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To Annals and Magazine of Natural History   [December 1846]

Summary

Discusses enclosed MS of CD’s review [of G. R. Waterhouse, A natural history of the Mammalia, vol. 1 (1846); Collected papers 1: 214–17].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist.
Date:  [Dec 1846]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1000

To W. B. Carpenter  [October–December 1846]

Summary

Asks for address of the artist who drew the sections exhibited by WBC at BAAS meeting in September. CD needs drawings of minute corallines, Articulata, and Mollusca.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Benjamin Carpenter
Date:  [Oct–Dec 1846]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.347)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1001

To Robert FitzRoy   1 October 1846

Summary

Has just heard of RF’s return [from New Zealand]. Hopes to see him.

CD and family are well, but he is a different man in strength and energy from when he was "Flycatcher" in the Beagle.

Has just finished his book [South America].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert FitzRoy
Date:  1 Oct 1846
Classmark:  DAR 144: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1002

To J. D. Hooker   [2 October 1846]

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Summary

Hopes to start looking over his species notes in about a year.

Very much enjoyed Southampton [meeting of BAAS, 9–12 Sept].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [2 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1003

To Charles Lyell   [3 October 1846]

Summary

Discusses A. C. Ramsay’s article ["On the denudation of South Wales", Mem. Geol. Surv. G. B. 1 (1846)]. Mentions his own paper ["Volcanic phenomena in South America", Collected papers 1: 53–86]. Emphasises that sedimentary deposits are not ordinarily preserved.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [3 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1004

To J. S. Henslow   [5 October 1846]

Summary

The third and last part of the Geology [South America] will be published in a few days. Apologises for not sending JSH the other volumes.

Has attended Southampton [BAAS] meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [5 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A15–A16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1005

To J. D. Hooker   [6 October 1846]

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Summary

Sulivans are coming on Friday. Can JDH come?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [6 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1006

To J. D. Hooker   [8 October 1846]

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Summary

Can JDH bring a good book on Corallina or Nullipora of Lamarck?

CD intends writing paper on their propagation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [8 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1007

To A. C. Ramsay   10 October [1846]

Summary

Thanks ACR for paper and comments on it ["On the denudation of South Wales", Mem. Geol. Surv. G. B. 1 (1846): 297–335].

Sends copy of South America.

Discusses action of the sea.

Criticises ACR’s views on sudden elevation of mountain chains.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Date:  10 Oct [1846]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1008

To Leonard Jenyns   17 October [1846]

Summary

Comments on LJ’s Observations [in natural history (1846)].

Discusses variation among British birds, and the conflicting treatment of bird species by C. W. L. Gloger and C. L. Brehm.

Describes collecting incident of his student days involving Carabus.

Mentions squirrels eating insects.

Astonished to hear of terrestrial Planaria.

Comments on BAAS meeting in Southampton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  17 Oct [1846]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1009

To Joseph Beete Jukes   [18 October 1846]

Summary

Knows nothing about missing fossils collected by J. L. Stokes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Beete Jukes
Date:  [18 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  University of Oklahoma Libraries (History of Science collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1010

To Smith, Elder & Co.   [19 October 1846]

Summary

Objects to the stupid way a plate is bound into South America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Smith, Elder & Co
Date:  [19 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1011

To J. D. Hooker   [26 October 1846]

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Summary

Many thanks for JDH’s beautiful cirripede drawing. Questions on JDH’s observations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [26 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1012

To Librarian   27 October [1846 or 1848?]

Summary

Orders Andrew Knight’s paper ["An account of some experiments on the fecundation of vegetables", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (1799): 195–204] and J. E. Gray’s book [Gleanings from the menagerie and aviary at Knowsley Hall (1846)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Librarian
Date:  27 Oct 1846 or 27 Oct 1848
Classmark:  University of Michigan Library, Department of rare books and special collections (Science and Philosophy Collection, gift of J. Christian Bay)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1013

To Robert FitzRoy   28 October [1846]

Summary

Has read RF’s pamphlet on New Zealand [Remarks on New Zealand (1846)]. Sympathises with his difficulties as Governor.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert FitzRoy
Date:  28 Oct [1846]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1014

To J. D. Hooker   [18 October 1846]

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Summary

Will be in London tomorrow and will try to pop over to Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [18 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1015

To Daniel Sharpe   [1 November 1846]

