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To E. R. Lankester   15 April [1873]

Summary

Discusses error in CD’s calculation of natural increase of elephants.

Includes extract from Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edwin Ray Lankester
Date:  15 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8287

To H. C. F. Jenkin   30 April [1873]

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Summary

HCFJ’s review of the Origin was the wittiest and in some respects the best written.

Thanks him for his Electricity and magnetism [1873].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin
Date:  30 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8304

To Charles Lyell   [9 April 1873]

Summary

Hopes that Charles Lyell has enjoyed his excursion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [9 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 327
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8552F

From E. F. Lubbock   [after 7 April 1873?]

Summary

Observations on her pet pug.

Author:  Ellen Frances Hordern; Ellen Frances Lubbock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 7 Apr 1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8699

From George Jenyns? to F. H. or J. D. Hooker?   [c. 19 April 1873?]

Summary

Recipient is to stay with CD;

sender relates some observations of dogs and birds, to be passed on to CD.

Author:  George Leonard Jenyns
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker; Frances Harriet Hooker
Date:  [c. 19 Apr 1873?]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8707

From E. F. Lubbock   [before 7 April 1873]

Summary

Is trying to persuade "our friend" [T. H. Huxley?] to accept a gift.

Author:  Ellen Frances Hordern; Ellen Frances Lubbock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8833

To Samuel Butler   1 April [1873]

Summary

Comments on SB’s book [The fair haven (1873)]. CD is struck by SB’s dramatic power – thinks he could write "a really good novel". Surprised at strength of case SB makes that Jesus did not die on the cross. SB’s identity will soon be universally known: Leslie Stephen knows he is the author.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Butler
Date:  1 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 34486: 60–1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8835

From William Main   2 April 1873

Summary

Having now read Expression, WM repeats his criticism of "antithesis". Explains his theory of up-and-down-tending lines.

Author:  William Main
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 171: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8836

To N. D. Doedes   2 April 1873

Summary

The impossibility of conceiving that the universe arose through chance is the chief argument for the existence of God, but CD has never been able to decide whether this is an argument of real value. Safest to believe that the subject is beyond man’s intellect, "but man can do his duty".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nicolaas Dirk Doedes
Date:  2 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 139.12: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8837

To Nature   [before 3 April 1873]

Summary

Comments on article ["Perception and instinct in lower animals", Nature 7 (1871): 377–8].

Explains his contention that "many of the most wonderful instincts have been acquired, independently of habit, through the preservation of useful variations of pre-existing instincts". Cites examples: sterile workers of several species of social insects have acquired different instincts; movements of tumbler pigeons. Speculates that "many instincts have originated from modification or variations in the brain".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Nature
Date:  [before 3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  Nature, 3 April 1873, pp. 417–18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8838

To G. H. Darwin   [3 April 1873]

Summary

Anxious to have GHD come home because of his poor health. Recommends Huxley’s physician (Andrew Clark) – an advocate of milk diet.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [3 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8839

To J. D. Hague   3 April [1873]

Summary

Has sent JDH’s letter to Nature ["Perception in ants", Nature 7 (1873): 443–4].

Sons recall kindness received from JDH and others in America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Duncan Hague
Date:  3 Apr [1873]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 394
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8840

From N. D. Doedes   4 April 1873

Summary

Debates the existence of God.

Author:  Nicolaas Dirk Doedes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 162: 202
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8841

From W. S. C. to George Busk   5 April 1873

Summary

Contradicts passages in Descent and Variation.

Author:  C., W. S.
Addressee:  George Busk
Date:  5 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 160: 386
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8842

To J. D. Hooker   [6 April 1873]

Summary

Wants to discuss raising a testimonial fund for Huxley and whether Huxley would stand this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [6 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 261–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8843

From Adolph Reuter   6 April 1873

Summary

Sends photograph of a diseased roebuck shot by Prince Frederick Charles of Prussia.

Author:  Adolf Reuter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 176: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8844

To Thomas Davidson   7 April 1873

Summary

Thanks TWStCD for catalogue of his Cretacean fossils.

Regrets he cannot visit Brighton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Davidson
Date:  7 Apr 1873
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.426)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8845

From G. H. Darwin to John Tyndall   [7 April 1873]

Summary

CD particularly wishes to see JT "On business not connected with himself" [the fund for Huxley’s holiday]. Asks whether CD may call that afternoon. GHD adds postscript saying CD very fatigued. He hopes JT can come to see CD instead, but he should not mention that GHD suggested it.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  [7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 12 (EH 88205950)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8846

From J. D. Hooker   [7 April 1873]

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Summary

Thinks the Huxley fund should be done. Difficulty will be getting him to accept it.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Apr 1873]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 153–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8847

From Charles Voysey   7 April 1873

Summary

Sends his 6th volume.

