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List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … child of God" (1) Abberley, John (1) …
  • … Adams, A. L. (1) Addison, John (1) …
  • … Allen, J. A. (b) (1) Allen, John (1) …
  • … Balfour, J. H. (7) Ball, John (5) …
  • … Becher, A. B. (1) Beck, John (2) …
  • … Beckhard, Martin (1) Beddoe, John (3) …
  • … C. H. (8) Blackwall, John (4) …
  • … J. A. H. de (11) Bostock, John (1) …
  • … Bridgman, W. K. (3) Brigg, John (1) …
  • … Busch, Otto (1) Bush, John (3) Busk, …
  • … Caton, J. D. (9) Cattell, John (3) …
  • … the Exchequer (1) Chapman, John (4) …
  • … Coe, Henry (6) Coghlan, John (2) …

Darwin in letters, 1874: A turbulent year

Summary

The year 1874 was one of consolidation, reflection, and turmoil for Darwin. He spent the early months working on second editions of Coral reefs and Descent of man; the rest of the year was mostly devoted to further research on insectivorous plants. A…

Matches: 19 hits

  • … Quarterly Review  discussing works on primitive man by John Lubbock and Edward Burnett Tylor. It …
  • … of anonymous reviews. Its proprietor was none other than John Murray, Darwin’s publisher. So …
  • … to review me in a hostile spirit’ ( letter to John Murray, 11 August 1874 ). Darwin was …
  • … number of the Review & in the same type’  ( letter from John Murray, 12 August 1874 ). George …
  • … anonymous reviews. While staying with Hooker over Christmas, John Tyndall, professor at and …
  • … as ‘the natural outflow of his character’ ( letter from John Tyndall, 28 December 1874 ). …
  • … to purchase the wooded land, which he had been renting from John Lubbock, led to a straining of …
  • … the sale was agreed in April for £300 ( letter from John Lubbock, 2 April 1874 ), a high price …
  • … for about a week ( letter from E. E. Klein, 14 May 1874 ). John Burdon Sanderson sent the results …
  • … of other insect-eating plants. The surgeon and botanist John Ralfs sent  Utricularia  from …
  • … in order to work on its difficult structures ( letter to John Ralfs, 13 July [1874] ). The …
  • … a printed appeal for funds, raising £860 ( Circular to John Lubbock, P. L. Sclater, Charles Lyell, …
  • … from E. A. Darwin, 17 [March 1874] ). He tried to persuade John Murray to publish a second edition …
  • … authority on marriage customs in  Descent  ( see letter John Murray, 9 May [1874] ). He …
  • … for Darwin’s last years. The young physiologist George John Romanes wrote a long letter to Herbert …
  • … head that M r  Spencer’s terms of equilibration &c always bother me & make everything less …
  • … established by Michael Foster. He then studied under John Scott Burdon Sanderson at University …
  • … August in Belfast, several papers featured Darwin’s work. John Tyndall asked Darwin to glance over …
  • … seems to me excellent, & as clear as light’ ( letter to John Tyndall, 12 August [1874] ). …

Instinct and the Evolution of Mind

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful example of the force of instinct. He used the case of the ant Formica sanguinea in the On the Origin of Species to show how instinct operates—how…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species . 1859. London: John Murray. (See: Chapter 7 “Instinct” …
  • … Evolution of Mind Letter 2226 —Frederick Smith to Darwin, 26 Feb 1858 In …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 15 hits

  • … A Volume on the Dog with illustrations of about 100 varieties [?C. H. Smith 1839–40] 24 …
  • … [Lindley 1840]— Chapter on Races improvement of &c &c important I should think …
  • … to be Poor Sir. J. Edwards Botanical Tour [?J. E. Smith 1793] Fabricius (very old) has …
  • … of Soul. amongst Ancients [Toland 1704] Adam Smith Moral Sentiments [A. Smith 1759] …
  • … on Aurochs [Weissenborn 1838] Smiths grammar [J. E. Smith 1821] & introduct of Botany [J. …
  • … The Emigrant, Head [F. B. Head 1846] St. John’s Highlands [C. W. G. Saint John 1846] …
  • … ed. 1834] read Vol. (2 d ) on Dogs [C. H. Smith 1839–40] /on Ruminants [Jardine ed. 1835–6] …
  • … B.M. 6. 6. Black Edin. Longman [Ramsay 1848] St. John’s Nat. Hist. of Sutherlanshire, Murray …
  • … Hist. of own time [Burnet 1724–34] Sidney Smith Lectures 49  [Plymley 1808] Sleemans …
  • … Liebigs Lectures on Chemistry [Liebig 1851]. Sir John Davies. China during the War and Peace …
  • … [Murchison 1839].— References at end— —— Smith off Jordan Hill. Pamphlet [J. Smith 1838]. …
  • … d . Series. vol 3. p. 1 to 312 30 th  Colquhoun (John) The Moor & the Loch [Colquhoun …
  • … Buffon [Milne-Edwards 1834–40]. March 5 th  St. John’s Highlands [Saint John 1846] 8 …
  • … Tone Autobiography [Tone 1826] very amusing March 10 John Galt Autobiography [Galt 1833] poor …
  • … 1848] Madam Malguet [Torrens] 1848] —— Lives of John & Alex. Belthune [?Bethune 1840 and …

