helped him write. The small…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Fordingbridge ( Hampshire Advertiser , 21 January 1871, p. 7). The missions were organised by …
  • … priests ending with a mission meeting in the schoolroom at 7.30 where there was most of the …
  • … the question was the  certainty  of results. 7 Then I emboldened myself to discover m. of …
  • … in the  Hampshire Advertiser , 21 January 1871, p. 7. 4 Probably John Bourdieu …
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