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From George Robert Waterhouse    [April 1844]



Regularly attends Owen’s lectures. Owen at pains to show groups are not linked. Thus makes Lepidosiren appear fish-like.

GRW thinks embryology will become chief guide to insect classification. But contradictions between classification based on embryological and adult characters do occur.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 48: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2026

From J. D. Hooker   5 April 1844



Answer to CD’s query on genera and species ranges.

Comments on typical forms.

Preparing first part of Galapagos plants for printing.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Apr 1844
Classmark:  DAR 100: 12–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-745

To J. D. Hooker   [17 April 1844]



Thanks for information on printing charges

and for clarifying "typical forms".

In a few days CD will go away for six weeks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [17 Apr 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-746

To Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg   20 April [1844]


Sends samples likely to contain Infusoria and some that Hooker collected in Antarctic regions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Date:  20 Apr [1844]
Classmark:  Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (MfN/HBSB, N005 NL Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg Nr. 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-747

From George Robert Waterhouse   26 April 1844


Defines the term "typical species" and discusses its use among zoologists. Cites example of type of Carnivora. Comments on general law of development of parts in animals. Cites teeth of Carnivora.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Apr 1844
Classmark:  DAR 181: 14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-748

From G. R. Waterhouse   [after 26 April 1844]


Is puzzled by CD’s question about the Viverridae; thinks if there were only one species he might regard it as an aberrant of some other group and not select it as a type of the Carnivora.

Author:  George Robert Waterhouse
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 26 Apr 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-749

From Erasmus Alvey Darwin   [May 1844 – 1 October 1846]


Sends calculations of angles of elevation [of sea-bottom, for South America?].

Swale has sent Lady Willoughby’s diary, which EAD will forward to CD.

Author:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [May 1844 – 1 Oct 1846]
Classmark:  DAR 39: 28–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-727

To Josiah Wedgwood III   [May 1844]


Family financial matters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  [May 1844]
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 1028)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13855

From Philip de Malpas Grey-Egerton   5 May [1844]


Sends Lord Enniskillen’s account of origin of the Irish yew: transplanted from the wild; propagated by cuttings thereafter. Offspring recently raised from seed are intermediate between common and Irish [weeping] yew.

Author:  Philip de Malpas Grey- Egerton, 10th baronet Egerton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 163: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-750

To Julian Jackson   23 May [1844]


Discusses a paper on the Rio Negro.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julian Jackson; Royal Geographical Society
Date:  23 May [1844]
Classmark:  Royal Geographical Society
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-751

From George Brettingham Sowerby and Edward Forbes   28 May 1844


[Recto is a list of Galapagos shells, by island, signed GBS. Verso is another list of shells in EF’s hand.]

Author:  George Brettingham Sowerby; Edward Forbes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May 1844
Classmark:  DAR 46.2: B1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-752

To Henry Denny   1 June [1844]


Sends HD a reference to human lice from Charles White 1799.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Denny
Date:  1 June [1844]
Classmark:  19th Century Shop (dealer) April 2016
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-754F

To J. D. Hooker   1 June [1844]



Asks if J. E. Gray has returned [printing] estimates for Zoology.

Henslow has some Galapagos plants which he forgot to forward to JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 June [1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-754

To Emma Darwin   [3 June 1844]


Arrangements for Emma’s return to Down.

CD has been "wonderfully strong".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 210.8: 23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-726

To Henry Denny   3 June [1844]


Discusses intestinal worms among humans.

Comments on origin of human races.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Denny
Date:  3 June [1844]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-755

To Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette   [before 8 June 1844]


Sends a quotation from de Vallemont’s Curiosities of nature and art in husbandry and gardening (1707) showing that the value of saltpetre in manure and the advantage of steeping seeds in specially prepared liquid manure were well known at the time.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 8 June 1844]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, no. 23, 8 June 1844, p. 380
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-756

To G. R. Waterhouse   10 [June 1844 – March 1845]


Invites GRW and his family to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Robert Waterhouse
Date:  10 [June 1844 - Mar 1845]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13852

To Ernst Dieffenbach   11 June [1844]


About the researches of Ehrenberg. "I have … sent him several packets of objects from my voyage & that of Dr. Hooker".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Dieffenbach
Date:  11 June [1844]
Classmark:  J. A. Stargardt (dealers) Cat. 574 1965.11.11–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-757

From C. G. Ehrenberg    15 June 1844


Thanks for earth samples. Discusses Infusoria in samples from Galapagos and Cape Verde Islands. Would like samples from other sites. Will send further results of investigations.

Author:  Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1844
Classmark:  DAR 163: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-758

To J. D. Hooker   29 [June 1844]



Encloses letter from Ehrenberg [758] about Infusoria.

Intends to visit Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [June 1844]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-759
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