Summary

Discusses foliation and cleavage. Comments on dip of cleavage laminae in mountains. Mentions views of Sedgwick and Studer. Suggests reading C. L. von Buch [Travels through Norway and Lapland (1813)] "as an amusement". Praises views of William Hopkins. Suggests reading paper by H. D. Rogers ["On cleavage of slate-strata", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 41 (1846): 422–3)]. Comments on the paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Sharpe
Date:  [1 Nov 1846]
Classmark:  British Library (Add 37725: 4–5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1016

To J. L. Stokes   3 November 1846

Summary

CD’s note to Stokes [see 940] has been forwarded to George Grey; CD fears he may be offended. Asks how it could have happened.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lort Stokes
Date:  3 Nov 1846
Classmark:  Auckland Public Library (Grey collection GL D8 (1))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1017

To Daniel Sharpe   [4 November 1846]

Summary

Supposes Sharpe does not want Von Buch’s tract, so sent Hopkins. Asks it be returned to CD at the Athenaeum Club.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Sharpe
Date:  [4 Nov 1846]
Classmark:  James Cummins, Bookseller (dealer) (December 2010)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1017F

To J. D. Hooker   [6 November 1846]

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Summary

Observations on barnacles.

Would like to meet JDH in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [6 Nov 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1018
Document type
letter (105)
Date
1846
01 (7)
02 (10)
03 (11)
04 (7)
05 (6)
06 (8)
07 (1)
08 (6)
09 (5)
10 (19)
11 (18)
12 (7)
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19 Items

Darwin and barnacles

Summary

In a letter to Henslow in March 1835 Darwin remarked that he had done ‘very little’ in zoology; the ‘only two novelties’ he added, almost as an afterthought, were a new mollusc and a ‘genus in the family Balanidæ’ – a barnacle – but it was an oddity. Who,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he returned to the puzzling little creature in October 1846 , he planned only to write a paper on …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 24 hits

  • … of the scientific books read from 1838 through 1846, but it was not kept up-to-date and contains …
  • … 1845] (read) Keppells(?) voyage to Borneo [Keppel 1846] Life of David Hume— (new Edit) …
  • … China [Bernard 1844]. The Emigrant, Head [F. B. Head 1846] St. John’s Highlands [C. W. …
  • … out of Hort Soc. 39 Lindley Veg. Kingdom [Lindley 1846]. worth having, especially …
  • … [G. Jones 1849]. Grote’s History of Greece [Grote 1846–56]. Miss. Martineau Society in …
  • … in Nat. Hist in Knowsly. L d . Derby [J. E. Gray 1846–50] ( Royal. Soc ) many facts on breeding …
  • … [Graba 1830] (read) Gardner’s Brazil [Gardner 1846] in Geolog Soc. 43 Lindley’s …
  • … } praised by  Chevreul [Chevreul 1846]. not in Hort Soc.— …
  • … von Tschudi 1847] Gardners Travels in Brazil [Gardner 1846] North’s lives of L d . …
  • … [Lamb 1837] (read) Feuerbaches Trials [Feuerbach 1846] Godwins Work & Life [Godwin …
  • … Geolog. Soc. Paris Studies on Chalk F. of France [Archiac 1846].— Gresly Mem. of Helvetic Soc …
  • … Canada [G. Head 1829] Grotes History of Greece [Grote 1846–56] Napiers Hist. of …
  • … Martineau 1838b] Burtons Life of David Hume [Burton 1846] Society in America. Miss …
  • … 1784–1818]. [DAR 119: 16a] 1845 & 1846 May 31. Strzelecki’s Australia …
  • … —— the French in Algiers [Lamping 1845] 1846 Jan 10 th  Mackintosh life of More …
  • … Scot [Lockhart 1837–8] [DAR 119: 17a] 1846 Feb 12 th . Metzger …
  • … —— 16 Bot. Reports. Ray. Soc. [Ray Society 1846] Nov. 12. Mem. of Geolog. Survey [ Memoirs …
  • … Dec r . 1 Meyens Geography of Plants [Meyen 1846]. —— 12 th  Metzger Kultiverten …
  • … ] to end of Tom VI.— [DAR 119: 17b] 1846 Feb. 12. 1 & 2 vol. of …
  • … [Carlyle 1845] May 5. Ray’s Memorials of [Ray 1846] —— 10 th  The Falcon Family …
  • … 16. Sir J. Mackintosh. Misc. Works. 3 vols: [Mackintosh 1846] Aug 10. Appendix to Carlyle’s …
  • … two last vols: Oct 6. Livonian Tales [Rigby] 1846] —— Mahon Life of Great Condé …
  • … 1797] Nov 1. Fichte’s Destination of Man [Fichte 1846] skimmed 14 th  Wellington …
  • … Dec 12 th  The Emigrant by Sir F. B. Head [F. B. Head 1846] —— 16 th  Burton’s Life of D. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … classified, and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's …
  • … Letter 1015 —Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [18 Oct 1846] In a quick note to his friend and …
  • … Letter 1022 —Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [12 Nov 1846] One month later, he writes to Hooker …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 3 hits

