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To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter   8 December [1842–81]

Summary

Orders large pot of spermaceti ointment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  8 Dec 1842 or 8 Dec 1843 or 8 Dec 1844 or 8 Dec 1845 or 8 Dec 1846 or 8 Dec 1847 or 8 Dec 1848 or 8 Dec 1849 or 8 Dec 1850 or 8 Dec 1851 or 8 Dec 1852 or 8 Dec 1853 or 8 Dec 1854 or 8 Dec 1855 or 8 Dec 1856 or 8 Dec 1857 or 8 Dec 1858 or 8 Dec 1859 or 8 Dec 1860 or 8 Dec 1861 or 8 Dec 1862 or 8 Dec 1863 or 8 Dec 1864 or 8 Dec 1865 or 8 Dec 1866 or 8 Dec 1867 or 8 Dec 1868 or 8 Dec 1869 or 8 Dec 1870 or 8 Dec 1871 or 8 Dec 1872 or 8 Dec 1873 or 8 Dec 1874 or 8 Dec 1875 or 8 Dec 1876 or 8 Dec 1877 or 8 Dec 1878 or 8 Dec 1879 or 8 Dec 1880 or 8 Dec 1881
Classmark:  University of Otago, Special Collections (MS 49)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11271F

To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter   [1842–82]

Summary

Orders pot of soft spermaceti ointment.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  [1842–82]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (536)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11313

To W. W. Baxter or William Baxter  10 [October 1842 – March 1882]

Summary

Orders distilled water, 2 oz of camphorated spirits, and perfume.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  10 [1842 or later]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13776

From Hugh Falconer    [1842–3]

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Summary

Has seen lately a true ruminant with the two central metacarpals distinct. It was the foot of an Anoplotherium in a recent ruminant.

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1842–3]
Classmark:  DAR 205.5 (Letters)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13805

To Charles Edward and Mary Kingford Mudie   10 December [1842–5 or 1855–68]

Summary

Declines invitation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Edward Mudie; Mary Kingsford Mudie
Date:  10 Dec 1842 or 10 Dec 1843 or 10 Dec 1844 or 10 Dec 1845 or 10 Dec 1855 or 10 Dec 1856 or 10 Dec 1857 or 10 Dec 1858 or 10 Dec 1859 or 10 Dec 1860 or 10 Dec 1861 or 10 Dec 1862 or 10 Dec 1863 or 10 Dec 1864 or 10 Dec 1865 or 10 Dec 1866 or 10 Dec 1867 or 10 Dec 1868
Classmark:  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Rare Book and Manuscript Library (Charles E. Mudie Collection, 1816–1897: Correspondence, B29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13828

To ?   [1842–82]

Summary

Will be glad to see recipient and Mr Morris at Down the following day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1842–82]
Classmark:  eBay (April 2001)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13867G

To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter   24 October [1842–5 or 1853 or 1855–68?]

Summary

Sends enclosed order for two bottles [of unspecified chemical].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  24 Oct 1842 or 24 Oct 1843 or 24 Oct 1844 or 24 Oct 1845 or 24 Oct 1853 or 24 Oct 1855 or 24 Oct 1856 or 24 Oct 1857 or 24 Oct 1858 or 24 Oct 1859 or 24 Oct 1860 or 24 Oct 1861 or 24 Oct 1862 or 24 Oct 1863 or 24 Oct 1864 or 24 Oct 1865 or 24 Oct 1866 or 24 Oct 1867 or 24 Oct 1868
Classmark:  University of California Berkeley, Bancroft Library (BANC MSS 74/78 z)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1768

To John Price    29 November [1842–55]

Summary

Not able to assist JP as he knows no schoolmaster in the area.

Cannot answer zoological question but thinks the two Serpulae are distinct.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Price
Date:  29 Nov 1842 or 29 Nov 1843 or 29 Nov 1844 or 29 Nov 1845 or 29 Nov 1846 or 29 Nov 1847 or 29 Nov 1848 or 29 Nov 1849 or 29 Nov 1850 or 29 Nov 1851 or 29 Nov 1852 or 29 Nov 1853 or 29 Nov 1854 or 29 Nov 1855
Classmark:  University of California Berkeley, Bancroft Library (BANC MSS 74/78 z)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1786

To Charles Lyell  [September–December 1842]

Summary

Discusses relationship of subsidence to the formation of coral reefs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [Sept–Dec 1842]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-605

From Alexander Bridport Becher   1 September 1842

Summary

Francis Beaufort has instructed ABB to order three copies of Coral Reefs.

