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To ?   1 November [1877–9]

Summary

Asks to be sent Dr. Frank’s Die Natur: wagerechte Richtung von Pflanzentheilen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  1 Nov [1877-9]
Classmark:  Swann Auction Galleries (dealers) (November 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10234F

From Sigmund Fuchs   [1877–8?]

Summary

Asks if CD agrees with Carl Claus’s Grundzüge der Zoologie [3d ed. (1876)], in separating tunicates from molluscs.

Author:  Sigmund Fuchs
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1877–8?]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10336

To Sigmund Fuchs   [1877–8?]

Summary

[Draft of letter for Francis Darwin to write to SF.] CD declines to express an opinion on SF’s query.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Sigmund Fuchs
Date:  [1877–8?]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 221v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10337

From W. E. Darwin   [24 April 1877?]

Summary

Sends notes made in June 1867, on Rhamnus catharticus and R. lanceolatus. Encloses diagrams and measurements relating to pollen size in R. lanceolatus.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Apr 1877?]
Classmark:  DAR 109: A44, A71–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10343

To Albert Günther   28 January [1877]

Summary

Has signed certificates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  28 Jan [1877]
Classmark:  Trustees of the Natural History Museum (Archives DF ZOO/200/11/113)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10372

From Francis Darwin   [before 21 May 1877]

Summary

Edwin Ray Lankester wants to reprint FD’s paper ‘Food bodies’ in the Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science.

Author:  Francis Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 21 May 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 274.1: 22
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10520F

From G. J. Romanes   [after 8 January 1877]

Summary

Returns E. Haeckel’s Perigenesis [der Plastidule (1876)]. EH’s "plastidules" do not differ from Spencer’s "physiological units". Does not see that biology gains anything from EH’s theory.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 8 Jan 1877]
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10554

From W. E. Darwin   [12 or 19 July 1877]

Summary

Discusses an experiment.

His dogs appear to have rabies.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 or 19] July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 210.5: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10743

From Adolphe de Stillfried   [1877?]

Summary

Writes of his admiration for CD and requests an autograph or photo.

Author:  Adolphe de Stillfried
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1877?]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 257
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10744

To ?   [1877–81]

Summary

Letter of reference giving his opinion of the character of a man who has been his footman for a year.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1877–81]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10745

To [E. M. Dicey?]   [1877]

Summary

Gives his opinion on the education of girls in physiology. Would regret that any girl who wished to learn physiology should be checked.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elinor Mary Bonham-Carter; Elinor Mary Dicey
Date:  [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 41
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10746

To Veitch & Sons   [before 11 August 1877]

Summary

Asks specific questions on looking after plants of Dionaea. [The correspondent’s replies to the questions are written beneath them.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Veitch & Sons
Date:  [before 11 Aug 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10749

From [W. T. Thiselton-Dyer]   [after 22 September 1877]

Summary

Lists of Acacia and Eucalyptus species.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 22 Sept 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 209.12: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10750

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [June 1877 or later]

thumbnail

Summary

Notes and extracts relating to "bloom".

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [June 1877 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 68: 32–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10751

To Francis Darwin   [c. 20 March 1877]

Summary

Asks FD to mollify Daniel Oliver and assure him that CD asks "only for what I wd. give my life’s blood for".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  [c. 20 Mar 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 211: 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10752

From W. E. Darwin   [24 August 1877]

Summary

Action of heavy rain on the leaves of Robinia.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Aug 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10753

From E. A. Darwin   17 [1875–81]

Summary

Wants Francis [Rhodes] Darwin’s address; also asks if CD has heard "the great news".

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 [1877–81]
Classmark:  DAR 105: 94–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10754

To W. E. Darwin   20 [August 1877]

Summary

Asks WED to make some observations on Acacia or Robinia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  20 [Aug 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10755

To Julius von Haast   [c. 11 February 1877]

Summary

The extract from Ticknor [see 10722] is one of the most curious cases of inheritance CD has met with. He has sent it to Francis Galton as CD is not likely to write on inheritance again.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  [c. 11 Feb 1877]
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (MS-Papers-0037-051)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10756

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   [before 17 January 1877]

Summary

Remarks on the difference between the sexes in Restionaceae and other subjects – occasioned by reading the introduction [to Forms of flowers].