Author:  Charles Voysey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Apr 1873
Classmark:  DAR 180: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8848
Document type
letter (63)
Date
1873
04
01 (1)
02 (2)
03 (4)
04 (1)
05 (1)
06 (2)
07 (6)
08 (3)
09 (2)
10 (1)
11 (2)
12 (1)
13 (1)
15 (3)
16 (3)
17 (4)
18 (1)
19 (1)
20 (1)
21 (2)
22 (1)
23 (1)
24 (2)
25 (8)
26 (3)
28 (5)
30 (1)
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Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … The Scottish botanist John Scott wrote from Calcutta, 4 May 1868 : “Shame is … expressed by an …
  • … Foster, Michael 4 June [1871] Trinity College, …
  • … Geach, F.F. 4 July 1868 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … (1) Alberts, Karl (4) Alberts, Maurice …
  • … (2) Allman, G. J. (4) Althaus, Julius …
  • … (1) Atkinson, Edward (4) Aubertin, J. J. …
  • … (1) Bailey, W. W. (4) Baillie, A. F. …
  • … (1) Bary, Anton de (4) Bashford, Frederick …
  • … (1) Behrens, Wilhelm (4) Beke, C. T. …
  • … (1) Bianconi, G. G. (4) Bibliogr. Inst. …
  • … (8) Blackwall, John (4) Blackwell, A. L. B. …
  • … (7) Blair, R. H. (4) Blake, C. C. (3 …
  • … (2) Broca, Paul (4) Broderip, W. J. …
  • … (1) Browne, Hugh (4) Browne, W. R. …
  • … (1) Canning, A. S. G. (4) Capes, Frederick …
  • … (1) Cardwell, Edward (4) Carlier, A. G. …
  • … (1) Chapman, John (4) Charles, R. F. …
  • … (2) Cheeseman, T. F. (4) Chemical supplier …
  • … (1) Chester, J. L. (4) Chiantore, G. …
  • … (2) Clark, J. W. (b) (4) Clarke, Benjamin …
  • … (3) Coan, T. M. (4) Cobbe, F. P. (13 …
  • … (2) Crotch, G. R. (4) Crotch, W. D. …
  • … (56) Dallinger, W. H. (4) Daly, J. …
  • … (11) Dobson, G. E. (4) Dodel-Port, Arnold …
  • … (3) Dunker, Wilhelm (4) Dupré, August …
  • … (2) Fawcett, Henry (4) Fayrer, Joseph …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Could you tell us a bit more about that? 4. How did you use Darwin’s …
  • … between him and us, however uncomfortable. 4. How did you use Darwin’s correspondence to re …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … improvement to Jones’s diet ( see letter to T. H. Huxley, 4 October [1865] ). It was not until …
  • … for the press in the autumn’ ( letter to John Murray, 4 April [1865] ). In early June, he wrote to …
  • … from the Linnean Society ( letter to [Richard Kippist], 4 June [1865] ). The paper was published …
  • … to high scientific account’ (A. Gray 1865–6, pp. 273-4). Darwin had also written to Gray on 19 …
  • … for him to read attentively ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ). The fact that …
  • … do it if it ever can be done’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ); the hard work of …

Teachers notes: Offer of a lifetime

Summary

The Offer of a Lifetime?  Activities for: English Key Stage 3 and 4 When Darwin was 22 he received an exciting and unique opportunity to join HMS Beagle. The voyage changed his life but the letters show how close he came to not going at all! …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities for: English Key Stage 3 and 4 When Darwin was 22 he received an exciting and …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … published in Paris (in 2 vols.), so long ago as 1839 4  [Pierquin de Gembloux 1839]. Said to …
  • … et anim: on sleep & movements of plants  £ 1 ..s  4. [Dutrochet 1837] Voyage aux …
  • … observations on increase & decrease of different diseases 4 to . 1801 [Heberden 1801] quoted …
  • … worth reading [Dampier 1697] Sportsman’s repository 4 to . [W. H. Scott 1820]— contains …
  • … Audubons Ornithol: Biography [Audubon 1831–9]— 4 Vols. well worth reading [DAR *119: 4v.] …
  • … 31 An analysis of British Ferns. G. W. Francis 4 s  [Francis 1837]— plates of every …
  • … of Rural Sports [Blaine 1840] (at Athenæum?) Book II Chapt. 4 on variation by  Blaine .— & on …
  • … Yak.— Steudel Botan. Nomenclature [Steudel 1821–4]. Synonym of every plant & country— …
  • … Paper on transmutation of shells [Haldeman 1843–4] already (1844) VI. vols. published Lib. …

