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To G. R. Waterhouse   10 [June 1844 – March 1845]

Summary

Invites GRW and his family to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  10 June 1844 or 10 July 1844 or 10 Aug 1844 or 10 Sept 1844 or 10 Oct 1844 or 10 Nov 1844 or 10 Dec 1844 or 10 Jan 1845 or 10 Feb 1845 or 10 Mar 1845
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13852

To Josiah Wedgwood III  [May 1844]

Summary

Family financial matters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [May 1844]
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 1028)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13855

To Hugh Falconer    [December? 1844]

Summary

Returns notes on mule yaks [see Natural selection, p. 438]

and sends queries on silkworms.

A bed is ready any time HF will come.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  [Dec? 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1691

From George Robert Waterhouse    [April 1844]

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Summary

Regularly attends Owen’s lectures. Owen at pains to show groups are not linked. Thus makes Lepidosiren appear fish-like.

GRW thinks embryology will become chief guide to insect classification. But contradictions between classification based on embryological and adult characters do occur.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 48: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2026

To W. A. Leighton   25 November [1844?–6]

Summary

Thanks for procuring cuttings of weeping yew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Allport Leighton
Date:  25 Nov 1844 or 25 Nov 1845 or 25 Nov 1846
Classmark:  Fraser’s Autographs (dealer) (May 2013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-653F

To E. A. Darwin   [before 1 October 1844]

Summary

Writes about canal shares EAD holds as trustee.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  [before 1 Oct 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-678

To Emma Darwin   [3 June 1844]

Summary

Arrangements for Emma’s return to Down.

CD has been "wonderfully strong".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-726

From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   [May 1844 – 1 October 1846]

Summary

Sends calculations of angles of elevation [of sea-bottom, for South America?].

Swale has sent Lady Willoughby’s diary, which EAD will forward to CD.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [May 1844 – 1 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 28–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-727

To Geological Society of London  [3 January 1844]

Summary

Asks that A. d’Orbigny’s geological map of S. America be sent to him with a card of the Society’s evening meetings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  [3 Jan 1844]
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/L/R/8/92)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-728

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   [11 January 1844]

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Summary

Queries on ratios of species to genera on southern islands. CD’s observations on distribution of Galapagos organisms, and on S. American fossils, and facts he has gathered since, lead him to conclusion that species are not immutable; "it is like confessing a murder".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [11 Jan 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-729

To Henry Denny   20 January [1844]

Summary

Discusses sending HD lice specimens. Asks him to check with G. R. Waterhouse.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Denny
Date:  20 Jan [1844]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (37)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-731

To Ernst Dieffenbach   25 January 1844

Summary

Delighted to be able to contribute Infusoria to ED’s "great countryman Ehrenberg". Includes a list of eight substances from his collection described in detail, which Ehrenberg might find useful in his researches.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  25 Jan 1844
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-732

To J. D. Hooker   [27 January 1844]

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Summary

C. G. Ehrenberg would like some earth from Galapagos, Tierra del Fuego, and the Falklands; wishes to hunt for Infusoria.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [27 Jan 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-733

From J. D. Hooker   29 January 1844

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Summary

Remarks on geographical divisions of the flora of the Southern Hemisphere.

JDH beginning Galapagos plants. Value of studying insular floras with respect to inquiries about adaptation of species.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 5–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-734

To Henry Denny   5 February [1844]

Summary

Dicussion of some specimens from the Beagle voyage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Denny
Date:  5 Feb [1844]
Classmark:  Jeremy and Helen Evans (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-734F

To J. D. Hooker   [3–17 February 1844]

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Summary

Thanks for information for Ehrenberg.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [3–17 Feb 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-735

To Charles Wicksted  13 February [1844?]

Summary

Inquires about the habits of a litter of foxhounds whose sire was particularly good at recovering the scent in paths or roads.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Wicksted
Date:  13 Feb [1844?]
Classmark:  George Clive (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-735A

To J. D. Hooker   23 February [1844]

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Summary

Has just completed Volcanic islands.

Sends queries on Galapagos flora in particular and island floras in general; also on relationship of wide-ranging species to wide-ranging genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 Feb [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-736

To William Kemp   23 February [1844]

Summary

Regrets the delay in sending copies of his paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Kemp
Date:  23 Feb [1844]
Classmark:  Ruth Cramond and David Cramond (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-736F

From J. D. Hooker [23 February –  6 March 1844]

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Summary

Island floras; relationships with mainland. Ranges of species in mundane genera.