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 17 Jan 1877]
Classmark:  DAR 111: B55–8r
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10757
Document type
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Darwin in letters, 1877: Flowers and honours

Summary

Ever since the publication of Expression, Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and early summer were spent completing Forms of flowers, his fifth book on a botanical topic. He then turned to the…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1877 on this website.  The full texts …
  • … , Darwin’s research had centred firmly on botany. The year 1877 was no exception. The spring and …
  • … from a family that the Darwins had befriended. The year 1877 was more than usually full of honours. …
  • … of a very heavy shower’, William wrote on 24 August 1877 . ‘The leaves were not at all depressed; …
  • … gardeners ( letter from W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 25 August 1877 ). At Down House, Darwin and …
  • … a delicate twig’ ( letter to R. I. Lynch, 14 September 1877 ). Research on movement would continue …
  • … of some Infusoria’ ( letter from F. J. Cohn, 5 August 1877 ). Francis’s paper eventually appeared …
  • … wrote to the editor, George Croom Robertson, on 27 April 1877 , ‘I hope that you will be so good …
  • … had written to the editor Ernst Ludwig Krause on 30 June 1877 , ‘I have been much interested by …
  • … the German debate (letters to W. E. Gladstone, 2 October 1877 and 25 October [1877] ). …
  • … and lively’ ( letter from W. E. Gladstone, 23 October 1877 ). Gifts of German and Dutch …
  • … Darwin and Ernst Haeckel). Writing to Darwin on 11 March 1877 , Krause declared the journal ‘an …
  • … the director, Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen, on 12 February 1877 : ‘I suppose that every worker at …
  • … of his 70th year. Darwin was in fact 68 on 12 February 1877. Distinguished guests and …
  • … & smooth as butter’ ( letter to C. E. Norton, 16 March 1877 ). Hooker was asked repeatedly by …
  • … & me to dejeuner!!!’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, 14 June 1877 ). Darwin was staying in …
  • … centuries to come’ ( letter from C. C. Graham, 30 January 1877 ). Graham then gave a lengthy …
  • … man and of societies’ ( letter from Marcellin de Bonnal, [1877] ). A similar complaint came from …
  • … by a duke!’ ( letter to J. M. Rodwell, 3 June 1877 ). Back home, he learned from his brother that …
  • … order of the day’ ( letter from E. A. Darwin, 27 January [1877] ).  Carlyle’s remarks were …
  • … . In a letter from an unknown correspondent on 13 June 1877 , he was criticised for having quoted …
  • … monstrosity ( letter from C. T. E. Siebold, 10 October 1877 ). An American banker, William Burrows …
  • … back our civilization’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 17 May 1877 ). Bowles proposed that such …
  • … of humanity beneath’ ( letter from W. B. Bowles, 18 May 1877 ). More transitional human …
  • … inflexible tails ( letter from Arthur Mellersh, 1 January 1877 ). The American physician Jesse …
  • … (Trollope 1867; letter to G. J. Romanes, [1 and 2 December 1877] ). Dispute and …
  • … George and Francis. He wrote to Francis on 24 September 1877 about his forthcoming work, Life …
  • … value’, he confessed in a letter of 25 November 1877 that the book had ‘resolved itself into a …

Photograph album of German and Austrian scientists

Summary

The album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade, and contained 165 portraits of German and Austrian scientists. The work was lavishly produced and bound in blue velvet with metal embossing. Its ornate…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … album was sent to Darwin to mark his birthday on 12 February 1877 by the civil servant Emil Rade …
  • … have ever received ( Letter to Ernst Haeckel, 16 February 1877 )     …
  • … the start of his 70th year, but Darwin was only 68 in 1877. Despite this oversight, the album …
  • … world.— ( Letter from Leonard Blomefield, 12 March 1877 ) Familiar faces Ernst …
  • … with the final album. He wrote to Darwin on 9 February 1877 : ‘what will perhaps astonish you is …
  • … worth to give you ( Letter from J. V. Carus, 22 March 1877 )  The professor of …
  • … scientific work. ( Letter from C. G. Semper, 26 April 1877 ) Carl Kraus, an …

Volume 25 (1877) now available

Summary

Flowers, bloom, a son married . . . and a suspended monkey in Cambridge at Darwin's honorary LLD ceremony.  Volume 25 of The Correspondence of Charles Darwin is now available.  Read more about Darwin's life in 1877 here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Though I believe it is of value, it is not likely that more than a few hundred copies w d …

Photograph album of Dutch admirers

Summary

Darwin received the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the Netherlands. He wrote to the Dutch zoologist Pieter Harting, An account of your countrymen’s generous sympathy in having sent me on my…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … the photograph album for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from his scientific admirers in the …
  • … lasting pleasure. ( Letter to Pieter Harting, 19 March 1877 ) Harting had also written …
  • … it states his ‘69th Birthday’, when in fact he was 68 in 1877. It was arranged in alphabetical order …
  • … from A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J.  Veth, 6 February 1877 ) Dutch correspondents …
  • … ( Letter from C. W. Thomson, 30 June 1877 ) Much earlier, in 1861, Tiberius Cornelis …

