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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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From George Gulliver   20 January [1856]

Summary

Discusses the similarity in size, shape, and structure of the blood corpuscles of the Aves. Notes differences between the corpuscles of the domestic dog and some wild species.

Author:  George Gulliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  DAR (CD library – Gulliver, George 1846)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1632

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   1 January [1856]

Summary

Will attend the Philoperisteron [pigeon fanciers’ club] if he possibly can.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  1 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1813

To John Maurice Herbert   2 January [1856]

Summary

Thanks JMH for book of poems.

Recalls early days together. He cannot visit due to health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Maurice Herbert
Date:  2 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.121)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1814

To William Darwin Fox   3 January [1856]

Summary

Thanks WDF for his help and reports on progress in "the Cock and Hen line of business". Has written to every quarter of the world for skins of poultry and pigeons.

As for seeds, Hooker and Bentham obstinately refuse to believe they can live even a few years in the ground.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  3 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 86)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1815

To John Stevens Henslow   3 January [1856]

Summary

Thanks for JSH’s letter, which has been of real use.

Complains of the trouble caused by reports to Government required of Benefit Clubs.

Interested in case of Canada geese with seed in crop, because means of distribution is now a great hobby.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  3 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A106–A107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1816

To John Davy   3 January [1856]

Summary

Delighted to hear that JD’s research is continuing. CD has heard that JD’s paper will at last be published. He is flattered by the form [as a letter addressed to CD] of communication. [See 1651a and 1819a, published in Phil. Trans. R. S. 146 (1856): 21–9 and Proc. R. S. London 8 (1856–7): 27–33.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Davy
Date:  3 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  David Schulson Autographs, New York (1991)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1816A

From Edward Blyth   8 January [1856]

Summary

Encloses "notes for Mr. D" [see 1818] and a memorandum on the wild cattle of southern India [see 1819].

Breeds of silky fowl of China and Malaya. Black-skinned fowl.

Doubts any breed of canary has siskin blood; all remain true to their type.

Wild canary and finch hybrids.

Hybrids between one- and two-humped camels.

Does not regard zebra markings on asses as an indication of interbreeding but as one of the many instances of markings in the young which more or less disappear in the adult.

Crossing of Coracias species at the edges of their ranges.

Regional variations and intergrading between species of pigeons.

Regards the differences in Treron as specific [see Natural selection, p. 115 n. 1].

Gives other instances of representative species or races differing only in certain details of colouring.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 98: A110–13, A117–21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1817

From Charles Wade Crump to Edward Blyth   [before 8 January 1856]

Summary

Reports upon a breed of wild cattle found in southern India. The herd is reputedly descended from a wild, red bull that mated with tame cows.

[This memorandum was forwarded to CD enclosed with 1817.]

Author:  Charles Crump
Addressee:  Edward Blyth
Date:  [before 8 Jan 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 98: A114–A116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1819

From John Davy   10 January 1856

Summary

On the vitality of the ova of the Salmonidae at different stages of development.

Author:  John Davy
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Jan 1856
Classmark:  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 8 (1856–7): 27–33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1819A

To W. B. Tegetmeier   14 January [1856]

Summary

Is attempting to get skins of poultry from all quarters of the world. Wants to inspect poultry collections.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  14 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1820

To John Edward Gray   14 January [1856]

Summary

Requests that JEG secure the assistance of Samuel Birch in regard to information about varieties of domesticated animals and plants in China. Encloses memorandum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Edward Gray
Date:  14 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  British Museum (Department of the Middle East, correspondence 1826–67: 1490, 1488)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1820A

To John Phillips   18 January [1856]

Summary

Discusses chapter [6] on cleavage and foliation in South America. Notes especially cleavage where two series cross and cleavage as basis of foliation in metamorphosed rock. Notes foliation in rocks that have been liquefied by heat. Mentions case described in his "Geology of the Falkland Islands" [Collected papers 1: 203–12]. Discusses relationship of cleavage to beds. Speculations on association between grauwacke and clay-slates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Phillips
Date:  18 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.122)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1822

To J. E. Gray   19 January [1856]

Summary

Is obliged for JEG’s assistance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Edward Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  British Museum (Department of the Middle East, correspondence 1826–67: 1491)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1822A

To J. S. Henslow   22 January [1856]

Summary

Alphonse de Candolle’s Géographie botanique [raisonnée (1855)] strikes him as a wonderful, admirable work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  22 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A108–A109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1823

To Walter Elliot   23 January 1856

Summary

Requests WE’s measurements of tigers.

Asks about a work on domestic pigeons in an Eastern language. Will consult [Ayeen Akbery or, the institutes of the Emperor Akber, trans. from Persian by Francis Gladwin, 2 vols. (1777, 1800)].

Asks for specimen skins of domestic pigeons and poultry. [See Variation 1: 205.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Walter Elliot
Date:  23 Jan 1856
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.123)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1824

From Edward Blyth   23 January 1856

Summary

Believes the goldfish originates from a wild, gold variety of Chinese carp.

Gallinaceous birds.

Crested turkeys.

EB divides the gallinaceous birds into five families on anatomical distinctions.

Wild dog species of India and Asia; ranges of some species, specific identity of others.

The fauna of the Seychelles.

Breeding of fowls in India and Africa.

Occurrence of turkeys in Africa.

