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From Bernard Peirce Brent   [1860?]

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Summary

Habits of ducks when sleeping on water.

Author:  Bernard Peirce Brent
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 217
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2624

To T. H. Huxley   [1860–70?]

Summary

Thanks THH for the delightful evening he gave Frank [Darwin].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  [1860–70?]
Classmark:  Janet Huxley (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13817

From Robert Scot Skirving   [1860?]

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Summary

Tells of shooting wood-pigeons that had in their crops acorns that did not grow locally.

[Fragment of letter glued to 2197.]

Author:  Robert Scot Skirving
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 250a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2196

From R. S. Skirving   [1860?]

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Summary

Pigeons in Egypt alight on trees rather than on the mud hovels of the natives [see Variation 1: 181].

[Two fragments glued to 2196.]

Author:  Robert Scot Skirving
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860?]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 250b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2197

From Hensleigh Wedgwood   [January? 1860]

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Summary

Prepared to think world infinitely old, but not that life originated with a single cell. Questions whether geological evidence supports gradual progress in organisation. HW thought scientific opinion during Vestiges debate was against this hypothesis. Argues that presence of same senses in lower animals and vertebrates does not imply descent; assumes resemblance is due to living in same world and thus having organs for the same purposes. Wants CD to know how others may see these questions.

Author:  Hensleigh Wedgwood
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Jan? 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 48: 83–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2389

To ?   [1860–82?]

Summary

Sends photograph in case recipient collects them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860–82?]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealer) (catalogue 681 28 and 29 June 2005)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3052F

To John Hawkshaw?   1 January [1860]

Summary

Returning Thomas George Bonney’s certificate, which it was a pleasure to sign.

Delighted that JH is interested in his book [Origin?]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Hawkshaw
Date:  1 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Dominic Winter Auctioneers (dealers) (10 April 2019, lot 139), Geological Society of London (Membership certificates, 1860, p. 116)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2633F

To Thomas Henry Huxley   1 January [1860]

Summary

Will keep THH’s secret [of authorship of Times review of Origin]. It has made deep impression.

J. D. Dana’s illness.

Daily News accuses him of plagiarising Vestiges.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  1 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives ( Huxley 5: 94)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2633

From Aleksander Jelski   [1860 or later]

Summary

AJ, a collector, would like a few lines from CD and an autographed photograph.

Author:  Aleksander Jelski
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13848

To ?   [1860 or later]

Summary

Is "almost certain" plant is Menispermum canadense.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Glenbow Museum
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13875

To ?   [1860 or later?]

Summary

CD’s health remains bad and as he grows older he becomes weaker.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Wellcome Library (MS.7781/34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13876

To ?   [1860 or later]

Summary

Asserts that if his views [in the Origin] are in the main right, palaeontology does not give a fair picture of the forms that have peopled the earth, and [fossil] collections are a mere chance gathering of a few forms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [1860 or later]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Robert M. Stecher collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2625

From William Whewell   2 January 1860

Summary

Thanks CD for the Origin. WW is not yet a convert but there is so much "of thought and of fact" in what CD has written that "it is not to be contradicted without careful selection of the ground and manner of the dissent".

Author:  William Whewell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2634

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   3 January [1860]

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Summary

High praise and detailed comments on JDH’s introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae, which CD has now finished reading.

Disagrees on power of transoceanic migration. Advocates glacial transport of plants.

CD’s response to reviews of Origin in Saturday Review [8 (1859): 775–6] and John Lindley’s in Gardeners’ Chronicle [but see 2651].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2635

From Hewett Cottrell Watson   [3? January 1860]

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Summary

Notes by HCW on the Origin dealing especially with divergence and convergence. Believes there is some natural tendency to converge into groups in opposition to divergence generated by natural selection.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3? Jan 1860]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 135–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2636

From Leonard Jenyns   4 January 1860

Summary

Has read Origin and considers it one of the most valuable contributions to present-day natural history. Believes, however, that there are difficulties in the extensive generalisation that all taxonomic groups are related by descent. Does not understand how Genesis is to be read unless at least the human species was created independently of other animals. Cannot bring himself to the idea that man’s reasoning and moral sense could have been obtained from "irrational progenitors": the "Divine Image" is the unsurmountable distinction between man and brutes. [See 2644.]

Author:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Jan 1860
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal V, pp. 95–103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637A

To Charles Lyell   4 [January 1860]

Summary

Praises CL’s work on human species.

A critical review of Origin in Saturday Review [24 Dec 1859].

A letter from J. G. Jeffreys criticises CD’s geological statements.

A note from William Whewell concerning Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Jan 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.190)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637

To J. T. Smith   4 January 1860

Summary

Remembers reading Smith’s memoir in Geological Transactions on the anomalous nature of Ventriuculidae. Asks for a copy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joshua Toulmin Smith
Date:  4 Jan 1860
Classmark:  Indiana University, The Lilly Library (Sieveking mss)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2637F

To H. C. Watson   [5–11 January 1860]

Summary

Discusses the possibility of "convergence" occurring; believes it could be only very limited.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Date:  [5–11 Jan 1860]
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS, Charles Lyell’s journal V, pp. 77–87; DAR 47 (ser. 2): 136a (verso)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2639

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   5 January 1860

Summary

Opinions on the Origin: AG thinks it masterly; Agassiz considers it very poor.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Jan 1860
Classmark:  DAR 98 (ser. 2): 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2638
Document type
letter[X]
Correspondent
Date
1860
01 (57)
02 (49)
03 (27)
04 (44)
05 (47)
06 (40)
07 (37)
08 (18)
09 (43)
10 (45)
11 (38)
12 (41)
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