skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

Search: contains ""

Darwin Correspondence Project
Search:
1849 in date [X]
1849 in date [X]
82 Items
Sorted by:  
Page: 1 2 3 4 5  Next

To Richard Owen   [1849?]

Summary

CD proposes to call for tea if he is well enough on Thursday.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [1849?]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Autograph File, D)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1089

To Thomas Salt   27 July [1849]

Summary

Returns the enclosed from his brother [Erasmus Alvey Darwin]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Salt
Date:  27 July [1849]
Classmark:  Rachel Salt (private collection); sold by Spink’s (dealers), July 2018
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1103F

To M. A. T. Whitby   12 August [1849]

Summary

Thanks MATW for the results of her experiments on the inheritance of caterpillar peculiarities and would be grateful for any further observations on differences in structure or habits between silkworm breeds, or peculiarities in inheritance.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Anne Theresa Whitby
Date:  12 Aug [1849]
Classmark:  New York Academy of Medicine (MS 15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1194

To Hugh Edwin Strickland   29 January [1849]

Summary

Has altered and added to HES’s list [compiled for Bibliographia zoologiæ et geologiæ, edited by Louis Agassiz and enlarged by HES, (1848–54)].

On zoological nomenclature CD cites a case in which he believes more harm than good would be done by following the rule of priority. Thinks the rule of the first describer’s name being attached in perpetuity to a species has been the greatest curse to natural history. Every genus of cirripedes has a half-dozen names and not one careful description.

Sends a paper he once wrote [missing] on the subject [of zoological nomenclature].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Date:  29 Jan [1849]
Classmark:  Museum of Zoology Archives, University of Cambridge (Strickland Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1215

From H. E. Strickland   31 January 1849

Summary

Responds to CD’s two objections to the principles involved in the "Rules of zoological nomenclature": (1) that strict enforcement of the rule of priority would cause much inconvenience, and (2) attaching name of the first describer in perpetuity puts a premium on careless description by "species mongers".

Author:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan 1849
Classmark:  Museum of Zoology Archives, University of Cambridge (Strickland Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1216

To Smith, Elder & Company   [16 February 1849]

Summary

Asks for account on South America and sales of Coral reefs and Volcanic islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  [16 Feb 1849]
Classmark:  Edward Ford (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1217

To W. J. Hooker   [c. February 1849]

Summary

Thanks WJH for information on J. D. Hooker’s progress.

J. D. Hooker promised a copy of his Galapagos paper. Can WJH forward one to the Athenaeum?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Jackson Hooker
Date:  [c. Feb 1849]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: English letters A–J 1849, 27: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1218

From J. D. Hooker   3 February 1849

Summary

Physical description of Sikkim mountains.

Travelling through Kinchin snows.

Transported boulders.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1849
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: India letters 1847–51: 131–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1219

From J. D. Hooker   3 February 1849

Summary

Continues prior letter of this date. Has received CD’s [1202]. Thanks CD for saving his correspondence.

Sent "a yarn about species" in October mail.

Some "puerile" JDH letters printed in Athenæum.

Requests CD extract anything valuable from his letters to CD and Lyell for Athenæum.

CD’s complemental males in barnacles wonderful.

Warns CD to drop his battle about perpetuity of names in species descriptions.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Feb 1849
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: India letters 1847–51: 136–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1220

To H. E. Strickland   [4 February 1849]

Summary

HES’s arguments are of great weight, but CD cannot yet bring himself to reject well-known names for obscure ones. Sends four cases that he thinks will stagger HES. Cites his problems in classifying cirripedes. CD cannot bear to give new names, yet may do wrong to attach old ones. Not one species is correctly defined. The harm done by "species mongers".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Date:  [4 Feb 1849]
Classmark:  Museum of Zoology Archives, University of Cambridge (Strickland Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1221

To William Darwin Fox   6 February [1849]

Summary

His memory of his recently deceased father is a treasure to him.

Thanks WDF for information on the water-cure. Dislikes the thought of it.

Reports results of his experiments with tied-up fruit-trees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  6 Feb [1849]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 71)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1222

From Thomas Salt to E. A. Darwin   8 February 1849

Summary

Discusses the division of R. W. Darwin’s estate.

