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Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and edited by “a lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) …
  • … of indelicate content. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] …
  • … interest of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] …
  • … Variation Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] …

Darwin in letters,1870: Human evolution

Summary

The year 1870 is aptly summarised by the brief entry Darwin made in his journal: ‘The whole of the year at work on the Descent of Man & Selection in relation to Sex’.  Descent was the culmination of over three decades of observations and reflections on…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … 1870, Darwin made a note on the shape of human ears: ‘W. has seen the tips in women & men. When …
  • … belief that all demons and spirits were white ( letter from W. W. Reade, 9 November 1870 ). …
  • … to criticise them? No one but yourself’ ( letter from H. W. Bates, 20 May 1870 ). Darwin very …
  • … to say that I  never  write reviews’ ( letter to H. W. Bates, [22 May 1870] ). St George …
  • … wasted if I once began to answer objectors’ ( letter to W. H. Flower, 25 March [1870] ). In his …
  • … go on to the last of my uncomfortable days’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, 18 February [1870] ). But he …
  • … attending college lectures for the time being ( letter to [E.W. Blore], [October 1870 or later] ). …
  • … evidence believe in bad motives in others’  ( letter to W. D. Fox, 15 November [1870] ). Fox …
  • … kill the Lady, if he had an opportunity’  ( letter from W. D. Fox, 18 [November 1870] ). …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … not read the pamphlet herself. Letter 8335 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [16 May 1872] …
  • … the interest of women. Letter 8341 - Reade, W. W. to Darwin, [20 May 1872] …

List of correspondents

Summary

Below is a list of Darwin's correspondents with the number of letters for each one. Click on a name to see the letters Darwin exchanged with that correspondent.    "A child of God" (1) Abberley,…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … F. E. (17) Abernethy, J. W. (1) …
  • … Acland, C. L. (1) Acland, H. W. (1) …
  • … Aveling, E. B. (7) Axon, W. E. A. (2) …
  • … Bacon, Booth (1) Badger, E. W. (3) …
  • … Baillière, G.-G. (1) Baily, W. H. (1) …
  • … H. H. (1) Baranoff, W. (2) Barber, M …
  • … Joachim (1) Barrett, W. F. (1) …
  • … Frederick (2) Bates, H. W. (91) …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … Southampton, England letter to W.E. Darwin shrugging/pouting of …
  • … 32 Queen Anne St. Cavendish Square W London, England enclosed in a letter from …
  • … New University Club, St. James's Street, S.W., London, England pouting …
  • … in blind students Darwin, W.E. [7? April …
  • … blushing Darwin, W.E. [22? April 1868] …
  • … 13 June 1870 Portman Square, London W., England (about Auracania, Peru) …
  • … (about Puget’s Sound, Oregon,USA) N. W. Indians …
  • … 32 Queen Anne St. Cavendish Square W, London, England Enclosed letter from Dr. …
  • … 1 Harewood Place, Hanover Square W., London, England astonishment …
  • …   Reade, Winwood W. 17 Jan 1869 …
  • … nodding Reade, Winwood W. 28 June [1869] …
  • …   Reade, Winwood W. 26 Dec 1869 …
  • …   Reade, Winwood W. [c.8 or 9 Apr 1870] …
  • …   Reade, Winwood W. 4 June 1870 …
  • … in Croboe Reade, Winwood W. 3 Sept 1870 …
  • …   Reade, Winwood W. 9 Nov 1870 …
  • … blushing Reade, Winwood W. 1 Feb 1871 …
  • …   Reade, Winwood W. 7 Sept 1872 …
  • … expression Reade, Winwood W. 5 Nov 1872 …
  • … Square, London, England women and W. Africans …
  • … 11 Saint Mary Abbot's Terrace, Kensington. W., London, England enclosed …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … such new correspondent was the travel-writer William Winwood Reade who had first contacted Darwin …
  • … may have to capitulate ’. ‘ If I had offended you, it w d . have grieved me more than you will …

Darwin in letters, 1875: Pulling strings

Summary

‘I am getting sick of insectivorous plants’, Darwin confessed in January 1875. He had worked on the subject intermittently since 1859, and had been steadily engaged on a book manuscript for nine months; January also saw the conclusion of a bitter dispute…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … agreed to see him at Down with Thiselton-Dyer ( letter to W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, 7 July 1875 ). It …

Darwin in letters, 1871: An emptying nest

Summary

The year 1871 was an extremely busy and productive one for Darwin, with the publication in February of his long-awaited book on human evolution, Descent of man. The other main preoccupation of the year was the preparation of his manuscript on expression.…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1871 ). The African explorer and writer William Winwood Reade thought the publication of so bold a …
  • … to be the truth, whether pleasant or not’ (letter from W. W. Reade, 21 February 1871). The geologist …
  • … Oldham … They club together to buy them’ ( letter from W. B. Dawkins, 23 February 1871 ). Thomas …
  • … to make it darker than the hair on his head ( letter from W. B. Tegetmeier, [before 25 April 1871] …
  • … year, but he was sympathetic about the venture: ‘it w d  be almost superhuman virtue to give it up …

Discussion Questions and Essay Questions

Summary

There are a wide range of possibilities for opening discussion and essay writing on Darwin’s correspondence.  We have provided a set of sample discussion questions and essay questions, each of which focuses on a particular topic or correspondent in depth.…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … their sex? [Henrietta Darwin, William Darwin, George Darwin, W. D. Fox] How was Victorian …
  • … natural world conducted? [F. J. Wedgwood, Asa Gray, J. F. W. Herschel, Charles Lyell (c. 1860--1)] …
  • … society? [In different human races (David Forbes, 1868, W. Reade, 1870-1) As a product of natural …

The "wicked book": Origin at 157

Summary

Origin is 157 years old.  (Probably) the most famous book in science was published on 24 November 1859.  To celebrate we have uploaded hundreds of new images of letters, bringing the total number you can look at here to over 9000 representing more than…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the other names to look for: Daniel Oliver W. T. Thiselton-Dyer George …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 6 hits

  • and outspoken supporter of Darwinism, William Winwood Reade, Darwin was revising his manuscript on
  • a week later ( enclosure to letter from John Lubbock to WEGladstone, 20 June 1872 ).  Darwin
  • use of the microscope led his head to `fail’ ( letter to WDFox, 29 October [1872] ) he had
  • by hearing about Panagæus!’ Darwin wrote ( letter to WDFox,  16 July [1872] ).  I
  • the continent for the sake of their health ( see letter to WDFox, 16 July [1872] and n3), …
  • never may; for she is extremely delicate’ ( letter to WDFox, 16 July [1872] ). By December, …