Galapagos plants one-third done.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Feb – 6 Mar 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 10–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-737
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Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … published two books on geology,  Volcanic islands  (1844) and  Geological observations on South …
  • … edition in 1845, having already provided corrections in 1844 for a German translation of the first …
  • … Society of London, acting as one of four vice-presidents in 1844 and remaining on the council from …
  • … and refereed papers for all these organisations. Between 1844 and 1846 Darwin himself wrote ten …
  • … others. Only two months after their first exchange, early in 1844, Darwin told Hooker that he was …
  • … murder) immutable’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [11 January 1844] ). Nine months later, in his letter …
  • … , pp. 57–255), an expanded version, completed on 5 July 1844, of a pencil sketch he had drawn up …
  • … of 1847 that Hooker was given a fair copy of the essay of 1844 to read (see  Correspondence  vol. …
  • … the natural history of creation , published anonymously in 1844. His old friend Adam Sedgwick …
  • … future, is that addressed to his wife Emma, dated 5 July 1844 , just after Darwin had completed …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of his paper on Darwin.   THE SAND WALK: 1844 In which Darwin, at home in …
  • … and copied and communicated to Messrs Lyell and Hooker in 1844, being a part of [an …
  • … a murder. DARWIN:   7   January 1844. My dear Hooker. I have been …engaged in a …
  • … which is not written out much fuller in my sketch copied in 1844, and read by Hooker some dozen …
  • … 1846 7  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER 11 JANUARY 1844 8  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 25 …

Capturing Darwin’s voice: audio of selected letters

Summary

On a sunny Wednesday in June 2011 in a makeshift recording studio somewhere in Cambridge, we were very pleased to welcome Terry Molloy back to the Darwin Correspondence Project for a special recording session. Terry, known for his portrayal of Davros in Dr…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … he no longer believed in fixity of species [11 January 1844] ? And then there …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … 1841].— L d . Dudley’s Correspondence [Dudley 1844]. Hallam Constitut Hist: Hen VII …
  • … Hall’s voyage in the Nemesis to China [Bernard 1844]. The Emigrant, Head [F. B. Head 1846] …
  • … Observ. on Instinct [Etherington 1841–3]. Whittaker 1844. in Parts. cheap. 1.6 a part. 38 …
  • … Jesses new Book. (April 44) on Nat. Hist [Jesse 1844] must be studied. J. Jarves “Scenes in …
  • … Traite Elementair  Palæontologie M. Pictet [Pictet 1844–5]— Forbes?? Waterhouse has it— 1844— read …
  • … Hooker recommends order [Backhouse 1844] at Library …
  • … Vestiges of Nat: Hist: of Creation. Churchill: 1844. 7 s  ” 6 d . [Chambers] 1844] in which …
  • … in Taylors Scientific Memoirs—goes by sexes [Wartmann 1844] for (1844) Blofield Algeria. 1844
  • … on transmutation of shells [Haldeman 1843–4] already (1844) VI. vols. published Lib. Geological …
  • … Read Waterton’s last series on Nat: Hist: [Waterton 1844] tailess horses. Read “Bronn …
  • … [Bernhardi 1834] (M. Gerard. experiments on species [Gérard 1844].) read Sageret sur les …
  • … Travels to Khiva. 47  Residence in India [Sleeman 1844] L d  Cloncurry Memm [Lawless 1849 …
  • …  [Plymley 1808] Sleemans Residence in India [Sleeman 1844] Curiosities of Literature …
  • … [Lockhart 1828] 16 L d  Dudley’s Letters [Dudley 1844] Nov. 25 Finished 3 d  Part …
  • … 30. Dieffenbach’s New Zealand [Dieffenbach 1843] 1844 Wiegman on Hybrids—German— …
  • … 20 Astoria.— by Irving [Irving 1836]   1844 Jan 7 th  Borrow’s Bible in Spain …
  • … April 26 th : Martin Chuzzlewit. & Pickwick [Dickens 1844 and 1837] July 20 th …
  • … Rome [Niebuhr 1828–42] [DAR 119: 14a] 1844 May 26 th  L d …
  • … Narr: of Visit to Mauritius & G. Good Hope [Backhouse 1844] very poor Oct 1 Owen on …
  • … Read. 6 vols: finished [DAR 119: 15a] 1844 & 5 Oct 20. Lloyd Field …
  • … —— Vestiges of the Nat. History of Creation [Chambers] 1844] Pœppig Reisen …
  • … nothing this seems all [DAR 119: 15b] 1844 & 5 Burne’s Bokhara (3. vols) …
  • … 1840] 30 th . Arnolds life 3 vols [A. P. Stanley 1844] Jan 5 th . L d . Mahon …