Author:  Thomas Salt
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1849
Classmark:  Shropshire Archives (SA D3651/B/47/1/11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1222F

From H. E. Strickland   8 February 1849

Summary

The priority rule has only diverted vanity to a rush to be first. Has no objection to CD’s suggestion that good books be quoted in preference to first descriptions if there is a chance by this means of developing this silly vanity into ambition to advance knowledge. Still, this must not affect the rule of priority. Responds to CD’s four cases.

Author:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1849
Classmark:  Museum of Zoology Archives, University of Cambridge
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1223

To Lovell Augustus Reeve   [before 14 March 1849]

Summary

Happy to support LAR’s application to the Royal Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Lovell Augustus Reeve
Date:  [before 14 Mar 1849]
Classmark:  Melvill 1900: 352
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1223F

To Johannes Peter Müller   10 February [1849]

Summary

Requests JPM’s assistance by lending or giving him cirripede specimens. The anatomy of cirripedes has been most imperfectly done, and their classification is a perfect chaos.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johannes Peter (Johannes) Müller
Date:  10 Feb [1849]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 216–217 )
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1224

To H. E. Strickland   10 February [1849]

Summary

HES’s letter will fructify to some extent: CD will try to be more faithful to rigid virtue and priority. Would not adopt his own notion in cirripede book without prior approval by others. Will not append "Darwin" to any of his species. Feels sure many others share his aversion.

Asks HES’s opinion on retention of generic name Conchoderma.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Date:  10 Feb [1849]
Classmark:  Museum of Zoology Archives, University of Cambridge (Strickland Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1225

From H. E. Strickland   15 February 1849

Summary

Clarifies the notion and use of type-species and applies it to CD’s problem with Conchoderma.

Author:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1849
Classmark:  Museum of Zoology Archives, University of Cambridge (Strickland Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1226

To H. E. Strickland   [19 February 1849]

Summary

Thanks HES for solving his problem. Has some difficulty with HES’s type-species. In arranging genera in a natural order it is often impossible to say which species should be considered the type.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Date:  [19 Feb 1849]
Classmark:  Museum of Zoology Archives, University of Cambridge (Strickland Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1227

To Richard Owen   [24 February 1849]

Summary

Thanks RO for his note on Conchoderma hunteri [see Living Cirripedia 1: 153].

Has been very unwell; has lost four-fifths of his time. Will go to Malvern to try the water-cure for his vomiting, which regular doctors cannot cure.

Has done some pretty homological work with cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [24 Feb 1849]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1228

To J. S. Bowerbank   24 February [1849]

Summary

Thanks him for cirripede specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Scott Bowerbank
Date:  24 Feb [1849]
Classmark:  Formerly Leeds City Libraries; for sale at Bonhams (dealers) (13 March 2002)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1229
Document type
letter (82)
Date
1849
01 (5)
02 (16)
03 (8)
04 (3)
05 (2)
06 (7)
07 (3)
08 (5)
09 (6)
10 (9)
11 (9)
12 (9)
Page: 1 2 3 4 5  Next
Search:
in keywords
20 Items

