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To George Bentham   27 January [1858]

Summary

Asks GB to vote for "a distant connexion of mine" at Athenaeum, and to mention this to Hooker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  27 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Bentham, George letters: 676
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13778

From John Innes   9 January [1858–9]

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Summary

Sends record of pigeon flight from London to Antwerp. [Lord W. Lennox, Merrie England (1857), p. 185.]

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1858-9]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 242
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13818

From H. C. Watson   [after 23 March 1858]

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Summary

Extracts from MS of vol. 4 of HCW’s Cybele Britannica [1847–59] showing the diversity of views on species among botanists.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 23 Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 45: 16–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1808

To Armand de Quatrefages   4 January [1858?]

Summary

The information correspondent hopes to get from M.-J.-P. Flourens will be valuable.

CD is keeping all varieties of pigeons, poultry, ducks, etc. for his work on variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  4 Jan [1858?]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.144)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2036

To William Benjamin Carpenter   26 January [1858]

Summary

Asks WBC to plant some kidney beans [on Holy Island near Arran] and to see whether they are ever visited by bees. If no bees visit the island, it would be "curious" to observe what plants grow there.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  26 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Harris Manchester College Library, Oxford (Letter book D and Letter book D Add.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2043

To Skeffington Poole   13 October [1858]

Summary

Asks about Indian horses. Encloses questions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Skeffington Poole
Date:  13 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2152

From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   [May–June 1858]

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Summary

Calculations relating to bees’ cells.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [May–June 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 48: B18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2195

From Hewett Cottrell Watson   3 January 1858

Summary

Discusses the ranges and distribution of varieties relative to the type species.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1858
Classmark:  DAR 98: A19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2199

To a librarian   [1858 or later]

Summary

Will return Benjamin Jowett’s Epistles of St Paul (Jowett 1855) and requests several books, of which the latest is Hugh Miller’s Cruise of the Betsey (Miller 1858).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1858 or later]
Classmark:  Yale University: Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (James Marshall and Marie-Louise Osborn Collection: Edward G. and Hortense R. Levy Autograph Collection, Part 2 (OSB MSS 137) Box 25, folder 1188)) )
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2199F

From Edward Blyth   [8 January 1858]

Summary

Zebra-striped asses.

Markings of a Bengal jungle cock.

Refers to some of his own articles on birds in India.

Reports the arrival of the "glorious garrison of Lucknow". The "wonderful superiority of the European to the Asiatic" made the success of the insurrection inconceivable.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [8 Jan 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 98: A144–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2200

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   12 January [1858]

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Summary

On papilionaceous flowers and CD’s theory that there are no eternal hermaphrodites. Connects this theory to absence of small-flowered legumes in New Zealand and the absence of small bees as pollinators.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 220
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2201

To E. W. V. Harcourt   13 January [1858]

Summary

Went to the show and saw EWVH’s birds.

Thinks he will give up his pigeons at the end of the summer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward William Vernon Harcourt
Date:  13 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Bodleian Library (MS.Harcourt dep.adds. 346 ff. 265–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2201F

To William Darwin Fox   14 January [1858]

Summary

Asks to borrow W. C. Hewitson’s book [British oology, 2 vols. (1831–44)].

CD is searching for reliable information on slight variations in the degree of perfection of nests of the same species of birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  14 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 108)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2202

To J. D. Hooker   15 January [1858]

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Summary

CD has never doubted probability of Bering Strait land connection.

Family illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2203

From J. D. Hooker   15 January 1858

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Summary

Has gone over to CD’s side on the fertilisation of clover in New Zealand by bees.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Jan 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 120–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2204

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   17 January [1858]

Summary

Has received Burmese fowls’ skins from Walter Elliot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  17 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Tegetmeier, W. B. ser.2: 52)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2205

To John Stevens Henslow   25 January [1858]

Summary

Mrs Henslow’s death stirs reminiscences of happier days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  25 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A50–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2207

To W. D. Fox   31 January [1858]

Summary

Thanks WDF for information on blackbirds’ nests [see Natural selection, p. 505].

Problem of choosing from among the load of curious facts for chapter on "Instinct" [Natural selection, ch. 10; Origin, ch. 7] perplexes him.