Divergence

Summary

In a later account of how he had come to the evolutionary ideas published in Origin, Darwin wrote: 'Of all the minor points, the last which I appreciated was the importance & cause of the principle of Divergence' (to Ernst Haeckel, [after 10]…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … beginning to think along these broad lines as early as 1844 , and was certainly investigating …

Joseph Dalton Hooker

Summary

The 1400 letters exchanged between Darwin and Joseph Dalton Hooker (1817-1911) account for around 10% of Darwin’s surviving correspondence and provide a structure within which all the other letters can be explored.  They are a connecting thread that spans…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter of all , Darwin wrote to Hooker in January 1844 of his growing conviction that species “are …
  • … a theory: Darwin to J. D. Hooker, [11 January 1844] : Darwin cautiously reveals to Hooker, …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 729 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., [11 Jan 1844] Darwin begins with an assessment …
  • … Letter 736 — Darwin, C. R. to Hooker, J. D., 23 Feb [1844] Darwin begins with a charming …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. In his letter of 11 January 1844 , Darwin revealed to Hooker that …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … outlines of his ‘species theory’ (1842 Pencil sketch and 1844 Essay). In the course of …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … from the day of his birth, 27 December 1839, until September 1844. Parallels in the development of …
  • … during this period but in far less detail. By September 1844, Henrietta Emma was one year old, and …
  • … possible unlike any other child I ever saw[55] Sep. 1844. Annie 3 years & ½ was looking …
  • … Etruria pottery works. Emma Darwin visited there on 31 May 1844. [58] Betley Hall, home of …

Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … order to supplement views already expressed in his essay of 1844 ( Foundations ; Correspondence …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … during the autumn of 1843, and  Planariae, described in 1844. Another important specimen was the …
  • … W. J. Hooker and G. A. W. Arnott 1836, 1841; J. D. Hooker 1844–7, 1845, 1846, 1853–5, and 1860). In …
  • … true that, until he took J. D. Hooker into his confidence in 1844, Darwin does not appear to have …
  • … for Kemp, based on Kemp’s letters, and published in 1844 almost entirely as Darwin wrote it (see …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … to 1836.  By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1844.  [F272.] —What is the …
  • … Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette , 14 September 1844, pp. 628-9.  [ Shorter publications , pp.  …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh  2 (1844-50): 17-18.  [ Shorter publications , pp.  …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … influential essay on classification (Milne-Edwards 1844). Like von Baer, Milne-Edwards recognised …
  • … paper on classification by Gaspard Auguste Brullé (Brullé 1844). In this work, Brullé argued that …
  • … of embryological development, as outlined in his essay of 1844 ( Foundations , pp. 57–255), …
  • … p. 45). See also the fuller discussion of this topic in the 1844 essay ( Foundations , p. 229).   …
  • … and body of a mammal.   ^5^ In his species essay of 1844, for example, CD stated: ‘The cause …
  • … CD had arrived at such a view of cirripede systematics by 1844, judging by statements in the essay …

Hunt for new letters: last chance!

Summary

Think you know of a letter to or from Darwin that we haven’t found? Let us know! Although we already know of more than 15,000 letters that Darwin exchanged with nearly 2000 correspondents around the world, letters continue to come to light in both…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Think you know of a letter to or from Darwin that we haven’t found? Let us know! Although …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … parts of England and Wales and collecting plants. In 1844 he became friends with the entomologist …

'confessing a murder'

Summary

Darwin writes to Joseph Hooker with his ideas on species change; it is, he says, 'like confessing a murder'. Darwin and Hooker had only recently begun to correspond but the two men became close friends and Hooker remained Darwin's main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin writes to Joseph Hooker with his ideas on species change; it is, he says, 'like confessing …

Fritz Müller

Summary

Fritz Müller, a German who spent most of his life in political exile in Brazil, described Darwin as his second father, and Darwin's son, Francis, wrote that, although they never met 'the correspondence with Müller, which continued to the close of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the supervision of Johannes Müller, he received his PhD in 1844. Müller returned to Erfurt and began …

The geology of the Beagle voyage

Summary

The primary concern that linked much of Darwin’s geological work in the Beagle years was to understand the changing relation between the levels of land and sea.  In this he followed the example of the Scottish geologist Charles Lyell, whose three-volume…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … volcanic islands visited during the voyage of HMS  Beagle (1844), and Geological observations on  …

Interview with Pietro Corsi

Summary

Pietro Corsi is Professor of the History of Science at the University of Oxford. His book Evolution Before Darwin is due to be published in 2010 by Oxford University Press. Date of interview: 17 July 2009 Transcription 1: Introduction …

Matches: 1 hits

  • … worked on about six dictionaries published between 1802 and 1844. In each of these dictionaries …
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