Author:  Alexander Bridport Becher
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Sept 1842
Classmark:  United Kingdom Hydrographic Office Archive (Letter Book no .10 (1841–2), p. 510)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-605F

To William Yarrell  [5 or 12 September 1842]

Summary

CD is too dull and languid to see Mr Bicheno but will be glad to answer his questions if he writes.

Asks WY to ask J. Sebright "whether the cross with white bantam brought back any of the ""secondary male characters"" to the hen–cock breed".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Yarrell
Date:  5 Sept 1842 or 12 Sept 1842
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library (MS Papers 1256: 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-613

To Charles Stokes    [January–March 1842]

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Summary

Returns snuff box.

Sends a microscope for repair.

Makes appointment to discuss some corals that he is sending.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Stokes
Date:  [Jan–Mar 1842]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-613A

To Leonard Jenyns   [13? January 1842]

Summary

CD is pleased with LJ’s introduction [to Fish]. He rejoices that he persuaded LJ to undertake this work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  [13? Jan 1842]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (B/D25.348)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-614

To J. S. Henslow   [26 January 1842]

Summary

CD relates that Robert Brown is anxious to have [C. M.] Leman[n] elected librarian of the Linnean Society and urges JSH to come to vote for him. CD joins in the request.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  [26 Jan 1842]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-615

To the Geological Society of London  31 January [1842]

Summary

Hopes to meet with museum committee after 11 o’clock next day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Geological Society of London
Date:  31 Jan [1842]
Classmark:  Geological Society of London (GSL/L/R/7/25)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-616

To J. F. Royle   [2 February 1842]

Summary

Asks JFR to support E. A. Darwin’s election to the Athenaeum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Forbes Royle
Date:  [2 Feb 1842]
Classmark:  University of Rochester Library, Department of Rare Books and Special Collections
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-617

To Francis Boott   [3 February 1842]

Summary

"My Dear Sir, I have called on you, to solicit your vote & interest at the Athenaeum Club […] in favour of my brother, Erasmus Darwin".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Boott
Date:  [3 Feb 1842]
Classmark:  Sherman Bull (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-617F

To Richard Owen   [4 February 1842]

Summary

Informs Owen of the fossil finds of F. J. Muñiz in south America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  [4 Feb 1842]
Classmark:  Enns Entomology Museum, University of Missouri
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-617G

To Henry Thomas De la Beche   7 February 1842

Summary

Asks De la Beche about variation among domesticated animals in Jamaica.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Thomas De la Beche
Date:  7 Feb 1842
Classmark:  National Museum of Wales, Department of Geology (De la Beche)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-618

To Hugh Edwin Strickland   17 February [1842]

Summary

CD approves of HES’s "laws" [of nomenclature]. Regrets that [J. E.?] Gray does not approve of the scheme. CD has sent the paper to William Ogilby and suggests that HES send it to G. R. Waterhouse, of whom he has a high opinion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Edwin Strickland
Date:  17 Feb [1842]
Classmark:  University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-619
Document type
letter (56)
Date
1842
01 (8)
02 (7)
03 (4)
04 (1)
05 (6)
06 (1)
07 (4)
08 (4)
09 (8)
10 (6)
11 (4)
12 (3)
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Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 16 miles off.— To E. C. Darwin,  [24 July 1842] Charles and Emma Darwin, with …
  • … of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of …
  • … To his sister, Catherine Darwin,  [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and writing from home. Although when he moved to Downe in 1842 he described this part of Kent as …
  • … death of a baby daughter only a few weeks after her birth in 1842 had a far more limited impact on …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ever geological field trip, a return visit to North Wales in 1842, Darwin wrote that the signs of …
  • … [12? March 1841] To William Fitton, [c. 28 June 1842] To Charles Lyell, [5 and …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 30 hits