Asks about behaviour of chicks in danger and whether crossed animals are wilder than either parent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  31 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 109)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2208

To J. D. Hooker   [17 February 1858]

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Summary

General success of survey makes CD very concerned about sources of error. Wants to meet JDH for an important talk about big genera. Arranges meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Feb 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 222
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2209

To J. D. Hooker   4 [February 1858]

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Summary

Returns books by Candolle and Robert Brown.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 [Feb 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 219
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2210
Document type
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Date
1858
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02 (21)
03 (20)
04 (20)
05 (12)
06 (25)
07 (15)
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09 (7)
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Abstract of Darwin’s theory

Summary

There are two extant versions of the abstract of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. One was sent to Asa Gray on 5 September 1857, enclosed with a letter of the same date (see Correspondence vol. 6, letter to Asa Gray, 5 September [1857] and enclosure).…

Matches: 11 hits

  • … sent to Charles Lyell and Joseph Dalton Hooker in June 1858 as part of Darwin’s contribution to the …
  • … manuscript and the printed text of Darwin and Wallace 1858 have been noted. For CD’s work on the …
  • … dated Down, September 5th, 1857.” (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 50). The text comprises the second …
  • … printed version reads: ‘astounded’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 50). 3 The printed version …
  • … carpets, of another for cloth, &c.’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 10 The printed …
  • … external appearances, but who could’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 11 The manuscript …
  • … should go on selecting for one object’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 13 The printed …
  • … few years, or at most a few centuries’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 17 At this point in …
  • … not hold the progeny of one pair’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 51). 18 The printed version …
  • … printed version reads: ‘far more’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). 21 The printed version …
  • … by struggling with other organisms’ (Darwin and Wallace 1858, p. 52). 22 The printed version …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … Charles Lyell,  25 [November 1859] ) The year 1858 opened with Darwin hard at work …
  • … on hybridism, on 29 December 1857, Darwin began in January 1858 to prepare the next chapter, ‘Mental …
  • … facts on record.—’ (letter to W. D. Fox, 31 January [1858] ). In addition to behaviour such as …
  • … occurred in nature (see letter to Asa Gray, 4 April [1858] , and  Natural selection , p. 161). …
  • … you have seen,’ he told Hooker in his letter of 8 [June 1858] , ‘yet I have been forced to …
  • … much of his research completed, Darwin began in mid-June 1858 to write up the results of his study …
  • … of my Chapters.’ (letter to Charles Lyell, 18 [June 1858] ). As was his custom, Darwin did …
  • … endorsement, the editors have dated the letter 18 [June 1858]. However, the accuracy of Darwin’s …
  • … Darwin received Wallace’s letter and manuscript on 3 June 1858, the same day that another letter …
  • … 2). The correspondence between mid-May and mid-June 1858 provides some circumstantial …
  • … of anxiety. He says in a letter to Syms Covington, 18 May [1858] , that he expects the …
  • … full well you will be dreadfully severe.—’ On 18 [May 1858] , he again tells Hooker: ‘There is …
  • … the Darwin–Wallace papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. It also includes an unpublished …
  • … days immediately following his letter to Lyell. On 18 June 1858, his eldest daughter, Henrietta Emma …
  • … did not attend the meeting of the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. After the theory of natural …
  • … a ‘small volume’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 October [1858] ). Begun while he was in Sandown on …
  • … detailed sections for his ‘big book’. In September 1858 he finished his manuscript discussion of …
  • … experiments on bees’ cells continued through the autumn of 1858, even though he had completed a …
  • … of publishing (see ‘Journal’; Appendix II). Twice in 1858 and three times in 1859 he had gone to …