Darwin and vivisection

Summary

Darwin played an important role in the controversy over vivisection that broke out in late 1874. Public debate was sparked when the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals brought an unsuccessful prosecution against a French physiologist who…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on the Trichinae’ (letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 January [1875] ). Darwin also worried that any …
  • … a new sketch for a petition (letter from T. H. Huxley, [4 April 1875] ). This was evidently …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … mammoth ( Correspondence vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 4 May [1860] and n. 3; Hutchinson 1914, …
  • … partly inspired by the controversies associated with it. 4 One area of controversy centred …
  • … admiration for Lubbock’s book ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [4 June 1865] ). A week later he sent …
  • … of the situation was succinct. In his letter to Hooker of [4 June 1865] he warned that no one …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of  Descent , he wrote to Philip Lutley Sclater on 4 January , ‘Heaven knows, whether the book …
  • … produce physiological changes ( letter from Michael Foster, 4 June [1871] ). Pangenesis …
  • … can hardly sit up, so no more’ ( letter to A. R. Wallace, 4 August [1871] ). On 23 September he …
  • … good as twice refined gold’ ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 4 September [1871] ). The months …

Darwin in letters, 1879: Tracing roots

Summary

Darwin spent a considerable part of 1879 in the eighteenth century. His journey back in time started when he decided to publish a biographical account of his grandfather Erasmus Darwin to accompany a translation of an essay on Erasmus’s evolutionary ideas…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … me’, Darwin wrote enthusiastically to Reginald Darwin on 4 April , declaring that reading it was …
  • … with Ubba about your return’, Darwin wrote to Francis on 4 July , ‘He said “it is likely he will …
  • … has opposed it’ (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [4 August 1879] (DAR 219.1: 125)). Nothing …
  • … ‘to be planted in my honour!’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 4 November [1879] ). While in Coniston, …
  • … frog be published in Nature ( letter to J. N. Lockyer, 4 and 6 March [1879] ). When Darwin’s …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … curs in London’ ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, [4 February 1876] ). 'The heat of …
  • … as stemming a torrent with a reed’, he told Romanes on 4 June , but added, ‘Frank … who sputters …
  • … the previous year ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [after 4 September 1876] ). ...all sorts of …
  • … say is do not commit suicide’ ( letter to G. H. Darwin, [4 June 1876] ). By midsummer, Darwin …
  • … size of pollen grains & state of stigma’, he told Gray on 4 December. Darwin also adopted …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … He expressed his views to his daughter Henrietta on 4 January : ‘I wd gladly punish severely …
  • … eyes of one variety into another ( Variation 2d ed. 1: 420–4, 2: 360). Darwin had encouraged …
  • … become wholly white’ ( letter from G. J. Romanes, [before 4 November 1874] ).   Testing …
  • … am very glad indeed of your work,’ Darwin replied on 4 November , ‘though I cannot yet follow all …
  • … occasions and finally arranged a visit to Down House on 4 May, but was not content with just one …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … except that of vigorous health… DARWIN:  4   My confounded stomach. GRAY: …
  • … OF ARTS AND SCIENCES, PROCEEDINGS XVII, 1882 4  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 10 MAY 1848 …

Darwin in letters,1866: Survival of the fittest

Summary

The year 1866 began well for Charles Darwin, as his health, after several years of illness, was now considerably improved. In February, Darwin received a request from his publisher, John Murray, for a new edition of  Origin. Darwin got the fourth…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … [1866] ). Darwin began riding the cob, Tommy, on 4 June 1866, and in a letter to his …
  • … before the season is over’ ( letter from John Lubbock, 4 August 1866 ). More predictably, however, …
  • … is known on the subject’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 3 and 4 August [1866] ). And on the next day: …
  • … he had sounded the charge’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [4 September 1866] ). 'Natural …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … “Es hebt ihn keiner, bis ich selbst ihn hebe!” 4 O schlauer Spruch! Wann hätte je der Gott …
  • … “You may not lift it, till I myself shall lift it!” 4 O what a wise saying! When did God …
  • … poem of the same name by Friedrich von Schiller. 4. This is a partial quotation from …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … write the chapter on geology ( letter to J. F. W. Herschel, 4 February [1848] ). Letters between …
  • … into a sessile, adult organism ( Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix II). One particular aspect of …
  • … affinities of the cirripedes ( Correspondence vol. 4, Appendix II). In some cases he felt he …
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