  • … Illustrations of the Domestic animals of Gt. Britain [D. Low 1842].— 23  must be read carefully. …
  • … Erasmus—— Lavater. Life & Correspondence [?Heisch 1842] Coleridge. Literary …
  • … Cicero [Middleton 1741] W. Meister’s Life [Goethe 1842].— Malcolm’s History of Persia …
  • … [DAR *119: 15] Zanoni by Bulwer [Bulwer-Lytton 1842]. Life of D. of Marlborough [A. …
  • … organs read A. Alison on Population. 2 vols. Feb. 1842 [A. Alison 1840].— Youatt in …
  • … 1836]: worth looking at. Low has probably told all [D. Low 1842] Madras Journal [ Madras …
  • … Soc. appears to be good Papers on Sewalik Fossils in 1842 [Cautley 1840 and Cautley and Falconer …
  • … Read “Bronn’s Geschicte der Natur.” [Bronn 1842–3] Kingdons translat …
  • … Jussieus introduct to Bot. price 6 s  [Jussieu 1842] [DAR *119: 20v.] …
  • … Cerealia [Loiseleur Deslongchamps 1842–3] Phytologist [ …
  • … (List from Muller & Bronn [Müller 1837–42 and Bronn 1842–3] in this Book) 52 Royle …
  • … . Smollets William & Mary. & Anne [Smollett 1805].— 1842 Jan 10 M rs …
  • … —— 17 th  Laing notes of a Traveller 1 vol [Laing 1842] —— Finished Wordsworth 6 vols. …
  • … such  instincts .— [DAR 119: 12b] 1842 March. 26 th  Holcroft’s Memoirs …
  • … [Hyde 1704] Feb. Vol. of Madame D’Arblay [Burney 1842–6] Mar 1. Lieut. Eyres Narrative …
  • … nothing —— Doubleday on Population [Doubleday 1842] —— Ramond’s voyage in Pyrenees …
  • … 1774] —— F. Bremer’s little novels [Bremer 1842, 1843b, 1844a, 1844c] March 7 th  M …
  • … 1839] 14 th  Arnolds lectures on History [Arnold 1842] —— History of Civilization by …
  • … very poor Oct 1 Owen on Mylodon Robustus [R. Owen 1842]. References at end. 7 th . …
  • … June 8 th  Wilson Voyage Round Scotland [J. Wilson 1842] (poor) M. Gerard sur l’Espece …
  • … [Chambers 1845] —— Bronn’s Gesickte [Bronn 1842–3] 2 d . Vol [DAR 119: 16b] …
  • … [M. G. Lewis 1834] Nov 7. Life of Lavater [?Heisch 1842] —— 25. M rs . Meredith. N.S …
  • … April VI & VII. vol. of Madame d’Arblay [Burney 1842–6]. —— 15 th . Phillip’s life of W …
  • … —— Jussieu. Cours Elementaire Botanique [Jussieu 1842] —— Transactions of Amer. Philosoph Soc …
  • … des Naturalistes de Moscou ]. Vols for 1833, 1837, 1838, 1842, 43, 44—not all these latter vols: …
  • … 17 th  Thompson’s Birds of Ireland [W. Thompson 1842] Part I. Sept. 17. Sir J. Ross. Voyage …
  • … Nov. 15 th  Wilson Voyage. Scotland [J. Wilson 1842] —— Southey. Book of the Church [R. W. …
  • … Keppell. 1853 [Keppel 1853] Dickens America [Dickens 1842] Thackerays Lectures on …
  • … et exp. pages 248. 8 vo [Loiseleur Deslongchamps 1842–3] Linn. Soc.? must be read.— not in Royal. …
  • … of Indies [Acosta 1604].— Report, Brit. Assoc.  1842 . Richardson N.Z. Fish [J. Richardson …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … their first child, William Erasmus, was born. In September 1842, the family, now increased by a …
  • … and explore new avenues of thought, and by the summer of 1842 he felt that his research had …
  • … of species  was published, but the general outline of 1842 is, to a surprising degree, present in …
  • … far from their original locations. The following year, 1842, having heard of evidence of glaciation …
  • … research required. The trip to North Wales in June 1842 was his last field trip: thereafter his …
  • … stays at Shrewsbury and Maer during the summers of 1841 and 1842 show that he was making botanical …
  • … obvious relevance to the theory of descent (Pencil sketch of 1842, in  Foundations , p. 74). …

Darwin’s Photographic Portraits

Summary

Darwin was a photography enthusiast. This is evident not only in his use of photography for the study of Expression and Emotions in Man and Animal, but can be witnessed in his many photographic portraits and in the extensive portrait correspondence that…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … looking to sell Darwin’s image to the masses. Between 1842 and his death in 1882, Darwin was …
  • … William. Image: Charles Darwin and William Darwin, 1842, Artist Unknown, Dar 225:129, …

