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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To [W. E. Darwin]   [1857?]

Summary

Will be grateful for facts from Mr Linton on numbers of eggs from goldfinch–canary crosses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [1857?]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 187
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2029

To J. D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857]

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Summary

CD finds Alphonse de Candolle very useful, though JDH has low opinion.

CD argues for accidental introductions explaining some odd distributions, e.g., New Zealand vs Australian plants.

CD’s method.

Diverging affinities in isolated genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 20 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2033

To Asa Gray   1 January [1857]

Summary

Thanks AG for 2d part of "Statistics [of the flora of the northern U. S.", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 22 (1856): 204–32; 2d ser. 23 (1857): 62–84, 369–403].

Is glad AG concludes species of large genera are wide-ranging, but is "riled" that he thinks the line of connection of alpine plants is through Greenland. Mentions comparisons of ranges worth investigating.

Believes trees show a tendency toward separation of the sexes and wonders if U. S. species bear this out. Asks which genera are protean in U. S.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  1 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2034

From William Henry Harvey   3 January 1857

Summary

Sexes of algae.

Author:  William Henry Harvey
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1857
Classmark:  DAR 166: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2035

To T. H. Huxley   4 January [1857]

Summary

Congratulations [on Mrs H’s delivery].

Balanus balanoides positively identified by CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  4 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 48)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037

To Henry Doubleday   8 January [1857]

Summary

Thanks for a kind note, and asks not to answer until better.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Doubleday
Date:  8 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  Dr Heather Whitney (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2037F

From Richard Hill   10 January 1857

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Summary

Will attend to any subject in Jamaica about which CD wants information.

Crithagra brasiliensis and canary refused to pair.

A collection of Jamaican land Mollusca will be presented to the British Museum.

Hurricanes are a considerable influence on diffusion of birds and insects.

Author:  Richard Hill
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1857
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 237
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2038

From Charles Lyell   [16 January 1857]

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Summary

Enumerates fossil mammals known in Secondary strata.

Lack of angiosperm plants in rocks older than Chalk is no reason to anticipate rarity of warm-blooded quadrupeds.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 394
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2039

To J. D. Hooker   17 January [1857]

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Summary

CD will advise W. F. Daniell on collecting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2040

To T. H. Huxley   17 January [1857]

Summary

Asks THH question on flow of glaciers after ice has been fractured and fragmented.

CD had to leave Royal Society lecture [joint paper by THH and J. Tyndall, "On the structure and motions of glaciers", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 147 (1857): 327–46] before the end because of headache.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  17 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 261.8: 1 (EH 88205939)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2041

To J. D. Hooker   20 January [1857]

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Summary

CD will advise Daniell not to apply for Royal Society grant.

CD’s experiment: fish fed seeds, which germinated when voided.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 189
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2042

From Henry Doubleday   26 January 1857

Summary

Sends specimens of Tortrix, which illustrate the extraordinary variation of markings in two or three species. In every family of Lepidoptera there seem to be species extremely prone to vary and in some localities they vary more than in others.

Author:  Henry Doubleday
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1857
Classmark:  DAR 162: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2044

To William Sharpey, Secretary, Royal Society   24 January [1857]

Summary

Feels unqualified to offer advice on research by the expedition; he has never attended to natural history of the region. Suggests collecting Carboniferous plants and studying the geographical extension of sea-borne erratic boulders.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sharpey; Secretary, Royal Society
Date:  24 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (MC17: 336)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2206

From J. B. Bacon to Elizabeth Drysdale   [1857–62?]

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Summary

Heath is generally cut every six years, often in order to provide young growth for grazing. Also, the heath is in good condition for burning at six years growth.

Author:  J. B. Bacon
Addressee:  Elizabeth Drysdale, Lady Drysdale
Date:  [1857–62?]
Classmark:  DAR 46.1: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2626

To John Lubbock    25 January [1857]

Summary

Dining with the Lubbocks.

JL’s paper on respiration of insects ["On the distribution of the tracheae in insects", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1860–2): 23–50].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  25 Jan [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 20 (EH 88206469)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3413

From J. Knightly Ince   [1857–61?]

Summary

Translates some German terms describing colour of horses.

Author:  J. Knightly Ince
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1857–61?]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 20 (EH 88206072)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6538
Document type
letter (16)
Date
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03 (1)
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … "A child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … (2) Aitken, Thomas (1) Albano, Louisa …
  • … (2) Allen, Frances (1) Allen, Grant …
  • … (4) Althaus, Julius (1) Ambrose, J. L. …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the answers from the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language …
  • … after his death? Transcription 1. According to Darwin, how did language …

1 Belgrave Street, London

Summary

Marriages and gossip

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A family friend relates news of her marriage and other gossip. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono.” 1 To the master of …
  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono”. 1 —§—   …
  • … still it shines bright! 1. Non che poco io dia, da imputar sono; …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

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Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …
  • … predominantly read the words of the following: Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles …
  • … JANE GRAY: [Jane Loring Gray’s journal. Harvard. November 1887]  1   Dr Gray went in to Boston …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in the London daily newspaper the Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. …
  • … for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Annual Report, 1864, p. 32; Animal World , 1 February …
  • … from Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [2 September 1863] (DAR 219.1: 77), and Correspondence …

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 0 hits

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of interview: 7 August 2008 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: This is part …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Date of interview: 28 May 2009 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

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Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

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Darwin in letters, 1868: Studying sex

Summary

The quantity of Darwin’s correspondence increased dramatically in 1868 due largely to his ever-widening research on human evolution and sexual selection.Darwin’s theory of sexual selection as applied to human descent led him to investigate…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … begin to think a veritable ass’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 1 September [1868] ). I am …
  • … Darwin’s network of informers proved very fruitful. On 1 May , Darwin received a letter from …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … been supposed, but his views were generally derided. 1  In 1859, Lyell visited several …
  • … ( Correspondence vol. 8, letter to Charles Lyell, 4 May [1860] and n. 3; Hutchinson 1914, 1: 51). …
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