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To W. E. Darwin   [1861–82]


Last page of a letter with a five-line P.S. concerning pen-holders.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [1861–82]
Classmark:  Famous Notables (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13864F

To D. F. Nevill   [1861–82]


[Valediction and signature only.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Dorothy Fanny Nevill
Date:  [1861–82]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9791

To Williams & Norgate   [1861]


Requests Natural History Review for 1861 until further notice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  [1861]
Classmark:  Uppsala University Library: Manuscripts and Music (Waller Ms alb-67:134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3040F

To Thomas Henry Huxley   3 January [1861]


Congratulates THH on first number of Natural History Review.

THH’s article on brain ["On the zoological relations of man with the lower animals", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1861): 67–84] completely smashes Owen.

Owen’s Leeds address [Rep. BAAS (1858): xlix–cx].

In his historical sketch of opinion on species CD has picked out some sentences [by Owen] with which he will take some revenge. CD is not bold enough to come to an open quarrel.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  3 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 155, 372–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3041

From H. C. Watson to J. D. Hooker   4 January 1861


Comments on the travels of JDH.

Genera plantarum a most worthy undertaking.

Criticisms of the Darwin–Hooker understanding of HCW’s views of convergence.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Jan 1861
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, DC 105 (205)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3041A

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 5 January 1861]


Describes how adhesive bladders enable the achenia of Pumilio argyrolepsis to attach themselves to the soil. James Drummond sent seeds to CD with a memorandum on the achenia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 5 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 5 January 1861, pp. 4–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3042

To Richard Kippist   7 January [1861]


Orders journal volume [Mémoires présentées par divers savans à l’Académie des Sciences 4] from librarian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Kippist
Date:  7 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3044

From Jeffries Wyman   8 January [1861]



Responds to CD’s inquiries about rattlesnake.

Author:  Jeffries Wyman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 89: 18–21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3045

To William Darwin Fox   9 January [1861]


Thanks WDF for an inkstand that keeps ink from getting muddy.

Asks if WDF can verify truth of a statement that white sows carry their young for a longer or shorter time (CD forgets which) than other colours. Presumes it is false, "but many odd peculiarities are correlated with colour".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  9 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 126)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046

To Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire   12 January [1860]


Very pleased with IGStH’s approval [of Origin]. Will be proud to place IGStH’s Résumé des lecons sur la question de l’espèce (I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1851) alongside his other works in his library.

Grateful for his offer to look over the difficult passages in Origin for a translator.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
Date:  12 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Archives de l’Académie des sciences, Paris (63 J Fonds Gabriel Bertrand)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2649F

From Charles and Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [13 January 1861]



Two letters for WED at E. A. Darwin's. G. H. Darwin has been to dentist. Please collect and pay for GHD’s skates.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin; Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [13 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3046F

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   15 January [1861]



CD’s opinion of minor critics and commentators on Origin.

H. C. Watson’s notion of genera converging is dismissed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115.2: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3047

To John Murray   21 January [1861]


Thinks third edition of Origin should advertise "additions and corrections", for the additions are important. They will add 30 pages to the book; there will also be a short historical sketch. Asks for some copies for friends.

Also curious to know how Journal of researches has sold. The new issue seemed a rash venture to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  21 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff.98–99)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3048

To William Walmisley Baxter?   22 January 1861


Orders one pint of tincture of henbane.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter
Date:  22 Jan 1861
Classmark:  Auckland Public Library (MS 29)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3049

To Daniel Oliver   22 January [1861]


Thanks for mentioning J. G. Kurr on nectaries [Untersuchungen über die Bedeutung der Nektarien in den Blumen (1833)]. Requests observations on flowers with curved pistils. Finds they curve toward nectary, thus lying in path of insect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  22 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 5 (EH 88205989)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2661

To Asa Gray   23 [January 1861]


Is glad AG will publish [pamphlet of his reviews of Origin]. Insists on bearing the costs. Encloses list of institutions and individuals to whom he would send copies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  23 [Jan 1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3050

To William Erasmus Darwin   [24 January 1861]


Writes of Henrietta’s illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 Jan 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3051

From William Duppa Crotch   25 January 1861



Physiological changes in Shetland ponies and seagulls resulting from change in diet.

Reports on the discovery of eyeless beetles in cellar [i.e., not caves]. How did they get there, and whence?

Author:  William Duppa Crotch
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1861
Classmark:  DAR 47: 173–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3052

From Francis Walker   1 February 1861


Identifies two dipterous species of parasites [chalcidites].

Was not able to attend to the aphids last year, but will make use of CD’s suggestions and "study as much as I can the inquiry as to species".

Author:  Francis Walker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1861
Classmark:  DAR 46.2 (ser. 3): 54–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3053

To Charles Lyell   2 February [1861]


Quotes passage from letter from Asa Gray dealing with views of Francis Bowen on heredity and Agassiz "(foolish man)" on heredity and languages.

Sent CL the Calcutta Review [with Edward Blyth’s review of Origin, 35 (1860): 64–88].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  2 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.238)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3054
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