Darwin & coral reefs

Summary

No statement of the theory that could be described as ‘thought out’ has been found in the extensive notes on geological observations that survive from the time Darwin spent on the west coast of South America. There are, however, several references in the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … theory,  The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs  (1842) was based on intensive reading and …
  • … his book on coral reefs: letter to Leonard Jenyns [9 May 1842] .   Suggestions …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 14 hits

  • … his mouth to do so.—[35] 25v.  Feb. 20 th . 1842. Anny (, same age) has learned to shake …
  • … 28v. [39] Anny was to day March 1 st  1842 rather amused, at a wafer sticking first to one hand …
  • … case of my watch.— 29v.  March 1 st  1842— Anny says Papa pretty clearly—[40] A few days …
  • … pretty & Papa for a week past perfectly clear Feb 1842 I have long observed that the …
  • … for their feelings— 31 [42] In Jan ry . 1842 it was first perceived that Willy began to …
  • … “bub my crumps” & 31v.  March 29 th . 1842.— I have some months remarked how much …
  • … gabble nonsense words,— 33  March 20: th .— 1842 Doddy is a great adept at throwing …
  • … the eyes & is a full face.— 36  March 26 th  1842 2 years & 3 mth— Doddy was …
  • … not the “beast in house”.— 37v. [50] May 1. 1842. 14 months old It is curious to see how …
  • … down the corners of his mouth[51] June 1 st . 1842 Observed the first day I put on a new …
  • … stuck to it, “no Doddy did not”. Aug 26 th .. 1842 About a fortnight ago, I met Willy …
  • … at Upper Gower Street between 12 February and 16 March 1842. [43] Stammering ran in the …
  • … [51] Emma Darwin and the children went to Maer on 3 May 1842; CD joined them on 18 May (Emma Darwin …
  • … of bees in pollination, made in the summers between 1840 and 1842, are in DAR 46.2 and DAR 205.5: 53 …

Species theory outlined

Summary

Darwin writes a 32-page outline of his ideas on species change, known as 'the pencil sketch' 

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin writes a 32-page outline of his ideas on species change, known as 'the pencil sketch'  …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of the Geological Society of London  2nd ser. 6 (1842): 415-31.  [ Shorter publications , pp. 147 …
  • … to 1836 . By Charles Darwin. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1842.  [F271.] —Notes on the …
  • … by floating ice.  Philosophical Magazine  21 (1842): 180-8.   [ Shorter publications , pp.  140 …

Fake Darwin: myths and misconceptions

Summary

Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, with full debunking below...

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many myths have persisted about Darwin's life and work. Here are a few of the more pervasive ones, …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … had also completed two outlines of his ‘species theory’ (1842 Pencil sketch and 1844 Essay). …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … should be denied him. After prolonged illnesses in 1841 and 1842, years poorly represented in the  …

Hensleigh Wedgwood

Summary

Hensleigh Wedgwood, Emma Darwin’s brother and Charles’s cousin, was a philologist, barrister and original member of the Philological Society, which had been created in 1842. In 1857, while Wedgwood was preparing a dictionary of English etymology, he wrote…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … of the Philological Society, which had been created in 1842. In 1857, while Wedgwood was preparing a …

Second species sketch

Summary

Darwin finishes an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Matches: 1 hits

  • … an expanded sketch of his species theory, first drafted in 1842

Family life

Summary

From the long letters exchanged with his sisters during the Beagle voyage, through correspondence about his marriage to his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, the births—and deaths—of their children, to the  contributions of his sons and daughters  to his scientific…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … settled at Down House in Kent, where he and Emma moved in 1842, he worked constantly surrounded by …

Begins 'Natural Selection'

Summary

Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but later formed the basis for On the Origin of Species

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but …

Moves to Down, Kent

Summary

The Darwins move to Down House, in the village of Down (later 'Downe'), Kent.  Darwin, who spent the rest of his life there, described it as a "good, very ugly house".

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins move to Down House, in the village of Down (later 'Downe'), Kent.  Darwin, who spent …

Alexander Burns Usborne

Summary

Alexander Burns Usborne was born in Kendal, Westmorland, in 1808, the son of Alexander and Margaret Usborne; his father died in 1818 and in his will was described as the purser on HMS Hannibal. His son joined the navy in 1825 aged 16 as a second-class…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … with his mother and his older sister Ann Amelia. In 1842 he returned to surveying around the British …

Mary Darwin

Summary

The Darwins' second daughter and third child, Mary Darwin, is born; she dies on 16 October

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' second daughter and third child, Mary Darwin, is born; she dies on 16 October …
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