Refers to some of his own papers giving fuller details of points raised previously.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Jan 1856
Classmark:  DAR 98: A122–A125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1825

To Katharine Murray Lyell   26 January [1856]

Summary

Suggests that J. E. Gray and/or G. R. Waterhouse might be willing to set her butterfly collection. Recommends that her children should collect their own butterflies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Katharine Murray Horner; Katharine Murray Lyell
Date:  26 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.124)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1827

To John Phillips   28 January [1856]

Summary

Thanks JP for beautiful book [? The rivers, mountains and sea-coast of Yorkshire, 2d ed. (1855)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Phillips
Date:  28 Jan [1856]
Classmark:  Oxford University Museum of Natural History Archive Collections (John Phillips collection))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1828

To John Lubbock   [14 January 1856]

Summary

Inquires about a Mr Smith, who might prove helpful "in the domestic bird line".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [14 Jan 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 6 (EH 88206455)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1884

To Leonard Horner    [1856–7]

Summary

Thanks LH for memorandum [missing] by K. R. Lepsius.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Horner
Date:  [1856–7]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2618
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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … "A child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … (2) Aitken, Thomas (1) Albano, Louisa …
  • … (2) Allen, Frances (1) Allen, Grant …
  • … (4) Althaus, Julius (1) Ambrose, J. L. …

Darwin The Collector

Summary

Look at nature more closely and create and record your own natural collections.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities provide an introduction to Charles Darwin, how and why he collected so many specimens …

Detecting Darwin

Summary

Who was Charles Darwin? What is he famous for? Why is he still important?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Pupils act as Darwin detectives, exploring clues about Darwin’s life and work. No prior knowledge …

Language: Interview with Gregory Radick

Summary

Darwin made a famous comment about parallels between changes in language and species change. Gregory Radick, Professor of History and Philosophy of Science at Leeds University, talks about the importance of the development of language to Darwin, what…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the answers from the interview.     1. According to Darwin, how did language …
  • … after his death? Transcription 1. According to Darwin, how did language …

1 Belgrave Street, London

Summary

Marriages and gossip

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A family friend relates news of her marriage and other gossip. …

German poems presented to Darwin

Summary

Experiments in deepest reverence The following poems were enclosed with a photograph album sent as a birthday gift to Charles Darwin by his German and Austrian admirers (see letter from From Emil Rade, [before 16] February 1877). The poems were…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono.” 1 To the master of …
  • … sono; Chè quanto io posso dar, tutto vi dono”. 1 —§—   …
  • … still it shines bright! 1. Non che poco io dia, da imputar sono; …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the chapters ( Natural selection ) are also given. Chapter 1 is not extant nor was it recorded in …
  • … title and references 1 [Not known] …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin in letters, 1880: Sensitivity and worms

Summary

There are summaries of all Darwin's letters from the year 1880 on this website.  The full texts of the letters are not yet available online but are in volume 28 of the print edition of The correspondence of Charles Darwin, published by Cambridge…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Erasmus’s life and other bits of family history. On 1 January , a distant cousin, Charles …
  • … to his daughter Henrietta ( letter to H. E. Litchfield, 1 February [1880] ). ‘The world will only …

Darwin And Evolution

Summary

What is evolution? What did Darwin discover and how did he come to his conclusions?

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Activities give an introduction to Charles Darwin and his theories of evolution. Specimens brought …

Home learning: 7-11 years

Summary

Do try this at home! Support your children’s learning by downloading our free and fun activities for those aged between 7-11 and 11-14 years, using Darwin’s letters.  

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin's Fantastical Voyage

Summary

Learn about Darwin's adventures on his epic journey.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … These activities explore Darwin’s life changing voyage aboard HMS Beagle. Using letters home, …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …
  • … predominantly read the words of the following: Actor 1 – Asa Gray Actor 2 – Charles …
  • … JANE GRAY: [Jane Loring Gray’s journal. Harvard. November 1887]  1   Dr Gray went in to Boston …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in the London daily newspaper the Morning Star in 1862 (see Animal World , 1 January 1870, p. …
  • … for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Annual Report, 1864, p. 32; Animal World , 1 February …
  • … from Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [2 September 1863] (DAR 219.1: 77), and Correspondence …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … line number.     Page xiv, par. 1, line 1, insert before ‘Geoffroy’: 1   …
  • … on the modification of species.    Page xix, par. 1, line 2, insert after ‘and clearness.’: …

Interview with Randal Keynes

Summary

Randal Keynes is a great-great-grandson of Charles Darwin, and the author of Annie’s Box (Fourth Estate, 2001), which discusses Darwin’s home life, his relationship with his wife and children, and the ways in which these influenced his feelings about…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of interview: 7 August 2008 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: …

Interview with Tim Lewens

Summary

Dr Tim Lewens is a Lecturer in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Cambridge. He is the author of Organisms and artifacts (2004), which examines the language and arguments for design in biology and philosophy, and of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Transcription 1. Introduction Dr White: This is part …

Interview with Emily Ballou

Summary

Emily Ballou is a writer of novels and screenplays, and a prize-winning poet. Her book The Darwin Poems, which explores aspects of Darwin’s life and thoughts through the medium of poetry, was recently published by the University of Western Australia Press.…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Date of interview: 28 May 2009 Transcription 1. Introduction Dr …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 0 hits

Interview with John Hedley Brooke

Summary

John Hedley Brooke is President of the Science and Religion Forum as well as the author of the influential Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives (Cambridge University Press, 1991). He has had a long career in the history of science and…

Matches: 0 hits

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