The evolution of honeycomb

Summary

Darwin recognised that explaining the evolution of the honey-bee’s comb-building abilities was essential if his theory of natural selection was to be taken seriously, and in the 1850s he carried out his own experiments at his home at Down House in Kent,…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … of reaching.’ (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 10 February 1858 .) By now not only …
  • … together. (Letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 13 February 1858 .) In April 1858, Darwin went to …
  • … discussion in a memorandum to W. H. Miller, [15 April 1858] , summarising his position as follows …
  • … by other cells (letter from G. R. Waterhouse, 17 April 1858 ). Waterhouse also told Darwin …
  • … piece of honeycomb (letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, [21 April 1858] ); however, it had been mislaid. …
  • … beginnings of the comb (letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 9 May [1858] ). He suspected that the first …
  • … manner of building’ (letter to W. E. Darwin, [26 May 1858] .) To Tegetmeier, he explained in more …
  • … cylindrical cells (letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 5 June [1858] ). Tegetmeier suggested putting a …
  • … and buying a swarm (letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 8 [June 1858] ). (Articial wax is probably …
  • … result is shown in the photograph below. In August 1858, Waterhouse’s remarks at the 5 April …
  • … At a meeting of the Entomological Society on 7 July 1858 ( Proceedings of the Entomological Society …
  • … latest controversies in his letter to Darwin of 2 August 1858 . The notion that the theory of …
  • … with the least possible expenditure of wax, but in September 1858 Tegetmeier was able to give Darwin …
  • … of cells. (Letter to W. B. Tegetmeier, 8 September [1858] .) In  Origin , in November …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From …
  • … of organic change at the Linnean Society of London in July 1858 and prompted the composition and …
  • … from these years. The 'big book' The year 1858 opened with Darwin hard at …
  • … on hybridism, on 29 December 1857, Darwin began in January 1858 to prepare the next chapter, ‘Mental …
  • … facts on record.—’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 31 January [1858] ). In addition to behaviour such as …
  • … occurred in nature ( see letter to Asa Gray, 4 April [1858] , and  Natural selection , p. 161). …
  • … you have seen,’ he told Hooker in his letter of 8 [June 1858] , ‘yet I have been forced to …
  • … best.—’ Other topics discussed in the letters of 1858 also relate to questions that Darwin …
  • … much of his research completed, Darwin began in mid-June 1858 to write up the results of his study …
  • … of my Chapters.’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 18 [June 1858] ). As was his custom, Darwin did …
  • … endorsement, the editors have dated the letter 18 [June 1858]. However, the accuracy of Darwin’s …
  • … Darwin received Wallace’s letter and manuscript on 3 June 1858, the same day that another letter …
  • … 2). The correspondence between mid-May and mid-June 1858 provides some circumstantial …
  • … of anxiety. He says in a letter to Syms Covington, 18 May [1858], that he expects the publication of …
  • … full well you will be dreadfully severe.—’ On 18 [May 1858], he again tells Hooker: ‘There is not …
  • … the Darwin–Wallace papers at the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858, including a letter from Wallace to …
  • … days immediately following his letter to Lyell. On 18 June 1858, his eldest daughter, Henrietta Emma …
  • … did not attend the meeting of the Linnean Society on 1 July 1858. The writing of Origin …
  • … a ‘small volume’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 October [1858] ). Begun while he was in Sandown on …
  • … detailed sections for his ‘big book’. In September 1858 he finished his manuscript discussion of …
  • … experiments on bees’ cells continued through the autumn of 1858, even though he had completed a …
  • … the most difficult challenge to his views. In November 1858, he communicated a long summary of his …
  • … letter to Gardeners’ Chronicle, [before 13 November 1858] ), in which he presented the evidence for …
  • … of publishing (see ‘Journal’; Appendix II). Twice in 1858 and three times in 1859 he had gone to …
  • … we run two horses’ ( letter to W. E. Darwin, 6 October [1858] ). Visitors to Down and trips to …

Instinct and the Evolution of Mind

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful example of the force of instinct. He used the case of the ant Formica sanguinea in the On the Origin of Species to show how instinct operates—how…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 2226 —Frederick Smith to Darwin, 26 Feb 1858 In this letter, Smith, a prominent …
  • … Letter 2235 —Darwin to Frederick Smith, [before 9 Mar 1858] This letter contains a list of …
  • … Letter 2413 —Charles Darwin to Emma Darwin, [25 Apr 1858] Written from Moor Park, a …
  • … 2265 —Charles Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [26 Apr 1858] Writing to his eldest son, …
  • … Letter 2306 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Hooker, 13 [July 1858] In this famous letter to …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and gratefully Charles Darwin. CREED AND FEVER: 1858 In which Gray expresses his …
  • … Origin of Species…’ FOUNDATIONS OF FAITH: 1857-1858 In which Gray and Hooker begin …
  • … 1856 24  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 13 JULY 1858 25  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, …
  • … OF COMMON PRAYER 47  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 4 JULY 1858 48  C DARWIN TO LYELL …

Alfred Russel Wallace’s essay on varieties

Summary

The original manuscript about varieties that Wallace composed on the island of Gilolo and sent to Darwin from the neighbouring island of Ternate (Brooks 1984) has not been found. It was sent to Darwin as an enclosure in a letter (itself missing), and was…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin to Charles Lyell (letter to Charles Lyell, 18 [June 1858] ). The only known version of the …
  • … below. Wallace’s essay was written in February 1858. He recollected the events surrounding …
  • … and habits which they exhibit. Ternate, February, 1858. Note 1 In CD’s …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … driven away grief.’ (Darwin to W. D. Fox,  2 July [1858] ). The death of a baby daughter only a …
  • … small adventures (Darwin to his son William,  [30 October 1858] ). In one letter in 1856, he …

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol. 7, letter to Robert Monsey Rolfe, 10 November [1858] , and Correspondence vol. 12, …
  • … Correspondence vol. 7, letter to W. D. Fox, 13 November [1858] ). He first visited the …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 2285 — Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 18 [June 1858] Darwin writes to Lyell and …
  • … Letter 2294 — Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, [25 June 1858] Darwin writes to Lyell saying …
  • … Letter 2295 — Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, 26 [June 1858] Darwin writes to Lyell and …
  • … Hooker, J. D. & Lyell, Charles to Linnean Society, 30 June 1858 Hooker and Lyell write …
  • … Letter 2306 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 13 [July 1858] Darwin writes to Hooker, saying …
  • … Letter 2337 — Wallace, A. R. to Hooker, J. D., 6 Oct 1858 Darwin thanks Hooker and Lyell for …