Darwin's health

Summary

On 28 March 1849, ten years before Origin was published, Darwin wrote to his good friend Joseph Hooker from Great Malvern in Worcestershire, where Dr James Manby Gully ran a fashionable water-cure establishment. Darwin apologised for his delayed reply to…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … On 28 March 1849, ten years before  Origin  was published, Darwin wrote to his good …
  • … headaches, fatigue, trembling, faintness, and dizziness. In 1849, Darwin’s symptoms became so severe …
  • … health diary (Down House MS), which he kept between 1 July 1849 and 16 January 1855, describes …
  • … vol. 2). He suffered from persistent sickness in 1849, describing ‘incessant vomiting’ in his letter …
  • … Correspondence vol. 4, letter to W. D. Fox, 24 [March 1849] , and Correspondence vol. 7, …
  • … where he and his family spent three months in March 1849 (see Correspondence vol. 4). He also …
  • … vol. 4, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 October 1849 , and Colp 1977, pp. 43-6). He underwent …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … of an Admiralty  Manual of scientific enquiry  (1849) designed to guide the scientific work of …
  • … for the Advancement of Science in Birmingham in September 1849. At Birmingham, Darwin made …
  • … of expedience ( letter to H. E. Strickland, [4 February 1849] ), but in the end he adhered to the …
  • … History’ ( letter to H. E. Strickland, 29 January [1849] ). He also wrote a paper, which he sent …
  • … with Darwin’s letter to H. E. Strickland, 29 January [1849] . As Darwin wrote to J. D. Hooker, …
  • … fatigue and ill health ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 9 April 1849 ). Health and wealth …
  • … 1847 and during the last half of 1848 and the beginning of 1849. When his father Robert Waring died …
  • … to Down in June, is the subject of several letters in 1849. Darwin was convinced that it was a …
  • … House MS) that he kept for the next five years. In December 1849, for example, he had 25 days that …
  • … personal wealth considerable. In the year between September 1849 and September 1850, Darwin’s …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to J. F. W. Herschel, ed., Manual of scientific enquiry (1849)]. Letter 1167 — …
  • … 1262 — Darwin, C. R. to Hancock, Albany, [29–30 Oct 1849] Darwin thanks Hancock for specimens …
  • … Letter 1251 — Darwin, C. R. to Gould, A. A., 20 Aug [1849] Darwin thanks J. D. Dana for …
  • … Letter 1220 — Hooker, J. D. to Darwin, C. R., 3 Feb 1849 Hooker sends Darwin “a yarn about …
  • … Letter 1260 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 12 Oct 1849 Darwin writes to Hooker about his …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 1194 - Darwin to Whitby, M. A. T., [12 August 1849] Darwin thanks Mary Whitby …
  • … Letter 1219  - Hooker, J. D. to Darwin, [3 February 1849] Hooker passes on news of …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … Life of Wilkie [Cunningham 1843] & Chantry [G. Jones 1849]. Grote’s History of Greece …
  • … Universelle ou traité des Cepages Comte Odart 1849” [Odart 1849] read  very good . Rivers …
  • … Nat. Hist. of Sutherlanshire, Murray [C. W. G. Saint-John 1849] (read) Knox. Ornithological …
  • … on Pop. praised by Daily News. by M r  Hicks [Hickson 1849] Published separately Taylor & …
  • … India [Sleeman 1844] L d  Cloncurry Memm [Lawless 1849] Lady Lyell Sir J Heads …
  • … 1828–40] Campbell’s Chief Justices [J. Campbell 1849–57] Tocquevilles Democracy …
  • … [J. Campbell 1845–7] Lives of the Lindsays [Lindsay 1849] D r  Harvey’s Sea Side …
  • … Aspects of Nature. Humboldt [A. von Humboldt 1849]. Liebigs Lectures on Chemistry [Liebig …
  • … Inside Front Cover] Edig. New Phil. Journ.— 1849. Jan. Marten on Transportal of …
  • … [Lamb 1837]. (good) [DAR 119: 22a] 1849. Feb 8 th . Geology of Russia by …
  • … Marc 3 d  Thompson’s Nat. Hist of Ireland [Thompson 1849–56]. Vol. I. II & 3 May. St. …
  • … Nov 22. H. Miller Footsteps of the Creator [H. Miller 1849] Dec. 10. Dana’s Geology. U.S. …
  • … 1849a and 1849b] Aug. 16 Harvey Sea-side Book [Harvey 1849] —— Agassiz Lake Superior …
  • … Dec. 26. Count Odart’s Amelographie [Odart 1849] —— Richardson’s Boat Voyage [J. Richardson …
  • … [W. Lloyd 1840].— [DAR 119: 22b] 1849 Feb. 5 th . Miss Martineau. …
  • … June Brooks Four Months amongst Goldfinders [Brooks 1849] July 25. Campbell’s Chancellor’s [J …
  • … [Fry 1847] (poor) Sept. 5. Newman on the Soul [Newman 1849] Nov. 4 th  Burtons life …
  • … . Jan 15 th  Lives of Lindsays 3. Vols. [Lindsay 1849] Capital Feb. 6 th . …
  • … Cure [Lane 1846] amusing June Layards Nineveh [Layard 1849] Vol 1. Vol. 2. Sept. 23 d . …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 1220 — Hooker, J. D. to Darwin, C. R., 3 Feb 1849 In this gossipy letter, Hooker …
  • … Letter 1260 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 12 Oct 1849 Darwin opens by discussing their …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 10 hits

