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To G. H. Darwin   [1881–2?]


Will GHD ask Lord R[ayleigh] whether "gas-men in testing light, exclude the diffused light".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [1881–2?]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12961

To Julius Lippert   [1881]


Thanks JL for copy of Die Religionen [1881].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Lippert
Date:  [1881]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS.7781/23)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12959

From W. E. Darwin   1 January [1881]


Discusses possible investments.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1881
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 75)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12392G

To V. O. Kovalevsky   1 and 6 January 1881


Thanks VOK for the Russian tea.

Rejoices at his prosperity and appointment at Moscow [Associate Professor, Moscow University, 1880–3].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Date:  1 and 6 Jan 1881
Classmark:  Institut Mittag-Leffler
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12963

To Post Office Savings Bank   1 January [1881]


Asks to have some funds of the Down Friendly Society transferred.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Post Office Savings Bank
Date:  1 Jan [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12967

To James Torbitt   [5 January 1881]


T. H. Farrer and James Caird express great interest in JT’s report. Have instructed CD to hold £90 for use by JT in spring. Caird asks that potatoes be sent to his gardener for trials.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Torbitt
Date:  1 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 148: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12966

From A. R. Wallace   1 January 1881


ARW’s view of migration of plants from mountain to mountain gains support from case described in Nature [23 (1880): 125–6] by J. G. Baker. Identical species of alpine plants found in African mountains and Madagascar.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 271.6: a6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12964

From T. H. Farrer   2 January [1881]


Concerning subscriptions raised for Torbitt’s experiments on potato disease.

Comments on CD’s latest book [Movement in plants].

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 164: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12395

From Ernst Krause   2 January 1881  


Encloses reply to Butler [Kosmos 8 (1881): 321–2]. Has also written a reply intended for English reader. Will have it translated for Popular Science Review if CD thinks suitable.

Report of Jäger accident was an error.

Kosmos has been purchased by Eduard Koch in Stuttgart and will continue as in the past.

Author:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 92: B61; DAR 221.2: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12969

To A. R. Wallace   2 January 1881


On land migration of plants. The case in Nature is striking but CD doubts that seeds of plants could be blown from mountains of Abyssinia to mountains of Madagascar.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  2 Jan 1881
Classmark:  British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12968

To H. W. Bates   3 January 1881


Alarm over Wallace’s memorial; asks HWB if he has received it and forwarded it to Hooker. Wanted to get it to Gladstone before Parliament met.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Walter Bates
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12970

From James Caird   3 January 1881


JC and Farrer are impressed with Torbitt’s papers. Will continue financial support.

Author:  James Caird
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 161: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12974

From James Caird to T. H. Farrer   3 January 1881


JC agrees with THF that CD should keep the money to disburse when proper for [James] Torbitt’s cause.

Author:  James Caird
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 144: 3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12974F

To the Darwin children   3 January 1881


About the distribution of [surplus income] funds among the children.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Elizabeth (Bessy, Lizzy) Darwin; Francis Darwin; George Howard Darwin; Horace Darwin; Leonard Darwin; William Erasmus Darwin; Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12972

To W. E. Darwin   3 January [1881]


Thanks WED for some earthworm observations.

Discusses investments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1881]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 170
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12973

From T. H. Huxley   3 January 1881


Returns [Wallace] memorial.

Hopes to be able to send classification paper soon. [See 12935.]

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1881
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 9: 202)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12971

To W. E. Gladstone   [4 January 1881]


Covering letter to enclose a memorial [petitioning for a civil list pension for Wallace].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ewart Gladstone
Date:  [before 4 Jan 1881]
Classmark:  DAR 202: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12975

To A. B. Buckley   4 January 1881


Memorial for Wallace pension dispatched to W. E. Gladstone.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Arabella Burton Buckley
Date:  4 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 143: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12977

To Ernst Krause   4 January [1881]


CD is pleased with EK’s account in Kosmos [8 (1880–1): 321–2] of the Buffon and Coleridge passage [cited by Samuel Butler, see 12939, 12969]. Would like a translation published in England, but Butler seeks notoriety and would make unscrupulous use of it. Will ask advice. Thinks EK’s letter to Popular Science Monthly, just received, an excellent reply to Butler.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Date:  4 Jan [1881]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (HM 36211)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12976

To H. E. Litchfield   4 January 1881


Seeks R. B. Litchfield’s advice about publishing a translation of a letter and article by E. Krause [answering Samuel Butler’s Unconscious memory].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  4 Jan 1881
Classmark:  DAR 153: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-12978
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