Darwin as mentor

Summary

Darwin provided advice, encouragement and praise to his fellow scientific 'labourers' of both sexes. Selected letters Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. Smyth’s observations are not…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 2234 - Darwin to Unidentified, [5 March 1858] Darwin advises that Professor C. P. …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 2221 - Blyth, E. to Darwin, [22 February 1858] Edward Blyth, curator of the …
  • … Letter 2345 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [20 October 1858] Darwin describes to Joseph …

On the Origin of Species

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected …
  • … of organic change at the Linnean Society of London in July 1858 and prompted the composition and …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … by Decaisne on Fruit Trees. Le Jardin Fruitier [Decaisne 1858–75]. (Pears.) [DAR *128: 167] …
  • … important Hookers letter Jan. 1859 Yules Ava [Yule 1858] (Innes) Hairy woman— (Read) …
  • … [DAR *128: 154] Passionate Pilgrim [Thurstan 1858] (Read) Combes Constitution of Man …
  • … Life [Smiles 1857] [DAR 128: 22] 1858 Hewitsons Oology [Hewitson [1833 …
  • … [Audubon 1831–9]— [DAR 128: 23] 1858 Life of Montaigne by B. St. John …
  • … & Last F. Smith Cat. of Ants in B. Mus. [F. Smith 1858] Zoologist [ Zoologist ] …
  • … 1847]. March 10. Ellis 3 Visits to Madagascar [Ellis 1858] —— 16 Zoologist [ …
  • … June 20. Carlyles Frederick the Great [Carlyle 1858–65] (very moderate) July 15 Dana Two …
  • … Society from 1822 to 1841 then vice-secretary from 1841 to 1858. 40  ‘Jardine’s … Bees …
  • … . 2 vols. London.  *119: 15; 119: 17b ——. 1858–65.  History of Frederick II. of Prussia, …
  • … excursions . London.  128: 10 Decaisne, Joseph. 1858–75.  Le jardin fruitiere du   …
  • … and fancy pigeons . London. [Darwin Library; 2d ed. (1858) also in Darwin Library.]  128: 8 …
  • … Edinburgh. [Other eds.]  128: 25 Ellis, William. 1858.  Three visits to Madagascar during …
  • … on mental physiology.  London. [Darwin Library; 2d ed. (1858) also in Darwin Library.]  128: 2 …
  • … Scientific Library.) London.  128: 9 ——. 1858.  Sea-side studies at Ilfracombe, Tenby, …
  • … [Other eds.]  119: 22b [Marsh, Catherine M.]. 1858.  English hearts and English hands; or …
  • …   Elgin’s mission to China and Japan in the years 1857, 1858,   1859 . 2 vols. Edinburgh and …
  • … [Darwin Library.]  *128: 157 Saint John, Bayle. 1858.  Montaigne the essayist. A   …
  • … Gray. London. [Darwin Library.]  128: 18 ——. 1858.  Catalogue of British fossorial …
  • … Thurstan, Henry J.  pseud . (Francis Turner Palgrave). 1858.  The passionate pilgrim; or, Eros …
  • … [Other eds.]  *119: 18v.; 119: 13a Yule, Henry. 1858.  A narrative of the mission sent by …
  • … Handlingar . Stockholm. 1739–56, 1756–1856. New series, 1858–.  119: 8a Letters and …

Joseph Dalton Hooker

Summary

The 1400 letters exchanged between Darwin and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) account for around 10% of Darwin’s surviving correspondence and provide a structure within which all the other letters can be explored.  They are a connecting thread that spans…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) sent Darwin a letter in 1858 outlining an almost identical theory …
  • … a murder”. Going public: On 28 June 1858, just a few days after Darwin received Alfred …

Divergence

Summary

In a later account of how he had come to the evolutionary ideas published in Origin, Darwin wrote: 'Of all the minor points, the last which I appreciated was the importance & cause of the principle of Divergence' (to Ernst Haeckel, [after 10]…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … written it up, and had described it to Hooker in June 1858 as being, together with the mechanism of …
  • … Darwin's final formulation of it between November 1854 and 1858, see Browne 1980, Ospovat 1981, …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … into what he called his ‘big species book’; on 18 June 1858, he received a letter from Alfred Russel …
  • … to be read at the  Linnean Society of London  on 1 July 1858, and Darwin began reworking his ‘big …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to send a draft of his own theory of descent to Down in 1858. “I never saw a more striking …
  • … 1869). In later years when Darwin reflected on the events of 1858 and his many debates and …

Species theory made public

Summary

Articles by both Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace describing their independently derived theories of species change, are read at a meeting of the Linnean Society. Darwin was at home with his family following the death of his son, Charles Waring, on 28 June…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Articles by both Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace describing their independently derived theories …
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