  • … College 28 Amsterdam 18 november 1849 Uithoorn 25 august …
  • … Burghal School   Enkhuizen 20-05-1849 Steenderen     …
  • … Arnhem High Burghal School   Arnhem 1849 Den Bosch 18 …
  • … School   Amsterdam 29 march 1849 Sneek 31 july 1938 …
  • … Burghal School 28 Goes 28 september 1849 Lichtenvoorde 13 …
  • … History.   Utrecht 16 august 1849 Angerlo 18 october 1930 …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 24 january 1849 Monnickendam 8 …
  • … College.   Breda 21 september 1849 Den Bosch 13 oktober 1879 …
  • … Clerk   Winterswijk 23 january 1849 Amsterdam 5 December …
  • … on Natural History.   Middelburg 1849 Middelburg 1921 …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 10 hits

  • … College 28 Amsterdam 18 november 1849 Uithoorn 25 august …
  • … Burghal School   Enkhuizen 20-05-1849 Steenderen     …
  • … Arnhem High Burghal School   Arnhem 1849 Den Bosch 18 …
  • … School   Amsterdam 29 march 1849 Sneek 31 july 1938 …
  • … Burghal School 28 Goes 28 september 1849 Lichtenvoorde 13 …
  • … History.   Utrecht 16 august 1849 Angerlo 18 october 1930 …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 24 january 1849 Monnickendam 8 …
  • … College.   Breda 21 september 1849 Den Bosch 13 oktober 1879 …
  • … Clerk   Winterswijk 23 january 1849 Amsterdam 5 December …
  • … on Natural History.   Middelburg 1849 Middelburg 1921 …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1253 —Darwin to Albany Hancock, [21 Sept 1849] Darwin writes to barnacle expert …

George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans)

Summary

George Eliot was the pen name of celebrated Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880). She was born on the outskirts of Nuneaton in Warwickshire and was educated at boarding schools from the age of five until she was 16. Her education ended when she…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … widened her social network and after her father's death in 1849 she travelled to Switzerland …

Darwin's notes for his physician, 1865

Summary

On 20 May 1865, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary that John Chapman, a prominent London publisher who had studied medicine in London and Paris in the early 1840s, visited Down to consult with Darwin about his ill health. In 1863 Chapman started to treat…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … been diagnosed as ‘suppressed gout’ by Henry Holland in 1849 ( Correspondence vol. 4, letter to W …

William Yarrell

Summary

William Yarrell was a London businessman, a stationer and bookseller, who became an expert on British birds and fish, writing standard reference works on both.  He was a member of several science and natural history societies, including the Linnean Society…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … William Yarrell was a London businessman, a stationer and bookseller, who became an expert on …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … MAY 1848 5  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 12 OCTOBER 1849 6  C DARWIN TO R …

Darwin's illness

Summary

Was Darwin an invalid? In many photographs he looks wearied by age, wrapped in a great coat to protect him from cold. In a letter to his cousin William Fox, he wrote: "Long and continued ill health has much changed me, & I very often think with…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … clientele. He wrote from Malvern to his friend Hooker in 1849. " At present, I am …

Fritz Müller

Summary

Fritz Müller, a German who spent most of his life in political exile in Brazil, described Darwin as his second father, and Darwin's son, Francis, wrote that, although they never met 'the correspondence with Müller, which continued to the close of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Hermann and August, maintained close relations with him. In 1849, he took a job as a private tutor; …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … sense within the framework of his species theory. From early 1849, Darwin worked on both fossil and …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science in September 1849, where he met the Danish geologist …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …  Clowes & make the poor workman some present’ (12 June [1849] Letter 1245 ). Darwin’s …

'An Appeal' against animal cruelty

Summary

The four-page pamphlet transcribed below and entitled 'An Appeal', was composed jointly by Emma and Charles Darwin (see letter from Emma Darwin to W. D. Fox, [29 September 1863]). The pamphlet, which protested against the cruelty of steel vermin…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … campaigning, legislation was passed in 1822, 1835, and 1849 (see nn. 1 and 5, below) to prevent …
  • … Act for the more effectual prevention of cruelty to animals, 1849 ( Statutes, public and general , …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … , edited by John F. W. Herschel. London: John Murray. 1849.  [ Shorter publications , pp.  217-35. …

Darwin and Design

Summary

At the beginning of the nineteenth century in Britain, religion and the sciences were generally thought to be in harmony. The study of God’s word in the Bible, and of his works in nature, were considered to be part of the same truth. One version of this…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Hugh Miller,  Footprints of the creator  (1849). Richard Owen,  On the archetype and …