Darwin in letters, 1869: Forward on all fronts

Summary

At the start of 1869, Darwin was hard at work making changes and additions for a fifth edition of  Origin. He may have resented the interruption to his work on sexual selection and human evolution, but he spent forty-six days on the task. Much of the…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and amphibians, while Roland Trimen in South Africa and John Jenner Weir in London sent more …
  • … and broadening the forums in which Darwinism was discussed. John Murray brought out the first issue …
  • … that to me would have been a pleasing sight’ ( letter to John Murray, [after 18 September 1869] ). …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. These were systematic monographs, written for a specialist audience, and as such are probably among the most…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … what he called ‘ this difficult order ’. He wrote to John Edward Gray to request permission to …
  • … rather reflective letter to his former professor and friend, John Stevens Henslow, musing about the …
  • … Copenhagen University and to ask whether Johannes Japetus Smith Streenstrup, professor of zoology …
  • … him to be wary of multiplying species; his botany professor John Stevens Henslow had alerted his …
  • … did not satisfy Darwin, who hired his old school friend John Price to correct the work . By the …

Bibliography of Darwin’s geological publications

Summary

This list includes papers read by Darwin to the Geological Society of London, his books on the geology of the Beagle voyage, and other publications on geological topics.  Author-date citations refer to entries in the Darwin Correspondence Project’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … appropriate, references are given to reprints available in John van Wyhe ed.,  Charles Darwin’s …
  • … Navy: and adapted for travellers in general , edited by John F. W. Herschel. London: John Murray. …

The "wicked book": Origin at 157

Summary

Origin is 157 years old.  (Probably) the most famous book in science was published on 24 November 1859.  To celebrate we have uploaded hundreds of new images of letters, bringing the total number you can look at here to over 9000 representing more than…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from South Africa, and  the Scottish gardener John Scott conducted experiments in Edinburgh and …
  • … of fish , but also about the origins of language .  John Brodie Innes , vicar of the Darwins’ …
  • … Carus William Kemp Alfred Newton Frederick Smith A. G. Butler John

Darwin’s student booklist

Summary

In October 1825 Charles Darwin and his older brother, Erasmus, went to study medicine in Edinburgh, where their father, Robert Waring Darwin, had trained as a doctor in the 1780’s. Erasmus had already graduated from Cambridge and was continuing his studies…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … of the books are suitable reading for a medical student: John Abernethy was a London surgeon whose …
  • … (1750–2). A periodical by Samuel Johnson. 20 Smith 1826. 21 Clarke 1810–23. …
  • … Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1819b.  Part of the introductory …
  • … Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1822.  Physiological lectures, …
  • … Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. Abernethy, John. 1823.  Introductory lectures, …
  • … Strahan and T. Cadell; Edinburgh: W. Creech. Bostock, John. 1824–7.  An elementary system of …
  • … of Natural History  33: 202–13. Franklin, John. 1823.  Narrative of a journey to the shores …
  • … and remains of Henry Kirke White of Nottingham: late of St. John’s College, Cambridge . London: J. …

Darwin in letters, 1837–1843: The London years to 'natural selection'

Summary

The seven-year period following Darwin's return to England from the Beagle voyage was one of extraordinary activity and productivity in which he became recognised as a naturalist of outstanding ability, as an author and editor, and as a professional…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … apparently as a result of thinking about the significance of John Gould’s and Richard Owen’s …
  • … Owen;  Mammalia , by G. R. Waterhouse;  Birds , by John Gould;  Fish , by Leonard Jenyns; and  …
  • … and living members of the sub-class Cirripedia (see S. Smith 1968). The Beagle specimens …
  • … entrusted to Thomas Bell, subsequently purchased by John Obadiah Westwood, first Hope Professor of …
  • … all crosses between all domestic birds & animals dogs, cats &c &c very valuable—' …

Suggested reading

Summary

There is an extensive secondary literature on Darwin's life and work. Here are some suggested titles that focus Darwin’s correspondence, as well as scientific correspondence and letter-writing more generally. Collections of Darwin’s letters …

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin, including an autobiographical chapter . London: John Murray. Sources on …
  • … by David Barton and Nigel Hall. Amsterdam; Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Pp. 15–29. Chartier, …
  • … practice , edited by D. Barton and N. Hall. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Pp. 83–108. Hornbeak, …

Darwin in letters, 1844–1846: Building a scientific network

Summary

The scientific results of the Beagle voyage still dominated Darwin's working life, but he broadened his continuing investigations into the nature and origin of species. Far from being a recluse, Darwin was at the heart of British scientific society,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … correspondence with Charles Lyell, George Robert Waterhouse, John Stevens Henslow, Leonard Horner, …
  • … transferred from Henry Colburn, the original publisher, to John Murray, and throughout 1845 Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1876: In the midst of life

