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To John Lubbock   19 [July 1855]

Summary

Congratulations to JL on finding musk-ox fossil.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  19 [July 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 1 (EH 88206446)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1720

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 21 July 1855]

Summary

Reports on observing hive-bees visiting the leaves of vetch and bean and sucking the minute drops of nectar secreted by the glands on the underside of the stipulae. This phenomenon proves wrong those botanists who believe nectar to be a special secretion for the sole purpose of luring insects to visit flowers and thus to aid in their fertilisation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 21 July 1855]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, no. 29, 21 July 1855, p. 487
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1723

To A. A. Gould   21 July 1855

Summary

If AAG is no longer member of the Ray Society, CD would like to send copy of Living Cirripedia, vol. 2.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Augustus Addison Gould
Date:  21 July 1855
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Augustus A. Gould papers, 1831–66 MS Am 1210: 230)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1724

To Asa Gray   21 July [1855]

Summary

Geographical distribution. "Close" species. Hopes AG will write an essay on species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 July [1855]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1725

To J. S. Henslow   21 July [1855]

Summary

Thanks JSH for all he has done. His botanical little girls are marvellous. His marking of the list of dubious species is what CD wanted. Explains that he wanted to ascertain whether closely allied forms belong to large or small genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  21 July [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A98–A100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1726

To W. D. Fox   22 [July 1855]

Summary

Describes his method of putting young poultry to death.

Asks questions arising from WDF’s reply about crossed mongrels.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  22 [July 1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 95)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1728

To Robert Hunt   22 July [1855]

Summary

Mentions RH’s book on light [Researches on light in its chemical relations, 2d ed. (1854)]. Asks about coloured glass used in experiments on plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Hunt
Date:  22 July [1855]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1727

To J. S. Henslow   23 [July 1855]

Summary

Invites JSH to dine at CD’s brother’s house in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  23 [July 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1729

From Robert Hunt   24 July 1855

Summary

Informs CD which colours of glass accelerate germination, lignification, and floriation; advises CD on obtaining such glass and offers his help in any experiments.

Author:  Robert Hunt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 July 1855
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1730

To J. S. Henslow   28 July [1855]

Summary

Delighted JSH can dine. Has invited Hooker.

Thanks him for Lychnis seed.

Asks for umbel of wild celery. Wants to ascertain whether wild or tame plants produce most seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  28 July [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 93: A43–A44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1732

To J. D. Hooker   28 [July 1855]

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Summary

Praise for JDH’s Flora Indica [J. D. Hooker and T. Thomson (1855)] from CD and C. J. F. Bunbury.

CD and J. S. Henslow dining in London. JDH invited.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [July 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 143a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1731

To W. D. Fox   31 July [1855]

Summary

Has received the duck and bantam.

Anxious to get as many facts as possible on crossbreeding of dogs.

Reports on seeds that have germinated after 100 days immersion [in salt water].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  31 July [1855]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1733

To Robert Hunt   31 July [1855]

Summary

Mentions experiments on plants involving coloured glass. Encloses correspondence from glass maker and asks advice.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Hunt
Date:  31 July [1855]
Classmark:  Bonhams (dealers) (28 September 2004)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1734

From Edward Blyth   4 August 1855

Summary

Sends a skeleton of a Bengal jungle cock.

Has never heard of trained otters breeding in captivity.

Introduced domestic rabbits are confined to the ports of India.

Canaries and other tame finches and thrushes brought into India do not breed well.

Origin of the domestic canary. Tendency of domesticated birds to produce "top-knot" varieties.

The tame geese of lower Bengal are hybrids; those of upper Bengal are said to be pure Anser cygnoides.

Wild Anser cinereus occur in flocks in the cold season.

Discusses at length different breeds of domestic cats and possible wild progenitors. Wild and domestic cats occasionally interbreed. The Angora variety breeds freely with the common Bengal cat and all stages of intermediates can be found.

Believes pigeons have been bred in India since remote antiquity.

Discusses whether mankind is divided into races or distinct species.

[CD’s notes are an abstract of this letter.]

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1855
Classmark:  DAR 98: A69–A78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1735

To J. D. Hooker   10 August [1855]

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Summary

Morning with H. C. Watson; discussed problems of inferences from buried seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 144
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1737

To J. D. Hooker   11 August [1855]

Summary

Has left a book from Henslow for JDH at Athenaeum.

When Asa Gray wrote, did he send marked sheets [of his Manual of botany]?

Has just made out "new & wonderful" specific character between two of his pigeon breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Aug [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 150: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1738

From John Cattell   13 August 1855

Summary

Gives names of German dealers who provide seed of superior quality.

Author:  John Cattell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1855
Classmark:  DAR 161: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1739

From H. C. Watson   13 August 1855

Summary

Is having difficulties marking close species on the list of British plants.

In all his attempts to advance geographical botany he is stopped by the "application and signification of the word ""species"" " the use of which is both "indefinite and variable". He encloses his list of "Categories of Species".

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Aug 1855
Classmark:  DAR 98: A5–A6, DAR 9: 15A
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1740

To J. D. Hooker   14 [August 1855]

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Summary

When JDH goes to Germany, will he ask seed men if their marvellous true breeding lines are the result of selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Aug 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1741

From H. C. Watson   17 August 1855

Summary

Sends a catalogue of plants [missing] with the close species marked.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Aug 1855
Classmark:  DAR 181: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1743
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