German and Dutch photograph albums

Summary

Darwin Day 2018: To celebrate Darwin's 209th birthday, we present two lavishly produced albums of portrait photographs which Darwin received from continental admirers 141 years ago. These unusual gifts from Germany and the Netherlands are made…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …   In 1877, Charles Darwin was sent some unusual birthday presents: two lavishly …
  • … conferred on me ( Letter to Otto Zacharias, [24 February 1877] ) The two albums …
  • … sympathy. ( Letter to A. A. van Bemmelen, 12 February 1877 )  View the Dutch album …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … tiredness of the later years (e.g. letter to E.M. Dicey, [1877] ). Working …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11074: Sayce, A. H. to Darwin, C. R., 27 July 1877 Darwin’s study of human nature …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Charles Harrison Blackley

Summary

You may not have heard of Charles Harrison Blackley (1820–1900), but if you are one of the 15 million people in the UK who suffer from hay fever, you are indebted to him. For it was he who identified pollen as the cause of the allergy. Darwin was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … grains by a dilution method.  In his letter of 9 March 1877 , Darwin wrote: ‘Your calculation of …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 10746 – Darwin to Dicey, E. M., [1877] Darwin gives his opinion on the …
  • … Letter 11267f – Darwin, S. to Darwin, [3 December 1877] Darwin’s daughter-in-law …

Exercise: Caricatures of Science

Summary

Caricatures provide intriguing insights into both ideals and transgressions of gender. The following six images show caricatured representations of nineteenth-century men and women of science. They provide insight into the boundaries of what was deemed …

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Lydia Becker (1877) Caricature of Lydia Becker from …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … | Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a …
  • … findings on floral dimorphism were eventually published in 1877, but these experiments and …
  • … SOURCES Book Darwin, C. R. 1877. The different forms of flowers on plants of the …
  • … experiment, the class read chapter 1 of Charles Darwin’s 1877 T he Different Forms of …
  • … Flowers on Plants of the Same Species (London: John Murray, 1877), 16. [2] Ibid., 30. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … (see letter from From Emil Rade , [before 16] February 1877). The poems were composed by …
  • … in Rade’s account of the making of the album (Rade 1877, pp. 39–40), but the others were published …
  • … Letter from Emil Rade 1    [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. …
  • … From Emil Rade   [before 16] February 1877 2 Münster i./Westf. February 1877. …
  • … this letter and the letter to Emil Rade, 16 February 1877. 3. The gift was a photograph …
  • … Appendix VI. A number of other poems were included in Rade 1877.   …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11096 - Darwin to Romanes, G. J., [9 August 1877] Darwin points out a mistake made …

Natural Science and Femininity

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters A conflation of masculine intellect and feminine thoughts, habits and feelings, male naturalists like Darwin inhabited an uncertain gendered identity. Working from the private domestic comfort of their homes and exercising…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … published his findings both in Expression and in an 1877 article titled, ‘ A Biographical …
  • … Letter 10821 - Graham C. C. to Darwin, [30 January 1877] Psychologist Christopher Graham …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 11221 - Darwin to Darwin, H., [1 November 1877] Darwin asks his sons, …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Virchow’s attempt to discredit evolutionary theory in 1877, assured him that his views were now …
  • … editor of the journal Kosmos , which had been founded in 1877 by Krause and others as a journal …
  • … and particularly the theory of natural selection in 1877) had previously told Krause, ‘He is a very …
  • … of laws he had received from Cambridge University in 1877. Emma Darwin recorded that Darwin found …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of  woodburytype  prints of famous Victorians made in 1877, which they printed and sold under the …
  • … sale in London photo shops. Image: Charles Darwin, 1877, Lock & Whitfield, NPG x5939, © …

Florence Caroline Dixie

Summary

On October 29th 1880, Lady Florence Dixie wrote a letter to Charles Darwin from her home in the Scottish Borders; “Whilst reading the other day your very interesting account of A Naturalist’s Voyage round the world,” she said, “I came across a passage…of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On October 29th 1880, Lady Florence Dixie wrote a letter to Charles Darwin from her home in …

Lydia Becker

Summary

Becker was a leading member of the suffrage movement, perhaps best known for publishing the Women’s Suffrage Journal. She was also a successful biologist, astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … astronomer and botanist and, between 1863 and 1877, an occasional correspondent of Charles Darwin. …
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