Summary

1876 was the year in which the Darwins became grandparents for the first time.  And tragically lost their daughter-in-law, Amy, who died just days after her son's birth.  All the letters from 1876 are now published in volume 24 of The Correspondence…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … had been founded in March 1876 by the London physiologist John Scott Burdon Sanderson to discuss how …
  • … Darwin rejoiced to hear that the Cambridge astronomer John Couch Adams not only approved of George’s …
  • … at the pre-publication sale dinner held by his publisher, John Murray ( letter to John Murray, 15 …
  • … ). In England, the clergyman botanist George Henslow, son of John Stevens Henslow, Darwin’s …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … for other peoples or vice versa. The Scottish botanist John Scott wrote from Calcutta, 4 May 1868 …
  • … funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and the John Templeton Foundation. …
  • … to East Asia Scott, John 4 May 1868 …
  • … India   Scott, John 2 July 1869 …

Books on the Beagle

Summary

‘Considering the limited disposable space in so very small a ship, we contrived to carry more instruments and books than one would readily suppose could be stowed away in dry and secure places’. So wrote Captain FitzRoy in the Narrative (2: 18). CD, in his…

Matches: 22 hits

  • … books were kept in the poop cabin where CD worked and slept. John Lort Stokes and Philip Gidley King …
  • … Antoine de.  A voyage round the world.  Translated by John Reinhold Forster. London, 1772. ( …
  • … Travels through Norway and Lapland . . .Translated . . . by John Black. With Notes . . . by Robert …
  • … etc. London, 1743. (DAR 36.1: 447). Burchell, William John.  Travels in the interior of …
  • … 1826. (DAR 31.2: 333; Stoddart 1962, p.4). Byron, John.  The narrative of the Honourable …
  • … Voyages  (editions unidentified; see also Hawkesworth, John). (DAR 32.2: 89v.; Robert FitzRoy’s …
  • … 8e, 10;  ‘Beagle’ diary , p. 407). Daniell, John Frederic.  Meteorological essays and …
  • … and western coasts of Australia. Fleming, John.  The philosophy of zoology . . .  2 vols. …
  • … atlas.  London, 1814. (DAR 30.1: 30v.). Forster, John Reinhold.  Observations made during a …
  • … vols. Edinburgh, 1824. (DAR 37.1: 662). Hawkesworth, John.  An account of the voyages …
  • … 36.1: 469v.). Darwin Library–Down. ‡ Henslow, John Stevens. Geological description of …
  • … essay on the kingdom of New Spain.  Translated by John Black. 2 vols. New York, 1811. (Inscription, …
  • … de.  A voyage to South America . . .  Translated by John Adams. 2 vols. 4th ed. London, 1806. …
  • … (see Jones, T.)). Darwin Library–CUL †. * Mawe, John.  Travels in the gold and diamond …
  • …  3 vols. London, 1820. (DAR 32.1: 51v.). Michell, John. Conjectures concerning the cause . . …
  • … notebook,  p. 80). Darwin Library–CUL †. Miers, John.  Travels in Chile and La Plata . . . …
  • … 28 August 1834). Darwin Library–CUL †. Milton, John.  Paradise lost.  ( ’Beagle’ diary , …
  • … 1831’). Darwin Library–CUL †. § Narborough, John.  An account of several late voyages.  2 …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL, 4th ed., 1837. ‡ Playfair, John.  Illustrations of the Huttonian theory …
  • … 1821. (DAR 30.1: 30). Darwin Library–CUL. Thompson, John Vaughan.  Zoological researches and …
  • … world in the years 1766, 1767, and 1768 , in Hawkesworth, John  An account of the voyages . . . …
  • … , p. 20e). Hall, Basil. See below, Playfair, John. Humboldt, Alexander von.  Tableaux …

ESHS 2018: 19th century scientific correspondence networks

Summary

Sunday 16 September, 16:00-18.00, Institute of Education, Room 802   Session chair: Paul White (Darwin Correspondence Project); Discussion chair: Francis Neary (Darwin Correspondence Project) This session marks the formal launch of Ɛpsilon …

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of examples from the Royal Society archives, examples of John Herschel’s and William Buckland’s …
  • … of Pennsylvania where he was a student of Benjamin Smith Barton who encouraged his interest in …
  • … This is also how Darlington made contact with the likes of John Torrey, Asa Gray, and George …
  • … American botanists, compiling a book of the letters of John Bartram, a leading colonial botanist, as …
  • … C. Flannery is Professor of Biology, retired, from St. John's University in New York.  …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 0 hits

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … naturalists.    Prior to the publication in 1830 of John Vaughan Thompson’s account of the …
  • … of disarray in the taxonomy of the group. Late in 1847, John Edward Gray, keeper of the zoological …
  • … emphasis upon analogy and affinity in arranging groups (S. Smith 1965; Ospovat 1981, p. 108). Darwin …
  • … such questions as yours,—whether number of species &c &c should enter as an element in …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children,[1] began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and Animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … she added an s to the end of every word “Ettis & Bettis &c afterwards all the ws were turned …
  • … (Wedgwood and Wedgwood 1980, facing p. 34). [32] John Allen Wedgwood, vicar of Maer. …