  • …  (1844) and  Geological observations on South America  (1846), which completed his trilogy on the …
  • … papers for all these organisations. Between 1844 and 1846 Darwin himself wrote ten papers, six of …
  • … of his barnacle work, a study commenced towards the end of 1846. Hooker, ready with advice on …

Suggested reading

Summary

  Contemporary writing Anon., The English matron: A practical manual for young wives, (London, 1846). Anon., The English gentlewoman: A practical manual for young ladies on their entrance to society, (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … :  A practical manual for young wives , (London, 1846). Anon.,  T he English …
  • … their entrance to society ,  (Third edition, London, 1846). Becker, L. E. B.,  …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … Such a revaluation had not been undertaken when, in 1846, Darwin began to examine several …
  • … in Edinburgh with Grant (A. Desmond 1984; Sloan 1985). In 1846, at the start of his exploratory …
  • … the lengthy abstract that he made of this essay in December 1846—prefaced by the statement, ‘—This …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1018 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [6 Nov 1846] Darwin tells Hooker, if he pays …

John Lort Stokes

Summary

John Lort Stokes, naval officer, was Charles Darwin’s cabinmate on the Beagle voyage – not always an enviable position.  After Darwin’s death, Stokes penned a description of their evenings spent working at the large table at the centre, Stokes at his…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … mark, on the coast fronting the barrier reef?’ (Stokes 1846 1: 331) Stokes spent his …
  • … travels , later published as Discoveries in Australia (1846). In the letter Darwin sent when he …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to 1836.  By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1846.  [F273.] —On the geology …
  • … Plata.  Proceedings of the Geological Society  pt. 2, 2 (1846): 127-8. —On the transportal …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … with notes on the habits and ranges of the species. By 1846, he had also published over twenty-five …
  • … Darwin scholars and medical historians. On 1 October 1846, Darwin, noting in his diary that …

Begins work on barnacles

Summary

Darwin begins an 8-year taxonomic study of barnacles

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin begins an 8-year taxonomic study of barnacles …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … methodology of his predecessors. Background In 1846, Darwin switched focus from …

Caroline Kennard

Summary

Kennard’s interest in science stemmed from her social commitments to the women's movement, her interests in nature study as a tool for educational reform, as well as her place in a tightly knit network of the Bostonian elite. Kennard was one of a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Kennard (née Smith) was born in 1827 in New Hampshire. In 1846, she married Martin Perry Kennard …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1849 6  C DARWIN TO R FITZROY, 1 OCTOBER 1846 7  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … geological results of the  Beagle  voyage, on 1 October 1846, Darwin at last found time to follow …
  • … little animal forms new Genus.—’ By 1 October 1846 Darwin had written a short paper on his …

The geology of the Beagle voyage

Summary

The primary concern that linked much of Darwin’s geological work in the Beagle years was to understand the changing relation between the levels of land and sea.  In this he followed the example of the Scottish geologist Charles Lyell, whose three-volume…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and Geological observations on  South America  (1846). …

Divergence

Summary

In a later account of how he had come to the evolutionary ideas published in Origin, Darwin wrote: 'Of all the minor points, the last which I appreciated was the importance & cause of the principle of Divergence' (to Ernst Haeckel, [after 10]…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and diversity of species inhabiting the same area by 1846. For a full definition of the principle …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Innes was named perpetual curate of Down in 1846 (Crockford’s). Innes was a High-Churchman, that is, …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Chile. These unexpectedly led Darwin to devote eight years (1846–54) and four volumes to the …
  • … and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In 1980, two …